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U.S. Federal Documents

References: U.S. Federal | Area Federal Depository Libraries | Census Basics: Demographic 10 Year Censuses | Congressional Information | Congressional Information Internet Sites | Continental Congress Documents | FBI Files On Microfilm | National Security Archive Collections | Presidential Administration Dates and Parties | Presidential Libraries Internet Addresses | Presidential Papers | Presidential Papers on Microfilm | Public Policy Research Using Government Information| Regional Federal Depository Libraries | U.S. Government Archival Resources | U.S. Censuses and Surveys | U.S. Department of State Diplomatic Records on Microfilm | U.S. Statistics

Presidential Papers

Table of Contents

Administration and Parties

Biographical Information

Communications of the President
     Budget of the President
     Economic report of the President
     Executive Orders, Proclamations, Directives
     Messages, Press Releases, Speeches
     Presidential Papers on Microfilm

Presidential Libraries System
     Presidential Libraries Internet Address

References, Guides, Directories

Administration Dates and Parties

Biographical Information

  • Biographical directory of the United States executive branch 1774-1989, by R. Sobel.  Greenwood Press, 1990.  E176.B578 1990 IC; SSRC
  • Biographies of the presidents and vice presidents (Part 7 of Congressional Quarterly's guide to the presidency, ed. by M Nelson. 2nd ed.  JK516.C57 1996 vols.1-2 SSRC
  • Also check Socrates Subject: Presidents United States Biography

  • Subject: Name of president, vice president, etc.

Communications of the President

Communications of the president of the United States include those to executive agencies and staff, congress and staff, other government officials both domestic and foreign, and to the people of the United States or of the world. Depending on the situation or requirement, these communications take specific forms such as the treaty message or the executive order and as such are issued in specific sources. But they may also be printed in other sources. The annual State of the Union Message is printed in the daily Congressional record because it is given before both houses of congress. It is also printed in the Congressional serial set in the document series, in the Weekly compilation of presidential documents, and in the Public papers of the presidents. Many newspapers also reprint the message in full. The now formally numbered executive orders are required to be printed in the daily Federal register. These executive orders are also messages so may be printed in other presidential papers or in secondary sources

The Stanford Libraries select and acquire presidential documents and papers including those in print, microform, audio visual material, and electronic records. These papers and messages can be issued as individual publications, as part of a specific president's collection, in subject compilations, and in collections of documents of a particular type such as the executive orders. Many presidential documents are listed in Socrates, but there are many like the microfilm sets of presidential papers which will require use of separate indexes and guides.

Budget of the President
The budget is one of the most important documents created by the president, congress, and the executive and legislative staffs. The budget process takes eighteen months to complete, and the federal budget year begins on the first of October.

The Bureau of the Budget was created under the 1921 Budget and Accounting Act and designated as part of the Treasury Department although directly responsible to the president. In 1970 an executive order renamed the agency Office of Management and Budget to be located directly under the Office of the President in government organization. Before the passage of this act, the president had little control over the budget. Congress managed the finances of the federal government.

The Office of Management and Budget within the executive branch acts as coordinator working with budget goals, policy priorities, agency guidelines, and the collection and analysis of huge amounts of data to create the president's budget. Once complete in the executive area the President's Budget is sent to the congress which introduces the budget bill legislation. Budget bills are introduced in congress and generally take considerable time and work as they move through subcommittees, committees, and the floor producing committee authorization and appropriations hearings and reports.

A budget bill must be passed by both houses and signed by the president to become a public law. This law will include the funding amount for agencies and legislative programs.

The Management and Budget Office budget documents include Budget of the United States and the Appendix to the Budget of the United States as well as various other specific documents not always continued for each budget. They have included the Analytical prospects of the budget, Budget in brief, Citizens' guide to the federal budget, Major themes and additional budget details, Special analysis of the budget, and Budget revisions.

Congressional budget documents include budget bills/resolutions, committee hearings and reports, Congressional Budget Office reviews, reports, and data and the General Accounting Office evaluations. The Congressional Budget Office was created in 1974 to provide some budget oversight within the congress. The General Accounting Office was created by the 1921 Budget and Accounting Act to provide congress auditing power and gave it the responsibility to review the executive agency programs relating to future funding.

  • Budget process law annotated : including the Congressional Budget Act, Gramm-Rudman-Hollings, the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990, Executive Order 12857, and related budget-process legislation, prepared for the Committee on the Budget, United States Senate with annotations by William G. Dauster. 1993.

  • Y4.B 85/2:S.PRT.103-49 Green Fed-docs
  • The Bureau of the Budget, by P.F. Brundage. 1970.

  • HJ2052.B75 SSRC
    Provides detailed history of the establishment of the agency under the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921,The congressional budget process, 1974-1993; Issued as a Committee print.
    Y 4.B 85/3:C 76/10/94 Green Fed-docs
  • Congressional budget process: a general explanation, by the House Budget Committee.

  • Y4.B85/3:C76/6/986 Green Fed-docs

  • Executive branch information sources (Chapter 10 of Tapping the government grapevine. 3rd ed. 1998.

