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Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla

(1753-1811) He was a middle-class criollo (a Spaniard born in the New World). In 1803 he became head of the parish of Dolores in the present central state of Guanajuato. His intellectual and political curiosity led him to become involved in the tertulias, or literary societies familiar with Enlightenment ideas in early 19th century Mexico, which were to become precursors to the fight for independence. At one of those gatherings a conspiracy to rebel in December of 1810 was planned, but it had to be carried out on September 16, 1810 after the plot was uncovered.

Hidalgo’s fight for independence was short-lived. He fell in a royalist ambush and was defrocked, tried, and executed in the Northern city of Chihuahua in July of 1811. As an early martyr of Mexico’s fight for independence he is considered Padre de la Patria or Father of the Nation and is depicted as a heroic figure in this 1910 Independence Centennial music score.

Salve Hidalgo hymn by José Cerbón. José Cerbón "¡Salve Hidalgo!" [Music score]; México: Librería Viuda de Bouret, [1910].
Stanford Manuscripts Collection: MISC 1629

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