Publication List (reverse chronology)

339.   Mikael P. Backlund, Ryan Joyner, Karsten Weis, and W. E. Moerner, “Correlations of three-dimensional motion of chromosomal loci in yeast revealed by the double-helix point spread function microscope,” Mol. Biol. Cell 25 (22) 3619-3629 (2014) (DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E14-06-1127, published online October 15, 2014). DOI

338.   Matthew D. Lew and W. E. Moerner, “Azimuthal polarization filtering for accurate, precise, and robust single-molecule localization microscopy,” Nano Letters (in press, 2014, DOI:10.1021/nl502914k, published online October 1, 2014). DOI

337.   Marissa K. Lee, Prabin Rai, Jarrod Williams, Robert J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Small-Molecule Labeling of Live Cell Surfaces for Three-Dimensional Super-Resolution Microscopy,” J. Amer. Chem. Soc. (in press, 2014, DOI: 10.1021/ja508028h, published online, September 15, 2014) DOI

336.   Yoav Shechtman, Steffen J. Sahl, Adam S. Backer, and W. E. Moerner, “Optimal Point Spread Function Design for 3D Imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 133902 (2014), (DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.133902, published online September 26, 2014) DOI

335.   Yin Loon Lee, Joshua Santé, Colin J. Comerci, Benjamin Cyge, Luis F. Menezes, Feng-Qian Li, Gregory G. Germino, W. E. Moerner, Ken-Ichi Takemaru, and Tim Stearns, “Cby1 promotes Ahi1 recruitment to a ring-shaped domain at the centriole–cilium interface and facilitates proper cilium formation and function,” Mol. Biol. Cell 25 (19)  2919-2933 (2014) (DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E14-02-0735, published online August 7, 2014.) DOI

334.   Adam S. Backer and W. E. Moerner, “Extending Single-Molecule Microscopy Using Optical Fourier Processing,” James Skinner Festschrift, J. Phys. Chem. B 118, 8313-8329 (2014) (DOI: 10.1021/jp501778z, published online 18 April 2014). DOI

333.   A. S. Backer, M. P. Backlund, A. R. von Diezmann, S. J. Sahl, and W. E. Moerner, “A bisected pupil for studying single-molecule orientational dynamics and its application to 3D super-resolution microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 193701 (5) (2014). DOI

332.   Christopher P. Calderon, Lucien E. Weiss, and W. E. Moerner, “Robust hypothesis tests for detecting statistical evidence of two-dimensional and three-dimensional interactions in single-molecule measurements,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 052705(8) (2014) (DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.89.052705, published online 12 May 2014). DOI

331.   Gabriela S. Schlau-Cohen, Samuel Bockenhauer, Quan Wang, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-molecule spectroscopy of photosynthetic proteins in solution: exploration of structure–function relationships,” Minireview, Chem. Sci. 5, 2933-2939 (DOI:10.1039/C4SC00582A, published online 15 April 2014). DOI

330.   Jerod L. Ptacin, Andreas Gahlmann, Grant R. Bowman, Adam M. Perez, Alexander R. S. von Diezmann, Michael R. Eckart, W. E. Moerner, and Lucy Shapiro, “Bacterial scaffold directs pole-specific centromere segregation,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 111, E2046-E2055 (2014) (DOI:10.1073/pnas.1405188111, published online 28 April 2014). DOI

329.   Quan Wang and W. E. Moerner, “Single-molecule motions enable direct visualization of biomolecular interactions in solution,” Nature Methods 111, 555-558 (published online March 9, 2014). DOI

328.   Quan Wang and W. E. Moerner, “Spectroscopic and transport measurements of single molecules in solution using an electrokinetic trap,” Proc. SPIE 8950, 895004 1-10 (2014).

327.   Adam S. Backer, Mikael P. Backlund, Matthew D. Lew, Alexander R. Diezmann, Steffen J. Sahl, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-molecule orientation measurements with a quadrated pupil,” Proc. SPIE 8950, 89500L 1-6 (2014).

