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  Topics: History: Primary Sources


Adam Matthew Publications
Microfilm publisher. Sells microfilm of 19th and 20th century journals and archival collections for African studies and other areas. http://www.adam-matthew-publications.co.uk/

Example of microfilm sold - U.K. Foreign Office. American Department. Files: United States (Public Record Office Class FO 371:Part 1: The John F Kennedy Years, 1960-1963), relations of the United States with Nigeria,  Rhodesia, Peace Corps, etc. Part 2: The Lyndon B Johnson Years, 1964-1968
(PRO Class FO 371/174260-174346, 179557-179622 & 184995-185056 and PRO Class FCO 7/738-884) - Seychelles, Rhodesia, Peace Corps.

Africa Through Western Eyes
. Part 1-2: Original Manuscripts from the Royal Commonwealth Society Library at Cambridge University Library

Church Missionary Society Archive
-  See Section IV: Africa Missions.
Aequatoria Archives Research Project
Based at the Research Center of the International Pragmatics Association, University of Antwerp, and works with the Centre Æquatoria, Mbandaka, Congo (DRC). "Its goal is to make extensively annotated editions as well as systematic interpretive analyses of documents from the archives of the Centre Æquatoria - in particular those documents that are relevant to the historiographic study of linguistics and ethnology in colonial times." The Archives have, on microfiche, the proceedings of the Conférence Nationale Souveraine. Has an online Catalogue. The Archives holdings, on microfiche, are available in several locations worldwide (CAMP, Univ. of Wisconsin, etc.). The microfiche can also be purchased from the Archives in Antwerp.

Has the full text, in French, of: Témoignagesafricains de l'arrivée des premiers Blancs aux bords des rivières de l'Equateur(RD Congo) -- African testimonies of the arrivals of the first Whites on the river banks in the Congolese Equateur region (± 253pp) http://www.aequatoria.be/archives_project/
Africa South of the Sahara - History - Slavery
Includes links to autobiographies of former slaves, their experiences in Africa and in the Diaspora. Site based at Stanford University Libraries. http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/history/hislavery.html
Africa South of the Sahara - Photographs (Historical)
Web resources for Africa-related historical photographs. Maintained by the Stanford University Libraries.
African National Congress - Historical Documents
A wealth of documents on South Africa's history and the anti-apartheid movement worldwide. http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/ 
Includes -
Afrique Orale - Archives sonores et ressources documentaires de la tradition orale en Afrique
In French. Includes a database of citations to the oral recordings held by research institutes such as the Centre d'études linguistiques et historiques par tradition orale (CELHTO) in Niamey, Niger and the full text of the 1236 Charte de Kurukan Fuga, un document fondateur de l'empire du Mali. Has links to papers such as "La Tradition Orale : de la collecte à la numérisation" by A. Raphaël NDIAYE, an audio file of Boubou Hama on African history, links to a site about Amadou Hampâté BA. [KF] http://www.africa-orale.org/
American Museum of Natural History. Congo Expedition, May 1909-November 1915
"In 1909,...Herbert Lang and James Chapin set sail for the Belgian Congo....By the time they sailed home five and one-half years later, they had collected tons of precious zoological and anthropological specimens..." [KF] http://diglib1.amnh.org/

Contents:
an introductory, multimedia slide show.

diaries of James Chapin ("At age 19, in 1909, James Chapin left New York for northeastern Congo where he served as Herbert Lang's assistant for the next five years. Chapin was interested in many aspects of Africa's natural history. Birds, however, were his passion, a fact borne out by these diaries.")

biographies of James Paul Chapin and Herbert Lang, photographs (villages, primates), the watercolors of James Chapin including Congo mural paintings, birds, fish, reptiles, mammels,

excerpts from "African Reflections: Art from Northeastern Zaire," by Enid Schildkrout and Curtis A. Keim (AMNH and University of Washington Press, 1990) including their photographs of Congo musical instruments

excerpts from "King Leopold's Ghost" by Adam Hochschild (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1998)

"160 publications including 120 American Museum of Natural History publications based on the material collected by the 1909-1915 Congo Expedition, 12 British Museum publications by Barry Bolton on Congo ants, 11 publications on African ants by the South African Museum and affiliated organizations, and 17 Congo-related World Conservation Union (IUCN) publications."

a central African map with layers. Select which features will appear on the map: lakes, cities, roads, railroads, forest, mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, etc., a map of Chapin and Lang's travels

historic maps reflecting the "development of European knowledge of African geography from 1562 through 1940." Reproduced with permission of the New York Public Library and the British Library.

audio (requires sound card, headset or speakers) and video clips of the Belgian Congo Records made by the "adventurer and filmmaker Armand Denis during his 1934-35 cross-Africa expedition. They were among the first recordings made of the sounds of the central Congo. The Babiara people, whose songs may be heard..... are one of the four main tribal groups who occupy the Ituri Forest." The video clip shows a traditional Mangbetu dance.

a database on specimens collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition

a bibliographic essay on sources by Paula Willey, specially prepared bibliographies on Congo Conservation (314 citations), Description & Travel (1218 citations), Maps & Atlases (220 citations).

