Stephen R. Barley
School of Engineering
787 Mayfield Avenue
Management Science and Engineering Stanford, CA
422 Terman Engineering Center 94305
Stanford, CA 94305
Sbarley [at] stanford [dot] edu
1984 Ph.D. in Organization Studies. Alfred P. Sloan School of Management. Massachusetts
Institute of Technology.
1977 M.A. in Student Personnel Administration. Ohio State University.
1975 A.B. in English. The College of William and Mary in Virginia.
1996-on Professor. Charles M. Pigott Professor of Management Science and Engineering,
School of Engineering, Stanford University
1994-96 Associate Professor. Management Science and Engineering, School of Engineering,
1990-94 Associate Professor. New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations.
1984-90 Assistant Professor. New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations. Cornell
1983 Instructor. Radcliffe Seminars Program, Radcliffe College.
1982 Instructor. Northeastern University.
1977-79 Residential Coordinator. Department of Residence Life, Cornell University
OTHER PROFESSIONAL ROLES
2004-on Co-Director. General Motors/Stanford University Collaborative Research
Laboratory on Work Systems.
1996-on Co-Director. Program on Work, Technology, and Organization. Management
Science and Engineering, School of Engineering, Stanford University
1994-on Series Editor. Series on Technology and Work. Cornell University Press
2002-04 Editor. Stanford Social Innovation Review.
1993-97 Editor. Administrative Science Quarterly.
1990-94 Director. Program on Technology and Work. Center for Labor Market Policy.
School of Industrial and Labor Relations Cornell University.
1989-94 Adjunct Professor. Program in Science, Technology and Society. Cornell
1987-94 Instructor. Stonier Graduate School of Banking. Summer Program Sponsored by the
American Banking Association.
Technology's role in occupational and organizational change. Science and innovation in industrial
settings. Organizational and occupational culture. Social network theory. Macro-organizational
Organization theory. Technological change. Sociology and anthropology of work and occupations.
Research Methods. Network Theory.
PAPERS IN JOURNALS AND RESEARCH ANNUALS
Barley, S. R. (2006) When I Write My Masterpiece: Thoughts on What Makes a Paper Interesting?
Academy of Management Journal. 49: 16-20.
Barley, S. R. and G. Kunda (2006) Contracting: A New Form of Professional Practice. Academy of
Management Perspective. 19:1-19.
Bailey, D. and S. R. Barley. (2005) “Return to Work: Toward a Post-Industrial Engineering.” IIE
Transactions. 37: 1-16.
Evans, J., G. Kunda and S. R. Barley. (2004) “Beach Time, Bridge Time, and Billable Hours: The
Temporal Structure of Technical Contracting.” Administrative Science Quarterly, 49: 1-38.
G. Kunda, S. R. Barley, and J. Evans. (2002) “Why do Contractors Contract? The Experience of
Highly Skilled Technical Professionals in a Contingent Labor Market.” Industrial and Labor
Relations Review 55:234-261
Orlikowski, W. and S. R. Barley. (2001) “Technology and Institutions: What Information Systems
Research and Organization Studies Can Learn from Each Other.” MIS Quarterly 25:145-165.
Barley, S. R. and G. Kunda. (2001) “Bringing Work Back In.” Organization Science 12:76-95.
Barr, D., P. Vergun and S. R. Barley. (2000) “Problems in Using Patient Satisfaction Data to Assess
the Quality of Care of Primary Care Physicians.” Journal of Clinical Outcomes
Barley, S. R. (1999) “Computer-based distance education: why and why not.” The Education
O’Mahony, S. and S. R. Barley. (1999) “Do Telecommunications Technologies Affect Work and
Organizations? The State of our Knowledge” Pp. 125-161 in B. Staw and R. Sutton, (Eds)
Research in Organizational Behavior, Volume 21, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
W. Kaghan, A. Strauss, S. R. Barley, M. Y. Brannan, R. Thomas. (1999) "The practice and uses of
field research in the 21st century organization." Journal of Management Inquiry.
Barley, S. R. (1998) "Military Downsizing and the Career Prospects of Youth" Annals of the
American Academy of Social and Political Sciences. 559: 141-157.
Barley, S. R. (1998) “What can we learn from the history of technology?” The Journal of
Engineering and Technology Management. 15:237-255.
Nelsen, B. J. and S. R. Barley. (1997) "For love or money: Commodification and the construction of
an occupational mandate." Administrative Science Quarterly, 42:619-653
Barley, S. R. and P. S. Tolbert. (1997) "Institutionalization and structuration: Studying the links
between institutions and actions". Organization Studies, 18: 93-117.
