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Jasmine L. Loveland, Naralie Uy, Karen P. Maruska, Russ E. Carpenter and Russell D. Fernald. (2014) Social status differences regulate the serotonergic system of a cichlid fish, Astatotilapia burtoni. Te Journal of Experimental Biology. 217:2680-2690. PDF

Sebastian Alvarado, Russell D. Fernald, Kenneth B. Storey and Moshe Szyf. (2014) The Dynamic Nature of DNA Methylation: A Role in Response to Social and Seasonal Variation. Integrative and Comparative Biology. pp. 1-9. PDF

Karen P. Maruska and Russell D. Fernald. (2014) Social Regulation of Gene Expression in the African Cichlid Fish Astatotilapia burtoni. Oxford Handbooks Online. PDF

Russell D. Fernald (2014) Communication about social status. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 28: 1-4. PDF

Rosa M. Alcazar, Austin T. Hilliard, Lisa Becker, Michael Bernaba and Russell D. Fernald (2014) Brains over Brawn: Experience overcomes a size disadvantage in fish social hierarchies. J Exp Biol. PDF

Scott A. Juntti, Caroline Hu and Russell D. Fernald (2013) ToI2-Mediated Generation of a Transgenic Haplochromine Cichlid, Astatotilapia burtoni. PLoS One. PDF

Karen P. Maruska and Russell D. Fernald. (2013) Social Regulation of Male Reproductive Plasticity in an African Cichlid Fish. Integrative and Comparative Biology. From the symposium "Hormone-Mediated Sex Ratio Adjustment in Vertebrates" presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative, January 3-7, 2013 at San Francisco, CA. PDF

Fernald, R.D., & K. P. Maruska (2012) Social information changes the brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 107(49):21176-80  PDF

Maruska, K.P., Zhang, A., Neboori, A. and Fernald, RD. (2012) Social opportunity causes rapid transcriptional changes in the social behaviour network of the brain in an African cichlid fish. Journal of Neuroendocrinology. PDF

Desjardins, J.K.,Hofmann, H.A., Fernald, R.D. (2012) Social context influences aggressive and courtship behavior in a cichlid fish. PLoS One 7:e32781. PDF

Maruska KP, Ung US, Fernald RD. (2012) The African Cichlid Fish Astatotilapia burtoni uses Acoustic Communication for Reproduction: Sound Production, Hearing, and Behavioral Significance. PLoS One 7:e37612. PDF

Grone BP, Carpenter RE, Lee M, Maruska KP, Fernald RD. (2012) Food deprivation explains effects of mouthbrooding on ovaries and steroid hormones, but not brain neuropeptide and receptor mRNAs, in an African cichlid fish. Horm Behav. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, RD. (2012) Social Control of the Brain. Annu Rev Neurosci. PubMed and PDF

Maruska KP, Carpenter RE, Fernald RD. (2012) Characterization of cell proliferation throughout the brain of the African cichlid fish Astatotilapia burtoni and its regulation by social status.. J Comp Neurol. PubMed and PDF

Karen P. Maruska and Russell D. Fernald. (2012) Contextual chemosensory urine signaling in an African cichlid fish. The Journal of Experimental Biology. 215: 68-74. PubMed and PDF

Maruska KP, Fernald RD. (2011) Social regulation of gene expression in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Physiology. 26:412-23. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R.D. (2011) Systems biology meets behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 108(44):17861-2. PubMed and PDF

Fernald RD. (2011) Animal Cooperation: Keeping a Clean(ing) Reputation. Curr Biol.21(13):R508-10. PubMed and PDF

Kustan JM, Maruska KP, Fernald RD. (2011) Subordinate male cichlids retain reproductive competence during social suppression. Proc Biol Sci. PubMed and PDF

Chen CC, Fernald RD. (2011) Visual Information Alone Changes Behavior and Physiology during Social Interactions in a Cichlid Fish (Astatotilapia burtoni). PLoS One.6(5):e20313. PMCID: PMC3102105. PubMed and PDF

Grone BP, Chang D, Bourgin P, Cao V, Fernald RD, Heller HC, et al.  (2011) Acute light exposure suppresses circadian rhythms in clock gene expression. J Biol Rhythms.26(1):78-81.PubMed and PDF