Newspaper Headlines, 1880-1916 about the Congo from the New York Times and the New York Herald [KF]

Archive-It
Web site from the Internet Archive, founded by Brewster Kahle, which archives web pages from state archives and university libraries. Find archived pages from the Africa Union, Doctors Without Borders, Slate (the e-magazine for example), etc. Institutions build, manage and their own web archive. "Each institutional subscription allows you to harvest up to 300 Web sites, with a limit of three active collections at any given time." http://www.archiveit.org
Banknotes.com
Has a Currency Museum with photographs of banknotes from Africa. For South Africa has currency as old as 1896, from 1909 for Angola, British West Africa from 1918, from the Belgian Congo 1914, from French West Africa 1929, from Germa East Africa 1905, from the BCEAO "Banknotes of West African States" 1959, Rhodesia and Nyasaland 1956 and more. Site from Asheville, North Carolina. [KF] http://www.banknotes.com/ See also Wise's World Paper Money Collection
Beech, Joan - Follow the Red Dirt Road: The Story of our Life in West Africa from 1947 to 1958
Full text account of an English woman and her husband who was a Chief Assayer for a gold mine in the Gold Coast. Includes photographs. Mentions Kwame Nkrumah. http://dpicg.com/joan_beech/
Bergman, Albert - "On board the "Pensacola". The eclipse expedition to the west coast of Africa" (New York : s.n., 1890)
Short excerpt from an 1890 book on a U.S. expedition to observe the solar eclipse. "Starting in the mid-nineteenth century, the colonial powers of Europe and the United States sent expeditions all over the globe to observe solar eclipses. From San Francisco's Exploratorium,"a museum of science, art, and human perception founded in 1969 by physicist Frank Oppenheimer." [KF] http://www.exploratorium.edu/eclipse/1890.html
British History Online
From the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust. Database of primary and secondary sources. List of the British Secretaries of State 1794-1870. If you register (free), you can save a personal bookshelf of links to useful resources and use a split screen feature to compare two documents simultaneously. Based in London. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/

Full text of the House of Commons Journal. Examples -

Report from Committee on Sierra Leone, No. 661. From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 85: 13 July 1830', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 85: 1830, pp. 640-45. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=16284&strquery=slavery%20africa.

Petitions for abolition of Slavery. From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 85: 13 July 1830', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 85: 1830, pp. 640-45. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=16284&strquery=slavery%20africa.
British Libraray. Endangered Archives
Provides grants "to locate relevant endangered archival collections, to arrange their transfer to a suitable local archival home where possible, to create digital copies of the material and to deposit the copies with local institutions and the British Library."http://eap.bl.uk/

Examples
EAP466: The manuscripts of the Riyadh Mosque of Lamu, Kenya (in Arabic)
EAP340 Photographic preservation of the manuscript collection in the monastic church of Ewostatewos at Däbrä Särabi (Tigray, Ethiopia) - in Geez
EAP474: Regional Archive at Cape Coast, Ghana: pre-colonial and colonial documents preservation project (handwritten and typescript)
EAP485: World War II and the origins of Hausa newspapers: the early years of 'Gaskiya ta fi Kwabo' (in Hausa)
EAP052: Rescuing Eastern Nigerian history: preserving the holdings of Enugu and Calabar regional archives (typescript)
EAP087: Northern Nigeria: precolonial documents preservation scheme (in Arabic)
Bulatovich, Alexander - [Ethiopia Through Russian Eyes]
Translation from Russian by Richard Seltzer of two books by Alexander Bulatovich -
From Entotto to the River Baro (1897)
With the Armies of Menelik II (1900)
"those books have lots of interesting and unique information about the Oromo/Galla people." http://www.samizdat.com/armies.html
CAMP. Catalog of Nigerian Pamphlets on Microfilm. Compiled by the African Collection, Yale University Library, New Haven, Connecticut for the Cooperative Africana Microform Project and the Center for Research Libraries. http://www-apps.crl.edu/areastudies/CAMP/collections/camppamp.htm

 
Full text, 60 pages, in Adobe pdf. Citations to 1,000 pamphlets on microfilm. Included are market literature titles from the Simon Ottenberg collection. Types of pamphlets - Nigeria, Biafra, Southern Nigeria government publications, market literature, political party pamphlets, church and religious pamphlets, magazines and other serials. Authors include Obafemi Awolowo, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Samuel A.Crowther, the Action Party, N.C.N.C. Dates range from the late 19th century to pre-World War II and the mid 1960s. Languages - English, Yoruba, Ibo, Hausa. There is an index by author and subject. The microfilmed pamphlets are available from CAMP, Cooperative African Materials Project, based at the Center for Research Libraries, Chicago. The inventory is part of CAMP's Guides to Collections. [KF]
Center for Research Libraries - Slavery and Manumission Manuscripts of Timbuktu
206 Online documents, in Arabic. "From the Bibliothèque Commémorative Mama Haidara in Timbuktu, Mali, a collection of 19th century manuscripts. http://ecollections.crl.edu/cdm4/index_timbuktu.php?CISOROOT=/timbuktu
Cold War International History Project (Washington, D.C.)
Established at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, supports the release of historical materials by governments, seeks to disseminate new perspectives on Cold War history.[KF] http://cwihp.si.edu

