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General Editor:
Lise Sedrez
Stanford University

Advisory Board:
John Wirth
Stanford University
(in memorian)

José Drummond


Environmental History of Latin America

Darcy Carrizales

Acosta, Yvonne, and Jean Casimir. 1985. Social Origins of the Counter-Plantation System in St. Lucia. Rural Development in the Caribbean. Ed. Peter GomesNew York: St. Martin's Press.

Barker, David and Duncan F. McGregor. 1995. Environment and Development in the Caribbean: Geographical Perspectives. Kingston: University Press of the West Indies.

Berleant-Schiller, Riva, and Lydia M. Pulsipher . 1986. Subsistence Cultivation in the Caribbean. New West Indian Guide 60, no. 1-2: 1-40.

Besson, Jean . 1988. Agrarian Relations and Perceptions of Land in a Jamaican Peasant Village. Small Farming and Peasant Resources in the Caribbean. Eds. John S. Brierley, and Hymie Rubenstein, 39-61. Winnipeg, Canada: University of Manitoba.

Besson, Jean. 1987. A Paradox in Caribbean Attitudes to Land. Land and Development in the Caribbean. Janet Momsen, and Jean BessonLondon: Macmillan Caribbean.

Brierley, John S, and Hymie Rubenstein, Eds. 1988. Small Farming and Peasant Resources in the Caribbean. Manitoba Geographical Studies 10. University of Manitoba.

Current, Dean, Ernst Lutz, and Sara Scherr. 1995. Costs, Benefits, and Farmer Adoption of Agroforestry: Project Experience in Central America and the Caribbean, World Bank, Washington DC.

Díaz-Briquets, Sergio, and Jorge F. Pérez-López. 2000. Conquering Nature: The Environmental Legacy of Socialism in Cuba. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Dinerstein, Eric et al. 1995. A Conservation Assessment of the Terrestrial Ecoregions of Latin America and the Caribbean. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Fabbri, Paolo, Giuliano Fierro, and Colombo Ente. 1992. Semi-enclosed Seas: exchange of environmental experiences between Mediterranean and Caribbean Countries. 1 ed. New York: Elsevier Applied Science.

Fraginals, Manuel Moreno. 1976. The Sugarmill: The Socioeconomic Complex of Sugar in Cuba, 1760-1860. Transl. Cedric Belfrage. New York: Monthly Review Press.
Druing the hundred years covered by Fraginals' book, Cuba came to account for a fourth of the world's recorded production of sugar, chiefly through expansion of the acreage planted with cane. This expansion, which required fertile land near ports or--later in this period--railroads, first took place at the narrow western Havana. The next major thrust was into the province neighboring Havana to the east, Matanzas, whose gently rolling hills with deep clay soils yelded half the cane grown in cuba in the 1850's. (Review from Environmental Review, Bibliographic Supplement III 1979-80).

Gamman, John K. 1994. Overcoming Obstacles in Environmental Policy: Creating PArtnerships Through Mediation. Albany: State University of New York.

Griffith, Mark, and Bishnodat Persaud. 1995. Economic Policy and the Environment: the Caribbean Experience. 1 ed. Mona, Jamaica: Centre for Environment and Development.
Papers presented at a seminar entitled, " Economic Policy and the Environment" (St. Kitts Oct. 1994)

Grossman, Lawrence S. 1998. The Political Ecology of Bananas: Contract Farming, Peasants, and Agrarian Change in the Eastern Caribbean. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Discusses the history of the banana industry from the early 1900s, the evolution of peasant agriculture, and the history of pesticide use on the island.

Grossman, Lawrence S. 1997. Soil Conservation, Political Ecology, and Technological Change on Saint Vincent. Geographical Review 87: 353-74.
Dscusses the history of soil erosion problems and the history of colonial soil conservation policies on the island. (N.A.)

Grove, Richard. 1990. Colonial Conservation, Ecological Hegemony and Popular Resistance: Towards a Global Synthesis. In Imperialism and the Natural World. Ed. J. MacKenzieManchester, England: Manchester University Press.

Grove, Richard. 1995. Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600-1860. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Grove, Richard . 1997. The Island and the History of Environmentalism: The Case of St. Vincent. In Nature and Society in Historical Context. Eds. Mikulas Teich, Roy Porter, and Bo Gustafsson, 148-62 . New York: Cambridge University Press.
The development of environmentalism within the British and French colonial empires; seventeenth through nineteenth centuries. Discussion focuses on the passage of the King's Hill Act of 1791 (forest protection legislation based on climatic theory) on St. Vincent, a British colony in the Caribbean. (Note by FHS).

Grove, Richard. 1990. Threatened Islands, Threatened Earth: Early Professional Science and the Historical Origins of Global Environmental Concerns. In Sustaining Earth: Response to the Environmental Threat. Eds. D. J. R. Angell, J. D. Comer, and M. L. N. Wilkinson London: Macmillan Academic and Professional.

Jacome, Francine. 1996. Retos de la cooperacion ambiental: el caso del Caribe . 1 ed. Caracas Venezuela: Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla: Instituto Venezolano de Estudios Sociales y Politicos --INVESP :Editorial Nueva Sociedad.

