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Native American Studies

Encyclopedias | Bibliographies | Indexes | Biographical Sources | Statistics | Other Libraries | Internet Resources

Stanford University Libraries contains many titles on the historical and contemporary experience of Native Americans, making it an excellent place for students conducting research in this area. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of Native American Studies, relevant titles are often dispersed throughout the general collection depending upon subject matter. Use Socrates, Stanford's online catalog, to locate books and other materials. Use the library's print or electronic indexes to locate journal articles and published papers.

Encyclopedias and Handbooks

Encyclopedias, Handbooks, Dictionaries, etc. can provide useful descriptions, overviews, and lists of recommended reading on a topic.

American Indians (Green Library Information Center E76.2 A45 1995) This three volume set contains 1,129 articles covering a wide range of topics including personages, tribes, organizations, historical events, cultural traditions, and contemporary issues.

Historical Atlas of Ancient America (Green Library Information Center G1101 .E6 B3 2001 F).

Atlas of Ancient America (Green Library Information Center E61 .A88 1986 f) covers Native Americans throughout the hemisphere before the arrival of Europeans, as well as the impact of that arrival.

Atlas of the North American Indian (Green Library Information Center E77 .W195 2000) presents information on Native North Americans in the U.S., Canada, and Middle American using text as well as maps.

A Concise Dictionary of Indian Tribes of North America, 1979 (Green Library Information Center E76.2 .L44) provides concise tribal profiles, with maps of language groups and culture areas.

Dictionary of Daily Life of Indians of the Americas, 1981 (Green Library Information Center E54.5 .D53) is a two-volume set containing entries on a variety of topics.

Dictionary of Native American Mythology (Green Library Information Center E98.R3.G46 1992) defines myth as any story that reflects the quality and character of a specific Native American culture, or of Native American cultures generally. Contains brief entries on different archetypes and how they are represented in different stories. Includes bibliography.

Dictionary of the American Indian, 1960 (Green Library Information Center E77 .S84) contains brief entries on tribes and definitions of terminology.

Encyclopedia of American Indian Costume (Green Library Information Center E98 .C8 P37 1994) Entries are arranged by culture area, then by traditional tribal groupings. This resource examines men's and women's basic dress, as well as footwear, outer wear, headgear, jewelry, hairstyles, garment decoration, armor, special costumes, and transitional dress. Contains illustrations and a glossary, as well as an extensive bibliography.

Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics (Green Library Information Center E184 .A1 E574 2000; also available on ebrary - download reader before using ebrary for the first time) "entries cover people, events, court cases, movements, and organizations that have shaped the political struggles of African Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans."

Encyclopedia of Native American Religions: An Introduction (Green Library Information Center E98 .R3 H73 2000) covers the spiritual traditions of native peoples in the U.S. and Canada before contact with the Americans and the Europeans, and the consequences of this contact on sacred traditions and contemporary religious experiences.

Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes, rev. ed. (Green Library Information Center E76.2 .W35 1999) covers the history, culture, and present status of more than 150 Indian tribes of the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes (Green Library Information Center E77 .G15 1998).

Handbook of the American Frontier: Four Centuries of Indian-White Relationships (Green Library Information Center E76.2 .H43 1987) is a two-volume set with brief articles in dictionary arrangement about American Indian tribes and leaders, explorers, traders, frontier settlers, soldiers, missionaries, mountain men, and captives.

Handbook of North American Indians (Green Library Information Center E77. H25) is a 20 volume series in progress which will cover aboriginal cultures and their histories in each of the culture areas of North America.

Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, 1980 (Green Library Information Center E184 .A1 H35) provides an excellent introduction to prehistory, history, and cultures of Native Americans.

Legend and Lore of the Americas before 1492 : an Encyclopedia of Visitors, Explorers, and Immigrants (Green Library Information Center E61. A72 1993) 216 alphabetically arranged entries that provide brief introductions to significant persons, authors, places, concepts, and groups associated with pre-Columbian visitors to the Americas.

Native America in the Twentieth Century (Green Library Information Center E76.2 .N36 1994) Arranged alphabetically, this encyclopedia contains overview articles on such subjects as art, economic conditions, educational policy, government policy, health, languages, law, public opinion, Red Power, religion, and reservations.

Native Americans: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Peoples (Green Library Information Center E77.P89 1988) 2 vols.

