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Doctor of Philosophy – Requirements

Ph.D. in Chinese

The Ph.D. program in Chinese is designed to prepare students for a doctoral degree in Chinese literature, philosophy, or linguistics. Applicants must have a minimum of three years of Chinese language study at Stanford or the equivalent to be considered for admission. Ph.D. students will complete the M.A. (as described in the M.A. requirements section on this website) on the way to advancing to Ph.D. candidacy. The majority of required course work for Ph.D. students demands the ability to read primary and secondary materials in Chinese. Advanced standing may be considered for students entering the Ph.D. program who have already completed an M.A. in Chinese literature or linguistics elsewhere only in cases when the level of prior course work and research is deemed equivalent to departmental requirements for the Ph.D. All courses must be taken for a letter grade.

For a Ph.D. in Chinese, a candidate must fulfill the following requirements:

  1. Complete the department's requirements for the M.A. in Chinese and two of three advanced classical Chinese Courses: CHINLIT 221, Advanced Classical Chinese: Philosophical Texts; CHINLIT 222, Advanced Classical Chinese: Historical Narration; or CHINLIT 223, Advanced Classical Chinese: Literary Essays. All incoming Ph.D. students must take a placement test in classical Chinese held during Orientation Week of fall quarter. Those who fail to place into the advanced level must take Beginning Classical Chinese.
  2. Demonstrate proficiency in at least one supporting language, to be chosen in consultation with the primary adviser according to the candidate's specific research goals. Reading proficiency must be certified through a written examination or an appropriate amount of coursework, to be determined on a case-by-case basis. When deemed necessary by the student's adviser(s), working knowledge of a third language may also be required.
  3. Complete two relevant seminars at the 300 level. These seminars must be in different subjects.
  4. Pass a set of three comprehensive written examinations, one of which tests the candidate's methodological competence in the relevant discipline. The remaining two fields are chosen, with the approval of the graduate adviser in consultation with the student's individual adviser, from the following: archaeolology, anthropology, art, Chinese literature, history, Japanese literature, linguistics, philosophy, and religion. With the adviser's approval, a Ph.D. minor in a supporting field may be deemed equivalent to the completion of one of these three examinations.
  5. Demonstrate pedagogical proficiency by serving as a teaching assistant for a minimum of one quarter, and taking DLCL 301, The Learning and Teaching of Second Languages.
  6. Pass the University Oral Examination — General regulations governing the oral examination are found in the "Graduate Degrees" section of the University Bulletin. The candidate is examined on questions related to the dissertation after acceptable parts of it have been completed in draft form.
  7. Submit a dissertation demonstrating ability to undertake original research based on primary materials in Chinese.

Ph.D., Chinese Archaeology Subplan

The Ph.D. program in Chinese Archaeology is designed to prepare students for a doctoral degree in Chinese archaeology. Applicants must have a minimum of three years of Chinese language study at Stanford or the equivalent to be considered for admission. Students on the Ph.D. track will complete the M.A. (as described in the M.A requirements section on this website) on the way to advancing to Ph.D. candidacy. Advanced standing may be considered for students entering the Ph.D. program who have already completed an M.A. in archaeology or anthropology elsewhere only in cases when the level of prior course work and research is deemed equivalent to departmental requirements for the Ph.D. track. All courses must be taken for a letter grade. Subplans are printed on the transcript and diploma and are elected via the "Declaration or Change to a Field of Study" form.

For a Ph.D. in Chinese Archaeology, a candidate must fulfill the following requirements:

  1. Complete one of three advanced classical Chinese courses (CHINLIT 221, 222, or 223) and the requirements for the M.A. Qualified students may, upon consultation with the graduate adviser, be permitted to certify that they have attained the equivalent level of proficiency by passing examinations or presenting documentary evidence. Exemptions may be granted to students who study prehistoric archaeology. Instead, these students should take coursework offered in the Stanford Archaeology Center. Consult with graduate adviser.
  2. Demonstrate proficiency in at least one supporting foreign language (in addition to Chinese and English), or in a laboratory skill, to be chosen in consultation with the primary adviser according to the candidate's specific research goals. Proficiency (in language(s) and/or laboratory skills) must be certified through a written examination or an appropriate amount of coursework, to be determined on a case-by-case basis.
  3. Six graduate level CHINGEN or ANTHRO courses appropriate to the Chinese Archaeology track, as approved by the adviser.
  4. Serve as a teaching assistant for two quarters and research assistant in an archaeology laboratory for two quarters.
  5. Pass qualifying examinations in Chinese archaeology.
  6. Pass University oral examination. The candidate is examined on questions related to the dissertation after acceptable parts of it have been completed in draft form.
  7. Submit a dissertation demonstrating ability to undertake original research based on primary materials in Chinese or data related to China.

