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References on Gnathostomiasis


Akahane, H. et al. (1998). Human Gnathostomiasis Caused by Gnathostoma doloresi,        

           with Particular Reference to the Parasitological Investigation of the Causative 

           Agent. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 92: 721-726. 


Anantaphruti, M.T. et al. (1992). Effect of Ivermectin on Experimental Gnathostomiasis

in Rabbits. Journal of Medical Parasitology 43: 65-67. 


Biswas, J. (1994). Intraocular Gnathostoma spinigerum. Retina 14: 438-444.


Camacho, S.P.D. et al. (1998). Clinical Manifestations and Immunodiagnosis of

Gnathostomiasis in Culiacan, Mexico. American Journal of Tropical Medicine

and Hygiene 59: 908-915.


Crowley, J.J. (1995). Cutaneous Gnathostomiasis. Journal of the American Academy of

Dermatology 33: 825-828.


Dow, C. et al. (1988). Human Gnathostomiasis. Journal of Infection 17: 147-149.


Feinstein, R.J. and Rodriguez-Valdes, J. (1984). Gnathostomiasis, or larva migrans

profundus. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 11: 738-740.


Funata, M. et al. (1993). Intraocular Gnathostomiasis. Retina 13: 240-244.


Hira, P.R. et al. (1989). Human Gnathostomiasis: Infection with an Immature Male

Gnathostoma spinigerum. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

41: 91-94.


Maleewong, W. et al. (1992). Detection of Circulating Parasite Antigens in Murine

Gnathostomiasis by a Two-Site Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. American

Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 46: 80-84.


Markell, E.K. et al. (1999). Markell and Voge’s Medical Parasitology. W. B. Saunders

Company, Philadelphia: 351-352.


Ogata, K. et al. (1998). Short Report: Gnathostomiasis in Mexico. American Journal of

Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 58: 316-318.


Ruiz-Maldonado, R. and Mosqueda-Cabrera, M.A. (1999). Human Gnathostomiasis

(Nodular Migratory Eosonophilic Panniculitis). International Journal of

Dermatology 38: 52-57.


Rusnak, J.M. and Lucey, D.R. (1993). Clinical Gnathostomiasis: Case Report and

Review of the English-Language Literature. Clinical Infectious Diseases 16: 33-



Schmutzhard, E. et al. (1988). Eosinophilic Meningitis and Radiculomyelitis in Thailand,

Caused by CNS Invasion of Gnathostoma spinigerum and Angistrongylus

cantonensis. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry  51: 80-87.


Soesatyo, M.H.N.E.  et al. (1987). IgE Responses in Human Gnathostomiasis.

Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 81: 799-801.


Taniguchi, Y. et al. (1991). Human Gnathostomiasis. Journal of Cutaneous Pathology

18: 112-115.


Vargas-Ocampo, F. et al. (1998). Human Gnathostomiasis in Mexico. International

            Journal of Dermatology 37: 441-444.


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