Wood LS, Desjardins JK, Fernald RD. (2011) Effects of stress and motivation on performing a spatial task. Neurobiol Learn Mem.95(3):277-85. PMCID: PMC3060970. PubMed and PDF

Maruska, K.P., Fernald, R.D. (2011) Plasticity of the Reproductive Axis Caused by Social Status Change in an African Cichlid Fish: II. Testicular gene expression and spermatogenesis. Endocrinology.152(1)291-302 PubMed and PDF

Maruska, K.P., Levavi-Sivan, B., Biran, J., Fernald, R.D. (2011) Plasticity of the Reproductive Axis Caused by Social Status Change in an African Cichlid Fish: I. Pituitary Gonadotropins. Endocrinology.152(1):281-290 PubMed and PDF

Wood, L.S., Desjardins, J.K., Fernald, R.D. (2011) Effects of Stress and Motivation on Performing a Spatial Task. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. PubMed and PDF

Desjardins, J.K., Klausner, J.Q., Fernald, R.D. (2010) Female genomic response to mate information. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R.D. and Scharff, C. (2010) Neurobiology of behavior. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 20:1-2. PubMed and PDF

Grone, B.P., Maruska, K.P., Korzan, W.J., Fernald, R.D. (2010) Social status regulates kisspeptin receptor mRNA in the brain of Astatotilapia burtoni. Gen Comp Endocrinology. 169:98-107. PubMed and PDF

Maruska, K. P., Fernald, R. D. (2010) Reproductive Status Regulates Expression of Sex Steroid and GnRH Receptors in the Olfactory Bulb. Behav Brain Res.213:208-17.PubMed
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Desjardins, J. K., Fernald, R. D. (2010) What do fish make of mirror images? Biol Lett. PubMed and PDF

Maruska, K. P., Fernald, R. D. (2010) Steroid receptor expression in the fish inner ear varies with sex, social status, and reproductive state. BMC Neurosci 11, (1)58. PubMed and PDF

Maruska, K. P., Fernald, R. D. (2010) Behavioral and physiological plasticity: Rapid changes during social ascent in an African cichlid fish. Horm Behav.PubMed and PDF

Zhao, S., Kelm, R.J., Fernald, R.D. (2010) Regulation of Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone 1 Gene Transcription by Members of the Purine-Rich Element Binding Protein Family. American Journal of Physiology Endocrinology and Metabolism. 298(3):E524-33. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R.D. (2009) Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Receptors: Where Did They Come From? Endocrinology. 150(6): 2507-2508. PubMed and PDF

Desjardins, J., Fernald, R.D. (2009) Fish sex: why so diverse? Current Opinion Neurobiology. 19(6): 648-53. PubMed and PDF

Burmeister, S.S., Munshi, R.G., Fernald, R.D. (2009) Cytoarchitecture of a cichlid fish telencephalon. 74 (2): 110-20. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R.D. (2009) Social Regulation of Reproduction: What Changes and Why? Hormones, Brain and Behavior. 1:683-691. PDF

Fernald, R.D. (2009) Evolution of Eyes. In:Binder MD,Hirokawa N and Windhorst U (eds.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Springer. PDF

Fernald, R.D. (2009) Vertebrate Eyes: Evolution. In: Squire LR (ed.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, volume 10, pp. 85-89. Oxford: Academic Press. PDF

Robinson, G.E., Fernald, R.D.,Clayton, D.F. (2008) Genes and Social Behavior. Science. 322:869-900. PubMed and PDF

Desjardins, J.K., Fernald, R.D. (2008) How do social dominance and social information influence reproduction and the brain? Intergrative and Comparative Biology. 48:596-603. PDF

Chen,C.C., Fernald, R.D. (2008). Review Paper: GnRH and GnRH receptors: distribution, function and evolution. Journal of Fish Biology. 73:1099-1120. PDF

Greenwood, A.K., Wark, A.R., Fernald, R. D., Hofmann, H.A. (2008). Expression of arginine vasotocin in distinct preoptic regions is associated with dominant and subordinate behaviour in an African cichlid fish. Proc Biol Sci. 275(1649):2393-402. PubMed and PDF

Chen,C.C., Fernald, R. D. (2008). Sequences, expression patterns and regulation of the corticotropin-releasing factor system in a teleost. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 157(2):148-55. PubMed and PDF

