|Oracle® HTML DB User's Guide
Part Number B10992-01
This section provides basic conceptual information about Application Builder. Application Builder is the core component within Oracle HTML DB that enables you to build database centric Web applications.
This section contains the following topics:
In Oracle HTML DB you use Application Builder to build dynamically rendered applications. An application is a collection of database-driven Web pages. You can link pages together using tabs, buttons, or hypertext links. Each page can have buttons and items and can include application logic. You can branch from one page to the next using conditional navigation, perform calculations, validations, and display reports, calendars, and charts. You can generate reports, charts, and forms using built-in wizards, static HTML, or deliver more custom rendering with PL/SQL programming.
A page is the basic building block of an application. When you build an application in Application Builder you can include a number of common user interface elements, including standard tabs, navigation bar icons, buttons, items, and regions. Figure 6-1 illustrates the use of some of these elements.
Figure 6-1 Sample Application
You can view all the elements that make up a page by accessing the Page Definition.
To view the Page Definition for an existing page:
Click the Build icon.
From the Available Applications list, select an application and click Go.
The list of pages appears at the bottom of the page.
To edit a specific page, enter the page ID in the Edit Page field and click Go, or click the page name.
The Page Definition appears. (See Figure 6-2.)
Figure 6-2 Page Definition
By default, the Page Definition is divided into three sections:
The left section, Page Rendering, lists page level attributes as well as any UI controls and logic that is executed at the time the page is rendered. The middle section, Page Processing, lists the logic controls (such as computations and processes) that are evaluated and executed when the page is processed. The far right section, Shared Components, lists common components that display on every page within an application.
Regions. Defines regions. A region is an area of a page that uses a specific template to generate HTML content. Each page can have any number of regions. You can use regions to group other controls, such as buttons and items, together. You can create simple regions that do not generate additional HTML, or create elaborate regions that frame content within HTML tables or images. The HTML DB engine displays regions in sequence within columns. You can choose whether a region displays conditionally.
Buttons. Lists the buttons on the current page. Buttons are used to submit a page. When you submit a page, the HTML DB engine processes it, or redirects users to another page without any processing. Buttons can be implemented as an HTML button, an image, or by using a template.
Processes. Lists the processes that are executed at the time the page is rendered. Processes are logic controls used to execute data manipulation language (DML) or PL/SQL. For example, you can use a process to populate session state at the time the page is rendered.
The HTML DB engine constructs the look and feel of each page using templates. Templates contains contain HTML and variables that are substituted with dynamic values at runtime. Using templates, the HTML DB engine dynamically renders pages from data stored in tables. You can specify a template for each page. If you do not specify a template, the HTML DB engine uses the default application level template. Application Builder also includes templates for regions, rows, lists, reports, labels, menus, list of values, and buttons.
The use of templates offers a number of advantages:
Templates can be shared by multiple components
A single change to a template will affect all components using that template at once
The separation of the user interface definition from data access and application logic ensures that the application and user interface can be built concurrently by different people. The following sections describe the different types of templates available in Oracle HTML DB.
Each page is rendered using a page template. Every application has a default page template which applies to all pages in the application, unless you specify a different template.
Page templates control the appearance of navigation bars, parent tabs, and standard tabs. To change an application's default page template, select Edit Attributes from the Application Builder home page. An asterisk (*) indicates that a template in another application subscribes to (or is using) this template. Page templates are divided into component areas. Each area supports specific substitution strings.
See Also:"Using Substitution Strings"
Region templates control the appearance of regions. For example, you could use a region template to place a box around some content. Region templates can also be used to control the placement of buttons and region titles. An asterisk (*) indicates that a template in another application subscribes to (or is using) this template.
List templates control the appearance of lists. For example, you could create a list to add a list of icons on a home page or third level tabs, or to include a progress indicator. An asterisk (*) indicates that a template in another application subscribes to (or is using) this template.
Report templates control the format of database queries. These templates format the results of reports. An asterisk (*) indicates that a template in another application subscribes to (or is using) this template.
Label templates control the appearance of item labels. For example, you could use label templates to determine how required field labels display. An asterisk (*) indicates that a template in another application subscribes to (or is using) this template.