326.   Samuel D. Bockenhauer, Thomas M. Duncan, W. E. Moerner and Michael Börsch, “The regulatory switch of F1-ATPase studied by single-molecule FRET in the ABEL Trap, ” Proc. SPIE 8950, 89500H 1-14 (in press, 2014).

325.   Mikael P. Backlund, Matthew D. Lew, Adam S. Backer, Steffen J. Sahl, and W. E. Moerner, “The role of molecular dipole orientation in single-molecule fluorescence microscopy and implications for super-resolution imaging,” Minireview, ChemPhysChem 15, 587-599 (2014), published online December 30, 2013. DOI

324.   Andreas Gahlmann and W. E. Moerner, “Exploring bacterial cell biology with single-molecule tracking and super-resolution imaging,” Nature Reviews Microbiology 12, 9-22 (2014), published online December 16, 2013. DOI

323.   Christopher P. Calderon, Michael A. Thompson, Jason M. Casolari, Randy C. Paffenroth, and W. E. Moerner, “Quantifying Transient 3D Dynamical Phenomena of Single mRNA Particles in Live Yeast Cell Measurements,” J. Phys. Chem. B 117, 15701-15713 (2013), published online September 9, 2013. DOI

322.   Steffen J. Sahl and W. E. Moerner, "Super-resolution Fluorescence Imaging with Single Molecules,” Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 23, 778-787 (2013), published online 8 August 2013. DOI

321.   S. Bockenhauer and W. E. Moerner, “Photo-Induced Conformational Flexibility in Single Solution-Phase Peridinin-Chlorophyll-Proteins,” J. Phys. Chem. A 117, 8399-8406 (2013), published online 6 August 2013. DOI

320.   G.S. Schlau-Cohen, Q. Wang, J. Southall, R.J. Cogdell, W.E. Moerner, "Single-molecule spectroscopy reveals LH2 complexes switch between emissive states," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 110, 10899-10903 (2013), published online 19 June 2013. DOI

319.   Adam S. Backer, Mikael P. Backlund, Matthew D. Lew, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-molecule orientation measurements with a quadrated pupil,” Optics Lett. 38, 1521-1523 (2013), published online March 15, 2013. DOI

318.   Mikael P. Backlund*, Matthew D. Lew*, Adam S. Backer, Steffen J. Sahl, Ginni Grover, Anurag Agrawal, Rafael Piestun, and W. E. Moerner (*equal contributions), “The double-helix point spread function enables precise and accurate measurement of 3D single-molecule position and orientation,” Proc. SPIE 8590, 85900L1-11 (2013). DOI

317.   Matthew D. Lew*, Alexander R. S. von Diezmann,* and W. E. Moerner (*equal contributions), “Easy-DHPSF open-source software for three-dimensional localization of single molecules with precision beyond the optical diffraction limit,” Protocol Exchange doi:10.1038/protex.2013.026, published online 25 February 2013. DOI

316.   Andreas Gahlmann, Jerod L. Ptacin, Ginni Grover, Sean Quirin, Alexander R. S. von Diezmann, Marissa K. Lee, Mikael P. Backlund, Lucy Shapiro, Rafael Piestun, and W. E. Moerner, “Quantitative Multicolor Subdiffraction Imaging of Bacterial Protein Ultrastructures in Three Dimensions,” Nano Lett. 13, 987-993 (2013), published online February 15, 2013. DOI

315.   Matthew D. Lew*, Mikael P. Backlund*, and W. E. Moerner (*equal contributions), “Rotational Mobility of Single Molecules Affects Localization Accuracy in Super-Resolution Fluorescence Microscopy,” Nano Lett. 13, 3967-3972 (2013), published online January 29, 2013. DOI

314.   Quan Wang and W. E. Moerner, “Lifetime and spectrally resolved characterization of the photodynamics of single fluorophores in solution using the Anti-Brownian Electrokinetic trap,” Special Issue in memory of Paul F. Barbara, J. Phys. Chem. B 117, 4641-4648 (2013), published online 30 November 2012. DOI

