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Digital Object Identifiers (DOI)

About DOIs | Converting Citations to DOIs / DOIs to Citations | Using DOIs in a Web Browser or in Literature References | DOI Tools

About DOIs

“The DOI System is for identifying content objects in the digital environment. DOI® names are assigned to any entity for use on digital networks. They are used to provide current information, including where they (or information about them) can be found on the Internet. Information about a digital object may change over time, including where to find it, but its DOI name will not change.”

Converting Citations to DOIs / DOIs to Citations

Using DOIs in a Web Browser or in Literature References

If you encounter a DOI name in text or header information, you can resolve it by embedding it in an HTTP hyperlink to the DOI proxy, which redirects the DOI name to the currently registered location for this content item. For example, doi:10.1006/jmbi.1998.2354 can be resolved as If you click on this link, you will arrive at the appropriate response page for this article at the Journal of Molecular Biology web site.

There you will see that the DOI name is included in article header information or on the title page. To include the DOI name in a citation to this article, you simply append it at the end, prefaced by “doi:” as follows:

Brian G. Turner, Michael F. Summers. “Structural Biology of HIV.” Journal of Molecular Biology, 285(1), pp. 1–32. doi:10.1006/jmbi.1998.2354.

Source: CrossRef: DOI Name Information and Guidelines (pdf), June 11, 2007. Section 9: Information for the End-User, page 11.

DOI Tools

Connotea, a free online reference management and social bookmarking service (see article at doi:10.1045/april2005-lund), recognises and stores DOI names, enabling bookmarking a DOI name directly. Connotea will convert the DOI name to a web link and retrieve the citation information for that DOI name from CrossRef. The Connotea bookmarklet also allows users to highlight and bookmark a DOI name from within an article web page.

For more DOI tools, please see DOI System Tools

Last modified: June 29, 2010

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