Has full text Russian archival documents on Soviet policy toward Angola and Southern Africa in the 1970s and Russian and East German documents on the U.S.-Russian rivalry in the Horn of Africa. Select Virtual Library: Working Papers..Bulletin. Then select, Geographic Subject.
 
New Evidence on the Cold War in Southern Africa
  • Havana's Policy in Africa, 1959-76: New Evidence from Cuban Archives, by Piero Gleijeses
  • Fidel Castro's 1977 Southern Africa Tour: A Report to Honecker
  • Moscow and the Angolan Crisis, by Odd Arne Westad
  • Soviet Documents on Angola and Southern Africa, 1975-1979

Anatomy of a Third World Cold War Crisis: New East-bloc Evidence on the Horn of Africa, 1977-1978.

  • The Horn, the Cold War, and New Documents from the Former East-bloc: An Ethiopian View, by Ermias Abebe
  • Moscow, Mengistu, and the Horn, by Paul B. Henze
  • East Germany and the Horn Crisis: Documents on SED Afrikapolitik, by Christian F. Ostermann
  • Russian and East German Documents on the Horn of Africa, 1977-1978
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
The Commission maintains graves / memorials throughout the world for members of the Commonwealth forces who died in World Wars I and II. Has statistics on the number of Commonwealth war dead commemorated by country, for ex. 50,000 + in Kenya, 8,000 + in South Africa,  5,000 + in Tanzania, 4,000 + in Nigeria, 900+ in Eritrea, etc. Select "Global Commitment" then "breakdown by country." [KF] http://www.cwgc.org/
Curtin, Philip D. and Herbert S. Klein. Records of Slave Ship Movements Between Africa and the Americas, 1817-1843
Compiled by Philip D. Curtin, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin (1967). Edited by Herbert Klein, Columbia University, New York (1973). From Parliamentary Papers XLIX (73) 593-633, Foreign Office, 1845. "...contains information on the ship's port of arrival, date of arrival, type of vessel, tonnage, master's name, number of guns, number of crew, national flag, number of slaves, port of departure, number of days of voyage, and mortality." The site is part of Slave Movement During the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. [KF] http://dpls.dacc.wisc.edu/slavedata/slaintro1.html
Die Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft (DKG) Bildarchiv
In English and German. The Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek Frankfurt am Main has put on-line a large keyword searchable database of colonial era photographs, 1822-1936, from the archives of the Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft [German Colonial Society], a major organization behind Germany's colonial expansion. Covers Namibia, Tanzania, Cameroon, Togo, etc.  One can click on the small photos to see a larger version. The database can be searched by Region, Subject Areas, Keyword, Person, Photographer, People. The collection, of thousands of photographs, is also being microfilmed for preservation. Description of the Image Collection of the German Colonial Society. [B.Lawrance and KF]
http://www.ub.bildarchiv-dkg.uni-frankfurt.de/
Documenting the American South
Has full text primary sources (books, monographs) including works by African-American missionaries in Africa, slaves' accounts of Africa. The Education section has Lessons Plans. From the University Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. http://docsouth.unc.edu/
Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963. "The Souls of Black Folk; Essays and Sketches" (1903)
Project Gutenberg provides the full-text of the book. ftp://uiarchive.cso.uiuc.edu/pub/etext/gutenberg/etext96/soulb10.txt
Encyclopedie, ou Dictionnaire Raisonne des Sciences, des Arts et des Metiers
In French. Pilot project to put the 17 + vols. of Diderot and d'Alembert's encyclopedia, published between 1751 and 1772, online. Only Vol. 1 is available; the text has not been proof-read/corrected. The definition of Afrique represents the knowledge of that time about Africa. Has a keyword search mechanism. A project of the Univ. of Chicago. [KF] http://tuna.uchicago.edu/homes/mark/ENC_DEMO/
Foreign Relations of the United States, 1961-1963, Volume 9: Foreign Economic Policy. Editors: Evans Gerakas and others. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Historia, U.S. Dept. of State, 1995.
Full text. From the print volume. Covers aid to Africa, German-U.S. coordination regarding aid, relations with South Africa with regard to U.S. Strategic Materials and Commodities Policy during the administration of President John F. Kennedy. (Dept. of State Publication, 10229) [KF] http://dosfan.lib.uic.edu/ERC/frus/frus61-63ix/index.html
Foreign relations of the United States, 1964-1968. Volume 24, Africa. Editors, Nina Davis Howland, David S. Patterson.Washington, D.C. : Office of the Historian, U.S. Dept. of State, 1999.
Full text primary documents (letters, telegrams, memoranda, etc.) regarding U.S. relations with Africa. (Dept. of State Publication 10627). [KF] http://www.state.gov/www/about_state/history/vol_xxiv/index.html
France. Bibliotheque nationale. Gallica
In French. "Gallica propose un accès à 70 000 ouvrages numérisés, à plus de 80 000 images et à plusieurs dizaines d'heures de ressources sonores." Huge online library of full text books, serials, and images. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ http://gallica.bnf.fr/
France. Bibliotheque nationale. Voyages en Afrique
In French. "900 volumes de textes, 30 titres de revues, 80 cartes venant des collections imprimees de la BnF, 20 heures d'enregistrements sonores des fonds du Musee de la parole et du geste et 6500 photographies issues des fonds de la Societe de geographie." Access documents by type (books, journals, maps, photographs), geographic area, era. Part of the French national library's Gallica site. http://gallica.bnf.fr/dossiers/html/dossiers/VoyagesEnAfrique/

