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- African Indigenous Knowledge
- Dr. Gloria Emeagwali, Professor of History, Central Connecticut State University,
provides citations to books and links to web sites relating to the, "Background
History of Africa, African Food Processing Techniques, African Textile Techniques,
African Metallurgy, Colonialism and Africa's Technology, and Mathematics
in pre-colonial Hausaland, West Africa. http://www.africahistory.net
Mathematical Union. Commission on the History of Mathematics in Africa
- Includes issues of their newsletter, articles on "The
Ancients", pages on mathematics in Ghana, Namibia, Nigeria, Zambia,
Zimbabwe, profiles of African mathematicians. The newsletter has bibliographies
and web sites. Maintained by Scott W. Williams, Professor, Mathematics
Dept., State Univ. of New York at Buffalo. [KF] http://www.math.buffalo.edu/mad/AMU/amuchma_online.html
- Chronology with descriptions for Ancient Africa, African Empires, African
Slave Trade & European Imperialism, Anti-Colonialism, Post-Independence
Africa, plus Sources for Further Study. Site by Cora Agatucci, Associate
Professor of English, Central Oregon Community College, Bend, Oregon. http://www.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimelinetoc.htm
- Afrique orale: Archives sonores et ressources documentaires de la tradition
orale en Afrique
- In French. Site on
oral traditions, Amadou Hampâthé Bâ and Boubou
audio clips of 'L'histoire de l'Afrique racontée'
par Boubou Hama, (Président de l'Assemblée nationale du Niger
de 1960 à 1974),
and 'L'explication d'un mythe' par Amadou Hampâté BA.
Has a database of
oral traditions holdings from Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi,
Cameroun, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, Senegal and other
a French translation
of a 1236 document from
the Mali empire. Site maintained
by the Centre
lingusitiques et historiques par tradition orale, CELHTO. Based in
Niger. [KF] http://www.africa-orale.org
- Afriques (Paris)
- In French and English. E-journal published by Centre d’études des mondes africains, Paris, France. "une revue internationale d’histoire des mondes africains, qui privilégie les époques antérieures au XIXe siècle" Issue No. 1, Printemps 2010 has the theme Les chemins de l’identité en Afrique du XVe au XXe siècle. Indexes - author, keyword, geographic entity. http://afriques.revues.org/
- The Afrocentric
Debate Resource Homepage
- Contains messages sent to a discussion list set up by publisher, Harper
Collins, on the Mary Lefkowitz book Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism
Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History. Page by Paul Kekai Manansala
who wrote the purpose of this page was to "provide resources to those
interested in learning about the Afrocentric argument concerning ancient
Egypt, and the contribution of Africa to Western civilization through ancient
Africa: Lesson Plans and Activities
- Links to curriculum units on Ancient Africa developed by schools around
the U.S. Page by Lin and Don Donn. http://members.aol.com/donnandlee/index.html#AFRICA
/ Corporation for Public Broadcasting, CPB - Mali and Songhai
- "The empire of Mali, which dated from the early thirteenth century
to the late fifteenth century, rose out of what was once the empire of Ghana.
Mali had been a state inside of the Ghanaian empire. After Ghana fell because
of invading forces and internal disputes, Mali rose to greatness under the
leadership of a legendary king named Sundiata, the "Lion King." As
Mali declined, Songhai became the "largest and most powerful kingdom
in medieval West Africa." Part of Annenberg's Collapse,
Why do Civilizations Fall? http://www.learner.org/exhibits/collapse/mali.html
- Anonymous Classics: African Literature: Epics and Assimilated (in pdf)
- Draft of proposed uniform title headings for Anonymous Classics in African Literature. Compiled by Nadine Boddaert. Includes a bibliography of sources (for pre-colonial epics, oral literature). On the web site of the IFLA Cataloging Section. http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/pubs/AnonymousClassics_Africa_Draft.pdf
- Anti Slavery International - Breaking the Silence. Learning About the Transatlantic Slave Trade
- For teachers, lesson plans. Organised by themes - Africa before the Transatlantic Slave Trade, through to Legacies in Africa, the Americas, Caribbean and Europe and Slavery Today. African kingdoms timeline. Racist views of Africa, etc. "a joint initiative between UNESCO, Anti-Slavery International, the British Council and the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (NORAD)." Based in London, England. [KF] http://www.antislavery.org/breakingthesilence/
- Asante, Molefi Kete
- Professor Asante is the former Chair, Department of African American Studies
at Temple University and the founder of the theory of Afrocentricity.