Menu templates control the display of menus. You select a menu template when you create a region. For example, menu templates can be used to create breadcrumb style navigation links. An asterisk (*) indicates that a template in another application subscribes to (or is using) this template.
The HTML DB engine dynamically renders and process pages based on data stored in database tables. To view a rendered version of your application, you run or submit it to the HTML DB engine. When you run an application, the HTML DB engine relies on two processes:
When you call a page using a URL, the HTML DB engine is running the Show page or page rendering process. When you submit a page, the HTML DB engine saves the submitted values in the session cache and then performs any computations, validations, or processes.
Shared components are common components that display on every page within an application. Examples of shared components include:
Application Builder includes two different types of tabs:
An application having only one level of tabs uses standard tabs. An application having two levels of tabs uses a parent and standard tabs. A standard tab set is associated with a specific page and page ID. You can use standard tabs to link users to a specific page.
Parent tabs give users another level of navigation. Parent tabs function as a container to hold a group of standard tabs. You can use parent tabs to link users to a specific URL associated with a specific page. When the target page appears, it displays its own standard tab set.
See Also:"Creating Tab Sets" for more information on creating standard and parent tabs
Use navigation bars to link users to various pages within an application. Typically navigation bars are used to enable users to log in and log out or link to help text. The location of a navigation bar depends upon the associated page template. A navigation bar icon enables you to display a link from an image or text. When you create a navigation bar icon you can specify an image name, text, a display sequence, and a target location (an URL or page).
See Also:"Creating a Navigation Bar" for more information on creating navigation bars
A list of values (LOV) is a static or dynamic definition used to display a specific type of page item, such as a radio group, check box, or select list. LOVs can be static (that is, based on a set of predefined display and return values) or dynamic (based on SQL queries that select values from tables).
You define LOVs at the application level by running the LOV Wizard and adding them to the Named List of Values repository.
See Also:"Creating LOVs"
A menu is a hierarchical list of links that is rendered using a template. For example, you can display menus as a list of links or as a breadcrumb path.
See Also:"Creating Menus" for more information on creating menus
A list is a collection of links that is rendered using a template. For each list entry, you specify display text, a target URL, and other attributes that can control when and how the list entry displays. You control the display of the list by linking it to a template. This template controls the appearance of all list entries.
See Also:"Creating Lists" for more information on creating lists
Templates control the look and feel of the pages in your application. As you create your application you specify templates for pages, regions, reports, lists, labels, menus, buttons, and popup list of values.
See Also:"Working with Templates" for more information on viewing, creating, and editing templates
A condition is a small unit of logic that helps you control the display of regions, items, buttons, and tabs as well the execution of processes, computations, and validations. For example, when you apply a condition to a button, the rendering engine evaluates the condition during the rendering (or Show page) process. Whether the condition passes or fails determines whether the component (such as a button) displays.
You specify a condition by selecting a condition type when you create the component (that is, the region, item, button, or tab) or by making a selection from the component's conditional display attribute. (See Figure 6-3 .) The condition evaluates to true or false based on the values you enter in the Expression fields.
Figure 6-3 Conditional Display Attribute
To view a complete listing of all available conditions for a given component, click the view icon to the right of the Conditional Display Type list. Shortcuts to common selections appear directly beneath the Type list. If your condition requires an expression, type it in the appropriate field.
Current page = Expression 1 evaluates to true if the current page matches the page ID listed in the Expression 1 field. For example:
If the current page is 100, 101, or 102, then this condition evaluates to true and the condition passes.
Exists (SQL query returns at least one row) is expressed as a SQL query. If the query returns at least one row, then the condition evaluates as true. For example:
SELECT 1 FROM emp WHERE deptno = :P101_DEPTNO
This example references item
P101_DEPTNO as a bind variable. You can use bind variables within application processes and SQL query regions to reference item session state. If one or more employees are in the department identified by the value of
P101_DEPTNO, then the condition evaluates as true.
See Also:"About Bind Variables" for more information
PLSQL Expression to specify an expression in valid PL/SQL syntax that evaluates to true or false. For example:
NVL(:MY_ITEM,'NO') = 'YES'
If the value of
:MY_ITEM is YES, then the condition evaluates as true. Otherwise it evaluates as false.