Contents include:
Maps of peoples and kingdoms, colonial history, physical map, antique maps, nautical maps

Full text books, journal articles, maps illustrating themes: L'Europe decouvre l'Afrique, L'Afrique des cultures, Histoire coloniale : la France en Afrique, L'Afrique vue depuis la France.

Journal articles (Bulletins de la Societe d'anthropologie de Paris; Bulletin de la Societe de geographie de Paris; le Tour du Monde, 1860-191; La Geographie; Bulletin de la Societe de geographie commerciale de Bordeaux; Revue maritime et coloniale, Annales des voyages, de la geographie et de l'histoire: Nouvelles annales des voyages, de la geographie et de l'histoire and many more.

A Bibliography and a Chronology and Music from the 1930s and earlier (see L'Afrique vue depuis la France).
Garvey - Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers Project
This is the web site for the project, directed by Robert A. Hill, at the James S. Coleman African Studies Center, UCLA. Has the text of the book jackets, the introductions and sample documents for the African series, 1913-1945, American series, and Caribbean series. Has photos and, for those with multimedia computers, sound files of two speeches by Garvey, the only known recordings of his voice.[KF]
http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/mgpp/
George Mason University. Center for History and New Media - Women in World History
Primary sources about women and gender with guidelines to using primary sources. Sources include excerpts from the 17th c. Journal of Jan van Riebeeck, letters of the grand-daughter of Jan van Riebeeck, rock art of the San, drawings, narrative of the Cape (Southern Africa) 1705 to 1713, the situation of slaves in the Cape, letter of Mary Moffat, narrative by Mary Kingsley, autobiography of Buchi Emecheta, African novels, excerpt from Tsitsi Dangarembga's novel Nervous Conditions. http://chnm.gmu.edu/wwh/index.html

Has a case study by Beverly Mack on Nana Asma'u, Muslim Woman Scholar and one by Jeremy D. Popkin, The Calling of Katie Makanya (South Africa 1873-1956) and a classroom module on Cultural Contact in Southern Africa (17th century including slavery).

Holds online forums for teachers; the forum beginning October 1, 2005 is Women in World History. Beginning November 2005 is a forum on Women in Africa.
Graham (Billy) Center Archives, Wheaton College, IL
Collections on African Christianity from mainly North American Protestant missionaries and some African churches and organizations. Most records are 20th century; 75% concern east or central Africa. Examples are the diaries of Bernard Litchman, a health officer in Zaire from 1917 to 1961, and Elwood Davis, a physician, in Kenya 1910 to 1949.

Collections include those of the Africa Inland Mission and individual missionaries. Has the text of an interview with Paul P. Stough, a missionary with the Africa Inland Mission in Zaire (from 1928 to the early 1960s) during Belgian colonial rule which offers insights into relations with the Zairois, Belgian officials, the Catholic missions, etc.

