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  Topics: Education: African Brain Drain

Africa Recovery - "Reversing Africa's Brain Drain"
Article in Vol. 17, No. 2, July 2003 in the print magazine published by the United Nations, Dept. of Public Information. http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/vol17no2/july03.htm
Africa Recruit
In English and French. Recruits African professionals in Europe and North America for positions in Africa, to reverse the brain drain. Runs a job search engine, FindaJobinAfrica.com Works with the Commonwealth Business Council (CBC) and Africaserve Ltd. http://www.africarecruit.com/
African Human Resources
In French and English. Database of African specialists world-wide to assist African States and any other organisation in the field of education and teaching in Africa. Site based in Abidjan and Marseille, France. [KF] http://www.africanressource.org/
African Leadership and Progress Network
Reports, papers, articles on Governance, Transparency, Corruption, Natural Resource Management, The Resource Curse. "ALPN is a network of African and non-African professionals who are strongly dedicated to utilizing innovative and entrepreneurial approaches for fostering rapid progress in Africa." Promotes "private sector-driven economic growth and poverty alleviation in African countries..." Articles on the brain drain, sources ranking African countries, the U.S. Millenium Challenge Account, a directory of Washington, D.C. events. A nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., and Abuja, Nigeria. [KF] http://www.africanprogress.net/
African Societies (Rome, Italy)
In English, French and Italian. "Monthly e-magazine on the invisible Africa." Edited by CERFE - Standing Commettee for Africa of Gruppo CERFE, Rome, Italy. Full text articles online. Issue no. 2 features the second African diaspora, brain drain, etc. http://www.africansocieties.org
Association for Higher Education and Development (AHEAD)
"a not-for-profit organization founded by a group of Ethiopian-Canadians who reside in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada." Our goal is to contribute toward the improvement of education in Ethiopia. Has a 43 page report, in PDF, The Potential Within: Is the Ethiopian Diaspora a Response to the Nation's Brain Drain? (2005), a directory of higher education institutions in Ethiopia, the Distribution of health training schools by type of their location, education statistics. See also the April 2005 forum on the Brain Drain and Africa. Based in Ottawa, Canada. [KF] http://www.aheadonline.org/
Boston College, Center for International Higher Education
Has Bibliographies from the African Higher Education Project, which includes Brain Drain and Mobility. "These bibliographies on higher education in Africa represent a section of an upcoming book "African Higher Education: An International Reference Handbook" which is being published by Indiana University Press." Full text issues of the Center's newsletter, International Higher Education with short articles on African education. Based in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts. [KF] http://www.bc.edu/
Ethiopian North American Health Professionals Association, ENAHPA
"a non-profit organization established in November of 1999 in Detroit Michigan - USA, by Ethiopian-born Physicians, Dentist, Nurses, Pharmacists, Healthcare and Non-Medical Professionals now living and working in the United States and Canada." Members volunteer one to two weeks each year working in Ethiopian hospitals and clinics. Describes projects, essays such as "Reversing the Brain Drain; A Personal Testimony", speeches such as "Forging Synergy within the Ethiopian Diaspora". Based in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. [KF] http://www.enahpa.org/
In English, French, Portuguese, Arabic. To help Africans abroad and others locate positions in Africa. Established to counter the brain drain. Has interview, resume tips. Based at AfricaServe House, 31 The Grove, Biggin Hill, Kent, TN16 3TA, United Kingdom. http://www.findajobinafrica.com
Global Health Trust. Joint Learning Initiative - Human Resources for Health: Overcoming the Crisis
"the number of health workers on the African continent will need to triple...' "rich countries must take steps to slow what the report calls "fatal flows" of nurses and doctors from poor African countries to Europe and North America if catastrophe is to be averted." Encourages doctors and nurses from rich countries to volunteer in Africa. Wealthy countries should provide funds to "educate .... health workers who are not doctors and nurses but are trained to diagnose and treat diseases..." Full text report, 217 p. in PDF. Pub. Nov. 2004. [KF] http://www.globalhealthtrust.org/
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Programs to assist Africans and other nationals to return to their respective countries. See the program on Migration for Development in Africa. Provides humanitarian responses to sudden migration flows, post-emergency return and reintegration programmes, assistance to migrants on their way to new homes and lives, facilitation of labour migration, assisted voluntary return for irregular migrants, recruitment of highly qualified nationals for return to their countries of origin, aid to migrants in distress, measures to counter trafficking in persons. Based in Geneva, Switzerland. http://www.iom.int/
Ìrìnkèrindò: a journal of African Migration (New York City)
"devoted to the study of African migration and immigration to other parts of the world." E-journal with full text articles such as -
The Antinomies of Globalization: Causes of Contemporary African Immigration to the United States of America;
Searching for Fortune: The Geographical Process of Nigerian Migration to Dublin, Ireland;
Nigerian Physical Therapists’ Job Satisfaction: A Nigeria – U.S.A. Comparison;
(In)Visibility and Duality of the Civil Rights and Yoruba Movements: 1950s-1990s; and other topics.
Editors are Mojúbàolú Olúfúnké Okome and Bertrade Ngo Ngijol-Banoum. [KF] http://www.africamigration.com/
In English and French. Reverse the brain drain. Find a job in Africa. Company started by Daniel Ahouassa. Based in El Cajon, California. http://www.jobafrique.com/
Medact - Health Brain Drain
Articles, full text reports such as The International Migration of Health Workers: A Human Rights Analysis (2005, in PDF). "Medact is a global health charity tackling issues at the centre of international policy debates." Based in London. [KF] http://www.medact.org/hpd_brain_drain.php