See Also:Appendix A, "Available Conditions " for a detailed listing of all conditional types available in Oracle HTML DB
Build options enable you to conditionally display specific functionality within an application. Using build options you can control which features of an application are turned on for each application deployment. If you specify a build option at the application level, you do not need to specify it for each attribute (for example, each page, branch, button, item, or tab).
Build options have two possible values: INCLUDE and EXCLUDE. If you specify an attribute as being included, then the HTML DB engine considers it part of the application definition at runtime. Reversely, if you specify an attribute as being excluded then the HTML DB engine treats it as if it does not exist.
See Also:"Editing Application Attributes" and "Editing Page Attributes" for more information on specifying build options
Before you can specify a build option, you must create it.
To create a build option:
Click the Build icon.
When Application Builder appears, select the Builds tab.
To create a new build option, click Create.
Follow the on-screen instructions.
Oracle HTML DB includes a report detailing build option utilization in the current application.
To view a report of build option utilization:
Click the Build icon.
When Application Builder appears, select the Builds tab.
Click Navigate in the left navigation pane and then select Build Opt Utilization.
Make a selection from the Build Options list and click Go.
Authentication is the process of establishing users' identities before they can access an application. Authentication may require a user enter a username and password or may involve the use of a digital certificate or a secure key.
Oracle HTML DB supports authentication. You can establish a user's identity by selecting from a number of built-in authentication methods, or by using a wizard to create your own custom authentication approach.
See Also:"Establishing User Identity Through Authentication" for more information
While conditions control the rendering and processing of specific components on a page, authorizations control user access to specific components. Authorization is a broad term for controlling access to resources based on predefined user privileges.
Authorization schemes extend the security of your application's authentication scheme. You can specify an authorization scheme for an entire application, a page, or specific component such as a region, item, or button. For example, you could use an authorization scheme to selectively determine which tabs, regions, or navigations bars a users sees.
HTTP, the protocol over which HTML pages are most often delivered, is a stateless protocol. A Web browser is only connected to the server for as long as it takes to download a complete page. In addition, each page request is treated by the server as an independent event, unrelated to any page requests that have happened previously or may occur in the future. This means that to access form values entered on one page on a subsequent page, some form of session state management needs to occur. Typically, when a user enters values into a form on one page, those values are not accessible on later pages. Oracle HTML DB transparently maintains session state and provides developers with the ability to get and set session state values from any page in the application.
A session is a logical construct that establishes persistence (or stateful behavior) across page views. Each session is assigned a unique identifier within the Oracle HTML DB installation. The HTML DB engine uses this identifier (or session ID) to store and retrieve an application's working set of data (or session state) before and after each page view.
Because sessions are entirely independent of one another, any number of sessions can exist in the database at the same time. Since sessions persist in the database until purged by an administrator, a user can return to an old session and continue running an application long after first launching it. A user can also run multiple instances of an application simultaneously in different browser sessions.
Oracle HTML DB sessions are logically and physically distinct from the Oracle database sessions used to service page requests. A user runs an application in a single Oracle HTML DB session from log in to log out with a typical duration measured in minutes or hours. Each page requested during that session results in the HTML DB engine creating or reusing an Oracle database session to access database resources. Each of these sessions lasts just a fraction of a second.
The HTML DB engine establishes the identity (or anonymity) of the user for each page request and the session ID in order to fetch session state from the database. The most visible location of the session ID is in the URL for a page request. Another visible location is in the page's HTML POST structures or in a session cookie sent by the HTML DB engine during authentication and maintained for the life of the application (or browser) session.
Oracle HTML DB assigns new session IDs during authentication processing, records the authenticated user's identity with the session ID, and continually checks the session ID in each page request's URL or POST data with the session cookie and the session record in the database. These checks provide users with both flexibility and security.
While the session ID is the key to session state, the session cookie (where applicable) and the session record safeguard the integrity of the session ID and the authentication status of the user.
The behavior of an HTML DB application is usually driven by values in session state. For example, a button may display conditionally based on the value of an item session state. You can view the session state for a page by clicking Session on the Developer toolbar.
Figure 6-4 Developer Toolbar
The Session State page provides valuable information about the page. Table 6-1 describes the various types of information available on the Session State page.
