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STANFORD—Rural farmers in sub-Saharan Africa live under risky conditions. Many grow low-value cereal crops that depend on a short rainy season. A lack of rain can trap them in poverty and hunger. Reliable access to water could change the farmers’ perilous situation. Stanford scientists are calling for investments in small-scale irrigation projects and hydrologic mapping [...]

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Stanford researchers have gotten a glimpse into an uncertain future where increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere will lead to higher levels in the ocean as well, leaving the water more acidic and altering underwater ecosystems. The glimpse comes from waters near Ischia, Italy, where unusual shallow-water volcanic vents in the floor [...]

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STANFORD UNIVERSITY – Higher temperatures could hurt California and other premium winegrowing regions of the United States in the next 30 years, according to a new study led by Stanford University climate scientists. Writing in the June 30 edition of Environmental Research Letters, the scientists report that by 2040, the amount of land suitable for [...]

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STANFORD UNIVERSITY – The tropics and much of the Northern Hemisphere are likely to experience an irreversible rise in summer temperatures within the next 20 to 60 years if atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations continue to increase, according to a new climate study by Stanford University scientists. The results will be published later this month in [...]

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STANFORD UNIVESITY – Global warming is likely already taking a toll on world wheat and corn production, according to a new study led by Stanford University researchers. But the United States, Canada and northern Mexico have largely escaped the trend. “It appears as if farmers in North America got a pass on the first round [...]

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STANFORD GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS - Sugarcane – a principal crop for biofuel – reduces the local air temperature compared to pasturelands or fields growing soybeans or maize, according to a new study from researchers at Stanford University and the Carnegie Institution for Science. But sugarcane’s effect on temperature is a “double-edged machete,” as it increases [...]

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STANFORD UNIVERSITY – Converting large swaths of farmland from corn to raise perennial grasses for biofuels could lower regional surface temperatures, according to a recent Stanford study. The study, published online in the Feb. 28 edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), comes on the heels of federal initiatives to wean [...]

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STANFORD UNIVERSITY — With the U.S. Senate unwilling to put a mandatory cap on carbon emissions, many companies are continuing to spew pollution causing global warming into the atmosphere unabated — and without cost. Critics rail that if we are to avoid a catastrophic climate crisis, a price should be placed on emissions, thereby providing [...]

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STANFORD UNIVERSITY — The quickest, best way to slow the rapid melting of Arctic sea ice is to reduce soot emissions from the burning of fossil fuel, wood and dung, according to a new study by Stanford researcher Mark Z. Jacobson. His analysis shows that soot is second only to carbon dioxide in contributing to [...]

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STANFORD UNIVERSITY – Exceptionally long heat waves and other hot events could become commonplace in the United States in the next 30 years, according to a new study by Stanford University climate scientists. “Using a large suite of climate model experiments, we see a clear emergence of much more intense, hot conditions in the U.S. [...]

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