313.   Steffen J. Sahl*, Lucien E. Weiss*, Whitney C. Duim, Judith Frydman, and W. E. Moerner (*equal contributions), “Cellular Inclusion Bodies of Mutant Huntingtin Exon1 Obscure Small Fibrillar Aggregate Species,” Scientific Reports 2, 895 (2012). DOI

312. Mikael P. Backlund*, Matthew D. Lew*, Adam S. Backer, Steffen J. Sahl, Ginni Grover, Anurag Agrawal, Rafael Piestun, and W. E. Moerner (*equal contributions), “Simultaneous, accurate measurement of the 3D position and orientation of single molecules,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 109, 19087-19092 (2012), published online 5 November 2012. DOI

311. Marissa K. Lee, Jarrod Williams, Robert J. Twieg, Jianghong Rao, and W. E. Moerner, “Enzymatic Activation of Nitro-Aryl Fluorogens in Live Bacterial Cells for Enzymatic Turnover-Activated Localization Microscopy,” Chemical Science 4 (1), 220-225 (2013), published online 5 October 2012.  DOI

310.   Alison E. Ondrus*, Hsiao-lu D. Lee*, Shigeki Iwanaga, William H. Parsons, Brian M. Andresen, W. E. Moerner, and J. Du Bois (*equal contributions), “Fluorescent Saxitoxins for Live Cell Imaging of Single Voltage-Gated Sodium Ion Channels Beyond the Optical Diffraction Limit,” Chemistry and Biology 19, 902-912 (2012), published online 26 July 2012. DOI 

309.   Samuel Bockenhauer, Quan Wang, and W. E. Moerner, “Spectrally Resolved Anti-Brownian ELectrokinetic (ABEL) Trapping of Single Peridinin-Chlorophyll-Proteins in Solution,” Proc. SPIE 8427, 84274C(1-9) (2012). DOI

308.   Lana Lau, Yin Loon Lee, Steffen J. Sahl, Tim Stearns, and W. E. Moerner, “STED Microscopy with Optimized Labeling Density Reveals 9-fold Arrangement of a Centriole Protein,” Biophys. J. 102, 2926-2935 (2012) published online 19 June 2012. DOI

307.   Anika A. Kinkhabwala, Zongfu Yu, Shanhui Fan, and W.E. Moerner, “Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy at high concentrations using gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Chem. Phys. 406, 3-8 (2012) published online 21 April 2012; 406C, 3-8 (2012). DOI

306.   W. E. Moerner, “Microscopy beyond the diffraction limit using actively controlled single molecules,” J. Microsc. 246, 213-220 (2012), published online 12 April 2012. DOI

305.   Quan Wang, Randall H. Goldsmith, Yan Jiang, Samuel D. Bockenhauer, and W.E. Moerner, “Probing single biomolecules in solution using the Anti-Brownian ELectrokinetic (ABEL) trap,” Acc. Chem. Res. 45, 1955-1964 (Paul Barbara Special Issue) (2012), published online 22 May 2012. DOI

304. Jason M. Casolari, Michael A. Thompson, Julia Salzman, Lowry M. Champion, W. E. Moerner, and Patrick O. Brown, “Widespread mRNA Association with Cytoskeletal Motor Proteins and Identification and Dynamics of Myosin-Associated mRNAs in S. cerevisiae,” PLoSONE 7(2), e31912(1-20) (2012), published 16 Feb 2012. DOI

303. Samuel Bockenhauer, Alexandre Fürstenberg, Xiao Jie Yao, Brian K. Kobilka, and W. E. Moerner, “Anti-Brownian ELectrokinetic (ABEL) Trapping of Single β2-Adrenergic Receptors in the Absence and Presence of Agonist,” Proc. SPIE 8228, 822805(1-16), (2012). DOI