  • ZA5055.U6R63 1998 IC and SSRC

  • The federal budget (Chapter 10 of Congressional publications and proceedings, by J.Zwirn. 1988.
    JK1067.Z85 1988 SSRC
  • Federal budget: a guide to process and principal publications, by Edward Herman. 19991.
    HJ2051.H47 1991 SSRC-reading room
  • Glossary of terms used in the federal budget process.3rd ed. 1981. General Accounting Office. (PAD 81-87)

  • GA 1.2:B 85/2/981 Green Fed-docs
  • Guide to the federal budget, 1982 to date. Annual.

  • HJ2051 .G84 Green Stacks
    Provides a year by year analysis of budget processes.

  • Office of Management and budget OMB circulars. US Government Printing Office.
    PrEx 2.4: Green Fed-docs
    http://www.whitehouse. gov/OMB/circulars/index.html
    Several numbers of these circulars are devoted to the federal budget process providing the agencies with necessary instructions for compiling budget estimates.
  • Preparation, submission, and execution of the budget: Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget (Circular A-11).
    PREX 2.4:11 fed-docs
  • The president's role in the budget process (Chapter 3 of Congressional Quarterly's guide to the presidency, ed. by M.Nelson. 1996.)

  • JK516.C57 1996 SSRC

  • The process itself - a simplified overview (Chapter 10 of Introduction to United States government sources, by J. Morehead. 4th ed. 1992.

  • Z1223.Z7M665 1992 SSRC
Economic Report of the President
The annual Economic report of the president is transmitted to the congress each year in January. This report includes the Annual report of the Economic Advisors. The latter was created by the Employment Act of 1946 to provide economic analysis and advice to the president. This report is issued separately and also as a document in the Congressional serial set.
  • Economic report of the president including the annual report of the Council of Economic Advisors 1946 to date. US Government Printing Office.

  • Pr Pres no. SSRC-docs; Green Fed-docs circulating
    Summarizes the nation's economic state with historical statistical tables included in each annual volume.

  • Economic report of the president; hearings before the Joint Economic Committee,1949 to date. US Government Printing Office.

  • Y 4.EC 7:EC 7/2/ Green Fed-docs
    Annual congressional review of the president's economic report.
Executive Orders, Proclamations, Directives
The president's legislative powers are expressed in the form of executive orders which have the force of law and can cover many subjects but tend to concern activities within the executive and regulatory agencies. The proclamation can cover the same areas but tends to be of a more general. Not all proclamations have the force of law. The early executive orders were unnumbered and were issued by the State Department. The proclamations were printed in the United States statutes at large. Many of these earlier executive orders were also printed in agency publications like annual reports as they concerned personnel and lands.

Since the passage of the 1936 Federal Register Act, both of these series have been numbered and printed in the daily Federal register and cumulated in the Code of federal regulations title 3 volumes.

CIS index to presidential executive orders & proclamations 1789-1993 (George Washington to Ronald Reagan) and the issues of the daily Federal Register (print and Internet) are two of the finding aids. The CIS publication is accompanied by a microfiche set housed in the UC Riverside Library.

  • CIS federal register index, 1984 to date. Congressional Information Service. Weekly.

  • Indexes executive orders, proclamations, and administrative orders and provides the daily Federal Register pages for the full text.
    J1.A2 IC

  • CIS guide to presidential executive orders and proclamations 1789-1993

  • (George Washington to Ronald Reagan); guide to microfiche.
    KF70.A55 1986 IC

  • Presidential executive orders and proclamations on microfiche 1789-1993

  • (George Washington to Ronald Reagan). Congressional Information Service.
    UC Riverside available on Interlibrary Loan.

  • Code of federal regulations: Title 3 (President), 1936 to date. Annual.

  • US Government Printing Office.

    Publication includes a subject index and includes the full text.
    KF70.A3 IC
    Latest ed.

  • Federal register, 1936 to date. US Government Printing Office. Daily.

  • AE2.106: 1985 to date. Green Fed-docs; 1936 to date in the Law School Library.
    1995 (vol. 60) to date available
    (GPO Access) and through Congressional Universe.
    Includes index and full text of executive orders, proclamations, and administrative orders.

  • Guide to executive orders and proclamations (Legal Information Center, University of Florida)

  • .edu/lic/guides/federal/orders.shtml
  • Thomas (Library of Congress).

  • Includes full text of the Federal register, 1995 (vol.60) to date.

  • United States statutes at large. US Government Printing Office.

  • Includes the full text of proclamations.
    KF50.U5 IC
    103 Congress to date: a/ nara005.html

  • Weekly compilation of presidential documents, 1965 to date. US Government Printing Office.

  • AE2.109: Green Fed-docs
    1993 to date index.html#pd
    Includes a subject index with full text of the executive orders, proclamations, and administrative orders.
Messages, Press Releases, Speeches
  • Compilation of messages and papers of the presidents1789-1897, by J.D. Richardson. Bureau of National Literature. Includes index volumes.

  • J81 .C5 1911 vols. 1-10 SSRC and Green Stacks

  • Congressional record (and earlier titles), 1789 to date. US Government Printing Office. Daily.