Korzan, W. J., Robison,R.R., Zhao, S., Fernald, R. D. (2008). Color changes as a potential behavioral strategy. Horm Behav. 54(3):463-470. PubMed and PDF

R D Fernald, Evolution of Vertebrate Eyes. In: Allan I. Basbaum, Akimichi Kaneko, Gordon M. Shepherd and Gerald Westheimer, editors The Senses: A Comprehensive Reference, Vol 1, Vision I, Richard Masland and Thomas D. Albright. San Diego: Academic Press; 2008. P. 9-24. PDF

Zhao, S., Korzan, W. J., Chen, C. C., Fernald, R. D. (2008). Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A/B and G inhibits the transcription of gonadotropin-releasing-hormone 1. Mol Cell Neurosci.37(2008)69-84. PubMed and PDF

Grone, B.P., Zhao, Sheng., Chen, C.C., Fernald, R.D. (2007) Localization and diurnal expression of melanopsin, vertebrate ancient opsin, and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating Peptide mRNA in a teleost retina. J Biol Rhythms. 22(6):558-61. PubMed and PDF

Harbott, L. K., Burmeister, S. S., White, R. B., Vagell, M., Fernald, R. D. (2007). Androgen receptors in a cichlid fish, Astatotilapia burtoni: structure, localization, and expression levels. J Comp Neurol, 504(1):57-73. PubMed and PDF

Grosenick, L., Clement, T. S., Fernald, R. D. (2007). Fish can infer social rank by observation alone. Nature, 445(7126):429-432. PubMed and PDF

Flanagan, C. A., Chen, C. C., Coetsee, M., Mamputha, S., Whitlock, K. E., Bredenkamp, N., Grosenick, L., Fernald, R. D., Illing, N. (2007). Expression, Structure, Function, and Evolution of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Receptors GnRH-R1SHS and GnRH-R2PEY in the Teleost, Astatotilapia burtoni. Endocrinology, 148(10):5060-5071. PubMed and PDF

Burmeister, S.S., Kailasanath, V., Fernald, R.D. (2007) "Social dominance regulates androgen and estrogen receptor gene expression" Hormones and Behavior, 51(2007): 164-170. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R.D. (2006). "Casting a genetic light on the evolution of eyes." Science, 313: 1914-1918. PubMed and PDF

Parikh, V. N., Clement, T., Fernald, R.D. (2006). "Physiological consequences of social descent: studies in Astatotilapia burtoni." J Endocrinol 190(1): 183-90. PubMed and PDF

Parikh, V. N., Clement, T., Fernald, R.D. (2006). "Androgen level and male social status in the African cichlid, Astatotilapia burtoni." Behav Brain Res. PubMed and PDF

Hoke, K. L., Evans, B.I., Fernald, R.D. (2006). "Remodeling of the Cone Photoreceptor Mosaic during Metamorphosis of Flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus)." Brain Behav Evol 68(4): 241-254. PubMed and PDF

Chen, C. C. and Fernald, R.D. (2006). "Distributions of two gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor types in a cichlid fish suggest functional specialization." J Comp Neurol 495(3): 314-23. PubMed and PDF

Brill, J., Lee, M., Zhao, S., Fernald, R.D., Huguenard, J.R. (2006). "Chronic valproic acid treatment triggers increased neuropeptide y expression and signaling in rat nucleus reticularis thalami." J Neurosci 26(25): 6813-22. PubMed and PDF

Au, T. M., Greenwood, A.K., Fernald, R.D. (2006). "Differential social regulation of two pituitary gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptors." Behav Brain Res 170(2): 342-6. PubMed and PDF

Zygar, C. A., Colbert, S., Yang, D., Fernald, R.D. (2005). "IGF-1 produced by cone photoreceptors regulates rod progenitor proliferation in the teleost retina." Brain Res Dev Brain Res 154(1): 91-100. PubMed and PDF

Zhao, S. and Fernald, R.D. (2005). "Comprehensive algorithm for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction." J Comput Biol 12(8): 1047-64. PubMed and PDF

Halstenberg, S., Lindgren, K.M., Samagh, S. P., Nadal-Vicens, M., Balt, S., Fernald, R.D. (2005). "Diurnal rhythm of cone opsin expression in the teleost fish Haplochromis burtoni." Vis Neurosci 22(2): 135-41. PubMed and PDF