Has excerpts from
Prof. Asante's speeches and writings, his enstoolment as a traditional leader
of Ghana in 1993, establishment of the Pan African Cultural Center at Tafo,
Ghana, the Cheikh Anta Diop Conference, tours led by Prof. Asante to Egypt
and Ghana, the Association for Nubian Kemetic Heritage (ANKH), a review of
MS Encarta Africana, a talk "The
Future of African Gods," links to related sites. http://www.asante.net/
- Asante Kingdom
- The African Studies Center, Leiden, Library, Documentation
and Information Department has a bibliography on the Asante Kingdom with
citations to books, journal articles, web sites plus an introduction to
Asante. Topics: History of the Asante Kingdom, Asante Kingship and Chieftaincy, European-Asante
Relations. [KF] http://asc.leidenuniv.nl/library/webdossiers/dossierasante.htm
- Asanteman Today. The
Official Website of Asanteman
- "The Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II, is the Head of the Ashanti
His present-day activities, photographs." Site based in Ghana. http://www.asanteman.com/
- Ashanti Home Page
- History of the Ashanti people and kingdom, photographs. Sources are not
indicated. Maintained by Steve Garbrah, based in Australia. http://www.ashanti.com.au/
Stephen - African Epics Resource Page
- "a resource for the study of African epics. The core of the site
is a listing of available published epic texts divided by language group
and by performer, with brief performance data and bibliographic references." Has
lists of sources and bibliographies for - the epic of Sunjata and
the Mali empire; the history of the kingdoms
of Segou and Kaarta; hunters'
narratives ("hunters' songs often take the form of extended narratives
which closely resemble the historical epic singing"); historical narratives, "in
the times before and after Sunjata," which involve migrations
and genealogies; Fulbe
epic traditions (Futa
Tooro and Massina
and the East); Gambian
Mandinka histories. Belcher has taught Comparative Literature at the
Pennsylvania State University (1991-1998). He is the author of Epic
Traditions in Africa (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999).
- Belcher, Wendy - Medieval and Early Modern African Literature
- "information on the pre-nineteenth-century literatures of the African continent. Medieval (600s through 1400s approx.); early modern (1400s through 1700s approx.)"
Wendy Belcher is a writer, editor. http://wbelcher.bol.ucla.edu/default.htm
Broadcasting Company. The Story of Africa
- "the history of the continent from an African perspective." "from
the origins of humankind to the end of South African apartheid" by
major African historians (Jacob Ajayi, George Abungu, Director-General of
the National Museums of Kenya and others). Includes audio of each segment
of the BBC program. (Requires sound card, speaker or headphone). Each segment
has a timeline, bibliography, useful links. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/
- Bugaje, Usman Muhammad
- Contains full text conference papers and other studies by Bugaje.
Topics include Muslims and Islam in Nigeria, women and Islam, Islamic education
in Katsina State, Usman Dan Fodio, the Sokoto Caliphate, governance,
education, and the Hajj, the U.S. and the Middle East. [KF] http://www.webstar.co.uk/~ubugaje/
in Africa - Washington State University
- One page each on Mali, Songhay, Great Zimbabwe, Kush, Ghana, Islamic invasions,
Swahili kingdoms, Hausa Kingdoms, Kanem-Bornu. "...designed as a learning
module in the form of a "research textbook." Part of the Washington State
University World Civilizations web
site. Text by Richard Hooker. Some links are not accessible. http://www.wsu.edu/~dee/CIVAFRCA/CIVAFRCA.HTM
- Des frontières en Afrique du XIIe au XXe siècle.
- In French. Full text book. Paris: UNESCO, 2005. 313 pages, in PDF.
Papers from a 1999 Bamako conference. Includes authors - Alpha Oumar Konaré, président de la République du Mali, Catherine Coquery-Vidrovitch, Boubacar Barry, Anthony I. Asiwaju, Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Pierre Kipré, Patrick Harries, Thierno Bah, Martin Z. Njeuma, Sékéné Mody Cissokom and others.
