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American Chemical Society, Division of Chemical Information, Education Committee: Computer Searching of Chemical Abstracts: Analytical Chemistry Sample Search.

Analytical Chemistry Sample Search

Search Topic:

Find references dealing with the use of Crystal Violet for the spectrophotometric determination of metals.

Strategy:

  1. Find the Registry Number for Crystal Violet.
  2. Key Terms
    • detn or determination (“detn” is a CAS standard abbreviation)
    • or anal or analy? (“anal” is a CAS standard abbreviation, “analy?” retrieves analysis and analytic)
    • spectrophotomet? (“spectrophotomet?” retrieves both spectrophotometry and spectrophotometric)
    • metal? (“metal?” retrieves metal, metals, and metallic)
  3. Expand search to specific metals: W, Co or Zn. Use the names of the metals along with their Registry Numbers.

Teaching Points:

Registry File:

CA File:

Search Strategy Table

Search Steps Set Number Number of Documents
file registry
e crystal violet/cn
s e3 L1 1
d L1 ide 1
file ca
s L1 and (detn or determination or anal or analy?) and spectrophotomet? L2 221
s L2 and metal L3 21
d L3 ibib 1
file reg
e tungsten/cn
s e3 L4 1
e cobalt/cn
s e3 L5 1
e zinc/cn
s e3 L6 1
s L4 or L5 or L6 L7 3
file ca
s L2 and (L7 or tungsten or cobalt or zinc) L8 28
s L8 not L3 L9 20
d L9 ibib 1
log y

Sample Search

Use the Registry File to find the Registry Number for Crystal Violet.

=> file registry

FILE 'REGISTRY' ENTERED AT 17:36:18 ON 04 JUN 96 USE IS SUBJECT 
TO THE TERMS OF YOUR CUSTOMER AGREEMENT COPYRIGHT (C) 
1996 American Chemical Society (ACS)

STRUCTURE FILE UPDATES:  31 MAY 96   HIGHEST RN 176894-09-0
DICTIONARY FILE UPDATES:  3 JUN 96   HIGHEST RN 176894-09-0

TSCA INFORMATION NOW CURRENT THROUGH DECEMBER 1995

Search for crystal violet in the chemical name (cn) index.

=> e crystal violet/cn

E1           1     CRYSTAL TOXIN (BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS
                   GALLERIAE CLONE  
E2           1     CRYSTAL VI/CN
E3           1 --> CRYSTAL VIOLET/CN
E4           1     CRYSTAL VIOLET 10B/CN
E5           1     CRYSTAL VIOLET 2,4,6-TRIBROMOPHENOLATE/CN
E6           1     CRYSTAL VIOLET 2,4,6-TRICHLOROPHENOLATE/CN
E7           1     CRYSTAL VIOLET 2,4-DI-TERT-
                   PENTYLPHENOXYACETATE/CN
E8           1     CRYSTAL VIOLET 2,5-DINITROPHENOLATE/CN
E9           1     CRYSTAL VIOLET 2,6-DINITROPHENOLATE/CN
E10          1     CRYSTAL VIOLET 2-(2,4-DI-TERT-PENTYLPHENOXY)
                   BUTYRATE/CN
E11          1     CRYSTAL VIOLET 5BO/CN
E12          1     CRYSTAL VIOLET 6B/CN

Search for crystal violet in the chemical name (cn) index.

=> s e3

L1           1 CRYSTAL VIOLET/CN

Display answer 1 of set L1 in ide format.

