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- African Archaeology
- News, links to web resources by African region, ancient maps, bibliographies,
journals, Africanist archaeologists' web sites, discussion lists, directories,
university programs, organizations. "developed from the "Anthropology
Resources on the Internet" (ARI)
directory.... started by Allen Lutins in 1995"
Part of the World Wide Web Virtual
Library. Maintained by Bernard Clist since 1999. [KF] http://www.african-archaeology.net
- Chronology with descriptions for Ancient Africa, African Empires, African
Slave Trade & European Imperialism, Anti-Colonialism, Post-Independence
Africa, plus Sources for Further Study. Site by Cora Agatucci, Associate Professor
of English, Central Oregon Community College, Bend, Oregon. http://www.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimelinetoc.htm
- African World Heritage Fund
- An international NGO, founded in 2006, "that supports the implementation of the UNESCO World Heritage Convention (1972) on the African continent." "AWHF's mission is to build the required capacity for increasing the number of African sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List." Full text reports, articles, annual reports. Based in South Africa. [KF] http://www.awhf.net/
- Archaeology Africa
- Project of the Research Unit for the Archaeology of Cape Town (RESUNACT),
Centre for African Studies, University of Cape Town. Prof. Martin Hall heads
the project. Involves primary and secondary schools in excavating sites.
Includes a history of Genadendal, information on a walking tour of slave
sites in Cape Town, extensive links to related web sites. http://www.archafrica.uct.ac.za/
- African Archaeology
A collection of archeological web sites at the Univ. of Connecticut: http://archnet.uconn.edu/regions/africa.php3
- Base d'Anthropologie physique
du Niger-Institut de Recherche en Sciences Humaines de l'Universite
de Niamey. Excavations of pre-islamic burial sites, includes photos, some
large maps which take a long time to load. http://www.ird.fr/bani/present.htm
of Calgary (Canada) Dept. of Archaeology. Descriptions of the Dept.'s
research projects in West Africa.
- Ceramic Traditions of Mali
- Mission Archeologique et Ethnoarcheologique Suisse en Afrique de l'Ouest.
Photos and descriptions of pottery work by women. Lots of graphics. http://archeo.unige.ch/maesao/
- ARCHway Database.
- "The ARCHway "Citation Index" indexes the tables of
contents from Britain's 14 most popular archaeological journals."
"References range from as far back as 1770, and as recently as 2001."
The ARCHway Journal Locator provides the archaeology journal holdings
of over 20 UK university, museum and private libraries. Covers over
2000 journals. "provides the title of the journal, contact details
for each of the libraries that hold it, the volume numbers of each journal
they hold, and the years covered by these collections." Also provides
publisher addresses, ISSN. A project led by the University of York Library.
- Argos is a peer-reviewed, limited area search engine covering the ancient
and medieval worlds. "Quality is controlled by a system of hyperlinked
internet indices which are managed by qualified professionals who serve as
the Associate Editors of the project." Searches retrieve many archeological
web sites about the Sudan, Egypt, etc. Based at the Univ. of Evansville. http://argos.evansville.edu/index.htm
- Cahiers de terrain de l'archéologue africaniste Raymond Mauny (1912-1994)
- In French. "Ce site présente les cahiers de terrain de l'archéologue africaniste Raymond Mauny (1912-1994) déposés à la Bibliothèque de recherches africaines." http://mauny.hypotheses.org/
- Centro Studi Archeologia Africana
- Based in Milan. Work in Togo, Mali, Niger and Eritrea, etc. Lists their research
projects, publications, has photos, illustrations. http://www.csaamilano.it/
of the Pan African Association
for Archaeology and Related Studies, 12th, Gaborone
July 3-10, 2005
- Hosted by the University of Botswana History Department (Archaeology Unit)
and the National Museum and Art Galley. http://www.ub.bw/news/conf/panaf2005/default.html
- David, Nicholas, et.
al. "Ethnoarchaeology Bibliography"
- "Keyword Bibliography of Ethnoarchaeology and Related
Topics" arranged alphabetically by author. Professor
David teaches in the Dept. of Archaeology, Univ. of Calgary (Canada).