Zabusky, S. E. and S. R. Barley. (1997) "You can't be a stone if you're cement: Re-evaluating the
emic identities of scientists in organizations." Research in Organizational Behavior, 19:
Barley, S. R. (1996) "Technicians in the workplace: Ethnographic evidence for bringing work into
organization studies." Administrative Science Quarterly, 41:404-441.
Stern, R. N. and S. R. Barley. (1996) "Organizations and social systems: The neglected mandate."
Administrative Science Quarterly, 41:146-162.
Barley, S. R. (1996) "Commentary on Pentland." Technology Studies. 2:89-92.
Barley, S. R. and B. Bechky. (1994) "In the backrooms of science: Notes on the work of science
technicians." Work and Occupations. 21:85-126.
Barley, S. R. and G. Kunda. (1992) "Design and devotion: The ebb and flow of rational and
normative ideologies of control in managerial discourse." Administrative Science Quarterly,
Reprinted in Keith Grint (Ed) (2000) Work and Society: A Reader. Blackwell: Oxford, UK.
Barley, S. R. and D. K. Knight. (1991) "Toward a cultural theory of stress complaints." Pp. 1-48 in
B. Staw and L. L. Cummings, (Eds) Research in Organizational Behavior. Volume 14.
Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Barley, S. R. (1990) "Images of imaging: Notes on doing longitudinal field work." Organization
Reprinted in G. Huber and A. Van De Ven (eds). (1995) Longitudinal Field Methods,
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Barley, S. R. (1990) "The alignment of technology and structure through roles and networks."
Administrative Science Quarterly, 35: 61-103.
Barley, S. R., G. Meyer and D. Gash. (1988) "Cultures of culture: Academics, practitioners, and the
pragmatics of normative control." Administrative Science Quarterly. 33:24-60.
Reprinted in P. Frost and R. Stablein (eds) (1991) Exemplary Organizational Research.
Beverly Hills, CA: Sage
Barley, S. R. (1988) "Technology, power, and the social organization of work: towards a pragmatic
theory of skilling and deskilling." Pp 33-80 in N. DiTomaso and S. Bacharach (Eds.)
Research in the Sociology of Organizations. Volume 6. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Reprinted in Frank Ackerman, et al. The Changing Nature of Work. Island Press. 1998.
Barley, S. R. (1986) "Technology as an occasion for structuring: observations on CT scanners and
the social order of radiology departments." Administrative Science Quarterly, 31:78-108.
Barley, S. R. (1986) "Changing roles in radiology." Administrative Radiology, 5:32-41.
Barley, S. R. and L. K. Williams (1985) "Could a funny thing happen on the way to the office of
the future?" I.L.R. Report, 23:11-21.
Van Maanen, J. and S. R. Barley (1984) "Occupational communities: Culture and control in
organizations." In B. M. Staw and L. L. Cummings (Eds.) Research in Organizational
Behavior, pp. 287-365. Volume 6. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Reprinted in B. Czarniawska (Ed.s) (2005) Organization Theory. Cheltenham, Eng: Edward
Barley, S. R. (1983) "Semiotics and the study of occupational and organizational cultures."
Administrative Science Quarterly, 28:393-413.
Reprinted in P. Frost, L. Moore, M. L. Louis, C. Lundberg, and J. Martin (eds.) (1991)
Framing Organizational Cultures. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Reprinted in C. L. Cooper (ed.) (1999) Classics in Management Thought. Cheltenham, Glos,
U.K.: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.
Barley, S. R. (1983) "Codes of the dead: the semiotics of funeral work." Urban Life, 12: 3-31.
PAPERS IN BOOKS
Barley, S. R. and G. Kunda. (2006) Itinerant Experts. In J. O’Toole and E. E. Lawler, Eds. America
at Work: Choices and Challenges, New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Forthcoming.
Barley, S. R. (2005) What We Know (and Mostly Don’t Know) about Technical Work. In Stephen
Ackroyd, Rosemary Batt, Paul Thompson and Pamela Tolbert eds. The Oxford Handbook of
Work and Organization. Oxford University Press: Oxford, Eng.
Barley S.R. (2004) Puddle Jumping as a Career Strategy. In R. Stablien and P. Frost. Eds. Renewing
Research Practice: Lessons from Scholar’s Journeys. Stanford University Press: Stanford,
Barley, S. R. (2002) Foreword. Pp. ix-xii in Peter Meiksins and Peter Whalley, Putting Work in Its
Place: A Quiet Revolution. Cornell University Press: Ithaca, New York.