Topics include - quel avenir pour les frontières africaines ?, cas en Afrique australe et orientale, cas en Afrique centrale, l’exemple des chefferies Bamiléké et du royaume Bamum, la frontière entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria (1885-1992), cas en Afrique du Nord et du Nord-Ouest, les frontières du Songhaï à la fin du XVe et au XVIe siècle, le Soudan-Mali du XVIIe au XIXe siècle, le Burkina Faso et ses voisins aux XIXe et XXe siècles, etc. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/
- Ending Stereotypes for America - African History
- One of the goals of this site is to "Spread knowledge about advanced African kingdoms and black inventors and scientists who have helped shape and change our world." About African kingdoms and civilizations with citations to published sources. Maintained by Charles Six. http://endingstereotypesforamerica.org/african_history.html
J. D. - A Guide to Original Sources for Precolonial Western Africa
Published in European Languages : for the most part in book form
- Madison : African Studies Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1994.
200 p. A University
of Wisconsin Libraries Africana Digitization Project. See the Copyright notice
for use. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Africana.Fage01
- Florida Geographic
Alliance - African Maps
- "The Florida Geographic Alliance is a professional organization affiliated
with the National Geographic Society...and housed at the Florida State University
within the Institute of Science and Public Affairs. It is comprised of Primary,
Secondary, Community College, and University Geography Educators,..."
Has maps in Adobe pdf format - African
Continent with names, same map without
names, Timbuktu with Mansa
Musa's route, and other maps. [KF] http://getp.freac.fsu.edu/fga/maps.html
James, "Introduction: Diffusion and other Problems in the History
of African States"
- Essay (8 pages) covering Asante, the Benin Kingdom, the Luba and Kuba,
the Yoruba and the States of Ife and Oyo, by Professor Giblin, Department
of History, University of Iowa in "Art and Life in Africa Online" by L.
Lee McIntyre and Christopher D. Roy. http://www.uiowa.edu/~africart/toc/history/giblinstate.html
James, "Issues in African History"
- Essay, by Professor Giblin, Department of History, University of Iowa,
in "The Art and Life in Africa Project," web site Univ. of Iowa.
8 pages. http://www.uiowa.edu/~africart/toc/history/giblinhistory.html
University, Moorland-Spingarn Research Center
- The Library offers bibliographies such
Black Presence in Antiquity: a Selected Bibliography" by
Leida I. Torres and Andrea Only. http://www.founders.howard.edu/moorland-spingarn/Antiquit.htm
African History Sourcebook - Paul Halsall
- Has full-text sources for African history arranged by topics. Includes
the Black Athena Debate, human origins, Egypt, Nubia, Ethiopia, Islam in
Africa, West African kingdoms, Great Zimbabwe, with topics up to the present.
Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. [KF] http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/africa/africasbook.html
of African History (Cambridge University
- Full text access to recent issues for subscribers only. Ask
your librarian if your institution subscribes. http://journals.cambridge.org/
of the Medieval Sudan
- An introduction to the history of Sudanic Africa (the states of Songhay,
Kanem-Bornu, and Hausaland.) Discusses trade and Islam. Photographs by Lucy
Johnson illustrate - Images of Islam (Grand Mosque at Jenne), River Scenes,
Daily Life, The Dogon, Traditions and Beliefs, The Desert. Has multiple-choice
tests. Project arises from a Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grant to Xavier
University's Center for the Advancement of Teaching (New Orleans, LA). Site
by J. Rotondo-McCord. [KF] http://webusers.xula.edu/jrotondo/Kingdoms/
Mary - Not Out of Africa
- Excerpts from Lefkowitz's book Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism
Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History. On The
History Place web site. http://www.historyplace.com/pointsofview/not-out.htm
- International project to preserve ancient Islamic manuscripts in Timbuktu. "There
are an estimated sixty to eighty private collections of historical manuscripts
in the city of Timbuktu alone." See also a Mail & Guardian (Johannesburg)
article (Feb. 17, 2002) on Timbuktu manuscripts.
