jin_acrivos_04

Summary

Theory of Particle Segregation in Rimming Flows of Suspensions Containing Neutrally Buoyant Particles. B. Jin and A. Acrivos. Physics of Fluids, 16(641):641-651, 2004. (URL)

Abstract

It has recently been reported that an initially uniform suspension of neutrally buoyant particles within a partially filled horizontal rotating cylinder can, under certain conditions, segregate into bands of particles separated by regions of low particle concentration or even particle-free liquid [M. Tirumkudulu, A. Mileo, and A. Acrivos, Phys. Fluids 12, 1615 (2000)]. An explanation for this phenomenon is proposed on the basis of a model of rimming flows with an axially varying viscosity plus the experimental observation that, when the liquid contains a recirculating region (puddle), the particles segregate radially by migrating out of the puddle into the unidirectional circumferential flow. A linear stability analysis for dilute suspensions shows that such a particle distribution is unstable to axial perturbations with the surface tension being responsible for the selection of the wavelength of the most rapidly amplified disturbance. The calculated and measured spacings between the bands are in good agreement. In addition, since, in the absence of a puddle, the particle concentration appears to remain uniform throughout the cross section of the film, no axial particle segregation is predicted to occur nor has it ever been seen experimentally, even when an axial viscosity variation is imposed on the flow by cooling a preselected portion of the cylinder.

Bibtex entry

@ARTICLE { jin_acrivos_04,
    AUTHOR = { B. Jin and A. Acrivos },
    TITLE = { Theory of Particle Segregation in Rimming Flows of Suspensions Containing Neutrally Buoyant Particles },
    YEAR = { 2004 },
    JOURNAL = { Physics of Fluids },
    VOLUME = { 16 },
    NUMBER = { 641 },
    PAGES = { 641-651 },
    URL = { http://link.aip.org/link/?PHF/16/641/1 },
    ABSTRACT = { It has recently been reported that an initially uniform suspension of neutrally buoyant particles within a partially filled horizontal rotating cylinder can, under certain conditions, segregate into bands of particles separated by regions of low particle concentration or even particle-free liquid [M. Tirumkudulu, A. Mileo, and A. Acrivos, Phys. Fluids 12, 1615 (2000)]. An explanation for this phenomenon is proposed on the basis of a model of rimming flows with an axially varying viscosity plus the experimental observation that, when the liquid contains a recirculating region (puddle), the particles segregate radially by migrating out of the puddle into the unidirectional circumferential flow. A linear stability analysis for dilute suspensions shows that such a particle distribution is unstable to axial perturbations with the surface tension being responsible for the selection of the wavelength of the most rapidly amplified disturbance. The calculated and measured spacings between the bands are in good agreement. In addition, since, in the absence of a puddle, the particle concentration appears to remain uniform throughout the cross section of the film, no axial particle segregation is predicted to occur nor has it ever been seen experimentally, even when an axial viscosity variation is imposed on the flow by cooling a preselected portion of the cylinder. },
}