Barley, S. R. (1999) Competence without Credentials: The Promise and Potential Problems of
Computer-Based Distance Learning.” Pp. 5-13 in Nevzer Stacey (ed) Competence without
Credentials. U.S. Department of Education. Washington, D. C.
Barley, S. R.. (1997) Forward. Pp. ix-xv in Leslie Perlow, Finding Time. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press.
Barley, S. R. and Julian Orr. (1997) "The neglected workforce: An introduction." Pp. 1-19 in S.
Barley and J. Orr (ed.) Between Craft and Science: Technical Work in U.S. Settings. Ithaca,
NY: ILR Press.
Whalley, P. and S. R. Barley (1996) "Technical work and the division of labor: Stalking the wily
anomaly." Pp. 20-52 in S. Barley and J. Orr (ed.) Between Craft and Science: Technical
Work in U.S. Settings. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press.
Barley, S. R. (1996) Preface. In J. Orr, Talking about Machines: An Ethnography of a Modern
Job. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press.
Zabusky, S. E. and S. R. Barley. (1996) "Redefining success: Ethnographic observations on the
careers of technicians." Pp. 185-214 in Paul Osterman (ed.) Broken Ladders: Managerial
Careers in Transition. Oxford, Eng: Oxford University Press.
Barley, S. R. (1996) Sections on "Culture," "Structuration," and "Ethnography" in Nigel Nicholson,
(ed.) Dictionary of Organizational Behavior. London: Basil Blackwell.
Barley, S. R., J. Freeman, and R. Hybels (1992) "Strategic alliances in commercial biotechnology."
Pp 311-345 in N. Norhia and R. G. Eccles (Eds), Networks and Organizations: Structure,
Form and Action. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Meyer, G., S. R. Barley, and D. Gash (1991) "Obsession and naivete in upstate New York: A Tale of
research." Pp. 22-35 in P. Frost and R. Stablein (eds) Exemplary Organizational Research.
Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Barley, S. R. and P. S. Tolbert. (1991) "At the intersection of organizations and occupations." Pp
1-15 in P. Tolbert and S. R. Barley (eds), Research in the Sociology of Organizations:
Organizations and Professions, Volume 7. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Barley, S. R. (1991) "Contextualizing conflict: Notes on the anthropology of disputes and
negotiations." Pp 165-199 in M. Bazerman, B. Sheppard, and R. Lewicki, (eds) Research on
Negotiations in Organizations. Volume 3. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Freeman, J. and S. R. Barley. (1990) "The strategic analysis of inter-organizational relations in
biotechnology." Pp 127-155 in R. Loveridge and M. Pitt (eds.) The Strategic Management
of Technological Innovation. New York: Wiley.
Hybels, R. and S. R. Barley. (1990) "Co-optation and the legitimation of professional identities:
human resource policies in high technology firms." Pp. 199-213 in L. R. Gomez-Mejia and
M. Lawless (eds.) Organizational Issues in High Technology Management. Greenwich, CT:
Barley, S. R. (1989) "Careers, identities, and institutions: the legacy of the Chicago School of
Sociology." Pp 41-65 in M. Arthur, T. Hall and B. Lawrence (Eds.) The Handbook of Career
Theory. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press.
Reprinted in K. Bradley (series editor) (1994) Career Development. International Library of
Management, Dartmouth Publishing Co: Hampshire, Eng.
Barley, S. R. (1988) "The social construction of a machine: Ritual, superstition, magical thinking
and other pragmatic responses to running a CT scanner." Pp 497-539 in M. Lock and
D. Gordon (eds.) Biomedicine Examined. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic
Barley, S. R. (1988) "On technology, time, and social order: Technically induced change in the
temporal organization of radiological work." Pp 123-169 in F. A. Dubinskas (ed.) Making
Time: Ethnographies of High Technology Organizations. Philadelphia, PA: Temple
Van Maanen, J. and S. R. Barley. (1985) "Cultural organization: Fragments of a theory." In
P. Frost et al. (Eds) Organizational Culture, pp. 31-54. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publishing
BOOKS and MONOGRAPHS
Barley, S. R. and Kunda, G. (2004) Gurus, Hired Guns and Warm Bodies: Itinerant Experts in a
Knowledge Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kochan, T. A., Barley, S. R. et al. (1999) The Changing Nature of Work and Its Implications for
Occupational Analysis. National Research Council: Washington, D.C.
