A number of formal collaborative agreements have been established between National Institues of Health (NIH) and leading PhD programs, including Oxford and Cambridge. The program is based on the British system in which students perform doctoral research without formal courses other than one's taken for their own interest. Students will be selected for the program based on academic excellence, sophistication of their scientific background, and a commitment to research.
The National Institutes of Health-Oxford-Cambridge Scholars Program is an accelerated, individualized doctoral training program for outstanding science students committed to biomedical research. It enables students to undertake a collaborative project in any area of biomedical investigation involving two mentors--one at the NIH intramural campus in Bethesda, Maryland and one at either Oxford or Cambridge University. The projects culminate in the award of a D.Phil or Ph.D. in science from either Oxford or Cambridge. Students may also pursue combined M.D./Ph.D. training through partnerships the program maintains with a broad range of American medical schools.
See Official Website for application details and eligibility