- Projects include:
ARELMAT, Archivage Electronique des Manuscrits de Tombouctou
Institute des Hautes Etudes et de la Recherche Islamique - Ahmed Baba, Timbuktu
"Scholars of Peace: The Islamic Tradition and Historical Conflict Resolution
in Timbuktu" by Dr. Mahmoud Zouber, Abdoul Kader Haidara, Mamadou Diallo,
Dr. Stephanie Diakité (5 p.) - full text, in Adobe
PDF, of an account of 15th-18th century scholars in Timbuktu and the role
of Islamic scholars and leaders in conflict resolution.
- Library of Congress - Ancient Manuscripts from the Desert Libraries of Timbuktu
- "Dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, the
ancient manuscripts... are indicative of the high level of civilization
attained by West Africans during the Middle Ages." "The manuscripts...are
from the Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library and the Library of Cheick Zayni
Baye of Boujbeha,..." Has images of the documents which concern Islamic
knowledge of astronomy, law, the Songhai Empire, slavery, Sufi religion,
mathematics, political governance, medical knowledge, attitude
towards non-Muslims, trade. [KF] http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/mali/
- Library of Congress - Islamic Manuscripts from Mali
- "twenty-two Islamic
manuscripts [in Arabic script] containing important insights into the life and culture of
West Africans during the late Middle Ages and Early Modern Era." Topics include astrology, commerce, Islamic law, health care, mysticism,
slavery, and agriculture. A project of the Library of Congress and the Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library of Timbuktu, Mali. photographs of Mali by Philip Harrington, as well as a
selection of maps from the Library of Congress's Geography and Map
Includes maps - Timbuktu in Space and Time, a history of Timbuktu as an Islamic cultural center, and Timbuktu architecture.
- Lobban, Richard -
Chronology of Ancient Nubia [Sudan]
- Covers from 3-1.5 Million BP to 1504 AD. From the book, Historical
dictionary of ancient and medieval Nubia, Scarecrow Press. To be pub.
excavations and information on the people and culture of Jenné. The
project leaders include Profs. Rod and Susan McIntosh, archaeologists,
from Rice University's Anthropology Dept. A goal is to save archaeological
information from destruction by erosion. See "Jenne-jeno,
an ancient African city." Jenné is the earliest known urban settlement
south of the Sahara and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Photos, news, teaching
resources, information on Mali and archaeology. http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~anth/arch/mali-interactive/index.html
- Masonen, Pekka - "Not
Quite Venus from the Waves: The Almoravid Conquest of Ghana in the Modern
Historiography of Western Africa"
- Full text article, [co-authored with Humphrey J. Fisher], from History
in Africa, Vol. 23, 1996, pp. 197-232. The article "focuses on
the alleged Almoravid conquest of Ghana in 1076 AD and the spread of
Islam in the Sudanic Africa." "This version is not identical
to the printed version of 1996. Several printing errors are corrected
and there are a few additions, including subtitles. The arguments are,
however, unchanged." "...there is no direct evidence for any
conquest, still less a violent and destructive conquest, of Ghana by the
Almoravids. The conquest hypothesis is a European creation." On Dr.
Masonen's web site. http://www.uta.fi/~hipema/Venus.htm
- The Meanings of Timbuktu - Edited by Shamil Jeppie and Souleymane Bachir Diagne
- Full text of the book is online. 416 pages. HSRC Press, 2008. Topics include Arabic calligraphy, Arabic literature, Ajami, Muslim women scholars, Mali manuscripts, Arabic material in Zanzibar, etc. [KF] http://www.hsrcpress.ac.za/product.php?productid=2216
- Metropolitan Museum of Art. Timeline of Art History
- The African Art section covers different regions (Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Guinea Coast, Southern Africa, Western & Central Sudan, Archaeology & Rock Art). Maps, bibliographies, timeline for the continent. Explanations of features in the works depicted. Covers pre-colonial African empires & kingdoms, Islam in Africa, Christianity in Ethiopia and the Kongo Kingdom, African leadership, women, Trade among European and African precolonial nations, etc. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/splash.htm
- History of Nubia the area partly in southern Egypt and partly in northern Sudan. Articles such as "How Much Can We Trust the Writen Record?" and "Where does Nubia fit in the Context of Nile Valley Civilization and the Ancient World?" Section for kids. Links to related sites. Conceived by Northeastern Univ. Professor Ron Bailey and Marcia Baynes. Produced by Education Development Center, Newton Massachusetts. [KF] http://www.nubianet.org/
- The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago
- Nubia Salvage
Project. The Institute participated in the 1960s UNESCO effort to
rescue archaeological sites from the rising waters of the Aswan High Dam.