Grens, K. E., Greenwood, A.K., Fernald, R.D. (2005). "Two visual processing pathways are targeted by gonadotropin-releasing hormone in the retina." Brain Behav Evol 66(1): 1-9. PubMed and PDF

Clement, T. S., Parikh, V., Schrumpf, M., Fernald, R.D. (2005). "Behavioral coping strategies in a cichlid fish: the role of social status and acute stress response in direct and displaced aggression." Horm Behav 47(3): 336-42. PubMed and PDF

Burmeister, S. S., Jarvis, E.D., Fernald, R.D. (2005). "Rapid Behavioral and Genomic Responses to Social Opportunity." PLoS Biol 3(11): e363. PubMed and PDF

Burmeister, S. S. and Fernald, R.D. (2005). "Evolutionary conservation of the egr-1 immediate-early gene response in a teleost." J Comp Neurol 481(2): 220-32. PubMed and PDF

Insel, T. R. and Fernald, R.D. (2004). "How the brain processes social information: searching for the social brain." Annu Rev Neurosci 27: 697-722. PubMed and PDF

Hoke, K. L., Burmeister, S.S., Fernald, R.D., Rand, A.S., Ryan, M.J., Wilczynski, W. (2004). "Functional mapping of the auditory midbrain during mate call reception." J Neurosci 24(50): 11264-72. PubMed and PDF

Henderson, R. G. and Fernald, R.D. (2004). "Timing and location of rhodopsin expression in newly born rod photoreceptors in the adult teleost retina." Brain Res Dev Brain Res 151(1-2): 193-7. PubMed and PDF

Greenwood, A. K. and Fernald, R.D. (2004). "Social regulation of the electrical properties of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons in a cichlid fish (Astatotilapia burtoni)." Biol Reprod 71(3): 909-18. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R. D. (2004). "Eyes: variety, development and evolution." Brain Behav Evol 64(3): 141-7. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R. D. (2004). "Evolving eyes." Int J Dev Biol 48(8-9): 701-5. PubMed and PDF

Greenwood, A. K., Butler, P.C., White, R.B., Demarco, U., Pearce, D., Fernald, R.D. (2003). "Multiple corticosteroid receptors in a teleost fish: distinct sequences, expression patterns, and transcriptional activities." Endocrinology 144(10): 4226-36. PubMed and PDF

White, S. A., Nguyen, T., Fernald, R.D. (2002). "Social regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone." J Exp Biol 205(Pt 17): 2567-81. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R. D. (2002). "Social regulation of the brain: sex, size and status." Novartis Found Symp 244: 169-84; discussion 184-6, 203-6, 253-7. PubMed and PDF

Robison, R. R., White, R.B., Illing, N., Troskie, B.E., Morley, M., Millar, R.P., Fernald, R.D. (2001). "Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor in the teleost Haplochromis burtoni: structure, location, and function." Endocrinology 142(5): 1737-43. PubMed and PDF

Kroger, R. H., Campbell, M.C., Fernald, R.D. (2001). "The development of the crystalline lens is sensitive to visual input in the African cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni." Vision Res 41(5): 549-59. PubMed and PDF

Latimer, V. S., Rodrigues, S.M. Garyfallou, V.T., Kohama, S.G., White, R.B., Fernald, R.D., Urbanski, H.F. (2000). "Two molecular forms of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH-I and GnRH-II) are expressed by two separate populations of cells in the rhesus macaque hypothalamus." Brain Res Mol Brain Res 75(2): 287-92. PubMed and PDF

Hofmann, H. A. and Fernald, R.D. (2000). "Social status controls somatostatin neuron size and growth." J Neurosci 20(12): 4740-4. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R. D. (2000). "Evolution of eyes." Curr Opin Neurobiol 10(4): 444-50. PubMed and PDF

Zygar, C. A., Lee, M.J., Fernald, R.D. (1999). "Nasotemporal asymmetry during teleost retinal growth: preserving an area of specialization." J Neurobiol 41(3): 435-42. PubMed and PDF

