Introduction
  Benjamin, Walter
  Bismarck, Otto v.
  Brecht, Bertolt
  Celan, Paul
  Döblin, Alfred
  Fontane, Theodor
  Grosz, George
  Grünbein, Durs
  Heartfield, John
  Honigmann, Barbara
  Isherwood, Christopher
  Johnson, Uwe
  Kleist, Heinrich v.
  Kollwitz, Käthe
  Kracauer, Siegfried
  Lang, Fritz
  Lasker-Schüler, Else
  Liebermann, Max
  Liebknecht, Karl
  Luxemburg, Rosa
  Marc, Franz
  Ossietzky, Carl v.
  Riefenstahl, Leni
  Ruttmann, Walther
  Schinkel, Karl Friedrich
  Speer, Albert
  Tieck, Ludwig
  Tucholsky, Kurt
  Ury, Lesser
  Varnhagen, Rahel
  Wenders, Wim

 

 
Schinkel, Karl Friedrich

b. March 13, 1781, Neuruppin, Brandenburg
d. October 9, 1841, Berlin


German architect and painter whose Romantic-Classical creations in other related arts made him the leading arbiter of national aesthetic taste in his lifetime.


  Karl Schinkel, 1802-03

Biography

The son of an archdeacon, Schinkel studied architecture with the brilliant Friedrich Gilly (1798-1800) and at Berlin's Academy of Architecture (1800-02), followed by several years in Italy. Returning to Berlin via Paris (1805), he became a painter. He designed furniture for Queen Louise in 1809 that, with its rich, light-coloured pearwood, play of matched grains, and romantic simplification of form in a classical milieu, anticipated the forthcoming Biedermeier period.

Becoming state architect of Prussia in 1815, Schinkel executed many commissions for King Frederick William III and other members of the royal family. His designs were based on the revival of various historical styles of architecture; e.g., Greek Revival buildings such as the Königschauspelhaus, Berlin (1818), and the Altes Museum, Berlin (1822-30). His designs for a mausoleum for Louise (1810) and the brick and terra-cotta Werdersche Kirche, Berlin (1821-30), are among the earliest Gothic Revival designs in Europe.

In 1824 Schinkel visited Italy again and in 1826 travelled through Scotland and England. Appointed director (1830) of the Prussian Office of Public Works, he decorated apartments for Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm and Prince August. His work as a city planner resulted in new boulevards and squares in Berlin. Also remembered for his stage and ironwork designs, he designed scenery for Goethe's plays, bathing the whole stage in an atmosphere of picturesque illusion.

Karl Schinkel's monument in Neurippin 


Resources

Karl Schinkel database by AGRAM
Designs by Karl Schinkel--an image gallery from Australian National University
Friends of Schinkel--a large collection of materials on Schinkel's life and work
Karl Friedrich Schinkel--from Great Buildings Online
ArchINFORM: Karl Friedrich Schinkel: includes a detailed chronology of his life
Berlin: Architektur: Karl Friedrich Schinkel


Source

"Schinkel, Karl Friedrich" Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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