Artifacts recovered from that effort were presented in two exhibitions
Its Glory and Its People, 1987 Exhibition. Description and history
by Bruce Williams.
Kingdoms of the Nile, The Rediscovery of Ancient Nubia, 1992 Exhibition.
Includes an image of a Nubian princess ca. 1320 B.C.
Nubia Slavage Project: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/PROJ/NUB/Nubia.html
Archives. Seven historical photographs from the Sudan (Nubia). A sample
of photographs taken by Institute expeditions in the early 20th century.
Sudan page: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/SUDAN/Sudan_Gen.html
Photographic Archives main page: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/OI_PA.html
Institiute. The 1905-1907 Breasted Expeditions to Egypt and the Sudan:
A Photographic Study
- "This document is a revised catalog of the 1,055 photographs [taken
by Professor James Henry Breasted and his colleagues] contained in an Oriental
Institute text/microfiche publication entitled THE 1905-1907 BREASTED EXPEDITIONS
TO EGYPT AND THE SUDAN: A PHOTOGRAPHIC STUDY." Based at the University
of Chicago. http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/EGYPT/BEES/BEES.html
Nancy - "Africana Resources for Undergraduates: A Bibliographic
- An annotated guide by Dr. Schmidt (former Africana Librarian, Indiana
University) to print and electronic database resources. In Phyllis M. Martin
and Patrick O'Meara (eds.), Africa.
Third edition. ( Bloomington: Indiana
University Press, 1995, pp. 413-434.) " The author would
like to point out that this essay, published in 1995 and written a year
before, does not reflect some more recent publications and web resources." http://www.indiana.edu/~libsalc/african/schmidt.html
- Smithsonian National
Museum of Natural History - African Voices
- Site for a permanent exhibit at the Museum in Washington, D.C. Attractive
site featuring master sculptors (Lamidi Fakeye), an interactive timeline
(from pre-history, West African empires, to the present), society, metalworking,
clay pottery and a master potter, an annotated bibliography. Uses Flash
software; some captions are difficult to read. [KF] http://www.mnh.si.edu/africanvoices/
- Smithsonian National Museum
of African Art - Mali Empire and Djenne Figures
- Has photos of two terracotta figures, a short history, map, timeline,
suggested classroom activities, readings, links to further web resources.
- Sudan, Ancient Kingdoms of the
- This Macromedia Flash-dependent site describes a cd-rom
sold by Sindibad Multimedia produced in association with the Institut du
Monde Arab (Paris) and Editions Flammarion on the Sudan's history, culture,
and society. Has English or Arabic versions. Follow the CD-ROM link at the
bottom of the page. ttp://www.sindibad.co.uk/
- Sundiata and Mansa Musa on the Web
- An annotated directory of
"resources about Sondiata and Mansa Musa, kings of the Empire of Mali in the
13th and 14th centuries. It also covers some aspects of later history, including
the oral poetry that have preserved Sundiata's deeds for hundreds of years."
Includes histories, books, primary sources, teacher
materials. Maintained by Tim Spalding. Presented in Association
with Amazon. http://www.isidore-of-seville.com/mansa/
Leida I - "The Black Presence in Antiquity: a
Selected Bibliography" by Leida I. Torres and Andrea Only
- Bibliography of books, chapters in books, journal articles from Howard University's,
Moorland-Spingarn Research Center. [KF] http://www.founders.howard.edu/moorland-spingarn/Antiquit.htm
- In English and French. About the "richness, the diversity,
and the fragility" of Africa's cultural heritage. Includes Swahili
culture (Lamu, Gede), Ethiopian Christianity, etc. Only
brief descriptions. Lists World Heritage sites in Africa. Part of the UNESCO
World Heritage Centre. [KF] http://whc.unesco.org/exhibits/afr_rev/toc.htm
World Heritage Sites
- "The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and
Natural Heritage... agreement, signed to date by more than 150 States Parties,
was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO in 1972. Its primary mission
is to define and conserve the world's heritage, by drawing up a list of
sites whose outstanding values should be preserved for all humanity and
to ensure their protection through a closer co-operation among nations."