Urbanski, H. F., White, R.B., Fernald, R.D., Kohama, S.G., Garyfallou, V.T., Densmore, V.S. (1999). "Regional expression of mRNA encoding a second form of gonadotropin-releasing hormone in the macaque brain." Endocrinology 140(4): 1945-8. PubMed and PDF

Kroger, R. H., Campbell, M.C., Fernald, R.D. Wagner, H.J. (1999). "Multifocal lenses compensate for chromatic defocus in vertebrate eyes." J Comp Physiol [A] 184(4): 361-9. PubMed and PDF

Hofmann, H. A., Benson, M.E., Fernald, R.D. (1999). "Social status regulates growth rate: consequences for life-history strategies." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96(24): 14171-6. PubMed and PDF

Gestrin, E. D., White, R.B., Fernald, R.D. (1999). "Second form of gonadotropin-releasing hormone in mouse: immunocytochemistry reveals hippocampal and periventricular distribution." FEBS Lett 448(2-3): 289-91. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R. D. and White, R.B. (1999). "Gonadotropin-releasing hormone genes: phylogeny, structure, and functions." Front Neuroendocrinol 20(3): 224-40. PubMed and PDF

White, R. B., Eisen, J.A., Kasten, T.L., Fernald, R.D. (1998). "Second gene for gonadotropin-releasing hormone in humans." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95(1): 305-9. PubMed and PDF

White, R. B. and Fernald, R.D. (1998). "Genomic structure and expression sites of three gonadotropin-releasing hormone genes in one species." Gen Comp Endocrinol 112(1): 17-25. PubMed and PDF

White, R. B. and Fernald, R.D. (1998). "Ontogeny of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) gene expression reveals a distinct origin for GnRH-containing neurons in the midbrain." Gen Comp Endocrinol 112(3): 322-9. PubMed and PDF

Hoke, K. L. and Fernald, R.D. (1998). "Cell death precedes rod neurogenesis in embryonic teleost retinal development." Brain Res Dev Brain Res 111(1): 143-6. PubMed and PDF

Hagedorn, M., Mack, A.F., Evans, B., Fernald, R.D. (1998). "The embryogenesis of rod photoreceptors in the teleost fish retina, Haplochromis burtoni." Brain Res Dev Brain Res 108(1-2): 217-27. PubMed and PDF

Winberg, S., Winberg, Y., Fernald, R.D. (1997). "Effect of social rank on brain monoaminergic activity in a cichlid fish." Brain Behav Evol 49(4): 230-6. PubMed and PDF

White, S. A. and Fernald, R.D. (1997). "Changing through doing: behavioral influences on the brain." Recent Prog Horm Res 52: 455-73; discussion 473-4. PubMed and PDF

Mack, A. F. and Fernald, R.D. (1997). "Cell movement and cell cycle dynamics in the retina of the adult teleost Haplochromis burtoni." J Comp Neurol 388(3): 435-43. PubMed and PDF

Fox, H. E., White, S.A., Kao, M.H., Fernald, R.D. (1997). "Stress and dominance in a social fish." J Neurosci 17(16): 6463-9. PubMed and PDF

Fernald, R. D. (1997). "The evolution of eyes." Brain Behav Evol 50(4): 253-9. PubMed and PDF

Soma, K. K., Francis, R.C., Wingfield, J.C., Fernald, R.D. (1996). "Androgen regulation of hypothalamic neurons containing gonadotropin-releasing hormone in a cichlid fish: integration with social cues." Horm Behav 30(3): 216-26. PubMed and PDF

Kwan, J. W., Lee, M.J., Mack, A.F., Chiu, J.F., Fernald, R.D. (1996). "Nonuniform distribution of cell proliferation in the adult teleost retina." Brain Res 712(1): 40-4. PubMed and PDF

Kasten, T. L., White, S.A., Norton, T.T., Bond, C.T., Adelman, J.P., Fernald, R.D. (1996). "Characterization of two new preproGnRH mRNAs in the tree shrew: first direct evidence for mesencephalic GnRH gene expression in a placental mammal." Gen Comp Endocrinol 104(1): 7-19. PubMed and PDF

White, S. A., Kasten, T.L., Bond, C.T., Adelman, J.P., Fernald, R.D. (1995). "Three gonadotropin-releasing hormone genes in one organism suggest novel roles for an ancient peptide." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 92(18): 8363-7. PubMed and PDF

