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Francisco I. Madero

In 1909 a young lawyer named Francisco I. Madero traveled throughout Mexico campaigning against the reelection of Porfirio Díaz, who had ruled Mexico since 1876. The call for democratic elections gained wide popular support, and when Díaz was “reelected” to yet another term, Madero’s vocal opposition landed him jail. After he was freed, Madero issued his Plan de San Luis Potosí from San Antonio, Texas and called for a rebellion on November 20, 1910.

Except for a few skirmishes, Madero’s call for an uprising did not materialize. But the seeds of long held discontent with Porfirian rule had already taken root; and in late April of 1911, a coalition of revolutionary forces defeated Díaz’s troops in Ciudad Juárez. Few would imagine that a battle almost a thousand miles north of Mexico’s capital would bring an end to the Díaz regime. Several weeks after the uprisal, Don Porfirio was forced into exile.

A month later, Madero arrived in Mexico City and was welcomed by thousands of enthusiastic supporters. The artist José Guadalupe Posada was most likely among them in June of 1911, and captured that historic event in his Gran marcha triunfal broadside.

Marcha Triunfal print, drawing of Madero with revolutionaries and lyrics of a song honoring them. José Guadalupe Posada Collection; Gran marcha triunfal [Broadside]; México: Imp. de Vanegas Arroyo, 1911. Stanford Manuscripts Collection: M1238, Series 2, Box 5, Folder 5.

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