Kimber, Clarissa T. 1988. Martinique Revisited: The Changing Plant Geographies of a West Indian Island. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

Latin American and Caribbean Commission on Development and Environment. 1990. Our Own Agenda. Washington DC: Inter-American Development Bank.

Maul, George A. 1995. Climatic Change in the Intra-Americs Sea:Implications of Future Climate on the Ecosystems & Socio-Economic Structure in the Marine & Coastal Regions. John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated.

McLaren, Deborah. 1997. Rethinking Tourism and Ecotravel: The Paving of Paradise and what you can do to stop it. Kumarian Press.

McNeill, John R. 1986. The Ecological Basis of Warfare in the Caribbean, 1700-1804. In Adapting to Conditions: War and Society in the Eighteenth Century. Ed. M. Ultee, 26-42. University, AL: University of Alabama Press.

McNeill, John R. 1999. Islands in the Rim: Ecology and History In and Around the Pacific, 1521-1996. In Pacific Centuries: Pacific and Pacific Rim History since the Sixteenth Century. Eds D. O. Flynn, Lionel Frost, and A. J. H. Latham, 70-84. London: Routledge.

McNeill, John R., and William Coker . 1984. Yellow Fever in Havana in the Early Nineteenth Century. Journal of the Florida Medical Association 71: 456-62.

Momsen, Janet, and Jean Besson. 1987. Land and Development in the Caribbean. London: Macmillan Caribbean.

Murray, Douglas L. 1994. Cultivating Crisis: The Human Costs of Pesticide Use in Latin America. University of Texas Press.

Nietschmann, Bernard. 1979. Ecological Change, Inflation, and Migration in the Far Western Caribbean. The Geographical Review 69: 1-24.

Pattullo, Polly. 1996. Last Resorts: The Cost of Tourism in the Caribbean. Monthly Review Press.

Pérez, Louis A. 2001. Winds of change hurricanes & the transformation of nineteenth-century Cuba. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Rawlins, B. G. [1998]. Review of Currently Available Information on Pollution of Coastal Waters by Sediments and Agro-Chemicals in the Caribbean Region With Particular Emphasis on Small Island States, WC/98/9. BGS International, Keyworth, Nottingham, UK.

Richardson, Bonham C. 1996. Detrimental Determinists: Applied Environmentalism as Buraucratic Self-Intrest in Fin-dSiecle British Caribbean. Annals of the Association of American Geographers : 213-34.

Richardson, Bonham C. 1988. Economy and Environment in the Caribbean: Barbados and the Windwards in the late 1800s. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida.

Roseberry, William. 1995. Coffee, Society, and Power in Latin America. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Central America also

The Greening of Cuba. 1996. Executive poducer Peter Rosset. Director Jaime Kibben. 38 min. Oakland, CA: Food First.
This video profiles Cuban farmers and scientists working to reinvent a sustainable agriculture, based on ecological principles and local knowledge rather than imported agricultural inputs. In their quest for self-sufficiency, Cubans combine time-tested traditional methods with cutting-edge biotechnology. (AA).

Sambrook, Richard A., Bruce W. Pigozzi, and Robert N. Thomas. 1999. Population Pressure, Deforetation and Land Degradation: A Case Study from the Dominican Republic. The Professional Geographer 51, no. 1: 25-39.

Santana, Deborah Berman. 1996. Kicking off the Bootstraps: Environment, Development, and Community Power in Puerto Rico. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Smith, Mark. 1995. The Political Economy of Sugar Production and the Environment of Eastern Cuba, 1898-1923. Environmental History Review 19, no. 5: 31-48.
The exploitation of Cuban natural resources by U.S. industries as evidenced in the sugar trade. (Note by FHS).

The Caribbean Conservation Association. 1991. Environmental agenda for the 1990's: a Synthesis of the Eastern Caribbean Country Environmental Profile Series: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines. 1 ed. St. Michael Barbados: The Caribbean Conservation Association.

Tucker, Richard P. 2000. Insatiable Appetite: The United States and the Ecological Degradattion of the Tropical World. University of California Press.

Tudela, F., Ed. 1990. Desarrollo y medio ambiente en América Latina y el Caribe: una visión evolutiva. Madrid: Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Urbanismo.
Brief descriptions of natural ecosystems and historical antecedents (e.g., encounter of two worlds, the colonial period), modern metamorphosis of environments since World War II, and the current crisis. Considers urban as well as rural problems. (HLAS)

United Nations Environment Programme. 1984. The State of Marine Pollution in the Wider Caribbean Region., UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme.), Geneva, Switzerland.

Uribe, Maruja, and Gladys Soche. 1992. Fuentes de informacion sobre proteccion del medio ambiente y los recursos naturales en America Latina y el Caribe. 1 ed. Bogota, Colombia: El Colegio Verde de Villa de Leyva.

Watts, David. Ecological responses to ecosystem shock in the islands Caribbean: the aftermath of Columbus, 1492-1992. In Ecological Relations in Historical Times: Human Impact and Adaptation. Eds. Neil Roberts, and Robin A. Butlin, 267-79. Cambridge, USA/Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.

Watts, David. 1987. The West Indies. Patterns of Development, Culture and Environmental Change since 1492. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.