His research interests include the archaeology of Africa and Europe. http://www.ucalgary.ca/%7Endavid/#3
- In French. Site of the Association pour la promotion du patrimoine
culturel de Djenné. Includes a history of Djenné, a map
and photographs of the tombs of saints, full text issues of
their Bulletin, information
on archeology work, traditional crafts. Based in Djenné,
Mali. [KF] http://www.djenne-patrimoine.asso.fr
Ministere des affaires etrangeres. Les carnet d'archeologie
- Includes Les stèles du Sidamo en Ethiopie, Le site archéologique de Gism
el-Arba in the Sudan. http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/actions-france_830/archeologie_1058/les-carnets-archeologie_5064/afrique-arabie_5068/index.html
- Grzymski, Krzysztof
- Brief descriptions of archaeologist Grzymski's field projects in Egypt
and in Sudanese Nubia - Hambukol/Letti Basin (medieval Nubian town) and
Meroe (the capital of Kush). On the site of the Royal Ontario Museum. Near
Eastern and Asian Civilizations Department (NEAC). [KF] http://www.rom.on.ca/neac/grzymski.html
- Histoire de l'Afrique
- In French. Site created by historians from West African universities.
Contents include un
annuaire des historiens [with current research, publications,
activities), news (conferences, publications, etc.), chronologies for
West Africa and each of the countries covered: Burkina Faso, Togo, Niger,
Mali, Sénégal. Has historical
maps from the book, Afrique Noire. Histoire et
civilisations, edited by Elikia M'BOKOLO (Paris, Hatier, 2004 -
right click and open separately for a larger map) and a bibliography on
West African history.
Has - a databases
of citations to history theses (Mémoires, maîtrises, DEA
et thèses) from West African universities completed from 1970 à 2004.
a study on historical methodology - Les
sources de l'archéologie au Burkina Faso by Jean-Baptiste
KIETHEGA (includes a map of Burkina Faso archaeological sites)
to related sites. The web site has support from the Agence universitaire
de la Francophonie. [KF] http://www.histoire-afrique.org/
- Inagina, the Last House of Iron
- About a documentary film on metallurgy work by the Dogon blacksmiths of Mali.
"In Mali, on the cliffs inhabited by the Dogon, an ethnoarchaeologist and a cameraman
participated in an extremely rare event : the reduction of iron ore. The experience was
filmed and is a unique testimony of a thousand-year-old technology which has now
disappeared." Directed by Eric Huysecom, Department of Anthropology and Ecology,
University of Geneva and Bernard Agustoni, of Télévision Suisse Romande.
In English and French. http://archeo.unige.ch/inagina/index.gb.html
African History Sourcebook - Paul Halsall
- Has full-text sources for African history arranged by topics. Includes
the Black Athena Debate, human origins, Egypt, Nubia, Ethiopia, Islam in
Africa, West African kingdoms, Great Zimbabwe, etc.. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University.
- Journal of African Archaeology (Frankfurt)
- In English and French. Published by Africa Magna Verlag, Frankfurt. Editorial
office at J.-W. Goethe University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Began publication
2003; published twice a year. http://www.african-archaeology.de
- Journal of Eastern African Studies
- Journal of the British Institute in Eastern Africa, based in Nairobi, Kenya. Published by Routledge. Articles in the humanities and social sciences, especially archaeology, history, linguistics and anthropology of Eastern Africa. Encourages interdisciplinary analysis. http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~db=all~content=t770239509~tab=summary
- Accounts of archaeological excavations and information on the people and
culture of Jenné. The project leaders include Profs. Rod and Susan McIntosh,
archaeologists, from Rice University's Anthropology Dept. U.S. A goal is to
save archaeological information from destruction by erosion. Jenné is the
earliest known urban settlement south of the Sahara and a UNESCO World Heritage
site. Photos, news, teaching resources, information on Mali and archaeology.
