Prevention of primary infection is currently best achieved through health education. Recommendations include adequately cooking meat before consumption at temperatures of at least 150 degrees F and avoiding handling raw meat with ungloved hands. Cat owners are warned to avoid directly handling litter trays or soil that may be contaminated with cat feces. Cats that are fed commercial cat food are less likely to get infected than cats that hunt. Pregnant women especially should avoid contact with cats or handling litter trays.
There are no vaccines currently available for T. gondii, although several are in early in development. Prevention of congenital transmission is possible through early diagnosis of acute infection in mothers and administration of a prophylactic regimen of spiramycin.
Mandell, Bennett and Dolin.
John and Petri.