Table 6-1 Information Available on the Session State Page
|Application, Page, Session||Identifies the application name, page ID, and session ID.|
|Page Items||Identify attributes of the page, including the item name, how the item displays (hidden, popup, button, display only HTML), the state or session ID, and status.
The Status column indicates the status of the session state. Available values include:
|Application Items||Application items are items that do not reside on a page. Application items are session state variables without the associated user interface properties.
See Also: "Using Substitution Strings" for more information on referencing item values
|Application Environment||Identifies the session ID, current user, security ID, and browser language.|
|Session State||Indicates the user's entire session state. The section at the top indicates the state for the current page.|
See Also:"Using the Developer Toolbar" for more information about the Developer toolbar
When building interactive, data driven Web applications, the ability to access and manage session state values with ease is critical. In Oracle HTML DB, session state is automatically managed for every page and easily referenced in static HTML or logic controls such as processes or validations.
Topics in this section include:
Referencing the value of an item is one of the most common examples of referencing session state. In Oracle HTML DB, an item can be a field, a text area, a password, a select list, or checkbox. Table 6-2 describes the supported syntax for referencing
Table 6-2 Syntax for Referencing Item Values
||Standard bind variable syntax for items no longer than 30 bytes. Use this syntax for references within a SQL query and within PL/SQL.|
||PL/SQL syntax referencing the item value using the v function.
See Also: "Oracle HTML DB APIs"
||Standard PL/SQL syntax referencing the numeric item value using the nv function.
See Also: "Oracle HTML DB APIs"
|Static Text (exact)||
||Static text. Exact Substitution.|
When a user submits a page in Oracle HTML DB, the HTML DB engine automatically stores values typed into fields (items) in session state. For example, suppose you have an application containing two pages. The first page of the application contains a form in which a user can enter a phone number. You have defined this form by creating an item named
P2_PhoneNo. On the second page you want to display the information the user enters in the form.
When the page is submitted, Oracle HTML DB captures the value typed in the phone number field and stores the value for future use. The phone number typed by the user can then be retrieved from session state by referencing the item associated with the field on the page.
As you develop your applications, you may find it useful to clear the cached value for specific items, all items on a page, all pages in an application, or the current user session. Clearing a cached value resets the value to null. The topics that follow offer specific examples of clearing session state.
Clearing cache for a single item resets the value of the item to null. For example, you might use this approach to make sure a specific item's value is null when a page is prepared for rendering.
The following example uses standard
f?p syntax to clear the cache for an item. This example calls page 5 of application 100. Placing
MY_ITEM in the
ClearCache position of the
f?p syntax resets the value of
The following example resets the value of the items
Caching application items provides a very effective way to maintain session state. However, there are occasions when you may want to clear the cache for all items on a page. For example, suppose you needed to clear all fields on page when a user clicks a link the creates a new order. By clearing cache for an entire page you set the value of all items on the page to null.
This example clears the session cache for two pages and resets pagination.
Runs page 6003 of application 6000 and uses the current session ID
Indicates to not show debug information (NO)
Clears all values maintained by the current session's cache for items of pages 6004 and 6014
Resets region pagination (RP) on page 6003 (the requested page)
See Also:Creating a Report with Pagination
This example demonstrates a good way to implement an update form. It clears existing information and sets the item's value (typically a primary key).
Specifically this example:
Runs page 6003 of application 6000 and use the current session ID
Indicates to not show debug information (
Clears all values maintained by the current session's cache for items on page 6003
Sets the session state of an item called
MY_ITEM to the value
This example is similar to the previous one except it passes values to multiple items.
Specifically this example:
Runs page 6004 of application 6000 and use the current session ID
Clears the current session's cache for items on page 6003
Indicates debug information should be hidden (
Sets the value of
MY_ITEM1 to 1234, sets the value of
MY_ITEM2 to null (indicated by the commas used as placeholder), and set the value of
MY_ITEM3 to 5678
You can also clear application cache by using
f?p syntax by creating a
REQUEST argument using the keyword APP using the following syntax:
Note:Resetting the cache for an entire application does not actually restore the application to a completely reset state. For example, if an application includes on-new instance computations or on-new instance processes, the HTML DB engine runs these computations and processes when the application session is created. Then, it processes the clear cache request and displays the requested page.
