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Nominal Argument Structure and the Stage-/Individual-Level Contrast in Hindi/Urdu

Sebastian Sulger


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This paper focuses on a very specific aspect of a construction in Hindi-Urdu involving the verb ho 'be'. The construction was previously described as displaying a pattern of differential case marking (DCM) in the literature, expressing specific semantic effects. These effects were previously compared to the contrast known as the stage-/individual-level contrast. The paper will show, however, that this view does not take into account various syntactic and semantic facts about this construction, and argues for a more differentiated view: what has been regarded as a single construction to be differentiated only by the case marking, should rather be treated as two separate constructions with differences in the nominal argument structure, case marking and semantics.

Link to pdf of paper

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