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Historical Timeline

1967 various mainframes housed in Pine Hall, Encina Hall and SLAC for both academic and administrative use

Wylbur/Orvyl Time Sharing System developed at Stanford

1969 SPIRES (Stanford Physics Information REtrieval System) begins at SLAC

1970 SPIRES (Stanford Public Information REtrieval System)/Ballots (Bibliographic Automation of Large Library Operations using a Time-Sharing System) begins on campus.

OASIS (Online Administrative System for Information Services) Becomes the first campus adminstrative database used for student services

1971 Stanford Computation Center at Pine Hall taken over by Stanford anti-war protesters

1972 SPIRES (Stanford Public Information REtrieval System) joins Stanford Computation Center and becomes available to Stanford community

1973 SCIP (Stanford Center for Information Processing) formed to manage mainframes (earliest beginning of what will become ITSS)

1975 Mainframe front-ended by ASCII (non-IBM) terminals

1977 Mainframe placed on first campus network

1979 Mainframe moves to Forsythe Hall, public terminal area provided there

1981 EMS (Electronic Mail System) makes email available to staff IBM introduces its personal computer

1982 SPIRES chosen as database for administrative systems

1983 NSI (Network for Student Information) automates student records for staff use only

SUFIN (Stanford University Financial Information Network) reporting system introduced

Socrates (online biobliographic catalog) offers Stanford card catalog online

Samson terminal emulation developed for connecting to mainframe from pc's

1984 PRISM developed to be common user interface for administrative applications

Apple introduces Macintosh

1986 PRISM Forms Routing, Univids and PINS introduced

SNAP (Stanford Network for Accounting and Purchasing) Purchasing automates purchasing transactions

SUFIN Journals enables online expense transfers

1987 Prism personal reporting introduced

1988 CLASS (Cooperative for Linked Administrative Systems at Stanford) enables staff to do work using computers and online forms rather than paper forms, ID mail, and telephones.

TIPS (Team for Improving Productivity at Stanford) is formed to advise on business applications development

1991 SNAP Checks, SNAP Petty Cash introduced

CHRIS (Consolidated Human Resources Information System) People enables online management of personnel information

Eudora desktop email introduced

First US website built at SLAC

1992 Axess offers self-service online information for students

1993 Networked/Distributed Computing Environment planning begins

1995 PCards (Purchasing cards) provide easy-to-use alternative for purchasing

1996 Web front-end improves interface to Axess

1997 CAMS (Capital Asset Management System) introduced

1999 Web Journals (CoreFin) enable web-based expense transfers

2001 Axess migrates to PeopleSoft Student Administration

2002 CHRIS replaced by PeopleSoft Human Resources system

2003 Financial applications migrate to Oracle

Remaining applications and uses are replaced by new technologies

Dec. 15, 2003 Mainframe is retired

"Broad brush" computing trends:

60's - growth of mainframe computing
70's - growth of minicomputers
80's - growth of microcomputers
90's - growth of network and web
00's - application maturity

Prepared by: Mainframe Retirement Team and Stanford IT staff, current and past

Last modified Friday, 03-Mar-2006 10:32:45 AM

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