302. Hsiao-lu D. Lee*, Steffen J. Sahl*, Matthew D. Lew, and W. E. Moerner (equal contributions), “The double-helix microscope super-resolves extended biological structures by localizing single blinking molecules in three dimensions with nanoscale precision,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 153701 (2012), published online 9 April 2012. DOI

301. Stephanie C. Weber, Michael A. Thompson, W. E. Moerner, Andrew J. Spakowitz, and Julie A. Theriot, “Analytical tools to distinguish the effects of localization error, confinement and medium elasticity on the velocity autocorrelation function,” Biophys. J. 102, 2443-2450 (2012). DOI

300. Nicholas R. Conley, Anca Dragulescu-Andrasi, Jianghong Rao, and W. E. Moerner, “A Selenium Analogue of Firefly D-Luciferin with Red-Shifted Bioluminescence Emission,” Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. Engl. 51, 3350-3353 (2012), published online 17 February 2012. DOI

299. Matthew D. Lew, Steven F. Lee, Michael A. Thompson, Hsiao-lu D. Lee, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Photocontrol and Nanoscopy,”  in Far-Field Optical Nanoscopy, P. Tinnefeld, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, Eds., Springer Series on Fluorescence (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012), published online 21 February 2012. DOI MOVIE

298. Michael A. Thompson, Matthew D. Lew, and W. E. Moerner, “Extending Microscopic Resolution with Single-Molecule Imaging and Active Control,” Annual Reviews of Biophysics 41, 321-342 (published online 9 Jun 2012). DOI

297. Julie Biteen, Erin D. Goley, Lucy Shapiro, and W. E. Moerner, “Three-Dimensional Super-Resolution Imaging of the Midplane Protein FtsZ in Live Caulobacter crescentus Cells Using Astigmatism, ChemPhysChem 13, 1007-1012 (2012), published online January 20, 2012. DOI

296. Samuel Bockenhauer, Alexandre Fürstenberg, Xiao Jie Yao, Brian Kobilka, and W. E. Moerner, “Conformational Dynamics of Single G Protein-Coupled Receptors in Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. B 115, 13328-13338 (2011), published online 19 September 2011. DOI

295. Matthew D. Lew*, Steven F. Lee*, Jerod L. Ptacin, Marissa K. Lee, Robert J. Twieg, Lucy Shapiro, and W. E. Moerner (equal contributions), “Three-dimensional super-resolution co-localization of intracellular protein superstructures and the cell surface in live Caulobacter crescentus,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 108, E1102-E1110 (2011) and 108, 18577-18578 (2011), published online 26 October 2011. DOI

294. Randall H. Goldsmith, Leandro C. Tabares, Dorota Kostrz, Christopher Dennison, Thijs J. Aartsma, Gerard W. Canters, and W. E. Moerner, “Redox cycling and kinetic analysis of single molecules of solution-phase nitrite reductase,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 108, 17269-17274 (2011), published online 3 October 2011. DOI

293. Yan Jiang, Nicholai R. Douglas, Nicholas R. Conley, Erik J. Miller, Judith Frydman, and W. E. Moerner, “Sensing Cooperativity in ATP Hydrolysis for Single Multi-Subunit Enzymes in Solution,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 108, 16962-16967 (2011), published online 6 September 2011. DOI - Commentary

292. Whitney C. Duim, Bryan Chen, Judith Frydman, and W. E. Moerner, “Sub-Diffraction Imaging of Huntingtin Protein Aggregates by Fluorescence Blink-Microscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy,” ChemPhysChem 12, 2387-2390 (2011), published online July 6, 2011. DOI

291. Quan Wang and W. E. Moerner, “An Adaptive Anti-Brownian ELectrokinetic Trap with Real-time Information on Single-Molecule Diffusivity and Mobility,” ACS Nano 5, 5792-5799 (2011), published online May 25, 2011. DOI

290. A. E. Cohen and W. E. Moerner, “Anti-Brownian Traps,” in Encyclopedia of Biophysics, G. C. K. Roberts (Ed.) (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, appearing 2012).