Powell, J. F., Fischer, W.H.et al. (1995). "Primary structure of solitary form of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in cichlid pituitary; three forms of GnRH in brain of cichlid and pumpkinseed fish." Regul Pept 57(1): 43-53. PubMed and PDF

Mack, A. F., Balt, S.L., Fernald, R.D. (1995). "Localization and expression of insulin-like growth factor in the teleost retina." Vis Neurosci 12(3): 457-61. PubMed and PDF

Mack, A. F. and Fernald, R.D. (1995). "New rods move before differentiating in adult teleost retina." Dev Biol 170(1): 136-41. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. (1995). "Social control of cell size: males and females are different." Prog Brain Res 105: 171-7. PubMed and PDF

Colbert, S. H., Mack, A.F., Fernald, R.D. (1995). "A novel, rapid flat-mounting technique for visualizing antibody labeling in the retina." J Neurosci Methods 62(1-2): 179-83. PubMed and PDF

Chiu, J. F., Mack, A.F., Fernald, R.D. (1995). "Daily rhythm of cell proliferation in the teleost retina." Brain Res 673(1): 119-25. PubMed and PDF

Bushnik, T. L. and Fernald, R.D. (1995). "The population of GnRH-containing neurons showing socially mediated size changes project to the pituitary in a teleost, Haplochromis burtoni." Brain Behav Evol 46(6): 371-7. PubMed and PDF

White, S. A., C. T. Bond, et al. (1994). "A second gene for gonadotropin-releasing hormone: cDNA and expression pattern in the brain." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 91(4): 1423-7. PubMed and PDF

Kroger, R. H. and Fernald, R.D. (1994). "Regulation of eye growth in the African cichlid fish Haplochromis burtoni." Vision Res 34(14): 1807-14. PubMed and PDF

Kroger, R. H., Campbell, M.C., Munger, R., Fernald, R.D. (1994). "Refractive index distribution and spherical aberration in the crystalline lens of the African cichlid fish Haplochromis burtoni." Vision Res 34(14): 1815-22. PubMed and PDF

Francis, R. C., Lee, H. N., Fernald, R.D. (1994). "Ontogeny of gonadotropin releasing hormone-containing neurons in the teleost brain." Brain Res Dev Brain Res 78(2): 151-60. PubMed and PDF

White, S. A. and Fernald, R.D. (1993). "Gonadotropin-releasing hormone-containing neurons change size with reproductive state in female Haplochromis burtoni." J Neurosci 13(2): 434-41. PubMed

Mack, A. F. and Fernald, R.D. (1993). "Regulation of cell division and rod differentiation in the teleost retina." Brain Res Dev Brain Res 76(2): 183-7. PubMed

Francis, R. C., Soma, K., Fernald, R.D. (1993). "Social regulation of the brain-pituitary-gonadal axis." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 90(16): 7794-8. PubMed

Evans, B. I. and Fernald, R.D. (1993). "Retinal transformation at metamorphosis in the winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus)." Vis Neurosci 10(6): 1055-64. PubMed

Evans, B. I., Harosi, F.I., Fernald, R.D. (1993). "Photoreceptor spectral absorbance in larval and adult winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus)." Vis Neurosci 10(6): 1065-71. PubMed

Mack, A. F. and Fernald, R.D. (1992). "Control of vertebrate retinal cell production." Exp Neurol 115(1): 65-8. PubMed

Land, M. F. and Fernald, R.D. (1992). "The evolution of eyes." Annu Rev Neurosci 15: 1-29. PubMed

Hagedorn, M. and Fernald, R.D. (1992). "Retinal growth and cell addition during embryogenesis in the teleost, Haplochromis burtoni." J Comp Neurol 321(2): 193-208. PubMed

Francis, R. C., Jacobson, B., Wingfield, J.C., Fernald, R.D. (1992). "Hypertrophy of gonadotropin releasing hormone-containing neurons after castration in the teleost, Haplochromis burtoni." J Neurobiol 23(8): 1084-93. PubMed

Mack, A. F. and R. D. Fernald (1991). "Thin slices of teleost retina continue to grow in culture." J Neurosci Methods 36(2-3): 195-202. PubMed

