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Recovery - "Reversing Africa's Brain Drain"
- Article in Vol. 17, No. 2, July 2003 in the print magazine published by
the United Nations, Dept. of Public Information. http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/vol17no2/july03.htm
- Africa Recruit
- In English and French. Recruits African professionals in Europe and North
America for positions in Africa, to reverse the brain drain. Runs a job search
engine, FindaJobinAfrica.com Works
with the Commonwealth Business
Council (CBC) and Africaserve Ltd. http://www.africarecruit.com/
- African Human Resources
- In French and English. Database of African specialists world-wide to assist
African States and any other organisation in the field of education and teaching
in Africa. Site based in Abidjan and Marseille, France. [KF] http://www.africanressource.org/
- African Leadership and
- Reports, papers, articles on Governance, Transparency, Corruption, Natural
Resource Management, The Resource Curse. "ALPN is a network
of African and non-African professionals who are strongly
dedicated to utilizing innovative and entrepreneurial approaches
for fostering rapid progress in Africa." Promotes "private
sector-driven economic growth and poverty alleviation in African
countries..." Articles on the brain
drain, sources ranking
African countries, the U.S.
Millenium Challenge Account, a directory of Washington,
D.C. events. A nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., and
Abuja, Nigeria. [KF] http://www.africanprogress.net/
- African Societies (Rome,
- In English, French and Italian. "Monthly e-magazine on the invisible
Africa." Edited by CERFE - Standing Commettee for Africa of Gruppo CERFE,
Rome, Italy. Full text articles online. Issue no. 2 features the second
African diaspora, brain drain, etc. http://www.africansocieties.org
- Association for Higher Education and Development (AHEAD)
- "a not-for-profit organization founded by a group of Ethiopian-Canadians who reside in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada." Our goal is to contribute toward the improvement of education in Ethiopia. Has a 43 page report, in PDF, The Potential Within: Is the Ethiopian Diaspora a Response to the Nation's Brain Drain? (2005), a directory of higher education institutions in Ethiopia, the Distribution of health training schools by type of their location, education statistics. See also the April 2005 forum on the Brain Drain and Africa. Based in Ottawa, Canada. [KF] http://www.aheadonline.org/
College, Center for International Higher Education
- Has Bibliographies
from the African Higher Education Project, which includes Brain
Drain and Mobility. "These
bibliographies on higher education in Africa represent a section of an
upcoming book "African
Higher Education: An International Reference Handbook" which is being
published by Indiana University Press." Full text issues of the Center's
Higher Education with short articles on African education. Based
in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. [KF] http://www.bc.edu/
- Ethiopian North American Health Professionals Association, ENAHPA
- "a non-profit organization established in November of 1999 in Detroit Michigan - USA, by Ethiopian-born Physicians, Dentist, Nurses, Pharmacists, Healthcare and Non-Medical Professionals now living and working in the United States and Canada." Members volunteer one to two weeks each year working in Ethiopian hospitals and clinics. Describes projects, essays such as "Reversing the Brain Drain; A Personal Testimony", speeches such as "Forging Synergy within the Ethiopian Diaspora". Based in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. [KF] http://www.enahpa.org/
- In English, French, Portuguese, Arabic. To help Africans abroad and others
locate positions in Africa. Established to counter the brain drain. Has interview,
resume tips. Based at AfricaServe House, 31 The Grove, Biggin Hill, Kent,
TN16 3TA, United Kingdom. http://www.findajobinafrica.com
- Global Health Trust. Joint Learning Initiative - Human Resources for Health: Overcoming the Crisis
- "the number of health workers on the African continent will need to triple...' "rich countries must take steps to slow what the report calls "fatal flows" of nurses and doctors from poor African countries to Europe and North America if catastrophe is to be averted." Encourages doctors and nurses from rich countries to volunteer in Africa. Wealthy countries should provide funds to "educate .... health workers who are not doctors and nurses but are trained to diagnose and treat diseases..." Full text report, 217 p. in PDF. Pub. Nov. 2004. [KF] http://www.globalhealthtrust.org/
- International Organization for
- Programs to assist Africans and other nationals to return to their respective
countries. See the program on Migration
for Development in Africa. Provides humanitarian responses to sudden
migration flows, post-emergency return and reintegration programmes, assistance
to migrants on their way to new homes and lives, facilitation of labour
migration, assisted voluntary return for irregular migrants, recruitment
of highly qualified nationals for return to their countries of origin,
aid to migrants in distress, measures to counter trafficking in persons.
Based in Geneva, Switzerland. http://www.iom.int/
a journal of African Migration (New York City)
- "devoted to the study of African migration and immigration to
other parts of the world." E-journal with full text articles such
The Antinomies of Globalization: Causes of Contemporary African
Immigration to the United States of America;
Searching for Fortune: The Geographical Process of Nigerian Migration
to Dublin, Ireland;
Nigerian Physical Therapists Job Satisfaction: A Nigeria U.S.A.