=> d L1 ide 1

L1   ANSWER 1 OF 1  REGISTRY  COPYRIGHT 1996 ACS
RN   548-62-9  REGISTRY
CN   Methanaminium, N-[4-[bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]
methylene]-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene]-N-methyl-, chloride (9CI)  
(CA INDEX NAME)
OTHER CA INDEX NAMES:
CN   C.I. Basic Violet 3 (6CI, 8CI)
OTHER NAMES:
CN   12416 Violet
CN   Adergon
CN   Aizen Crystal Violet
CN   Aizen Crystal Violet Extra Pure
CN   Aniline violet
CN   Aniline violet pyoktanine
CN   Atmonil
CN   Avermin
CN   Axuris
CN   Badil
CN   Basic Violet 3
CN   Basic Violet BN
CN   C.I. 42555
CN   Calcozine Violet 6BN
CN   Calcozine Violet C
CN   Crystal violet
CN   Crystal Violet 10B
CN   Crystal Violet 5BO
CN   Crystal Violet 6B
CN   Crystal Violet 6BO
CN   Crystal Violet AO
CN   Crystal Violet AON
CN   Crystal Violet BP
CN   Crystal Violet BPC
CN   Crystal Violet chloride
CN   Crystal Violet Extra Pure
CN   Crystal Violet Extra Pure APN
CN   Crystal Violet Extra Pure APNX
CN   Crystal Violet FN
CN   Crystal Violet HL 2
CN   Crystal Violet O
CN   Crystal Violet Pure DSC
CN   Crystal Violet Pure DSC Brilliant
CN   Crystal Violet SS
CN   Crystal Violet Technical
CN   Crystal Violet USP
CN   Gentersal
CN   Gentian violet
CN   Gentiaverm
CN   Genticid
CN   Gentioletten
CN   Hecto Violet R
CN   Hectograph Violet SR
CN   Hexamethyl violet
CN   Hexamethyl-p-rosaniline chloride
CN   Hexamethylpararosaniline chloride
CN   Hidaco Brilliant Crystal Violet
CN   Meroxyl-Wander
CN   Meroxylan-Wander
ADDITIONAL NAMES NOT AVAILABLE IN THIS FORMAT - Use FCN, 
FIDE, or ALL for   DISPLAY
DR   23355-47-7
MF   C25 H30 N3 . Cl
CI   COM
LC   STN Files:   AIDSLINE, ANABSTR, BEILSTEIN*, BIOBUSINESS, 
BIOSIS, CA, CABA, CANCERLIT, CAOLD, CAPLUS, CAPREVIEWS, CEN, 
CHEMCATS,  CHEMLIST, CIN, CJACS, CSCHEM, CSNB, DETHERM*, 
DDFU, DRUGU, EMBASE, GMELIN*, HSDB*, IFICDB, IFIPAT, IFIUDB, 
IPA, MEDLINE, MRCK*, MSDS-OHS,MSDS-SUM, PDLCOM*, PIRA, PNI, 
PROMT, RTECS*, TOXLINE,  TOXLIT, USAN, USPATFULL, VETU
(*File contains numerically searchable property data)
Other Sources:   DSL**, EINECS**, TSCA**, WHO
(**Enter CHEMLIST File for up-to-date regulatory information)
CRN  (7438-46-2)


                           N+Me2
                           :
                           :
                           :
                          .C.
                        .    .
                      C         C
                      :         :
                      :         :
                     C.      . C
                         .   .
                           C
                           :
              : C.         :        . C:
             :     .       :       .     :
           C         C.....C.....C         C
           .         :           :         .
           .         :           :         .
         . C :     . C           C .     : C.
     .       : C.                  . C:      .
Me2N.                                          .NMe2


                     @   Cl   -

5 REFERENCES IN FILE CAPREVIEWS
2315 REFERENCES IN FILE CA (1967 TO DATE)
50 REFERENCES TO NON-SPECIFIC DERIVATIVES IN FILE CA
2318 REFERENCES IN FILE CAPLUS (1967 TO DATE)
15 REFERENCES IN FILE CAOLD (PRIOR TO 1967)

Now that the Registry Number has been identified, we can enter the CA files to find articles pertaining to our compound.

=> file ca

FILE 'CA' ENTERED AT 17:38:53 ON 04 JUN 96 USE IS SUBJECT 
TO THE TERMS OF YOUR CUSTOMER AGREEMENT COPYRIGHT (C)
1996 AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY (ACS)

FILE COVERS 1967 - 29 May 1996 (960529/ED)  VOL 124 ISS 23

Searching L1 searches the Registry Numbers (including old, deleted ones) for Crystal Violet. Use synonyms, including CAS abbreviations and truncated terms, for the procedures.

=> s L1 and (detn or determination or anal or analy?) and spectrophotomet?

