References and URLs for Daniel Greenstein’s presentation to the Stanford-California State Library Institute on 21st Century Librarianship, “Digital Libraries and their Challenges”


D Greenstein

10 August 2000


1.       Developing sustainable, scaleable collections


1.1.    Collection policies and guidelines relevant to:


1.1.1.       Commercial electronic resources (see Anne Okerson, Electronic Collections Development page at )


1.1.2.       digitally reformatted collections (see Selecting Research Collections for Digitization by Dan Hazen, Jeffrey Horrell, Jan Merrill-Oldham, 1998, available from CLIR at Also see another CLIR publication by Abby Smith, Why Digitize)


1.1.3.       pointers to third-party Internet resources (see links from IMESH at and the collection policies developed by the subject gateways of the UK’s Resource Discovery Network at


1.1.4.       For links to numerous electronic collection development policies and strategy documents also see DLF’s Documenting the Digital Library. A registry of policies, technical documents, and etc., at


1.2.    Distinguishing characteristics of digitally reformatted collections. The examples characteristics are taken from Ann Marie Parsons, “Accessing the Invisible Digital Collection: A Library School Student's Perspective”, DLF Newsletter, 1:1(2000) at


1.2.1.       rich yet bounded narrative (see the Blake Archive and other collections from the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities. The Blake Archive is at


1.2.2.       context (wee the New York Public Library’s, Maps, Atlases, Charts, and Globes from the Lawrence H. Slaughter Collection


1.2.3.       comprehensible front matter (see the exhibition hall at the National Archives and Records Administration


1.2.4.       integrating disparate collections (see The Tebtunis Papyri Collection and the Advanced Papyrological Information System project at The Bancroft Library at


1.2.5.       quality resolution (The David Rumsey Collection at


1.3.    Integrating access to distributed information resources via:


1.3.1.       union catalogues (see the the OPAC of the Consortium of University Research Libraries – COPAC – at )


1.3.2.       distributed search services (e.g. of the Arts and Humanities Data Service at


1.3.3.       metadata indices (see the Searchlight service at California Digital Library


1.4.    Keeping an eye on strategy and business models (see the Academic Image Cooperative’s Collection Strategy and Development Framework at


2.       Standards and practices


2.1.    Documenting practice

2.1.1.       by assembling information (see Documenting the Digital Library, a registry of policies, technical documents, and etc., at


2.1.2.       through review (see Preserving Access to Digital Information – PADI – at


2.2.    Evaluating practice and defining digital library preferences


2.2.1.       for data creation (see TEI Text Encoding in Libraries Draft Guidelines for Best Encoding Practices, Version 1.0 at


2.2.2.       for data production (see RLG/DLF Guides to Quality in Visual Resource Imaging at


2.2.3.       and with a view of fitness for purpose (see AHDS Guides to Good Practice from


3.       Digital preservation


3.1.    Raising awareness:


3.1.1.       About the problem (see Preserving Digital Information, Report of the Task Force on Archiving of Digital Information by Donald Waters and John Garrett, from



3.1.2.       its dimensions see (eLib supporting studies on preservation conducted by the British Library Research and Innovation Commission at


3.1.3.       and possible solutions (see work of the CEDARS program at and publications of CLIR and the DLF listed at


3.2.    Sharing information (see PADI, op cit)


3.3.    Developing preservation frameworks (see the Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System at and strategies (see A Strategic Policy Framework for Creating and Preserving Digital Collections at and decision tools See Preservation Management of Digital Materials Workbook, by Maggie Jones and Neil Beagrie (forthcoming from


3.4.    Gaining practice archiving


3.4.1.       the web (see the Internet Archive at


3.4.2.       research data (e.g. at the AHDS – or the Inter University Consortium for Political and Social Research -


3.4.3.       and electronic records (e.g. at the National Archives and Records Administration)


4.       Architecting the digital library


4.1.    see Kerry Blinco, “Modelling Hybrid Information Environments: The Librarian and the Super Model”, from

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