  • 1789 to date x/congress/date Green Fed-docs
    1994 (vol.140) to date http://www.access.gpo .gov/su_docs/aces/aces150.html
    Includes messages before the congress including the State of the Union message, veto messages, etc. The print form includes an index bound separately.

  • Declassified documents catalog with microfiche, 1975 to date. Quarterly.

  • Includes subject and organization indexes.
    Documents available Mfiche 449 SSRC microforms; documents are also available electronically via the Internet.
    Z1223 .Z9 D4 SSRC

  • Inaugural addresses of the presidents of the United States from George Washington (1789) to date. US Government Printing Office.

  • Issued as part of the Congressional serial set.
    J81 .C61A 1961 SSRC
    Presidential papers on microfilm

  • Presidential vetoes 1789-1994. US Government Printing Office.

  • Y1.3:v64/2 Green Fed-docs

  • Public papers of the presidents; Truman to date with special edition for President Hoover, comp. By the Office of the Federal Register. US Government Printing Office.

  • J80.A283 SSRC and AE2.114:circulating Green Fed-docs
  • Public papers and addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Random House.  1938-50.

  • J80.A28 vols.1-13 SSRC

  • Welcome to the White House includes current news briefings, press releases, radio addresses

Presidential Papers On Microfilm

Presidential Library System

The presidential library system began with the establishment of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library in 1939. Up to this time presidential papers were considered private property, and the president could have them preserved, destroyed, or sold. Completeness of the collections vary with the president and his sense of history. Although some of the earlier presidents planned for the preservation of papers, their wishes were not always fully carried out. On Washington death, his papers went to a family member who approved lending them for long periods of time. A later family member sold them to the US government. Many presidents who may have wished to preserve their papers had no place to put them unless accepted by historical associations. In the early 1900s, the Library of Congress created the Manuscript Division which offered to house presidential papers. These papers were eventually microfilmed and made available for sale. Presidential correspondence may also appear in government agency files like the State Department and also in individual private papers. Agency files are required by statutes to be preserved in the National Archives and Records Administration but not presidential materials. The Herbert Hoover presidential papers were deposited in the Hoover Institution at Stanford University but later moved to Iowa following the establishment of the Hoover Presidential Library in 1955. As required by law the libraries are constructed and furnished by private funds and then administered by the federal government.

To date this System includes ten presidential libraries. There is a Nixon Presidential Staff Materials Library in California, but additional materials are still in the National Archives.

Presidential Libraries Internet Addresses

References, Guides, Directories

  • Congressional Quarterly's guide to the presidency, ed. by M. Nelson.

  • 2nd ed. Congressional Quarterly 1996.
    JK516.C57 1996 vols. 1-2 SSRC

  • Encyclopedia of governmental advisory organizations, 1973 to date.

  • Gale Research Co.
    JK468.C7E5 Latest ed. IC; earlier editions Green Stacks

  • Executive office of the president: a historical,
    biographical, and bibliographic guide, edited by
    H.C. Relyea. Greenwood Press. 1997.
    JK552.E94 1997 SSRC-reading room

  • Federal yellow book. Quarterly.

  • Listing of federal government agencies with locations and phone numbers. The publication includes an index.
    JK6.F425 Latest ed. IC; earlier editions Green Stacks
  • Guide to federal records in the National Archives of the United States,
    comp. By R.B. Matchette. National Archives and Records Administration.
    CD3026 1995 vol.1-3 SSRC

  • Guide to manuscripts in the presidential libraries, compiled and edited by
    D.A. Burton and others. 1985
    CD3029.82.B87 1985 SSRC
  • Guide to the presidential advisory commissions 1973-84, by S.D. Zink.

  • Chadwyck-Healey Inc. 1987.
    JK468.C7Z56 1987 SSRC
  • Historic documents on the presidency 1776-1989, ed by M. Nelson.

  • Congressional Quarterly. 1989
    JK511.H57 1989. SSRC and IC
  • Introduction to United States government information sources, by J. Morehead. 6th ed. 1999.

  • ZA5055.U6 M67 1999 IC and SSRC
  • National Archives and Records Administration home page.

  • Presidential libraries and collections, by F. Veit. Greenwood Press. 1987.

  • CD3029.82.V45 1987 SSRC
  • Presidential libraries and museums, by P. Hyland. Congressional Quarterly. 1995.

  • CD3029.82.H95 1995 SSRC
  • Prologue: quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration, 1969 to date.

  • Includes listings of recently opened archives files including presidential papers.
    AE1.111: Green Fed-Docs
  • The record: news from the National Archives and Records Administration,

  • 1994 to date. Published five times a year.
    AE1.1.117/2: Green Fed-Docs
  • Records of the presidency, by F.L. Schick. Oryx Press. 1989.

  • CD3029.82.S35 1989 SSRC
  • Tapping the government grapevine, by J.S. Robinson. 3rd ed. 1998.

  • ZA5055.U6R63 1998 IC and SSRC
  • United States government manual. US Government Printing Office.

  • JK421.A3 latest ed. IC-ReadyRef; earlier editions AE2.108:Green Fed-Docs
    1995/96 to date:


Last modified: June 17, 2008

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