GISSIG Meeting Dec. 9: Complexity, Uncertainty and Ambiguity in Digital History

Jeanette Zerneke, Technical Director for the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative:

“(ECAI)Early California Cultural Atlas: Complexity, Uncertainty, and Ambiguity
 in Digital History”

The Early California Cultural Atlas (ECCA) is a collaborative research project led by Professor Steven Hackel at UC Riverside in collaboration with Jeanette Zerneke of ECAI. ECCA is developing a digital atlas of historical data related to the colonization and settlement of early California. European settlement in North America and the establishment of missions to Indians initiated dramatic demographic, environmental, religious, and social change. In the first phase of the project we constructed a website of historical change in the region of Monterey, California. Embedded Google Earth visualizations show changes by year and allow the user to interact with the data layers and time bar. The project has chosen to intentionally address ambiguity, developed an ambiguity characterization methodology, and experimented with methods to visualize characteristic land use patterns. In the process, we encountered significant new historical questions.

ECCA integrates multiple types of data such as: California Mission records from the Early California Population Project based at the Huntington Library in Pasadena; Historical maps from the Library of Congress and David Rumsey Collection; and Hand drawn maps, images, and texts from the Online Archive of California. For further information see: ecai.org/nehecca.

Jeanette Zerneke is the Technical Director for the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative (ECAI). In that role Jeanette works with a diverse groups of technology experts to develop tools and methodologies that support ECAI’s mission. ECAI is a global collaboration among humanities scholars, librarians, cultural heritage managers, and information technology researchers. ECAI’s mission is to enhance scholarship by promoting greater attention to time and place. Jeanette’s work involves developing infrastructure, programs, methodologies, working groups, and training workshops to support ECAI affiliates in project development and integration. Jeanette works directly with project teams to develop web sites and ePublications highlighting the growing use of new technologies to present cultural information in innovative ways.

Previously the Director of Information Systems and Services of the International and Area Studies, UC Berkeley, Jeanette provided leadership in administrative systems, database, and WEB system development and management of computer support services. She has had more than thirty years experience as a programmer, information systems developer, and manager of computing services.

WHEN: Thursday, December 9, 1 p.m. – 2 p.m.
WHERE: Stanford Humanities Center, Baker Room

Feb. 25: Improving Malaria Understanding and Control with the Aid of Spatial Analytical Approaches

This is a reminder that t he Morrison Institute Winter Colloquium on Population Studies ( http://www.stanford.edu/group/morrinst/c.html ) continues on Wednesday, February 25 , 2009, when Marcia Castro of the Harvard University School of Public Health presents “Improving Malaria Understanding and Control with the Aid of Spatial Analytical Approaches.” Diverse types of malaria contexts can be observed based on local characteristics. Frontier malaria, such as observed in the Brazilian Amazon, is a biological, ecological, and sociodemographic phenomenon operating over time at three spatial scales (micro-individual, community, and state and national). Urban malaria, such as observed in many African cities, is characterized by focal transmission also determined by a myriad of factors. In both cases, improved understanding of the most important determinants of malaria risk and transmission requires spatially explicit analysis. The presentation will show applications for each type. First, an approach that combined spatial analysis, geostatistical tools, and fuzzy sets models revealed that the early stages of frontier settlement are dominated by environmental risks, consequential to ecosystem transformations that promote larval habitats of Anopheles darlingi. With the advance of forest clearance and the establishment of agriculture, ranching, and urban development, malaria transmission is substantially reduced, and risks of new infection are largely driven by human behavioral factors. Second, a methodological approach using spatial analysis and remote sensing applied to multiple data sources (entomological, household, and parasitological data) provides inputs for community based integrated vector control approaches in urban settings. 

Marcia Castro is Assistant Professor Of Demography in the Department of Global Health and Population at Harvard’s School of Public Health. She earned her PhD in Demography at Princeton, and has written extensively on malaria, mosquito control, and spatial demography. 

The Morrison Institute for Population and Resource Studies Winter Colloquium is a lecture series for students, the Stanford community, and the general public that presents the latest scientific findings in demography, epidemiology, genetics, and other areas in the field of population and resource studies. 

The Winter Colloquium is held on Wednesdays of the Winter Quarter, 4:15 p.m. in Herrin Hall T-175 (Biological Sciences building). 

Contact Jim Collins, (650)723-7518, or email morrisoninstitute@stanford.edu for more information. 

The remaining 2009 Colloquium schedule: 

Wed., 24 Feb. Marcia Castro 

Harvard University 

Improving Malaria Understanding and Control with the Aid of Spatial Analytical Approaches 

Wed., 4 Mar. Rebecca Bird 

Stanford University 

Fire-Stick ‘Farming’: Hunter-Gatherer Landscape Mosaics in the Western Desert of Australia

Lunch Meeting: The Use and Abuse of Spatial Analysis in Historical Research

The next GISSIG lunch meeting will be Monday, March 9 at the Humanities Center: The Use and Abuse of Spatial Analysis in Historical Research

Knowledge Maps of Science

SAP Media X 2009 Winter Lecture Series
Wednesday, January 21. 9:00 – 10:00 AM
Y2E2 Room 292A Jerry Yang Akiko Yamazaki Environment & Energy Building

Communicating the Structure and Evolution of Science

Katy B ö rner
Indiana University

http://scimaps.org/

Cartographic maps of physical places have guided mankind’s explorations for centuries. They enabled the discovery of new worlds while also marking territories inhabited by unknown monsters. Domain maps of abstract semantic spaces, see scimaps.org , aim to serve today’s explorers’ understanding and navigating the world of science. The maps are generated through scientific analysis of large-scale scholarly datasets in an effort to connect and make sense of the bits and pieces of knowledge they contain. They can be used to objectively identify major research areas, experts, institutions, collections, grants, papers, journals, and ideas in a domain of interest. Local maps provide overviews of a specific area: its homogeneity, import-export factors, and relative speed. They allow one to track the emergence, evolution, and disappearance of topics and help to identify the most promising areas of research. Global maps show the overall structure and evolution of our collective scholarly knowledge.

This talk will present an overview of the techniques used to study science by scientific means together with sample science maps and their interpretations.

Katy Börner is the Victor H. Yngve Associate Professor of Information Science at the School of Library and Information Science, Adjunct Associate Professor in the School of Informatics, Core Faculty of Cognitive Science, Research Affiliate of the Biocomplexity Institute, Fellow of the Center for Research on Learning and Technology, Member of the Advanced Visualization Laboratory, and Founding Director of the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center at Indiana University. She is a curator of the Places & Spaces: Mapping Science exhibit, http://scimaps.org/ .

Her research focuses on the development of data analysis and visualization techniques for information access, understanding, and management.

Attendance is open, subject to availability.