The only way to reset the application completely is to request it using a URL without a session ID, or by calling
You can use bind variables within an application process or SQL query to reference session state of a specified item. For example:
SELECT * FROM emp WHERE name like '%' || :SEARCH_STRING || '%'
In this example, the search string is a page item. If the region type is defined as SQL Query, you can reference the value using standard SQL bind variable syntax. Using bind variables ensures that parsed representations of SQL queries are reused by the database, optimizing memory usage by the server.
When using bind variable syntax remember the following rules:
Bind variable names must correspond to an item name
Bind variable names are not case sensitive
Bind variable names cannot be longer than 30 characters (that is, they must be a valid Oracle identifier)
Although application items can be up to 255 characters, if you intend to use an application items within SQL using bind variable syntax, the item name must be 30 characters or less.
If your region type is defined as a SQL Query, SQL Query (plsql function body returning SQL query), or list of values (LOV) you can reference session state using the syntax:
One common way to do this is to incorporate a session state variable in a WHERE clause. The following example demonstrates how to bind the value of the item
THE_DEPTNO into a region defined from a SQL Query.
SELECT ename, job, sal FROM emp WHERE deptno = :THE_DEPTNO
See Also:Creating Regions for more information on creating different types of regions
For region types defined as a PL/SQL Procedure, regions are constructed using PL/SQL anonymous block syntax. In other words, the beginning and ending are added automatically around the PL/SQL. For example:
INSERT INTO emp (empno, ename, job) VALUES (:P1_empno, :P1_name, :P1_job);
In this example, the values of the
job are populated by the values of
Each application has a number (called an application ID) or alphanumeric alias which uniquely identifies it. Similarly, each page also has a unique number (called a page ID) or an alphanumeric alias. When you run an application, the HTML DB engine generates a session number that serves as a key to the user's session state.
The URL that displays for each page indicates the location of Oracle HTML DB and identifies the application ID, page ID, and session ID. For example:
This example indicates that:
The address of Oracle HTML DB is:
The application ID is 4350
The page ID is 1
The session ID is 220883407765693447
You can create links between pages in your application using the following syntax:
Table 6-3 describes the possible arguments you can pass when using
Table 6-3 f?p Syntax Arguments
||Indicates an application ID or alphanumeric alias.|
||Indicates a page ID or alphanumeric alias.|
||Identifies a session ID. You can reference a session ID to create hypertext links to other pages that maintain the same session state by passing the session number. You can reference the session ID using the syntax:
||Sets the value of |
||Displays application processing details. Valid values for the DEBUG flag are |
||Clears cache. Clearing cache for a single item simply sets the value of the item to null. To clear cached items, use a comma delimited list of page numbers. Comma delimited lists can also contain collections to be reset or the keyword |
||Comma delimited list of item names used to set session state with an URL.|
||Comma delimited list of item values used to set session state with an URL.|
||Identifies the printer friendly preference of |
When referenced, the HTML DB engine will not display tabs or navigation bars and all items will be displayed as text and not as form elements.
Although it is important to understand how
f?p syntax works, you rarely have to construct this syntax yourself. Oracle HTML DB includes many wizards that automatically create these references for you. The sections that follow describe a number of specific instances that utilize
f?p syntax to link pages.
The following example calls a page using an application and a page alias from within an Oracle HTML DB application. It runs the page
home of the application
myapp and uses the current session ID.
You can use substitution strings within a page template or region source to replace a character string with another value. As you design your application and enable users to edit items, you will need to use substitution strings in order to pass information.
You can use substitution strings in Oracle HTML DB in the following ways.
Include a substitution string within a template.
Create an item at the application or page level.
Use built-in substitution strings to achieve a specific type of functionality.
Substitution strings used within a template contains the pound symbol (#). For example:
Substitution strings created at the application level do not display, but are used as variable to maintain session state. You can define page items as an attribute of a page. You can use this type of session state substitution at the application or page level. For example:
Application Builder supports a number of built-in substitution strings. You may need to reference these values in order to achieve specific types of functionality. Built-in substitution strings available in Oracle HTML DB include:
The sections that follow describe these substitution strings, when to use them, and what supported syntax is currently available. Note that no short syntax exists for
USER since both are Oracle reserved words.