(In)Visibility and Duality of the Civil Rights and Yoruba Movements: 1950s-1990s; and
Editors are Mojúbàolú Olúfúnké Okome
and Bertrade Ngo Ngijol-Banoum. [KF] http://www.africamigration.com/
- In English and French. Reverse the brain drain. Find a job in Africa. Company
started by Daniel Ahouassa. Based in El Cajon, California. http://www.jobafrique.com/
- Medact - Health Brain Drain
- Articles, full text reports such as The International Migration of Health Workers: A Human Rights Analysis (2005, in PDF). "Medact is a global health charity tackling issues at the centre of international policy debates." Based in London. [KF] http://www.medact.org/hpd_brain_drain.php
See also: Africa Focus site 2004 article.
Africa's "Brain Gain": Whose Shibboleth?
African Medical and Research Foundation, AMREF on the brain drain - podcast with Dr Peter Ngatia on Africa's Health Worker Crisis; Dr. Ngatia (July 3, 2008) on the proposed European Blue Card and the brain drain.
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD - Counting Immigrants and Expatriates in OECD Countries: A New Perspective
- By Jean-Christophe Dumont and Georges Lemaitre. 2005. 44 p. in PDF. "The world map (see Map 1) presents ‘emigration rates’ of the highly skilled for all countries, with African countries standing out as those having particularly high ‘emigration rates’. Anglophone African countries as well as Portuguese-speaking countries (e.g. Mozambique and Angola, but also Cape Verde) record the highest brain drain rates." Includes statistics. [KF] http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/34/59/35043046.pdf
University. Southern African Migration Project. Migration Resources:
Brain Drain Resources
- Many full text articles. Based in Kingston, Canada. [KF]
- Social Science Research
Council. Africa Program
- Works to promote social science and humanities research on critical issues
relevant to the African continent. The SSRC is based in New York City. http://www.ssrc.org/programs/africa/
Has full text studies such as -
- Investing in Return: Rates of Return of African Ph.D.s Trained in
North America," in
Adobe pdf, by Mark Pires, Ronald Kassimir and Mesky Brhane. 33 p.
- The Social Sciences in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Tentative Regional Map,
by Dr. Ebrima Sall of the Nordic Africa Institute.
"examines key issues in social science teaching, research and publishing in
sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) over the period from the early sixties to the end
of the last century, with an emphasis on what happened during the last fifteen
years...... highlighting major trends, issues, capacities, constraints,
opportunities and challenges for the social science research community
in Africa ," A study was commissioned by the SSRC. In
MS Word. http://www.ssrc.org/programs/africa/publications/sallsocialsciences.doc
Oded - "Rethinking the Brain Drain"
- (Center for Development Research. Discussion paper. No. 71. 28 pages, in
Adobe pdf. Heavy on the math! "When productivity is fostered by
both the individual’s human capital and by the average level of human
capital in the economy, individuals under-invest in human capital. A strictly
positive probability of migration to a richer country, by raising both
the level of human capital formed by optimizing individuals in the home
country and the average level of human capital of non-migrants in the country,
can enhance welfare and nudge the economy toward the social optimum. Under
a well-controlled restrictive migration policy the welfare of all workers
is higher than in the absence of this policy." Based in Bonn, Germany.
Brain Drain to Brain Gain
- "The Transfer of Knowledge through Expatriate Nationals programme
at the newly established University of Mali (TOKTEN TALMALI)
filled the urgent need for qualified teaching and research personnel in a
number of key areas by bringing Malian academics living abroad back to their
home country on short term contracts." http://www.unesco.org/education/studyingabroad/highlights/brain_drain.shtml
- United States. Census Bureau
- For an estimate of the African population in the U.S.
see by Ancestry,
Factfinder. For 1990, those counted from Sub-Saharan Africa were 506,188.
- See also "Educational
Attainment for Selected Ancestry Groups," "Selected
Characteristics for Persons of Nigerian Ancestry: 1990"
Characteristics for Persons of Cape Verdean Ancestry: 1990"
Characteristics for Persons of Ethiopian Ancestry: 1990"
See also The
Black Population in the United States. Then Foreign
Born Population and Characteristics
of the Foreign Born by Place of Birth (but it lumps Africa with Other
Areas - Africa, Oceania, Bermuda and Canada)
Also see Foreign-Born
Resident Population Estimates of the United States by Sex, Race, and Hispanic
Origin: April 1, 1990 to July 1, 1999. Categorized only by Black or Black
Not Hispanic. Be sure to look at the entire page as the information is in
three separate tables. [KF] http://www.census.gov/
- "Brain Gains and Drains." Fast Facts (South African
Institute of Race Relations, Braamfontein, South Africa) . No. 7 (July
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|Please send corrections to Karen Fung.
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