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313 Brigade

Formed2008
DisbandedGroup is active.
UpdatedNovember 16, 2012

Narrative Summary

The 313 Brigade is al Qaeda's military arm in Pakistan. [1]  Its members include the Taliban and allied jihadist groups, such as Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed, and Jundallah. [2]  Its name is derived from the 313 companions who fought with the Prophet Mohammed in the Battle of Badr. [3]

The group has been associated with multiple assassination attempts against Pervez Musharraf and Prime Minister Gilani. [4] It has also allegedly conducted several attacks on Pakistani military buildings, particularly an assault and siege of the military headquarters in Rawalpindi in December 2009. [5]  313 has been known to recruit senior Pakistani military and intelligence personnel. [6]

Other related attacks include an assault on a naval base in Karachi, the assassination of General Faisal Alvi - after he threatened to expose high-ranking government employees' ties to the Taliban - and a suicide attack against government and security operations in Khost, Afghanistan. [7] 

 Ilyas Kashmiri was the Brigade's highest-profile leader. [8] Kashmiri was also the leader of Lashkar-e-Zil and affiliated with Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami. [9] After Kashmiri's reported death, Shah Sahib became the new leader of the Brigade.  [10]

The group had an online presence as of July 2010. [11]

Leadership

  1. Ilyas Kashmiri (Unknown to August 2011): Kashmiri was the first leader of 313 brigade. Kashmiri was also the leader of Lashkar-e-Zil and affiliated with Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami.[12]
  2. Shah Sahib (August 2011 to Unknown): After Kashmiri's reported death, Shah Sahib became 313's leader.[13]

Ideology & Goals

313 Brigade is ideologically more aligned with Al-Qaeda than Kashmiri groups. While there have been no official pronouncements on what the goals of the group are, it has sought to attack US and Pakistani state assets in concert with Al-Qaeda's leadership. 

Designated/Listed

The group's leader, Ilyas Kashmiri, was designated as a terrorist by the U.S. in 2010. [14] Kashmiri was also added to the United Nations' 1267 Committee designated terrorists list. [15]

Resources

After Kashmiri's 2010 designation as a terrorist, the US could pursue freezing his personal bank accounts. [16]

Major Attacks

  1. 2003: The Brigade claimed responsibility for an unsuccessful attempted assassination of President Musharraf. (unknown).[17]
  2. 2008: The group has been associated with the assassination of General Faisal Alvi, after he threatened to expose high-ranking government employees' ties to the Taliban. (1 death).[18]
  3. 2009: The 313 Brigade has allegedly conducted several attacks on Pakistani military buildings, particularly an assault and siege of the military headquarters in Rawalpindi in December 2009. (17 deaths).[19]
  4. 2009: The Brigade appears to have conducted a multi-pronged suicide attack against government and security installations in Khost, Afghanistan. (unknown).[20]
  5. 2011: The Brigade has been associated with an attack on a Karachi naval base similar in style to the Rawalpindi. Several hostages were taken. (14 deaths (4 of which were terrorists)).[21]

Relationships with Other Groups

313 Brigade is an active affiliate of Al-Qaeda. It has members from the Taliban and allied jihadist groups, such as Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed, and Jundallah. [22]


References

  1. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  2. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  3. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  4. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  5. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  6. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  7. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda leader Ilyas Kashmiri spotted at Taliban meeting." The Long War Journal. 7 March 2012.  Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/03/al_qaeda_leader_ilya.php
  8. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  9. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  10. ^ Ameer, Hamza. "New Leader Plans Attack on Pakistan." Asia Times Online. 31 August 2011. Available at: http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/MH31Df01.html
  11. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  12. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  13. ^ Ameer, Hamza. "New Leader Plans Attack on Pakistan." Asia Times Online. 31 August 2011. Available at: http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/MH31Df01.html
  14. ^ Roggio, Bill. "US Adds Ilyas Kashmiri to List of Designated Terrorists." The Long War Journal. 6 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/us_adds_ilyas_kashmi.php
  15. ^ Roggio, Bill. "US Adds Ilyas Kashmiri to List of Designated Terrorists." The Long War Journal. 6 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/us_adds_ilyas_kashmi.php
  16. ^ Roggio, Bill. "US Adds Ilyas Kashmiri to List of Designated Terrorists." The Long War Journal. 6 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/us_adds_ilyas_kashmi.php
  17. ^ Mufti, Mariam. "Religion and Militancy in Afghanistan and Pakistan." A Report of the CSIS Program on Crisis, Conflict, and Cooperation. June 2012.
  18. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda leader Ilyas Kashmiri spotted at Taliban meeting." The Long War Journal. 7 March 2012. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2012/03/al_qaeda_leader_ilya.php
  19. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php; http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2011/05/pakist
  20. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php
  21. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Taliban assault team attacks Pakistani naval base." 22 May 2011. http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2011/05/pakistani_navy_base.php
  22. ^ Roggio, Bill. "Al Qaeda Brigade 313 Website Goes Online." The Long War Journal. 2 August 2010. Available at: http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2010/08/al_qaeda_brigade_313_website_goes_online.php

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