Pentastomiasis: References and Works Consulted


1. Reeder M, Smirniotopoulous J, Cross J, Marty A, Palmer P, Dunn I, Connor D. Pentastomiasis: Armillifer Infection. Tropical Medicine Central Resource [website]. Accessed 2006 May [2000]. Available from

2. Drabick JJ, 1987. "Pentastomiasis." Rev Infect Dis 9: 1087–1094.

3. Self JT, and Kuntz R, (1967). “Host-Parasite Relations in Some Pentastomida.” J Parasitol 53 (1): 202-206.

4. Ma KC, Qui MH, Rong YL, (2002). “Pathological differentiation of suspected cases of pentastomiasis in China.“ Trop Med Int Health 7 (2): 166-177.

5. "The Macaques are Back!" Orangutan Foundation International [website]. Accessed 2006 May [2004]. Available from

6. Cannon DA (1942). “Linguatulid infestation of man." Ann Trop Med Parasitol 36: 160-167.

7. Self JT (1972). “Pentastomiasis: Host Responses to Larval and Nymphal Infections." Trans Am Microsc Soc 91(1): 2-8.

8. Lindner RR (1965). "Retrospective X-ray survey for porocephalosis." J Trop Med Hyg 68: 155-6.

9. Herzog H, Marty P, and Zak F (1985). “Pentastomiasis: case report of acute abdominal emergency.” Acta Trop 42: 261-271.

10. Rai P, "The Teller of Tales." [website]. Accessed 2006 May [2004]. Available from

11. Qiu MH, Ma KC, Fan PC, Lu SS, (2005). "[Discovery of a new species of the pentastomid genus Porocephalus from Taiwan, China and its pathogenic features]." Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases] 23 (2): 69-72. (abstract only)

12. Heymons R. (1935). Pentastomida. In "Dr. H. G. Bross Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs," Vol. 1, Sec. 4, Book 1. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M. B. H,. Leipzig. 268 pp.

13. Prathap K, Lau KS, Bolton JM. (1969). “Pentastomiasis: a common finding at autopsy among Malaysian aborigines.” Am J Trop Med Hyg 18(1): 20-7.

14. Obafunwa JO, Busuttil A, Nwana EJC, (1992). “Sudden death due to disseminate porocephalosis--a case history.” Int J Leg Med 105: 43-46.

15. Self JT, (1969). “Biological Relationships of the Pentastomida; A Bibliography on the Pentastomida.” Exp Parasitol 24: 63-119.