Topics in this section include:
APP_SESSION is one of the most commonly used built-in substitution string. You can use this substitution string to create hypertext links between application pages that maintain a session state by passing the session number. Table 6-4 describes the supported syntax for referencing
Table 6-4 APP_SESSION Syntax
|Short substitution string|
Consider the following examples:
From within an HTML Region:
<a href="f?p=100:5:&SESSION.">click me</a>
Using a SQL query:
SELECT htf.anchor('f?p=100:5:'||:app_session,'clickme') FROM DUAL;
APP_USER is the current user running the application. Depending upon your authentication model, the value of the user set differently. If the application is running using database authentication, then the value of the user is the same as the database pseudo column USER. Table 6-5 describes the supported syntax for referencing
Table 6-5 APP_USER Syntax
Consider the following examples:
From within an HTML Region:
Hello you are logged in as &USER.
htp.p('Hello you are logged in as'||v('USER'));
As a bind variable:
SELECT * FROM some_table WHERE user_id = :app_user
The Image Prefix attribute is defined on the Edit Application Attributes page. By default the image prefix is
"/i/". Use this prefix when referencing images distributed with Oracle HTML DB. If you wish to reference uploaded images, use
APP_IMAGES. Table 6-6 describes the supported syntax for referencing
See Also:"Editing Application Attributes" for more information on application attributes
The workspace images prefix is derived from the
IMAGE_PREFIX (see "IMAGE_PREFIX"). Workspace images differ from application images in that workspace images are not specific to a given application and can be shared among multiple applications. Table 6-7 describes the supported syntax for referencing
The application images prefix is derived from the IMAGE_PREFIX (see previous section). Oracle HTML DB stores uploaded images in the database. Workspace images are specific to a given application and are not shared over many applications. If you uploaded an image and make it specific to an application, then you must use this substitution string, or bind prefix. Table 6-8 describes the supported syntax for referencing
BROWSER_LANGUAGE refers to the Web browser's current language preference. Table 6-9 describes the supported syntax for referencing
The value of
PRINTER_FRIENDLY determines whether the HTML DB engine is running in print view mode. This setting can be referenced in conditions to eliminate elements not desired in a printed document from a page. Table 6-10 describes the supported syntax for referencing
HOME_LINK is the home page of an application. The HTML DB engine will redirect to location if no page is given. Table 6-11 describes the supported syntax for referencing
PROXY SERVER is an application attribute. The attribute may be used by regions whose source comes from a URL. The following is the correct syntax for a direct PL/SQL reference used when you are writing PL/SQL to access remote Web servers from within the database (for example, when using the
utl_http package shipped with the database).
Each application button sets the value of
REQUEST to the name of the button. This enables accept processing to reference the name of the button when a user clicks it. In the
REQUEST may be set using the fourth argument.
REQUEST is typically referenced during Accept processing (that is, the processing that occurs when you post a page). Table 6-12 describes the supported syntax for referencing
When you post a page, you initiate Accept processing. Accept processing consists of computations, validations, processes, and branches. The value of request is available during each phase of the Accept processing. Once Oracle HTML DB branches to a different page then
REQUEST is set to NULL.
The value of
REQUEST is the name of the button the user clicks, or the name of the tab the user selects. For example, suppose you have a button with a name of "CHANGE", and a label of "Apply Change." When a user clicks the button the value of
REQUEST will be
It is common to reference
REQUEST using conditions. For example, you may wish to reset pagination when a user clicks Go on a report page. You can reset pagination by creating a on-submit page process. The page process can be made conditional using the condition
Request = Expression 1.
To create an on-submit page process:
Under Conditional Display, select the condition type Request = Expression 1.
In Expression 1, enter GO.
You can also use
REQUEST for Show processing when navigating to a page using
f?p syntax. For example:
Remember that the fourth argument is in the
f?p syntax is
REQUEST. This example goes to application 100, page 1 for the current session and sets the value of
REQUEST to GO. Any process or region can reference the value of
REQUEST using Show processing.
The following is a similar example using PL/SQL:
IF v ('REQUEST') = 'GO' THEN htp.p('hello'); END IF;
htp.p('hello') is a call to a PL/SQL Web Toolkit package in order to print out the specified text string.
