Twi is an African language spoken in the southern two-thirds of Ghana. Like most languages spoken south of the Sahara, Twi is a tone language. Akuapim Twi became the prestige dialect because it was the first dialect to be used for Bible translation. Fante Twi and Ashanti Twi are also spoken by a large population. All dialects of Twi are mutually intelligible. They are written by a common script developed by the Bureau of Ghana Languages.
Akan Twi is a tone language, which means that word distinction is determined not only by vowels and consonants, but also by the pitch on which each syllable is pronounced. For example, (high-high) 'good', (low-high) 'father', and (low-low) 'fan' are separate words that differ only in tone. Additionally, in Akan tone also distinguishes certain grammatical categories such as the habitual* and stative** forms of verbs.
'she wears a dress' Habitual verbs 'she has on a dress' Stative verbs
* Habitual form: A verb aspect indicating something done, etc. consistently or habitually.
** Stative form: A verb aspect indicating something done, etc. at one point in time.
In Twi, it is common to have a consecutive sequence of verbs in one sentence. These verbs are called serial verbs. For example:
I'll come will-receive play
When the sentence containing serial verbs is negative, all verbs in the sentence get a negative prefix n-. For example:
Me-n-tumi n-sre n-k I-not-can not-get-up not-go 'I cannot get up and go'.
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