See also: Africa Focus site 2004 article.

Odhiambo, Atieno - Africa's "Brain Gain": Whose Shibboleth?

African Medical and Research Foundation, AMREF on the brain drain - podcast with Dr Peter Ngatia on Africa's Health Worker Crisis; Dr. Ngatia (July 3, 2008) on the proposed European Blue Card and the brain drain.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD - Counting Immigrants and Expatriates in OECD Countries: A New Perspective
By Jean-Christophe Dumont and Georges Lemaitre. 2005. 44 p. in PDF. "The world map (see Map 1) presents ‘emigration rates’ of the highly skilled for all countries, with African countries standing out as those having particularly high ‘emigration rates’. Anglophone African countries as well as Portuguese-speaking countries (e.g. Mozambique and Angola, but also Cape Verde) record the highest brain drain rates." Includes statistics. [KF] http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/34/59/35043046.pdf
Queen's University. Southern African Migration Project. Migration Resources: Brain Drain Resources
Many full text articles. Based in Kingston, Canada. [KF] http://www.queensu.ca/samp/migrationresources/braindrain/
Social Science Research Council. Africa Program
Works to promote social science and humanities research on critical issues relevant to the African continent. The SSRC is based in New York City. http://www.ssrc.org/programs/africa/

Has full text studies such as -
Investing in Return: Rates of Return of African Ph.D.s Trained in North America," in Adobe pdf, by Mark Pires, Ronald Kassimir and Mesky Brhane. 33 p.
The Social Sciences in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Tentative Regional Map, by Dr. Ebrima Sall of the Nordic Africa Institute.
"examines key issues in social science teaching, research and publishing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) over the period from the early sixties to the end of the last century, with an emphasis on what happened during the last fifteen years...... highlighting major trends, issues, capacities, constraints, opportunities and challenges for the social science research community in Africa ," A study was commissioned by the SSRC. In MS Word. http://www.ssrc.org/programs/africa/publications/sallsocialsciences.doc
Stark, Oded - "Rethinking the Brain Drain"
(Center for Development Research. Discussion paper. No. 71. 28 pages, in Adobe pdf. Heavy on the math! "When productivity is fostered by both the individual’s human capital and by the average level of human capital in the economy, individuals under-invest in human capital. A strictly positive probability of migration to a richer country, by raising both the level of human capital formed by optimizing individuals in the home country and the average level of human capital of non-migrants in the country, can enhance welfare and nudge the economy toward the social optimum. Under a well-controlled restrictive migration policy the welfare of all workers is higher than in the absence of this policy." Based in Bonn, Germany. http://www.zef.de/publications/publ_zef_dp.htm
UNESCO. Brain Drain to Brain Gain
"The Transfer of Knowledge through Expatriate Nationals programme at the newly established University of Mali (TOKTEN TALMALI) filled the urgent need for qualified teaching and research personnel in a number of key areas by bringing Malian academics living abroad back to their home country on short term contracts." http://www.unesco.org/education/studyingabroad/highlights/brain_drain.shtml
United States. Census Bureau
For an estimate of the African population in the U.S. see by Ancestry, then American Factfinder. For 1990, those counted from Sub-Saharan Africa were 506,188.
See also "Educational Attainment for Selected Ancestry Groups," "Selected Characteristics for Persons of Nigerian Ancestry: 1990"
"Selected Characteristics for Persons of Cape Verdean Ancestry: 1990"
"Selected Characteristics for Persons of Ethiopian Ancestry: 1990"

See also The Black Population in the United States. Then Foreign Born Population and Characteristics of the Foreign Born by Place of Birth (but it lumps Africa with Other Areas - Africa, Oceania, Bermuda and Canada)

Also see Foreign-Born Resident Population Estimates of the United States by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: April 1, 1990 to July 1, 1999. Categorized only by Black or Black Not Hispanic. Be sure to look at the entire page as the information is in three separate tables. [KF] http://www.census.gov/

Printed Sources

"Brain Gains and Drains." Fast Facts (South African Institute of Race Relations, Braamfontein, South Africa) . No. 7 (July 2003): 1-3.

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