Its Images of Colonial Africa exhibit are photographs by missionary Laura Collins of Kenya, Cameroon, Congo (Kinshasa), and Uganda in the early 1900s. [KF] http://www.wheaton.edu/bgc/archives/archhp1.html
Halsall, Paul - Internet African History Sourcebook
Has full-text sources for African history arranged by topics. Includes passages from The Life of Gustavus Vassa, by Oladuah Equiano, from David Livingstone, excerpt from Edward Morel's Black Man's Burden (1903), Nkrumah, the "Loi-Cadre" of June 23, 1956, Jomo Kenyatta's 1952 speech, the Arusha Declaration (1967), speech by Kenneth Kaunda on African Development and Foreign Aid (1966), statements/speeches on Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence 1965, etc. Maintained by Paul Halsall, Fordham University. [KF] http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/africa/africasbook.html
Heinz III, H. John - Archives
Heinz was a Congressman (1971-1976) and U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania (1977-1991). Portions of his archival papers are keyword searchable and available in full text from Carnegie Mellon University Library. Included is information on international trade, Rhodesia, South Africa, articles from newspapers, journals, his correspondence, etc. [KF] http://diva.library.cmu.edu/HELIOS/
INA,fr - Institut national de l'audiovisuel 
Online archive of French radio and TV programs. Find videos of Leopold Sedar Senghor, Patrice Lumumba, video of French President Sarkozy's speech in Dakar, Senegal July 2007, etc. Videos may also be purchased. http://www.ina.fr/
Internet Library of Early Journals
A project by the Universities of Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester and Oxford to digitise substantial runs of 18th and 19th century journals. Includes Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, The Annual Register, and other titles. Blackwood's (March 1844) contains passages from The Highlands of Ethiopia, by Major W. Cornwallis Harris. [KF] http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/ilej/
Johnson (Lyndon B.) Library and Museum
Has full text oral history interviews in Adobe Acrobat .pdf format. Use the Acrobat Find (the binoculars) for keyword searches. Walt Rostow talks about a meeting with President Kennedy and President Keita of Mali reassuring Kennedy that Africa would not become communist. Has an interview with Dean Rusk on the US dropping paratroopers in Stanleyville, Congo and sending transport planes to show support for the Congo govt. against mercenaries, on U.S. policy in the Nigerian civil war. [KF] http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/
Kanuri Studies Association
Articles on Kanuri history /ethnography by scholars, photographs, current news, primary sources (oral histories), a bibliography, table of contents of the Borno Museum Society Newsletter, biographies of prominent figures. Primary health care project, "Borno Development Initiative." "founded in Maiduguri / Nigeria in 2003. The main aim of the association is to enhance and support the exchange of knowledge and information from and with Kanuri-speaking people and the academic community." http://www.kanuri.net/
Kennedy (John F.) Executive Orders, 1961-1963
Contains one Executive Order (1962) excluding South Africa from the definition of "economically less developed countries". Site by Maria E. Schieda. http://www.lib.umich.edu/libhome/Documents.center/jfkeo.html
John F. Kennedy Library & Museum - National Security Action Memorandum
Memoranda, (in the Presidential Papers of John Fitzgerald Kennedy at the Kennedy Library in Boston, Mass.), by either President Kennedy or McGeorge Bundy, Kennedy's National Security Advisor. Topics covered include South Africa policy, CIA support of U.S. actions towards Portuguese territories in Africa, U.S. arms in Angola, Soviet training of Ghanaian troops, Volta Dam in Ghana, U.S. Fighter Aircraft in the Congo, Intelligence on Operations in the Congo. [KF] http://www.jfklibrary.org/nsam.htm
Language and Popular Culture in Africa
"The main aim of LPCA is to document and further the study of expressions of popular language and culture in Africa." Maintained by Johannes Fabian and Vincent de Rooij of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Amsterdam. [KF] http://www2.fmg.uva.nl/lpca/