          2317 L1
        885742 DETN
        110345 DETERMINATION
       1010315 ANAL
       1239079 ANALY?
        104573 SPECTROPHOTOMET?
L2         222 L1 AND (DETN OR DETERMINATION OR ANAL OR ANALY?)
               AND SPECTROPHOTOMET?

Further narrow the search by use of “metal”

=> s L2 and metal

        850089 METAL
L3          21 L2 AND METAL

Displays answer 1 of search L3 in sample format.

=> d L3 sample 1

L3   ANSWER 1 OF 21  CA  COPYRIGHT 1996 ACS
CC   19-1 (Fertilizers, Soils, and Plant Nutrition)
TI   Determination   of thallium in soil
ST   thallium   detn   soil   spectrophotometry
IT   Soil   analysis
     (thallium   detn  . in, spectrometric)
IT   7440-28-0, Thallium,   analysis
RL:  ANT (Analyte); ANST (Analytical study)
     (  detn  . of, in soils,   spectrophotometric  )
IT   2556-46-9, N,N'-Diphenylbenzamidine
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (in extn. of thallium in soils)
IT   548-62-9  , Crystal violet
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (in   spectrophotometric     detn  . of soil
     thallium)

Enter the Registry file to find the Registry number for Tungsten, Cobalt, and Zinc.

=> file reg

FILE 'REGISTRY' ENTERED AT 17:40:21 ON 04 JUN 96 USE IS SUBJECT 
TO THE TERMS OF YOUR CUSTOMER AGREEMENT COPYRIGHT (C) 
1996 American Chemical Society (ACS)

STRUCTURE FILE UPDATES:  31 MAY 96   HIGHEST RN 176894-09-0
DICTIONARY FILE UPDATES:  3 JUN 96   HIGHEST RN 176894-09-0

TSCA INFORMATION NOW CURRENT THROUGH DECEMBER 1995

Expand the chemical name index (cn) for tungsten.

=> e tungsten/cn

E1           1     TUNGSTATEVANADATEPHOSPHATE/CN  
E1           1     TUNGSTATEVANADATEPHOSPHATE/CN
E2           1     TUNGSTATIAN KOECHLINITE/CN
E3           1 --> TUNGSTEN/CN
E4           1     TUNGSTEN (DIPHOSPHATE) OXIDE (W(P2O7)O)/CN
E5           1     TUNGSTEN (WF6), (OC-6-11)-, COMPD. WITH 
                   GRAPHITE  (1:22)/CN
E6           1     TUNGSTEN 0-1, URANIUM 99-100/CN
E7           1     TUNGSTEN 0-1.6, ZIRCONIUM 98-100/CN
E8           1     TUNGSTEN 0-100, ZIRCONIUM CARBIDE (ZRC) 
                   0-100/CN
E9           1     TUNGSTEN 0-100, ZIRCONIUM CARBIDE 0-100/CN
E10          1     TUNGSTEN 0-28, ZINC 72-100 (VOLUME)/CN
E11          1     TUNGSTEN 0.1, ZIRCONIUM 99.9 (ATOMIC)/CN
E12          1     TUNGSTEN 0.25-1.5, NIOBIUM 98.5-99.75 
(ATOMIC)/CN

Select tungsten.

=> s e3

L4           1 TUNGSTEN/CN

Expand in the chemical name index (cn) for cobalt.