Links to a historical geography unit for grade
6 on Timbuktu and the Niger River by Ginny White. http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~anth/arch/mali-interactive/index.html
- Marothodi Institute for Archaeology in Africa
- Non-profit engaged in research and conservation of Africa's heritage. Provides professional training in archaeological theory, methods and practice. Publishes Ukumba, a quarterly magazine and a newsletter, Simulizi. Grants and scholarships for African students. Offices in the U.K., California, and Cape Town, South Africa. [KF] http://www.marothodi-institute.org
- McGregor Museum (Kimberley,
- "has departments actively engaged in research in history, oral history,
archaeology and rock art, with a principal focus on the Northern
Cape Province, South Africa." Is strong in "Military History,
focussing on the Anglo-Boer War." Has an EnviroZone covering the natural
environment of the Northern Cape and an exhibition on the human history
of the Northern Cape from three million years ago, and departments of botany
and zoology. Their library holds "unpublished diaries of ordinary
citizens reflecting life during the Siege of Kimberley (October 1899-February
1900)." Its walking tour lists historical
events in Kimberley. Has links to other museums in Kimberley. http://www.museumsnc.co.za
- MacGregor Museum. Department of Archaeology and Rock Studies
- Descriptions of important sites, sites of interest to tourists, studies on Archaeometry, pottery from Mapungubwe, glossary of archaeological terms, bibliography, links to related sites. Based in Kimberley, South Africa. [KF] http://www.museumsnc.co.za/McGregor/departments/Archaeology/archaeology.htm
D.E. & Maggs, T. 1994. Pre-colonial metalworking in Africa, especially
southern Africa: a bibliography:1-67. Department of Archaeology, University
of Cape Town (African Studies Library).
- "concentrates on southern Africa, that is, Angola, Namibia, Zambia, Malawi,
Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and South Africa. It is
incomplete and may have some inappropriate entries." Journal articles, books.
- Musée royal de l'Afrique
centrale/Royal Museum for Central Africa
- Site of the well-known museum in Tervuren, Belgium. Information
on programs, exhibitions, publications,
"an on-line Web-based information system about the Belgian data resources
related to Central Africa, including Angola, Burundi and Rwanda." http://www.africamuseum.be/
Bulawayo Project - Univ. of Birmingham, Field Archaeology Unit.
- An archaeological research project at Old Bulawayo, the late 19th century
capital of the Nbebele king, Lobengula. The project is run by the Univ. of
Birmingham Field Archaeology Unit and Zimbabwe National Museums and Monuments.
- Oldest Known Fossils of Modern Humans Found in Ethiopia
- Articles on the June 2003 announcement.
BBC. “Three fossilised skulls unearthed in Ethiopia are said by
scientists to be among the most important discoveries ever made in the search
for the origin of humans. The crania of two adults and a child, all dated
to be around 160,000 years old, were pulled out of sediments near a village
called Herto in the Afar region in the east of the country. They are described
the oldest known fossils of modern humans, or Homo sapiens.” http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/2978800.stm
From Nature magazine.
the Guardian (London)
White's web site on the Institute for Science,
Engineering and Public Policy web site in Oregon.
- The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
Salvage Project. The Institute participated in the 1960s
UNESCO effort to rescue archaeological sites from the rising waters of the
Aswan High Dam. Artifacts recovered from that effort were presented in two
Its Glory and Its People, 1987 Exhibition. Description and history by
Kingdoms of the Nile, The Rediscovery of Ancient Nubia, 1992 Exhibition.
Includes an image of a Nubian princess ca. 1320 B.C.
Nubia Slavage Project: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/PROJ/NUB/Nubia.html
Archives. Seven historical photographs from the Sudan (Nubia).
