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José Guadalupe Posada (1852-1913)

The great cartoonist Posada lived through the Porfiriato years and brought a popular message to the mass of citizens who lived so miserably under the Díaz dictatorship. Although best-known for his calavera images of whimsical skeletons, Posada lived through the early years of the Revolution and his hojas sueltas or broadsides captured much of the activity of the period: corridos to celebrate heroes and battles, or calaveras to satirize unpopular characters.

In this patriotic imagen tricolor, Posada brings back Independence to its true beginning, the 16th of September. Porfirio Diaz had merged independence celebrations with his own birthday on September 15th. Ironically, the Revolution did not do away with this Porfiriato tradition. To this day, Grito festivities, still take place on the eve of September the 16th.

¡Viva El 16 de Septiembre! [Broadside] México: Imprenta de Vanegas Arroyo, 1912. José Guadalupe Posada Collection. Stanford Manuscripts Collection: M1238, Box 3, Folder 6.

Independence celebration leaflet with Mexican National Anthem

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