Native North American Almanac (Green Library Information Center E77 .N37 1994) provides information on contemporary Native American culture, arts, communities, life, and legal relations. Contains maps, chronology, and a general bibliography.

Native North American Literature (Green Library Information Center PS508 .I5N38 1994) provides biographical and critical information on historical and contemporary Native American writers and orators from the United States and Canada. Also contains commentary on Native oral traditions as stories, myths and songs.

Native Time : a Historical Timeline of Native America (Green Library Information Center E98 C55.F73 1995) This chronology covers from 200,000 BC and ends with 1994 AD, concentrating on history, literature, art, heroes, legends, wisdom, and philosophy of the Native People of what is now known as America.

Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian (Green Library Information Center E76.2 .R43 1998) is truly a directory of Native American (U.S. and Canadian) organizations, associations, resources, bibliographies, and biographies.

Word Dance: the Language of Native American Culture (Green Library Information Center E76.2 W36 1994) A glossary or dictionary that defines words and terms related to Native American culture and history.


Bibliographies can help you identify books and articles on a subject. They may include short descriptions called annotations. There are many that deal with African Americans. In Socrates look for Topics with the subheading --Bibliography, or use the Bibliographic Index (Green Library Information Center Z1002.B594) or browse near the ones listed below.

American Indian Women: A Guide to Research (Green Library HASRC Z1209.2 .N67 B36 1991) focuses on locating the most significant scholarly and literary work by and about Indian women in the United States and Canada. Contains annotated citations.

A Bibliographical Guide to the History of Indian-White Relations in the United States, 1977 (Green Library HASRC Z1209.2 .U5 .P67) contains materials through 1974. It is arranged by subject, with special emphasis on United States history (as opposed to Spanish-Indian relations) in what is now known as the United States.

Native American Women: A Contextual Bibliography (Green Library HASRC Z1209.2 N67 G75 1983) Covers native North American women, including Alaska and Canadian. Cites materials on native women*s art, writing, traditional crafts, and cuisine, as well as health, economic and family issues.

Native American Folklore, 1879-1979: An Annotated Bibliography (Green Library HASRC Z1209 .C57 1984) is arranged by geographic region and tribe, annotated entries.

Native American Youth and Alcohol: An Annotated Bibliography (Green Library HASRC Z1209.2 .U5L6 1989) gives substantial annotations for current (through 1989) and relevant publications on Indian youth and alcohol. Sources include congressional hearings, journal articles, and agency reports.

Southwest Native American Arts and Material Culture: A Guide to Research (Green Library HASRC Z1209.2 .U52 S686 1991) concentrates on art of Native Americans of the Southwest, giving bibliographies, plus subject and culture indices.

Periodical Indexes

Indexes (in paper and electronic formats) can help you identify articles in magazines, newspapers, scholarly journals and other resources. Those restricted to the Stanford community are marked with the icon. For other indexes see the Databases and Green Library CD-ROMs lists.

Bibliography of Native North Americans (16th C+) citations of works published from the 16th century to the present.

Relevant articles may also be found in the following indexes depending on subject matter:

Alternative Press Index (1991+ available on the Web ; 1969-71; 1974+ shelved at Green Library Information Center Z7164.S66A5) indexes periodicals devoted to social change, including some gay/lesbian periodicals.

Alt-PressWatch provides fulltext of "a collection of newspapers, magazines and journals of the alternative and independent press."

America: History and Life (1964+) covers U.S. and Canadian history. Includes abstracts

Anthropology Plus (1984+) covers periodical literature in all subfields of anthropology and archaeology.

ERIC various ways to search for works in education.

Essay and General Literature Index (1985+ available on the Web; 1900+ shelved at Green Library Information Center AI3.E752) an author/subject index to essays published in collections, with particular emphasis on materials in the humanities and social sciences.

Ethnic Newswatch (1960+) full-text database of newspapers, magazines and journals (in English or Spanish) of the ethnic and minority press.

Early Encounters in North America: Peoples, Cultures and the Environment contains 1,482 authors and over 100,000 pages of letters, diaries, memoirs and accounts of early encounters.

Expanded Academic ASAP general index to over 1500 magazines with some fulltext. (1980+).

Humanities Abstracts (1984+; abstracts beginning in 1994) (1974+ Green Library Information Center AI3.H8) Author/subject index to periodicals in fields such as area studies, folklore, history, language, literature, philosophy, religion & theology.