A sample of photographs taken by Institute expeditions in the early 20th century.
Sudan page: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/SUDAN/Sudan_Gen.html
Photographic Archives main page: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/OI_PA.html
- Parliamentary Millennium Project
- Site works only in Microsoft's browser. Antiquarian Western maps
(from South Africa's Parliament) and their view of Africa are contrasted
with African history from an African perspective. Uses photographs of archaeological
discoveries to illustrate Africa's history before Europeans arrived. Lukasa
memory boards and "map" staffs are seen vis a vis Western
maps. Different historical experiences influence "the way we make policy
decisions and how we see our future society." Has audio files of speeches
about the project by Frene Ginwala and Naledi Pandor. From South Africa's
Parliament, Cape Town. http://www.pmpsa.gov.za/
Parsons, Neil - History of Botswana
- Authoritative historical essays, by Professor Parsons of the University of Botswana, History
Department. Has a chapter on archaeology.
Stephane - Ceramique en pays sereer et tumulus senegambiens / The
pottery of the Sereer and the tumuli of Senegambia
- Paper, in French, from the e-journal, Internet Archaeology, No. 3,
Autumn 1997. There is an abstract
in English. http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue3/pradines_toc.html
- [Raymaekers] Fondation Paul Raymaekers / Paul Raymaekers Foundation
- Established by the scholar, Paul Raymaekers. Grants to Ph.D. students, aged below 30. Private library (c. 5,000 items) open to Belgian and European Ph.D. students by appointment. Book list if online. Collection of c. 10,000 photographs and negatives. Collections of African metalwork, masks, statuettes, ceramics.
Areas of interest: Archaeology, Prehistory and protohistory, Social sciences of religions, rural Development in Congo. Based in Rhode St. Genèse, Belgium. [KF] http://www.paulraymaekersfoundation.eu/
Nancy - "Africana Resources for Undergraduates: A Bibliographic Essay"
- An annotated guide by Dr. Schmidt (former Africana Librarian, Indiana University)
to print and electronic database resources. Includes Archaeology.
Pub. in Phyllis M. Martin and Patrick O'Meara (eds.), Africa.
Third edition. ( Bloomington: Indiana
University Press, 1995, pp. 413-434.) "The author would like
to point out that this essay, published in 1995 and written a year before,
does not reflect some more recent publications and web resources."
- SFDAS, Section Francaise de la direction des antiquites du Soudan [French Archaeological Unit in the Sudan]
- In French. The Director is Claude Rilly. Based in Khartoum. http://sfdas.com/
- Society of Africanist Archaeologists
- An international "organization of archaeologists, researchers from associated
disciplines and others who share an interest in African archaeology and African
Full text articles from their bulletin, Nyame Akuma,
enhanced access to back issues of the bulletin, and a discussion forum, links
to archaeology web sites. [KF] http://www.safa.rice.edu/
of Africanist Archaeologists
- Old site. Has the table of contents of their journal, Nyame
Akuma, from No. 1, 1972, information on their
conferences, web sites of members, etc. http://www.rz.uni-frankfurt.de/~bornu/safa/safa.htm
- South Africa Meteorite Crater, the Vredefort Dome - UNESCO World Heritage Site
- The oldest and largest meteorite crater found on earth, the Vredefort Dome, in South Africa was added in 2005 to a list of protected World Heritage sites by the United Nations. 20 page Evaluation in PDF. See also BBC July 15, 2005 report. [KF] http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1162
African Association of Archaeologists Conference, Johannesburg, April 2000
- Has full
text papers -
Timeless Time - Africa and the World by Martin Hall
Archaeology in the community: The legal aspects by Janette Deacon
Bones of Contention: The Kouga Saga by Johan Binneman
Thoughts on Archaeology and the African Renaissance by Aron Mazel
Paper by A. B. Esterhuysen
- Sudan Archaeological Research Society
- "Founded in 1991...provides a focus for anyone interested in the archaeology of the Sudan." The Society's Archive "contains the original records from the Society's survey and excavation projects, currently those at Gabati, in the Northern Dongola Reach, at Kawa, at Jebel Umm Rowag and between Amri and Kirbekan above the Fourth Cataract. The archives for Soba East and the Wadi Halfa to Kerma Railway are also included." Links to related sites. [KF] http://www.sudarchrs.org.uk/
Eredo, Africa's Largest Single Monument
- Photographs. On the site "Recording
West Africa's Visible Archaeology African Legacy" of Dr. Patrick
Darling, School of Conservation Sciences, Bournemouth University, UK. http://apollo5.bournemouth.ac.uk/consci/africanlegacy/sungbo_eredo.htm
- New York Times article - "A Wall, a Moat, Behold! A Lost Yoruba
Kingdom: Eredo Journal" by Norimitsu Onishi. Subscription only
access through the New York Times
or Academic Universe.