Has full text archives such as:
Buntungu's "Mokingi mwa Mputu": A Boloki perception of Europe at the end of the 19th Century
the Archives of Popular Swahili containing -
Law Library Microform Consortium, LLMC Digital Law Library
"a non-profit cooperative of libraries' Law publications are preserved in digital, microfilm and print formats. Subscription required for full text access. Contents: books, pamphlets, laws of independent and colonial era countries, papers from the Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute, Cape Colony documents, etc. Based in Kaneohe, Hawaii. http://www.llmcdigital.org/
Lettre de Marque
In French. History of pirates in the Indian Ocean (with bibliography). The Aux Colonies section has posters, illustrations from the Paris and Marseille Colonial Expositions and cover photos of the colonial era newspaper, Le Petit Journal (Paris), a chronology of French colonial history. From a site based in Saint-Denis, Ile de La Réunion. Maintained by "Appollo et Den." [KF] http://www.guetali.fr/home/appollod/sommaireperso.ht
Livingstone, David, "Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa"
Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa; Including a Sketch of Sixteen Years' Residence in the Interior of Africa, and a Journey from the Cape of Good Hope to Loanda on the West Coast; Thence Across the Continent, Down the River Zambesi, to the Eastern Ocean. (London, 1857). Full-text of the book with information on slavery. Part of Project Gutenberg. Includes an 1858 review of the book in Harper's Magazine. [KF] http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/1039
[Mage, Eugène]. Eugène Mage au Soudan (1863-1866)
In French. Full text account which first appeared in the Revue Maritime et Coloniale, (Paris, 1867 - 1868). Has biographical profiles on Mage and Louis Quintin, a 1866 map (in 12 sections). Maintained by Régis Quesada. http://palissy.humana.univ-nantes.fr/CETE/TXT/MAGE/Mage.html
The Mambila of the Cameroon Nigerian border - David Zeitlyn
Full text letters and reports from the 1920s and 1930s. http://lucy.ukc.ac.uk/dz/Archive/
Marguerat, Yves - Lomé, un siecle d'images, 1884-1990
In French. The site Togo Contact from the Centre SYFED-REFER de Lomé (a research network) has photographs and some text from Marguerat's book, Lome un siecle d'images, 1884-1990 (Lomé : Presses de l'Universite du Benin, [1993-1996,  v. 1-2) which is an economic history of Lomé. Shows hotels, business leaders, factories, rail/air transport, markets, craftsmen, etc. [KF]
http://www.refer.org/togo_ct/tur/lome/accueil.htm
Michigan State University. Africana Library - Africana Archival Materials in Microform in the Michigan State University Library: A List
Compiled by Kalala Ngalamulume. Revised by Joseph J. Lauer. Arranged by country. On the web site of Michigan State University. Africana Library. http://www.lib.msu.edu/coll/main/africana/MF.arch.htm
Mintz, Stephen - Excerpts from Slave Narratives
Primary documents including:
A European slave trader, John Barbot, describes the African slave trade (1682)
A Muslim merchant, Ayubah Suleiman Diallo, recalls his capture and enslavement (1733)
Olaudah Equiano, an 11-year old Ibo from Nigeria remembers his kidnapping into slavery (1789)
Olaudah Equiano describes West African religious beliefs and practices (1789)
Charles Ball remembers a slave funeral, which incorporated traditional African customs (1837). Prof. Mintz teaches in the Department of History, University of Houston. [KF] http://vi.uh.edu/pages/mintz/primary.htm
National Security Archive, (George Washington University)
An independent research institute and library in Washington, D.C. which collects and publishes declassified documents acquired through the Freedom of Information Act, FOIA. Their holdings include press clippings on Africa and a Horn of Africa refugees (1979-1984) collection. Their microfiche collection, South Africa: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1962-1989 (2,500 documents on 439 microfiche, cost U.S. $3,900). The collection is held by at least 23 U.S. libraries and Oxford U.; check RLIN or the OCLC World Catalog for a list of these. The site provides information on how to use the FOIA. [KF] http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/

