Chris Patton
Self Portrait using the Wet-Plate method circa 1860

8 cell sea urchin embryo
SEM of 8 cell sea urchin embryo

Harbor seal
Harbor seal



Cover of Nature 2/1982
Cover of Nature 2/1982

Chris Patton
cpatton //at//
IT, Imaging, Safety

Professional Preparation

University of California, Santa Cruz, CA BA Biological Photography [Graduated Highest Honors]
Chapman University, College of Monterey - Education [4.0 GPA on nine courses]
Completed Safety Training in the following areas: Animal Care, Radiation, Ergonomics, Back &
  Lifting, General Safety, Chemicals, Gases, Biohazard Shipping, Biohazards, CPR & AED,
  Supervisor Training, Laser Safety, Shipping Hazardous Materials

Synergistic Activities

i) Development of MAXCHELATOR program. Open access web-site which provides a set of programs to calculate free metal concentrations in solutions in the presence of chelators. Enables researchers to account for effects of pH, temperature, in the presence of most commonly used buffers and chelators. Worldwide distribution. In addition to the web version, users can download Web, DOS, or Windows versions. Thousands of registered users worldwide. Development required programming skills, software manual writing, web page design, and interaction with end users. URL:

ii) Sea Urchin Embryology Website Development and Maintenance. This web site is devoted to bringing university level science to the high school classroom. I am the primary author and developer of the site. Development required web design, course and class design, lesson plans, animations, and illustrations. URL:

iii) Taught Pinhole Photography through UCSC extension to adults for eight years and one year through Center for Photographic Arts in Carmel. As a co-instructor I was involved in course design, material selection and preparation, and adaptation of methods and styles, to consistently improve the course to reach everyone from the beginner to the advanced professional. This demonstrates my proficiency in making technical information accessible to the non-technically inclined. Wrote and maintain the web site devoted to the course.

iv) A website is maintained of my artistic photographic work at: Silverghost, Maxchelator and Pinhole websites are on a Linux server built and maintained by CP.

v) Worked with Stephen Palumbi, principle author, Dan Griffin, and Mark Walker in the development and continued maintenance of the Microdocs website.

vi) Worked with Joseph Wible in the design and maintenance of the Hopkins Marine Station web site. URL:

vii) Ongoing work with George Somero in preparing and obtaining an exception with the California State Water Board for the seawater system and storm water drainage at Hopkins. Involves helping to prepare numerous reports, including extensive graphics, collecting samples and participating in countless meetings.

viii) Working with John Lee, Robert Doudna and Donald Kohrs to bring live real time data access to seawater and weather systems at Hopkins via web sites in graphical and data intensive formats. URL:

ix) Additional website design and maintenance, both internal to Hopkins Marine Station and external.


Donald M. Bers, Chris W. Patton and Richard Nuccitelli, 2010, A Practical Guide to the Preparation of Ca2+ Buffers, Methods in Cell Biology, Volume 99, p1-26, Calcium in Living Cells

Thaler, CD, Kuo, R, Patton, C, Preston, C, Yagisawa, H, Epel, D. 2004. Phosphoinositide metabolism at fertilization of sea urchin eggs measured with a GFP probe. Development Growth & Differentiation

Epel, D, Vacquier VD, Peeler, M, Miller, P, and C Patton. 2004. Sea Urchin Gametes in the Teaching Laboratory: Good Experiments and Good Experiences. In: Development of Invertebrate Deuterostomes: Experimental Approaches (Methods in Cell Biology, Volume 74), editors C Ettensohn, G Wessel and G Wray. Academic Press, San Diego.

Patton C, Thompson S, Epel D. 2004. Some precautions in using chelators to buffer metals in biological solutions. Cell Calcium. 35:427-31.

Kuo, R, Baxter, G, Thompson, SH, Stricker, SA, Patton, C, Bonaventura, J, Epel , D. 2000. NO is a necessary and sufficient requirement of egg activation at fertilization. Nature 406:633-636.

Lauzon, R, Rinkevich, B, Patton, CW, Weissman, I. 2000. A morphological study of non-random senescence in a colonial urochordate. Biological Bulletin 198:367-378

David Epel, Katherine Hemela, Malcolm Shick and Chris Patton. 1999. Development in the Floating World: Defense of Eggs and Embryos Against Damage from UV Radiation. American Zoologist 39:271-278.

Kaufman, M, Ikeda, Y, Patton, C, Van Dijkhausen, G, Epel, D. 1998. Bacterial symbionts colonize the accessory nidamental gland of Loligo opalescens via horizontal transmission.Biological Bulletin194:36-43.

Epel, D, Kaufman, M, Toomey, B, Ikeda, Y, Patton, C. 1997. Saving the children: the cell and molecular biology of embryo defenses. Japanese Journal of Reproduction and Development 43:45-47.

Rees, BB, Patton, C, Grainger, JL, Epel, D. 1995. Protein synthesis increases after fertilization of sea urchin eggs in the absence of an increase in intracellular pH. Developmental Biology 169:683-698.

Bers, DM, Patton, CW, Nuccitelli, R. 1994. A practical guide to the study of calcium in living cells. Methods in Cell Biology, vol. 40

Epel, D, Patton, C. 1985. Cortical granules of sea urchin eggs do not undergo exocytosis at the site of sperm-egg fusion. Development Growth & Differentiation 27:361-368.

Patton, C. 1979. Copper Prints. Popular Photography’s How-To Guide

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