References

1. Adams, Rodney. “The Biology of Giardia spp.” Microbiological Reviews. Dec 1991: 706-732.

2. “Anton van Leeuwenhoek.” Wikipedia.com. 21 May 2006. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_van_Leeuwenhoek>.

3. Beach, Michael. “CDC Travelers’ Health: Yellow Book, Giardiasis.” 23 May 2006. <http://www2.ncid.cdc.gov/travel/yb/utils/ybGet.asp?section=dis&obj=giardiasis.htm&cssNav=browseoyb>.

4. Dobell, C. “A protozoological bicentenary: Antoy van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) and Louis Joblot (1645-1723).” Parasitology. 15 (1932): 308-319.

5. Dykes AC, Juranek DD, Lorenz RA, Sinclair S, Jakubowski W, Davies R. “Municipal waterborne giardiasis: an epidemilogic investigation. Beavers implicated as a possible reservoir.” Annals of Internal Medicine. (1980) Feb;92:165-70.

6.Furness, Bruce W., Michael J. Beach, Ph.D., Jacquelin M. Roberts. “Giardiasis Surveillance --- United States, 1992—1997.” CDC Surveillance Summaries. August 11, 2000 / 49(SS07);1-13. Available at: < http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss4907a1.htm>

7. Gillin FD, Reiner DS, Boucher SE. “Small-intestinal factors promote encystation of Giardia lamblia in vitro.” Infection and Immunity. (1988) Mar;56(3):705-7.

8. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. “Giardia lamblia.” 6 Dec 2005. 21 May 2006. <http://www.itis.usda.gov/index.html>.

9. John, David T. and William A Petri, Jr. Markell and Voge’s Medical Parasitology. St. Louis: Saunders Elsevier, 2006.
           
10. Keystone, D.L. and E. M. Proctor. “Intestinal parasitic infections in homosexual men: prevalence, symptoms and factors in transmission.” Canadian Medical Association Journal, 123 (1980): 512-514.

11. Meyers JD, Kuharic HA, Holmes KK. “Giardia lamblia infection in homosexual men.” British Journal of Venereal Diseases. 1977 53(1):54-5.

12. P. F. L. Boreham, J. A. Upcroft and P. Upcroft. Changing approaches to the study of Giardia epidemiology: 1681–2000. International Journal for Parasitology. 20 (1990): 479-487.

13. “Parasites and Health: Giardiasis.” CDC website. 20 May 2006. <http://www.dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx/HTML/Giardiasis.htm>.

14. Pennardt, Andre MD, FACEP. “Giardiasis.” 22 Feb 2006. 20 May 2006. <http://www.emedicine.com/EMERG/topic215.htm>.

15. “Protozoan parasites (Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Cyclospora.” WHO Review paper. Available at: <http://www.who.int/en/>.

16. Rendtorff, RC, Holt CJ. “The experimental transmission of human intestinal protozoan parasites. III. Attempts to transmit Endamoeba coli and Giardia lamblia cysts by flies.”American Journal of Hygiene. 60 (1954):320-6.

17. Staffan G. Svärd, Tze-Chiang Meng, Michael L. Hetsko, J. Michael McCaffery & Frances D. Gillin. “Differentiation-associated surface antigen variation in the ancient eukaryote Giardia lamblia.”
Molecular Microbiology. 30 (1998): 979-1001.
(1) Ortega YR, Adam RD. “Giardia: overview and update.”
 Clinical Infectious Diseases. 1997 Sep;25(3):545-9.

18. Sulaiman IM, Fayer R, Bern C, Gilman RH, Trout JM, Schantz PM, et al. “Triosephosphate isomerase gene characterization and potential zoonotic transmission of Giardia duodenalis.” Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2003 Nov. Available at: <http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol9no11/03-0084.htm>.