Barley, S. R. and J. Orr. (Eds) (1997). Between Craft and Science: Technical Work in the United
States. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press.
Barley, S. R. (1996). The New World of Work. Washington, D.C.: National Planning Association.
Tolbert, P. S. and S. R. Barley (Eds). (1991) Professions and Organizations. Special edition of
Research in the Sociology of Organizations: Organizations and Professions. Volume 8.
Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.
Barley S. R. et al. (2000) Mobility Among Sun Employees. Report on research conducted for the
Workplace Effectiveness Group, Sun Microsystems.
Barley, S. R. (1998) “The Professional and Technical Labor Force.” Committee on Techniques for
the Enhancement of Human Performance-Occupational Analysis. National Research
Council. Washington, D.C.
Barley, S. R., Hofstader, R. and Chapman, K. (1997) "Skill Standards in Context: Models of
Technician's Work." Pp. 13-25 in R. Hofstader and K. Chapman, Foundations for
Excellence in the Chemical Process Industries: Voluntary Industry Standards for Chemical
Process Industries Technical Workers. American Chemical Society: Washington, D.C.
Barley, S. R. and B. J. Nelsen. (1995) The Nature and Implications of Infrastructural Technological
Change for the Social Organization of Work. Office of Technology Assessment, Congress of
the United States, Washington D.C.
WORKING PAPERS and MANUSCRIPTS UNDER REVIEW
Barley, S. R. and B. Bechky. “Is Stress Talk Contagious?: Investigating the Cultural Dynamics of
Nelsen, B. J. and S. R. Barley. "Toward an Emic Understanding of Professionalism Among Technical
Workers." Working Paper. National Center for the Education of the Workforce.
University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, PA.
National Science Foundation. (Diane Bailey, Co-PI) Transformation of Engineering Design:
Digitization and Global Distribution of Engineering Work. $1.2 million (2004-2009)
National Science Foundation. Communication Technology and the Social Construction of
Availability. $100,000. 2003-2004.
National Center for the Education of the Workforce. $450,000 to conduct a series of ethnographies
on a variety of technical occupations 1990-95.
Sloan Foundation. $27,484 to hold a conference on the Technical workforce. March 1993
U.S. Department of Labor. $10,000 to hold a workshop on the Technical Workforce. October
National Science Foundation. (with John Freeman) $90,000 to study "Niche and Network: The
Evolution of Organizational Fields in the Biotechnology Industry." 1988-89.
R. Brinkley Smithers Institute for the Study of Alcoholism and Workplace Problems. $25,000 to
study "Stress as a Vocabulary of Organizing." 1986-89.
National Center for Health Services Research Doctoral Dissertation Grant. (HSO5004) $32,000 to
study "New Imaging Modalities and Social Change in Radiology." 1983-84.
AWARDS & HONORS
Fellow, Academy of Management. 2006
Distinguished Scholar, Organization and Management Theory Division, Academy of Management.
IBM Fellow, 2005-2006.
Senior Research Fellow. Center for Work, Interaction and Technology, Kings College, London,
Distinguished Visiting Scholar. INSEAD. Fountainbleu, France June, 2004.
Distinguished Speaker Award. Technology Management Section. INFORMS. November, 2002.
Fellow, Center for Advanced Studies in Leadership, Stockholm School of Economics 2001-on
Breaking the Frame Award. Journal of Management Studies. 2000.
Distinguished Lecturer. School of Management, Uppsala University, Sweden. 1999.
New Concept Award. Organizational Behavior Division, Academy of Management. For
"Occupational Communities: Culture and Control in Organizations." August, 1985.
Outstanding Paper Award. Presented by the National Industrial and Organizational Psychology and
Organizational Behavior Doctoral Student Convention. April, 1982.
Co-Chair National Research Council’s Committee on Techniques for the
Enhancement of Human Performance: Occupational Analysis. 1996-99
Board of Senior Scholars Center for Educational Quality of the Workforce. University of
Book Review Editor Administrative Science Quarterly. 1988-93
Editorial Board Journal of Management Studies. 1996-on
Editorial Board Administrative Science Quarterly. 1986-92.
Editorial Board Organization Science. 1987-93.
Editorial Board Academy of Management Journal. 1985-87, 2004-on
Editorial Board Research in the Sociology of Organizations. 2005-on
Editorial Board Academy of Management Annual Review. 2005-on
Academy of Management
American Sociological Association
Born: Feb 16, 1953
Married, with two children (ages 18 and 22).