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From symbolic exile to physical exile : Turkey's Imam Hatip Schools, the emergence of a conservative counter-elite, and its knowledge migration to Europe

Publication Type:



Forum publications, Amsterdam University Press; Forum, Amsterdam; Utrecht, p.146 (2013)

Call Number:

Cubb BP43 .T8 C34 2013



Brain drain--Turkey, Education and globalization--Europe, Education and globalization--Turkey, Education--Turkey, Islam--Social aspects--Turkey, Islamic religious education--Turkey


Contents: Introduction -- The historical background. The republican reforms: Continuity or change? ; The Muslim conception of time and resistance to secularization ; Developments in Turkish religious education ; The 1990s: A high-point for iHLS an the conservatives. -- iHL graduates in Vienna. The reasons for choosing Vienna ; Organization, activities and leadership ; The general characteristics of European iHL graduates ; Subjects studied and career plans ; Relations with other iHL graduates ; The consequences of the Vienna experience. -- iHL graduates in Sarajevo. The reasons for choosing Sarajevo ; Organization, activities and leadership ; The general characteristics of iHL graduates in Sarajevo Subjects studies and career plans ; Relations with other iHL graduates ; The consequences of the Sarajevo experience. -- iHL graduates in other countries. -- Conclusion.; Summary: "From Symbolic Exile to Physical Exile tells the story of Imam-Hatip graduates and their knowledge migration to Europe. Since these pious Muslims were prevented from entering Turkish universities by a secular elite fearful of losing its control of state and society, many of them have sent their best and brightest to European (and American) universities. They have thus formed a potential counter-elite, preparing themselves for leading roles in Turkey on their return. Until now, the existence of this transnational Imam Hatip network has gone unnoticed in academic studies. Çağlar fills this gap by tracing the development and expansion of the Imam-Hatip Schools, institutions that offer a combination of a religious and scientific curriculum, the role of these schools in the social upward mobilization of religiously conservatives and the conservative modernization that took place with the help of Imam-Hatip Schools. Through interviews with numerous students and alumni. Çağlar maps transnational branches of this influential network in Vienna, Sarajevo, the Netherlands and Germany. This research therefore is an important contribution to the study of Turkish transnational religious movements."--P. [4] of cover.

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