Bond, C. T., R. C. Francis, et al. (1991). "Characterization of complementary DNA encoding the precursor for gonadotropin-releasing hormone and its associated peptide from a teleost fish." Mol Endocrinol 5(7): 931-7. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. (1990). "Teleost vision: seeing while growing." J Exp Zool Suppl 5: 167-80. PubMed

Evans, B. I. and R. D. Fernald (1990). "Metamorphosis and fish vision." J Neurobiol 21(7): 1037-52. PubMed

Davis, M. R. and R. D. Fernald (1990). "Social control of neuronal soma size." J Neurobiol 21(8): 1180-8. PubMed

Korenbrot, J. I. and R. D. Fernald (1989). "Circadian rhythm and light regulate opsin mRNA in rod photoreceptors." Nature 337(6206): 454-7. PubMed

Muske, L. E. and R. D. Fernald (1987). "Control of a teleost social signal. I. Neural basis for differential expression of a color pattern." J Comp Physiol [A] 160(1): 89-97. PubMed

Muske, L. E. and R. D. Fernald (1987). "Control of a teleost social signal. II. Anatomical and physiological specializations of chromatophores." J Comp Physiol [A] 160(1): 99-107. PubMed

Presson, J. C. and R. D. Fernald (1986). "Development of the optic tract in the cichlid fish Haplochromis burtoni." Brain Res 391(2): 179-86. PubMed

Presson, J., Fernald, R.D., Max, M. (1985). "The organization of retinal projections to the diencephalon and pretectum in the cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni." J Comp Neurol 235(3): 360-74. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. and S. E. Wright (1985). "Growth of the visual system in the African cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni. Optics." Vision Res 25(2): 155-61. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. and S. E. Wright (1985). "Growth of the visual system in the African cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni. Accommodation." Vision Res 25(2): 163-70. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. and L. C. Shelton (1985). "The organization of the diencephalon and the pretectum in the cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni." J Comp Neurol 238(2): 202-17. PubMed

Allen, E. E. and R. D. Fernald (1985). "Spectral sensitivity of the African cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni." J Comp Physiol [A] 157(2): 247-53. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. and S. E. Wright (1983). "Maintenance of optical quality during crystalline lens growth." Nature 301(5901): 618-20. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. (1982). "Retinal projections in the African cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni." J Comp Neurol 206(4): 379-89. PubMed

Johns, P. R. and R. D. Fernald (1981). "Genesis of rods in teleost fish retina." Nature 293(5828): 141-2. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. (1981). "Chromatic organization of a cichlid fish retina." Vision Res 21(12): 1749-53. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. (1980). "Optic nerve distention in a cichlid fish." Vision Res 20(11): 1015-9. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. and P. A. Liebman (1980). "Visual receptor pigments in the African cichlid fish, Haplochromis burtoni." Vision Res 20(10): 857-64. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. (1976). "The effect of testosterone on the behavior and coloration of adult male cichlid fish (Haplochromis burtoni, Gunther)." Horm Res 7(3): 172-8. PubMed

Hirata, N. R. and R. D. Fernald (1975). "Non-intentional sound production in a Cichlid fish (Haplochromis burtoni, Gunther)." Experientia 31(3): 299-300. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. (1973). "A group of barbets. II. Quantitative measures." Z Tierpsychol 33(3): 341-51. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. and G. L. Gerstein (1972). "Response of cat cochlear nucleus neurons to frequency and amplitude modulated tones." Brain Res 45(2): 417-35. PubMed

Fernald, R. and R. Chase (1971). "An improved method for plotting retinal landmarks and focusing the eyes." Vision Res 11(1): 95-6. PubMed

Fernald, R. D. (1971). "A neuron model with spatially distributed synaptic input." Biophys J 11(4): 323-40. PubMed

Bass, G.F., Fernald, R.D. (1971). "Underwater archeological explorations in Turkey." In: National Georgraphic Society Research Reports:15-22.

Fernald, R. and R. Chase (1970). "Simultaneous recordings from multiple single units in cat visual cortex." Brain Res 24(3): 557. PubMed

Fernald, R.D. (1969). "Cat Cochlear nucleus neurons: A distributed model and some experimental observations." University Microfilms 69-15.055:285

Fernald, R.D. (1967). Techniques de Recherche Sous Marine. Archeologia 17:34-35