Bridge Project: About the Bridge Project

Articles and Chapters  |  Testimony  |  Upcoming Publications / Research Findings

Download "Betraying the College Dream: How Disconnected K-12 and Postsecondary Education Systems Undermine Student Aspirations,"strong> the final policy report from the Bridge Project.

Accompanying documents for download include:

  • A Policy Brief

  • A Toolkit designed for state-, regional- and institutional-level researchers and policymakers to analyze K-16 policies and stakeholder understandings

  • the executive summary of "Betraying the College Dream"

Articles and Chapters

In April 2004 Jossey-Bass published the book From High School to College - Improving Opportunites for Success in Postsecondary Education. Michael W. Kirst and Andrea Venezia, editors. The book is based on research from the Bridge Project. Copies of the book can be ordered from the publisher.

Report # 25 Jonathan E. Felder, Joni E. Finney, Michael W. Kirst 2007.
"Informed Self-Placement" at American River College: Case Study
Report # 24 Michael W. Kirst. 2007. Enhancing College Completion: Secondary Schools and Colleges Must Work Together
Report # 23 Book review of Thomas Bailey and Vanessa Smith Morest (eds.) Defending the Community College Equity Agenda (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins, 2006)
Report # 22 Michael W. Kirst. 2007. Who Needs It? Identifying the proportion of students who require postsecondary remedial education is virtually impossible
Report # 21 Patrick M. Callan, Michael W. Kirst, Michael D. Usdan, and Andrea Venezia. 2006. The Governance Divide: The Case Study for Georgia
Report # 20 Patrick M. Callan, Joni E. Finney, Michael W. Kirst, Michael D. Usdan, and Andrea Venezia. 2006. Claiming Common Ground: State Policymaking for Improving College Readiness and Success
Report # 19 Patrick M. Callan, Joni E. Finney, Michael W. Kirst, Michael D. Usdan, and Andrea Venezia. 2005. The Governance Divide: A Report on a Four-State Study on Improving College Readiness and Success
Report # 18
Michael W. Kirst, editor. 2004. Improving the Transition from High School to Postsecondary Education in California.
Report # 17
Michael W. Kirst. 2003. Improving Preparation for Non-Selective Postsecondary Education: Assessment and Accountability Issues.
Report # 16
Michael W. Kirst. 2003. College Preparation and Grade 12 NAEP.
Report # 15
Anthony L. Antonio, Andrea Venezia, & Michael W. Kirst . 2004. Addressing the Development of College Knowledge: Concepts to Improve Student Transitions from High School to College.
Report # 14
Michael W. Kirst. 2005. Separation of K-12 and Postsecondary Education Governance and Policymaking: Evolution and Impact.
Report # 13
Michael W. Kirst. 2003. Using a K-12 Assessment for College Placement. The case of California State University
Report # 12
Michael W. Kirst & Andrea Venezia. 2003. Undermining Student Aspirations. Crosstalk (Spring, 2003).
Report # 11
Andrea Venezia. 2002. A Student-Centered P-16 Accountability Model: Encouraging High Standards, Equitable Educational Opportunities and Outcomes, and Flexibility Within A Seamless System of Education. ECS Issue Paper.
Report # 10
Michael W. Kirst & Andrea Venezia. 2001. Bridging the Great Divide Between Secondary Schools and Postsecondary Education. This article was published in Phi Delta Kappan magazine, September 2001, number 83, volume 1.
Report # 9 Michael W. Kirst. 2000. Overcoming the High School Senior Slump: New Education Policies. Crosstalk (Fall, 2000).
Report # 8
Vi-Nhuan Le, Laura Hamilton, & Abby Robyn. The RAND Corporation. 2000. Alignment among Secondary and Post-Secondary Assessments in California.This chapter was published in Policy Analysis for California Education's May 2000 report entitled, Crucial Issues in California Education 2000, in draft form. A revised version will be posted in fall 2001.
Report # 7
Andrea Venezia. 2000. Connecting California's K-12 and Higher Education Systems: Challenges and Opportunities. This chapter was published in Policy Analysis for California Education's May 2000 report entitled, Crucial Issues in California Education 2000.
Report # 6
Michael W. Kirst. 2000. Defining The Top of the Class: A New Admissions Game. Crosstalk8, No.1 (Winter).
Report #5
Michael W. Kirst. 1999. A Babel of Standards: Students face a confusing array of tests and assessments. Crosstalk7, No.4 (Fall).
Report # 4
Michael W. Kirst. 1999. New Criteria for University Admissions. Education Week, April 21.
Report # 3
Michael W. Kirst. 1998. Bridging the Remediation Gap. Education Week, Sept. 9
Report # 2
Michael W. Kirst. 1998. Improving and Aligning K-16 Standards, Admissions, and Freshman Placement Policies. National Center for Postsecondary Improvement Technical Report 2-06. Stanford, CA: NCPI.
Report # 1 Michael W. Kirst. 1997. Exam Confusion: Admissions and placement tests lack standardization. Crosstalk5, No.1 (Winter).

Many of the following publications are available in both pdf and html formats. Click on a title below to learn more. Publications may also be ordered by downloading and mailing an order form. We welcome your comments on any of these papers.


Failure to Complete College: Implications for California's Grim Economic Future. Presentation by Michael W. Kirst, November 2006
Improving the Transition from High School to California Community College. Presentation by Michael W. Kirst
Andrea Venezia. Testimony to the Texas Education Committee on Bridge Project Findings. May 24, 2000.
Linking Secondary and Postsecondary Education: Implications for Illinois from a National Study. Testimony by Michael Kirst to the Illinois Education Research Council, January 9, 2000.
Students' Misconceptions About Preparing For And Attending College (PDF). An excerpt from Betraying the College Dream, Andrea Venezia, Michael W. Kirst and Anthony L. Antonio.

Copies of the technical reports for all six states in the 2003 Bridge report "Betraying the College Dream" are available below.


Phase I , Phase II


Phase I, Phase II


Phase I, Phase II


Phase I, Phase II


Phase I, Phase II


Phase I, Phase II

Community College Report

For more information please contact Mike Kirst, email