=> e cobalt/cn

E1           1     COBALOY/CN
E2           1     COBALOY 830/CN
E3           1 --> COBALT/CN
E4           1     COBALT ((ETHYLENEDINITRILO)TETRAACETATO)
                   COBALTATE(II)/CN
E5           1     COBALT (1+), BIS(ACETATO-O)(N,N'-BIS
                   (2-AMINOETHYL)-1,2 
                   -ETHANEDIAMINE-N,N',N'',N''')-, (OC-6-13)-, 
                   PERCHLORATE/CN
E6           1     COBALT (19.2-25.0), ZINC (75.0-80.8) 
                   (ATOMIC)/CN
E7           1     COBALT (2+), BIS(DIMETHYL 
                   (2-PYRIDINYLMETHYLENE)CARBON                   
                   OHYDRAZONODITHIOATE)-, 
                   BIS(TETRAFLUOROBORATE(1-))/CN
E8           1     COBALT (2+), PENTAAMMINE
                   (1,2,3,4-TETRAHYDRO-2,4-DIOXO- 
                   5-PYRIMIDINECARBOXYLATO-O5)-, (OC-6-22)/CN
E9           1     COBALT (ADENINE) DICHLORIDE/CN
E10          1     COBALT (ADENINE) DINITRATE/CN
E11          1     COBALT (COMPD. WITH IRON AND URANIUM
                   (0-0.6:1.4-2:1))/CN
E12          1     COBALT (ETHYLENEDINITRILO)
                   TETRAACETATE/CN

Select cobalt.

=> s e3

L5           1 COBALT/CN

Expand in the chemical name index (cn) for zinc.

=> e zinc/cn

E1           1     ZINASAN/CN
E2           1     ZINAX/CN
E3           1 --> ZINC/CN
E4           1     ZINC (+)-TARTRATE/CN
E5           1     ZINC (+)-TARTRATE (ZN(C4H4O6))/CN
E6           1     ZINC (1,3-DIMETHYLBUTYL)
                   DODECYLDITHIOCARBAMATE/CN
E7           1     ZINC (1,3-DIMETHYLBUTYL)
                   OCTADECYLDITHIOCARBAMATE/CN
E8           1     ZINC (1,3-DIMETHYLBUTYL)
                   OCTYLDITHIOCARBAMATE/CN
E9           1     ZINC (1-VINYLHEXADECYL) SUCCINATE (1:1)/CN
E10          1     ZINC (CYCLOHEXANE-1,2'-OXAZOLIDINE)-3-
                   CARBODITHIOATE/CN                                 
E11          1     ZINC (DI(N-METHYLFORMAMIDE) DICHLORIDE)/CN
E12          1     ZINC (DI(N-METHYLFORMAMIDE) DIIODIDE)/CN

Select zinc.

=> s e3

L6           1 ZINC/CN

Combine all three answers into one L# to simplify search.

=> s L4 or L5 or L6

L7           3 L4 OR L5 OR L6

Return to the CA file to find articles on cobalt, tungsten, and zinc.

=> file ca

FILE 'CA' ENTERED AT 17:41:20 ON 04 JUN 96 USE IS SUBJECT TO 
THE TERMS OF YOUR CUSTOMER AGREEMENT COPYRIGHT (C) 
1996 AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY (ACS)

FILE COVERS 1967 - 29 May 1996 (960529/ED)  VOL 124 ISS 23

Repeat earlier search substituting the names and RN's of metals for “metal?”:

=> s L2 and (L7 or tungsten or cobalt or zinc)

        257793 L7
         91997 TUNGSTEN
        186708 COBALT
        273293 ZINC
L8          28 L2 AND (L7 OR TUNGSTEN OR COBALT OR ZINC)

Check for answers not retrieved in the previous search.

=> s L8 not L3

L9          20 L8 NOT L3

Display answers 1 through 3 of search L9 in sample format.

=> d L9 sample 1-3

L9   ANSWER 1 OF 20  CA  COPYRIGHT 1996 ACS
CC   79-6 (Inorganic Analytical Chemistry)
TI   Catalytic-kinetic   spectrophotometric    
     determination     of trace manganese in ores
ST   manganese trace   detn   catalytic   
     spectrophotometry     ; crystal violet oxidn manganese 
     catalysis   detn  ; ore     analysis   manganese 
     catalytic spectrophotometry
IT   Copper ores,   analysis
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (manganese trace   detn  . in, by catalytic
     spectrophotometry  )
IT   Zinc   ores,   analysis
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (lead-, manganese trace   detn  . in, by catalytic
     spectrophotometry  )
IT   Lead ores,   analysis
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (  zinc  -, manganese trace   detn  . in, by
     catalytic   spectrophotometry  )
IT   139-13-9, Nitrilotriacetic acid
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (as activator in manganese trace   detn  . by catalytic
     spectrophotometry  )
IT   7790-21-8, Potassium periodate
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (crystal violet oxidn. by, manganese trace   detn  . by
     catalysis of)
IT   7439-96-5, Manganese,   analysis
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (  detn  . of trace, in ores by catalytic
     spectrophotometry  )
IT   548-62-9  , Crystal violet
RL:  RCT (Reactant)
     (oxidn. of, manganese trace detn. by catalysis of)