Their Digital National Security Archives has full text documents, mainly one page each, in Adobe PDF format, on U.S. foreign relations. Includes memos, cables re Angola, military training by South Africa for the Contras, African reaction to the Cuban missile crisis, Zambia, Mozambique, etc." The National Security Archive is a non-profit research institute and library in Washington, D.C., which provides .... public access to declassified government documents obtained through extensive use of the US Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)." http://nsarchive.chadwyck.com/
National Security Archive (George Washington University) - The U.S. and the Genocide in Rwanda 1994, Evidence of Inaction
A National Security Archive Briefing Book, edited by William Ferroggiaro, August 20, 2001. Full text of sixteen declassified US government documents [in Adobe PDF] 'detailing how US policymakers chose to be 'bystanders' during the genocide that decimated Rwanda in 1994." [KF] http://www.gwu.edu/%7Ensarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB53/press.html
New York Times - Civil War in the Congo
Current and historical events in the Congo as reported by the NYT's correspondents. Has the Feb. 1961 NYT article announcing Lumumba's murder and other NYT articles from the 1960s to date. http://www.nytimes.com/library/world/africa/index-congo-1998.html
Northern Rhodesians Worldwide
Has stories of life in Northern Rhodesia, historical photographs and excerpts from the "British South Africa Historical Catalogue & Souvenir of Rhodesia from the Empire Exhibition, Johannesburg, 1936-1937." [KF] http://www.niner.net/nr/index.shtml
Northwestern University. Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies - African Posters
Has online images of 77 posters, part of a larger collection. Posters are from anti-apartheid movements, South Africa under apartheid, the 1994 South African election and Lusophone / Southern Africa liberation movements. http://www.library.northwestern.edu/africana/collections/posters/index.html
Parkinson, Alan - National Service Memoirs
"The site contains my army and military experiences whilst serving in the Kings Own Royal Border Regiment as a national serviceman in the Cameroons [1960-1962] and also contains the true story of my time training from Fulwood to Barnard Castle to the Cameroons and back to Barnard Castle." Maintained by Alan Parkinson. [KF] http://www.nationalservicememoirs.co.uk
Quinzaine coloniale (Paris)
In French. Full text issues of the 1901-1913 indexes are online. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb34425263p/date.r=presence+africaine.langEN
Roosevelt, Theodore - African and European Addresses
Addresses given during Theodore Roosevelt's Journey in 1910 from Khartoum through Europe to New York. Download in various forms (PDF, to your iPod, Palm, etc.) Roosevelt was U.S. President 1901-1909. May 31,1910 he spoke on British Rule in Africa - "I visited four different British protectorates or possessions in Africa−−namely, East Africa, Uganda, the Sudan, and Egypt......." He spoke on Peace and Justice in the Sudan. Manybooks supplies free e-books. Text originally from Project Gutenberg. [KF] http://www.manybooks.net/titles/rooseveltth13931393013930-8.html
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
The well-known branch of the New York Public Library devoted to the history, society, and culture of people of African descent has an online exhibition, the Schomburg Legacy, Documenting the Global Black Experience for the 21st Century.  It features art work, historical documents and letters, the Herskovits Collection, the John Henrik Clarke Collection, the Ralph J. Bunche Collection and other.  The Schomburg's exhibition, Images of African-Americans from the 19th Century, includes photographs of diplomats to Liberia and Bishop Sameul A. Crowther, first African Anglican bishop. [KF] http://www.nypl.org/research/sc/sc.html
South African Concentration Camps During the Boer War
"An example of classes and types of British official documents in the Stanford libraries for the study of African colonial history." Uses examples of British documents to illustrate locating sources for research. Prepared by John Rawlings, Stanford University Libraries Bibliographer. [KF] http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/boers.html
South African Historical Documents - African National Congress site
The site maintained by the African National Congress has the full-text of primary documents - speeches by Albert J. Lutuli, Oliver Tambo, Mandela, G. M. Naicker, Yusuf Dadoo, Olof Palme, documents from Umkhonto we Sizwe, the OAU and the UN, documents concerning women in the struggle, the text of leaflet bomb fliers, biographies of leaders, etc. [KF] http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/
[Speedy] Sarah Speedy: Daughter of Colonel Squire, Wife of Major Speedy ~ Recollections 1818 to 1859
Edited by Allan Lawrence Tristram Speedy. Full text account. 33 p. Sarah Speedy relates her travels in India, Mauritius, South Africa from 1818-1859, meeting with Robert Moffat, the missionary, helping Colonel Graham mark out Grahamstown and other events. Allan Speedy, the great great grandson of Sarah Speedy, lives in New Zealand. [KF] http://www.speedy.co.nz/recollections/
Stanford University. Primary Sources on Microfilm
Selected primary sources on microfilm available at Stanford Univeresity, Stanford, California. Missionary records, slave trade resources.
[Suttner] Bertha von Suttner: Memoiren, Stuttgart und Leipzig: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1909
In German. von Suttner was a Austrian pacifist, writer, Nobel Peace Prize winner. Her memoirs mention the defeat of the Italians at Adowa and the Italian anti-war movement. (Her memoirs translated into English - Memoirs of Bertha vaon Suttner). See a biography in the Encyclopedia of world biography (Gale Research). Document in the TextGrid Repository (Wikipedia article). TextGrid is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. http://www.textgridrep.de/browse.html?id=textgrid:w42b.0
Twain, Mark - King Leopold's Soliloquy
Full text / illustrations of Twain's work expressing his opposition to imperialism. On Jim Zwick's web site, "Mark Twain's Anti-imperialist Writings: a Guide to Online Resources."   http://marktwain.miningco.com/library/texts/bl_kls01.htm
UNESCO. Memory of Africa
UNESCO's  presents its la Mémoire virtuelle du Monde / Virtual Memory of the World program for the preservation of archival and library holdings world-wide.     http://www.unesco.org/webworld/africa/africa.htm
Features:
     Cartes Postales d'Afrique - Historical postcards from Cote d'Ivoire and Benin. http://www.unesco.org/webworld/mdm/visite/cartpafr/fr/present1.html
     Eritrea: Ancient Manuscripts - with beautiful illustrations of manuscripts. http://www.unesco.org/webworld/africa/eritree2.htm
United States. Army Service Forces. Special Service Division.
A Pocket guide to West Africa.
Prepared by Special Service Division, Army Service Forces, United States Army. Full text. 27 pages, in Adobe PDF. (Washington, D.C. : War and Navy Departments : U.S. Government Printing Office, 1943.) http://digitallibrary.smu.edu/cul/gir/ww2/pdf/w0033.pdf