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Ph.D. in Japanese

The Ph.D. program in Japanese is designed to prepare students for a doctoral degree in Japanese literature, cultural history, or linguistics. Applicants must have a minimum of three years of Japanese language study at Stanford or the equivalent to be considered for admission. Ph.D. students will complete M.A. requirements on the way to advancing to Ph.D. candidacy (see department guidelines for admission to candidacy above). The majority of required course work for Ph.D. students demands the ability to read primary and secondary materials in Japanese. Advanced standing may be considered for students entering the Ph.D. program who have already completed an M.A. in Japanese literature or linguistics elsewhere only in cases when the level of prior course work and research is deemed equivalent to departmental requirements for the Ph.D. All courses must be taken for a letter grade.

Literature Track

For the Ph.D. in Japanese literature, the candidate must fulfill the following requirements:

  1. Demonstrate proficiency in both modern and classical Japanese language by completing the following courses, or by demonstrating an equivalent level of linguistic attainment by passing the appropriate certifying examinations:
    1. Fourth-year Japanese through JAPANLANG 213 (Fourth-Year Japanese, Third Quarter)
    2. Classical Japanese through JAPANLIT 246 and 247.
  2. Demonstrate proficiency in at least one supporting language, to be chosen in consultation with the primary adviser according to the candidate's specific research goals. Reading proficiency must be certified through a written examination or an appropriate amount of course work, to be determined on a case-by-case basis. When deemed necessary by the student's adviser(s), working knowledge of a third language may also be required. Students concentrating in classical Japanese literature are normally expected to fulfill this requirement by completing kanbun study in:
    1. JAPANLIT 248 and/or 249, or
    2. First-year Classical Chinese, taking the following three courses: CHINLIT 125, 126, and 127
  3. Complete eight adviser-approved courses numbered above 200 from among the offerings of the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures. Please note:
    1. At least four of these eight courses must be advanced seminars numbered above 300
    2. At least one of these eight courses must deal with Japanese linguistics.
    3. For students focusing on modern literature, at least two of these eight courses must deal with premodern material, and for students focusing on premodern literature, at least two of the eight courses must deal with modern material.
  4. Complete two upper-division or graduate-level courses each in two supporting fields, for a total of four courses outside of Japanese literature or linguistics. Supporting fields, to be determined in consultation with the student's primary adviser, may include Japanese anthropology, art, history, philosophy, politics, religious studies, Chinese literature, comparative literature, etc.
  5. Complete JAPANLIT 201, Introduction to Graduate Study in Japanese.
  6. Pass a comprehensive qualifying examination that tests the candidate's breadth and depth in the primary field of research and methodological competence in the relevant discipline.
  7. Demonstrate pedagogical proficiency by serving as a teaching assistant for a minimum of one quarter and taking DLCL 301, The Learning and Teaching of Second Languages.
  8. Give oral defense of dissertation proposal by first quarter of fourth year.
  9. Pass the University Oral Examination. General regulations governing the oral examination are found in the "Graduate Degrees" section of the University Bulletin. The candidate is examined on questions related to the dissertation after acceptable parts of it have been completed in draft form.
  10. Submit a dissertation demonstrating ability to undertake original research based on primary and secondary materials in Japanese.

Linguistics Track

A candidate specializing in Japanese linguistics must fulfill the following requirements.

  1. Demonstrate proficiency in both modern and classical Japanese language by completing the following courses, or by demonstrating an equivalent level of linguistic attainment by passing the appropriate certifying examinations:
    1. Fourth-year Japanese through JAPANLANG 213
    2. Classical Japanese through JAPANLIT 246 and 247.
  2. Demonstrate proficiency in at least one supporting language, to be chosen in consultation with the primary adviser according to the candidate's specific research goals. Reading proficiency must be certified through a written examination or an appropriate amount of course work, to be determined on a case-by-case basis. When deemed necessary by the student's adviser(s), working knowledge of a third language may also be required.
  3. Complete six adviser-approved courses numbered above 200 from among the offerings of the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures.
    1. At least one of these six courses must be advanced seminars numbered above 300. Please note:
    2. At least one of these six courses must deal with Japanese literature.
  4. Complete five upper-division or graduate-level courses in linguistics and other supporting fields. These, to be determined in consultation with the student's primary adviser, may include applied linguistics, Chinese linguistics, psychology, education, anthropology, sociology, etc.
  5. Complete JAPANLIT 279: Research in Japanese Linguistics.
  6. Submit two qualifying papers presenting substantial research in two different subfields of Japanese linguistics.
  7. Submit an annotated bibliography pertaining to the topic of dissertation.
  8. Demonstrate pedagogical proficiency by serving as a teaching assistant for a minimum of one quarter and taking DLCL 301, The Learning and Teaching of Second Language.
  9. Pass the University Oral Examination. The candidate is examined on questions related to the dissertation after acceptable parts of it have been completed in draft form.
  10. Submit a dissertation demonstrating ability to undertake original research based on primary and secondary materials in Japanese.
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