L9   ANSWER 2 OF 20  CA  COPYRIGHT 1996 ACS
CC   79-6 (Inorganic Analytical Chemistry)
     Section cross-reference(s): 61
TI   Characterization and   analytical   application of the
     ion-association complex crystal violet-cadmium-
     bromopyrogallol red
ST   cadmium trace   detn     spectrophotometry  ; 
     crystal violet reagent cadmium   detn  ; bromopyrogallol red
     reagent cadmium   detn  ; water   analysis   cadmium;
     zinc     analysis   cadmium
IT   7440-66-6  ,   Zinc  ,   analysis     
     7732-18-5, Water,   analysis
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (cadmium trace   detn  . in,  spectrophotometric)
IT   7440-43-9, Cadmium,   analysis
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (  detn  . of trace,   spectrophotometric  )
IT   548-62-9  , Crystal violet   16574-43-9, 
     Bromopyrogallol red
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (in cadmium trace   detn  . by   spectrophotometry  )
IT   142692-52-2
RL:  PRP (Properties)
     (visible spectrum of)

L9   ANSWER 3 OF 20  CA  COPYRIGHT 1996 ACS
CC   79-6 (Inorganic Analytical Chemistry)
TI   Determination   of trace-molybdenum by extraction 
     flotation spectrophotometry
ST   trace molybdenum   detn   extn flotation
     spectrophotometry  ; thiocyanate reagent molybdenum
     detn     spectrophotometry  ; crystal violet reagent
     molybdenum   detn     spectrophotometry  ; wolframite
     analysis   molybdenum
IT   Tungsten   ores
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (molybdenum trace   detn  . in, by extn. flotation
     spectrophotometry  )
IT   7439-98-7, Molybdenum,   analysis
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (  detn  . of trace, by extn. flotation
     spectrophotometry  )
IT   548-62-9  , Crystal violet   1762-95-4, Ammonium 
     thiocyanate RL: ANST (Analytical study)
     (in molybdenum trace   detn  . by extn. flotation
     spectrophotometry  )
IT   1332-08-7, Wolframite
RL:  ANST (Analytical study)
     (molybdenum trace   detn  . in, by extn. flotation
     spectrophotometry  )
IT   463-56-9D, Hydrogen thiocyanate, molybdenum and crystal 
     violet ternary complex   7438-46-2D, molybdenum and thiocyanato
     ternary complex   7439-98-7D, Molybdenum, crystal violet and 
     thiocyanato ternary complex
RL:  PRP (Properties)
     (visible spectrum of)

Displays answers 1 and 2 of search L9 in bib format.

=> d L9 bib 1-2

L9   ANSWER 1 OF 20  CA  COPYRIGHT 1996 ACS

AN   121:25777  CA
TI   Catalytic-kinetic spectrophotometric 
     determination of trace manganese in ores
AU   Zhang, Xukun; He, Yongjun
CS   Dep. Chem., Hebei Univ., Peop. Rep. China
SO   Hebei Daxue Xuebao, Ziran Kexueban (1992), 12(1), 72-5
     CODEN: HDXKEB; ISSN: 1000-1565
DT   Journal
LA   Chinese


L9   ANSWER 2 OF 20  CA  COPYRIGHT 1996 ACS 

AN   117:82553  CA
TI   Characterization and   analytical   application of the
     ion-association complex crystal violet-cadmium-
     bromopyrogallol red
AU   Zhao, Zhiqiang; Gao, Ruomei; Zhao, Liangcheng
CS   Dep. Chem., Hebei Norm. Univ., Shijiazhuang, Peop. Rep. China
SO   Talanta (1992), 39(6), 643-7 CODEN: TLNTA2; ISSN: 0039-9140
DT   Journal
LA   English

Log off in one step

=> log y
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