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April 28, 2008

Is Oil Bad for Democracy?

New reseaerch challenges the widely held theory that democracy and oil exports are inversely related. Visit Stanford's Storybank for details.

Posted by tanya at 05:30 PM

April 07, 2008

Can An Election Hinge on Whose Name Comes First on the Ballot?

Why were the polls so wrong in the January 2008 New Hampshire Democratic primary? Jon Krosnick, professor of communication and associate director of IRiSS, helped solve the mystery. Visit Stanford's Storybank for details.

Posted by tanya at 11:05 AM

How Can Government Stimulate Civic Activism?

The Center for Philanthropy and Civil Society (PACS) cordially invites you to its next seminar "Enabling Civil Society: A Public Policy Framework for Evaluating, Sustaining, and Challenging the Voluntary Sector," featuring Mark H. Moore, Hauser Professor of Nonprofit Organizations at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

When: Wednesday, April 30, 2008, from 4-6 pm
Where: Stanford Humanities Center, 424 Santa Teresa Ave., Stanford

Dr. Moore's research interests are public management and leadership, civil society and community mobilization, and criminal justice policy and management. His recent publications include Creating Public Value: Strategic Management in Government and Creating Public Value Through State Arts Agencies.

Space is limited. If you plan on attending the seminar, please RSVP to nataliec@stanford.edu as soon as possible.

PACS is a program of the Institute for Research in the Social Sciences.

Posted by tanya at 10:55 AM

April 05, 2008

Space vs. Place: Population and Deforestation in Guatemala

The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Special Interest Group welcomes you to attend a lecture by David L. Carr, associate professor of geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara. The event is sponsored by The Institute for Research in the Social Sciences and the Stanford Humanities Center.

When: Thursday, April 24, 3pm
Where: Yang and Yamazaki Environment and Energy Building (Woods Institute for the Environment), Room 102

In explaining variability in tropical deforestation, land change scientists have focused almost exclusively on in situ (or “on-farm”) resource use, while population scholars have largely ignored rural-to- rural migration. The ways in which household responses to the human and physical environment in one place may affect land cover change in another place have been inadequately explored. This lecture investigates the primary proximate and underlying causes of deforestation in the humid tropics with a case study from Guatemala.

To investigate the first cause of this phenomenon, farmer land use, Professor Carr collected data from over 500 farmers in Guatemala’s Maya Biosphere Reserve (MBR). To address the second cause of deforestation in the MBR, migration, he conducted interviews with community leaders in twenty-eight communities of MBR settler origin. Evidence suggests that space and place remain essential heuristics to understanding the deforestation process in the tropics. Results from the MBR revealed several factors positively related to forest clearing at the farm level including family size, secure land title, duration on the farm, agricultural intensification, ethnicity, and farm size. Results from areas of origin of migrants to the MBR suggest that larger families, Q’eqchí Maya, landless households, families with small or environmentally degraded plots, households with poor access to labor and produce markets, the least educated, and the exceptionally poor run the greatest risk for migration to the frontier. Evidently, attention to both migration origin and destination areas enhances options for policy interventions aimed at sustainable rural development and forest conservation.

David Carr has served as principal investigator on grants from NASA, NIH, and NSF, enjoyed collaborations with the IHDP, USAID, WWF, TNC, CI, and the IPCC, and has authored over fifty publications on land use/cover change, protected areas, migration, fertility, and health in the tropics.

The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Special Interest Group @ Stanford (http://gissig.stanford.edu) is formed around a common interest in GIS, particularly in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Our mission is to facilitate a multidisciplinary network of faculty and students who apply or will be applying GIS, spatial technologies and methods.

Posted by tanya at 01:27 PM | Comments (0)

April 01, 2008

How Does Socioeconomic Status affect Health Care Outcomes?

Come find out in a special discussion on Tuesday April 8th led by world-renowned epidemiologist Sir Michael Marmot.

Date/Time: Tues. 4/8, 5:30-6:30pm (reception to follow)
Location: Schwab Residential Center, Vidalakis Dining Room, 680 Serra Street, Stanford

Sir Marmot is Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at University College London (UCL) and the Director of the UCL International Institute for Society and Health. He will lead participants in a discussion about socio-economic issues affecting the quality of health care throughout the world, covering topics such as:

--How does socio-economic status (SES) impact health care outcomes?
--What are the policy and clinical implications of the relationship between SES and health?

A noted research leader in health inequalities for 30 years, Sir Marmot won the Balzan Prize for outstanding achievements in Epidemiology in 2004. Internationally respected, he was knighted in 2000 by the Queen of England for services in Epidemiology and understanding health inequalities.

** Sir Michael Marmot visit is sponsored by the Stanford Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society, Haas Center, Stanford Center on Ethics, Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality, and Department of Medicine **

For more information, contact Natalie Chang at nataliec@stanford.edu

Posted by tanya at 12:20 PM