MLA Bibliography (1963+) literature, languages, and folklore. Paper volumes for 1921-1963 are shelved at Green Library Information Center Z7006.M64.

PAIS International, 1972+ ; PAIS Archive, 1915-1976; indexes selected books, government documents, and periodical articles on contemporary public issues and the making of public policy.

Social Sciences Index, 1974+ (Green Library Information Center AI3S62 ) Author/subject index to periodicals in fields such as anthropology, economics, family studies, geography, international relations, law and criminology, political science, policy studies, psychology, social work, sociology, and urban studies.

Sociological Abstracts (1963+) (1952-1973 shelved at Green Library Information Center HM1.S67)

Women Studies Abstracts (1972+ shelved at Green Library Information Center Z7962/W65; 1984+ also in Women's Studies International on the Web) indexes feminist and scholarly books and periodicals.

Women's Studies Index (1989+ shelved at Green Library Information Center HQ1180.W68; also on Web as Women's Studies on Disc) indexes a wide range of periodicals.

Biographical Sources

American Indian 1492-1976 (Green Library Information Center E77 .D393 1977) contains a chronology from "3000 years ago" to 1976. This resource also contains brief biographical entries of historical and contemporary Native Americans.

Biographical Dictionary of American Indian History to 1900 (Green Library Information Center E89 .W35 2001) covers Native American history from early contacts between Indians and whites through the end of the 19th century. Covers the United States and Canada.

Biography Resource Center Use many of the Gale biographical products, plus The Complete Marquis Who's Who

Biography Index (1949+ shelved in Green Library Iinformation Center Z5301 .B5 ) Indexes periodicals, current books of individual and collective biography, book reviews, obituaries, diaries and memoirs.

Great North American Indians, 1977 (Green Library Information Center E77 .D393 contains essays on historic Native Americans, dating from the 1500's to the 1970's.

Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, 1907 (Green Library HASRC E77 .H68) a 2-volume set, containing a descriptive list of the stocks, confederacies, tribes, tribal divisions, and settlements north of Mexico, accompanied with the various names by which these have been known, sketches of their history, archeology, manners, arts, customs, and institutions, together with biographies of Indians of note. An old publication, but quite comprehensive.

Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary (Green Library Information Center E98 .W8 B38 2001) contains biographical entries on many American Indian women (contemporary and historical) with diverse roles within their cultures. Entries have bibliographies.

Notable Native Americans (Green Library Information Center E89 .N67 1995; available online as part of Biography Resource Center) Contains more than 265 entries on notable Native North American men and women throughout history, from all fields of endeavor--politcs, law, journalism, science, medicine, religion, art and literature, athletics, education, and entertainment.

Statistical Resources

American Indian and Alaska Native Populations from the U.S. Department of the Census.

Native Women: A Statistical Overview (Green Library Stacks E78 .C2 W55 1985) uses illustrations and examines several indicators of the economic and social aspects of the lives of Canada's Native Women in the 1980's.

Reports of the American Indian Family History Project (Green Library Stacks E98 .S7 H69 1992) analyzes census data, 1885-1930, for Creek Indians in Oklahoma, White Earth Chippewas, the Crows in Montana, the Colvilles in Washington State, and the Hopis in Arizona.

Statistical Record of Native North Americans (Green Library Information Center E98 .P76 .S73 1993) compiles statistical data (from federal and state agencies, tribal governments, associations, and other organizations) on the indigenous population of North America.

Nations' Within a Nation: Historical Statistics of American Indians (Green Library Information Center E77.S924 1987) 1987) contains data on "land holdings, population, migration, vital statistics, federal government activities, health care and education, occupations, and the use of natural resources," plus suggestions for further reading.

We the People: An Atlas of America's Ethnic Diversity (Green Library Information Center E184 .A1 A479 1988f) devotes chapter 4 to "People of Early North American Origin." Excellent demographic maps and statistical information.

Other Libraries and Resources on Campus

Libraries--You might want to consult Jonsson Library of Government Documents , which has numerous government publications from different agencies, and Green Media-Microtext Center (lower level) for materials concerning Native Americans.

Reference Guides--Also, there is a more comprehensive bibliography, Native American Reference Works in Green Library.

Other Internet Resources