sites are in Benin (Royal Palaces of Abomey), Egypt, Ethiopia
(Lalibela, Aksum), Ghana (forts, castles), Mali (Djenne, Timbuktu),
Mauritania (11-12th c. trading centres), Tanzania (Kilwa), Zimbabwe
(Great Zimbabwe, Khami): http://whc.unesco.org/nwhc/pages/sites/maplist/africa.htm
- World Heritage page: http://whc.unesco.org/nwhc/pages/home/pages/index.htm
the Mystery of Timbuktu - Ginny White
- "In this historical geography unit, students follow the changes in
the ancient African city of Timbuktu from its founding to today." For
Grade 6. Part of the Geographic Education and Technology Program, of the
the "Florida Geographic Alliance, a professional organization affiliated
with the National Geographic Society...and housed at the Florida State University
within the Institute of Science and Public Affairs." http://getp.freac.fsu.edu/fga/academy/aftimb.htm
- United Kingdom. National
- Has online exhibitions such as the Black
Presence: Asian and Black History in Britain, 1500-1850, which includes Black
Romans and West
Africa before the Europeans (with a map
of West Africa in 1600). http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/blackhistory/
- University of Calgary - The Islamic World to 1600.
- "From the introduction to the first millennium of Islamic history" Includes under Regional Dynasties, a section on West Africa. Developed by the Applied History Research Group, University of Calgary. http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/islam/ also in hisreligion
- Walker, Robin - When we ruled :
the ancient and medioeval history of Black civilisations
- Site for the book (London: Every Generation Media, 2006). Profiles of important figures in African history. Audio interview by Walker. Walker has taught in U.K. schools. Site based in London. http://www.whenweruled.com/
Africa Historical and Contemporary Maps
- Four maps showing ancient empires and contemporary maps of West
Africa, Africa, Ghana; source of maps not given. On C.
K. Ladzekpo's African Music and Dance web site. http://www.cnmat.berkeley.edu/~ladzekpo/maps.html
- West African Arabic Manuscript
- A bi-lingual union catalog of records for over 20,000 Arabic manuscripts
from West Africa. Find citations by authors, nicknames, titles, subjects.
Includes manuscripts from Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Northern Nigeria and
from collections in Paris and Northwestern Univ. The documents represent
"the literary activity of Muslim literati in the Sahel region during
the approximately 150 years prior to colonial conquest." Charles C.
Stewart, Professor, Department of History, University of Illinois, Champaign
is General Editor. [KF] http://westafricanmanuscripts.org/
- Wide Horizon Education Resources - Ancient Civilization of Kush
- Lesson plans on Kush (from a newsletter, Wide Horizon, Nov. 1999) produced by Wide-Horizon Education Resources, San Diego, Calif. WER, headed by Dr. David Mollet. Uses the Waldorf approach to education. Has an article about the lesson plan from Social Studies Review. http://members.cox.net/waldorfedu/weredu/index.html
- Wonders of the African World
- Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
- Site for the Public Broadcasting Service TV series. Covers Black Pharaohs,
Nubia / Kush, Meroe, Gedi, the Swahili People, Zanzibar, the Ashanti and
Dahomey (Benin) Kingdoms, Aksum, Gondar, the Churches of Lalibela, the Dogon,
Grand Mosque of Djenne, Empires of Mali & Ghana, the Tuareg, Great Zimbabwe,
a 1,000 year old South African city - Mapangubwe, the Shona People, etc.
Site based on the TV programs hosted by Prof.
Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (Harvard Univ.) Includes a kids' activity page,
teachers' lesson plans, audio clips. [KF] http://www.pbs.org/wonders/
For comments on H-Africa about the TV series, see: http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~africa/threads/index.html#Films In the Film section, page down to "Wonders of the African World".
A Preliminary Critique from Prof. Ali Mazrui and Black Orientalism. http://igcs.binghamton.edu/igcs_site/dirton2.htm
Africa Update (Central
Connecticut State University) Vol. 7, No. 1, Winter 2000 on the debate.
New York Times book review (October 24, 1999) by William Langewiesche.
New York Times review of the TV program (October 25, 1999) by Walter Goodman
West Africa Review, Special issues of the e-journal on the TV series.
Vol. 1, No. 2, Jan. 2000.
Vol. 1, No. 2a, March 2000.
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