The Society for Neuroscience presents the 2009 Young Investigator Award to Karl Deisseroth for the development and application of optogenetics.

“Understanding the translation of information from neural circuits to behavior remains one of the great challenges of the field of neuroscience. Perhaps the most significant obstacle has been developing the technical sophistication to manipulate and monitor circuits in real time while animals behave. Karl Deisseroth has been at the forefront of the breakthrough, developing optogenetics, a technology that uses light to control millisecond-precision activity patterns in genetically defined cell types within the brains of freely moving animals. Dr. Deisseroth's group and others in the field are now extending this technology to probe the dynamics of neural circuits in health and brain disease.”