Topics include: The Value of Good Will, French West Africa, British West Africa, Portuguese Guinea, Liberia, How Africans Live, How to Make Friends, Things to Do and Not to Do. From Southern Methodist University. World War II: 1939-1945. Historic Government Publications from World War II. [KF] http://digitallibrary.smu.edu/
United States. Library of Congress. Geography and Map Division. 19th Century maps of Liberia
 "...includes twenty examples from the American Colonization Society (ACS), organized in 1817 to resettle free black Americans in West Africa. These maps show early settlements in Liberia, indigenous political subdivisions, and some of the building lots that were assigned to settlers. This on-line presentation also includes other nineteenth-century maps of Liberia: a map prepared for a book first published in the 1820's by ACS agent Jehudi Ashmun, a map showing the areas in Liberia that were ceded to the society by indigenous chiefs, and a detailed map dated 1869 by a man thought to be the black American explorer Benjamin Anderson."  Has a History of Liberia Timeline. [KF] http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/libhtml/libhome.html
Université Laval. Groupe d'étude et de recherche sur les sociétés africaines
In French.  "...un groupe de professeurs de la Faculté des sciences sociales a créé en 1997 le Groupe d'étude et de recherche sur les sociétés africaines (GERSA)."   Hosts an exhibit of historical Mali postcards, part of a cd-rom on West African postcards.  http://www.fss.ulaval.ca/gersa/
University of Botswana. History Department. Botswana History.
The Colonial Administration section has extracts from primary documents. See the list of documents. http://ubh.tripod.com/
University of Virginia. Jackson Davis Collection (1915-1930)
Over 400 photographs (with almost no descriptions) from various African countries (Uganda,  Zimbabwe, Liberia, Congo, etc.). Part of 4,000 photographs of African-American educational scenes in the southern United States. Photographs by Jackson Davis ca. 1915-1930 taken when he was with the General Education Board in New York, New York.[KF] http://www.lib.virginia.edu/speccol/jdavis/
University of Wisconsin Libraries. Africana Digitization Project
Full text of rare Africana, in English or translated into English. See the Copyright notice for use. http://libtext.library.wisc.edu/Africana/

Titles include:

Almada, Andre Alvares de et. al.. Brief Treatise on the Rivers of Guinea; being an English translation of a variorum text of Tratado breve dos rios de Guiné (c.1594) organised by the late Avelino Teixeira da Mota, together with incomplete annotation; translation, a brief introduction and notes on chapters 13-19 by P.E.H. Hair, and notes on chapters 1-6 by Jean Boulègue.
c. 1594. Part One and Part Two.
Authors: Almada, Andre Alvares d', fl. 1594. ; Mota, A. Teixeira da ; (Avelino Teixeira); Hair, P. E. H. ; (Paul Edward Hedley); Boulègue, Jean.   [Liverpool] : Dept. of History, University of Liverpool, 1984.   2 vols. (Pt. 1. Translated text -- Pt. 2. Notes). (Privately produced and circulated by the late Paul Hair). Covers Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde. Includes a bibliography. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Africana.Almada01

Alvares, Manuel. Ethiopia Minor and a Geographical Account of the Province of Sierra Leone (c. 1615)

Authors: Alvares, Manuel, 1526-1583. ; Mota, A. Teixeira da ; (Avelino Teixeira); Matos, Luís de. ; Hair, P. E. H. ; (Paul Edward Hedley).  [Liverpool, England] : Dept. of History, University of Liverpool, 1990. 1 vol. (Privately produced and circulated by the late Paul Hair). http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Africana.Alvares01

Barbot's West African Vocabularies of c. 1680
Author: Jean Barbot. Editor: P. E. H. Hair (Paul Edward Hedley).  [Liverpool] : Centre of African Studies, University of Liverpool, 1992. 43 p. (Parallel text in French, English, Wolof, Fula, Twi and Ewe). (Privately produced and circulated by the late Paul Hair). http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Africana.Hair01

Fage, J. D. A Guide to Original Sources for Precolonial Western Africa Published in European Languages : for the most part in book form.

Madison : African Studies Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1994. 200 p. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Africana.Fage01

Jesuit Documents on the Guinea of Cape Verde and the Cape Verde Islands, 1585-1617: : in English translation

Authors: A Teixeira da Mota; P E H Hair. [Liverpool?] : Issued by the Dept. of History, University of Li verpool, 1989. 1 vol. (various pagings). (Privately produced and circulated by the late Paul Hair.) http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Africana.Jesuit01
Wise's World Paper Money Collection
A great collection of scanned images of African and other paper money. Dates vary for each country, some from 1919 to the 1990s. See French West African currency from the 1930s and 40s or Biafra's currency. Many have portraits of African leaders. Ronald Wise, Jr. works at Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis. [KF] http://aes.iupui.edu/rwise/notedir/africa.html
World Digital Library
In seven languages. Primary sources world wide. Antiquarian African maps, Arabic manuscripts from Timbuktu, early 20th century photographs, text of the speech by Nigerian independence leader Nnamdi Azikiwe (1904-96) on the day he became governor-general of Nigeria, South African San rock paintings, early travel journals. Supported by the U.S. Library of Congress, UNESCO, and National Libraries world wide. http://www.wdl.org/
[Wurno] - Malam Haliru Muhammad Wurno
"Malam Haliru Muhammad Wurno was a historian who lived in Wurno Nigeria, sometime capital of the Sokoto Caliphate and final resting place of Sultan Muhammad Bello and other rulers and Wazirs of the Caliphate." The documents are in Arabic and posted by Prof. John Edward Philips who hopes that site visitors will contribute to this experiment in web publication of a collective translation of Haliru's writings. Prof. Philips teaches at Hirosaki University in Japan. [KF] http://human.cc.hirosaki-u.ac.jp/philips/Haliru/haliru.htm or http://www2.gol.com/users/philips/Haliru/haliru.htm




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