SYSDATE_YYYYMMDD represents the current date on the database server, with the
YYYYMMDD format mask applied. You may use this value instead of repeated calls to the SYSDATE() function. The following list describes the supported syntax for referencing
HTMLDB_APPLICATION.G_SYSDATE (DATE DATATYPE)
Valid values for the
DEBUG flag are YES or NO. Turning debug on shows details about application processing. If you write your own custom code, you may wish to generate debug information only if the debug mode is set to YES. Table 6-14 describes the supported syntax for referencing
Table 6-14 DEBUG Syntax
The following is an example of a substitution string reference that preserves the current value of
APP_ID identifies the application ID of the currently executing application. Table 6-15 describes the supported syntax for referencing
Table 6-15 APP_ID Syntax
The following is an example of a substitution string reference:
APP_PAGE_ID is the current application Page ID. For example, if your application was on page 3 then the result would be 3. Using this syntax is useful when writing application components that need to work generically in multiple applications. Table 6-16 describes the supported syntax for referencing
Table 6-16 APP_PAGE_ID Syntax
The following is an example of a substitution string reference:
If you are generating calls to applications from within your PL/SQL code, you may need to reference the owner of the Oracle application schema. The following describes the correct syntax for direct PL/SQL reference:
SQLERRM is template substitution only available in the Applications Region Error Message. The following describes the correct syntax for a region template substitution reference:
This application level attribute identifies a valid authenticated prefix (that is, a logged in URL prefix). You can use a relative path or a full path beginning with
http. This item is useful if your application can be run in both authenticated (logged in) and public (not logged in) modes. You can use
AUTHENTICATED_URL_PREFIX to construct a link to an authenticated page. This item is most useful when using basic database authentication since changes to the URL can require authentication. Table 6-17 describes the supported syntax for referencing
LOGOUT_URL is application level attribute used to identify the logout URL. This is a URL that navigates the user to a logout page or optionally directly logs a user out. To create a logout navigation bar icon, use
&LOGOUT_URL for the navigation bar link. If you are coding a page template use
#LOGOUT_URL#. Table 6-18 describes the supported syntax for referencing
PUBLIC_URL_PREFIX is an application level attribute that identifies an URL to toggle out of a logged in mode to a public view. Table 6-19 describes the supported syntax for referencing
CURRENT_PARENT_TAB_TEXT is most useful in page templates, but is only relevant for applications that use two level tabs (that is, parent and standard tabs). Use this string to reference the parent tab label. This substitution string enables you to repeat the currently selected parent tab within the page template. Table 6-20 describes the supported syntax for referencing
APP_ALIAS is alphanumeric name for the current application.
APP_ALIAS is different from the
APP_ID in that the
APP_ID must be unique over all companies and all applications hosted in one database. In contrast,
APP_ALIAS must be unique within a workspace. Using the same
APP_ALIAS you can create an application called ABC in two workspaces. You can use
APP_ALIAS almost anywhere a
APP_ID can be used. For example,
f?p Syntax can use an
APP_ALIAS or an application ID as demonstrated in this example:
This example runs application ABC, page 1 using the current session.
Table 6-21 describes the supported syntax for referencing APP_ALIAS.
Table 6-21 APP_ALIAS Syntax
The following is an HTML example:
Click me to go to page 1 <a href="f?p=&APP_ALIAS.:1:&SESSION."> of the current application</a>
APP_UNIQUE_PAGE_ID is an integer generated from an Oracle sequence which is unique for each page view. This number is used by applications to prevent duplicate page submissions and can be used for other purposes. For example, if you wish to make a unique URL to avoid browser caching issues, you can embed this number in the request or debug column in calls to the f procedure. Table 6-22 describes the supported syntax for referencing
Table 6-22 APP_UNIQUE_PAGE_ID Syntax
The following is an HTML example:
SELECT 'f?p=100:1:'||:APP_SESSION||':'||:APP_UNIQUE_PAGE_ID|| ':::P1_EMPNO:'||empno, ename, job FROM emp
Note the use of the
APP_UNIQUE_PAGE_ID in the request column. This makes this URL unique and may avoid excessive browser caching problems.