About a 10th century 100 mile long wall and moat, Sungbo's Eredo, one of
the largest monuments in sub-Saharan Africa. It was erected around a Yoruba
kingdom. Article in the New York Times, September 20, 1999, page
- Thulamela - Excavating
in South Africa
- Pages by Marius Loots describe the excavations at Thulamela located in Kruger
National Park. Artifacts from Thulamela date from c.1240 AD to 1630 AD. Thulamela
is linked with Great Zimbabwe. Photos include gold jewelry and skeletons excavated
by Sidney Miller and, 3 years later, by the Univ. of Pretoria, Dept. of Anatomy.
There is one page on Mapungubwe, another gold site in South Africa. http://www.geocities.com/athens/6398/
Leida I - "The Black Presence in Antiquity: a Selected
Bibliography" by Leida I. Torres and Andrea Only
- Bibliography of books, chapters in books, journal articles from Howard University's,
Moorland-Spingarn Research Center. [KF] http://www.founders.howard.edu/moorland-spingarn/Antiquit.htm
World Heritage Sites
- "The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and
Natural Heritage... agreement, signed to date by more than 150 States Parties,
was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO in 1972. Its primary mission
is to define and conserve the world's heritage, by drawing up a list of sites
whose outstanding values should be preserved for all humanity and to ensure
their protection through a closer co-operation among nations."
Africa sites are in Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic,
Congo-Kinshasa, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal, Seychelles, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia,
- World Heritage page: http://www.unesco.org/whc/nwhc/pages/home/pages/index.htm
- University of Botswana. History Department. Subject
Index and Checklist of History and Archaeology Dissertations and Research
Essays Submitted at the University of Botswana, 1976-1998
- Lists four M.A. dissertations and 222 B.A. research essays. http://www.thuto.org/ubh/ac/studrp.htm
of Calgary (Canada) Dept. of Archaeology
- The department has the following projects. http://www.ucalgary.ca/UofC/faculties/SS/ARKY/research.html
Project - Directed by Dr. Scott Maceachern, research in Cameroon
and Borno State, Nigeria "to elucidate the historical relationships
between populations found in this area today. [1992-93]...and earlier
Ghana Ethnoarchaeological Project - Directed by Nick Gabrilopoulos,
concerns fieldwork among the Tallensi and their use of space and the built
Asante Archaeology Project - In Ghana directed by Prof. Peter
Jan - "Historians, Are Archeologists Your Siblings?"
- "All historians, whatever their disciplinary affiliation, can
therefore learn a great deal from the practice of archeologists about the
perils and the successes of reconstructing history from a varied lot of sources.
Hence the contribution of archeology to the history of Africa is not limited
to the discovery of new and complementary sources to be used by others, but
goes to the very heart of the historical enterprise." Article from
History in Africa, 22 , 369-408, republished
on the H-AFRICA web site. http://h-net2.msu.edu/~africa/africaforum/Vansina.html
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