Pollard and Sag (1994, 195) model subject-internal parasitic gaps via a rule called the Subject Condition, but more recent research suggests that no such rule exists, and that such phenomena are best viewed as the consequence of extra-grammatical performance factors (Kluender, 1998; Levine and Sag, 2003; Hofmeister and Sag, 2010; Chaves, 2013), often biased by complexity, pragmatics, semantics, prosody and frequency. However, a recent influential study (Phillips, 2006) claims to provide experimental evidence against extra-grammatical accounts of parasitic gaps, and in favor of syntactic accounts. Our work refutes Phillips (2006), and provides evidence that the phenomena are not purely syntactic.
Maintained by Stefan Müller
Created: October 20, 2014
Last modified: December 10, 2021