289. Lana Lau, Yin Loon Lee, Maja Matis, Jeff Axelrod, Tim Stearns, and W. E. Moerner, “STED Super-resolution Microscopy in Drosophila Tissue and in Mammalian Cells,” Proc SPIE 7910, 79101N-1-79101N-8 (2011). DOI

288. Julie S. Biteen and W. E. Moerner, “Live-cell single-molecule and superresolution imaging of proteins in bacteria,” Proc SPIE 7905, 79050Q-1-79050Q-8 (2011). DOI

287. Steven F. Lee*, Michael A. Thompson*, Monica Schwartz, Lucy Shapiro, and W. E. Moerner, “Super-Resolution Imaging of the Nucleoid-Associated Protein HU in Caulobacter crescentus,” Biophys. J. Lett. 100, L31-L33 (2011). (* equal contributions) SIandMovies, DOI

286. Matthew D. Lew, Steven F. Lee, Majid Badieirostami, and W. E. Moerner, “Corkscrew point spread function for far-field three-dimensional nanoscale localization of point objects,” Optics Lett. 36, 202-204 (2011), published online December 14, 2010. DOI

285. Majid Badieirostami, Matthew D. Lew, Michael A. Thompson, and W. E. Moerner, “Three-Dimensional Localization Precision of the Double-Helix Point Spread Function versus Astigmatism and Biplane,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161103 (2010), published online October 18, 2010. DOI

284. Hsiao-lu D. Lee, Samuel J. Lord, Shigeki Iwanaga, Ke Zhan, Hexin Xie, Jarrod C. Williams, Hui Wang, Grant R. Bowman, Erin D. Goley, Lucy Shapiro, Robert J. Twieg, Jianghong Rao, and W. E. Moerner, “Superresolution Imaging of Targeted Proteins in Fixed and Living Cells Using Photoactivatable Organic Fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 15099-15101 (2010), published online October 11, 2010. DOI

283. Michael A. Thompson, Jason M. Casolari, Majid Badieirostami, Patrick O. Brown, and W.E. Moerner, “Three-dimensional tracking of single mRNA particles in S. cerevisiae using a Double-Helix Point Spread Function,” Inaugural Article, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 107, 17864-17871 (2010), published online 4 October 2010. DOI

282. S. Y. Kim, E. J. Miller, J. Frydman, and W. E. Moerner, “Action of the chaperonin GroEL/ES on a non-native substrate observed with single-molecule FRET,” J. Molec. Biol. 401, 553-563 (2010), published online 30 June 2010. DOI

281. Jerod L. Ptacin, Steven F. Lee, Ethan C. Garner, Esteban Toro, Michael Eckart, Luis R. Comolli, W.E. Moerner, and Lucy Shapiro, “A spindle-like apparatus guides bacterial chromosome segregation,” Nature Cell Biology 12, 791-798 (2010), published online July 25, 2010. DOI

280. M. A. Thompson, J. S. Biteen, S. J. Lord, N. R. Conley, and W. E. Moerner, “Molecules and Methods for Super-Resolution Imaging,” Methods in Enzymology, Volume 475, Nils G. Walter, Editor (Elsevier, New York, 2010), Chapter 2, pp. 27-59. DOI

279. J. S. Biteen, L. Shapiro, and W. E. Moerner, “Exploring Protein Superstructures and Dynamics in Live Bacterial Cells Using Single-Molecule and Superresolution Imaging,” Ch. 8 of  Single-Molecule Techniques: Methods and Protocols, E. J. G. Peterman and G. J. L. Wuite, Eds.,  Methods in Molecular Biology Volume 783 (Humana Press, New York, 2011), pp. 139-158. DOI

278. M. D. Lew, M. A. Thompson, M. Badieirostami, and W. E. Moerner, “In-vivo Three-Dimensional Superresolution Fluorescence Tracking using a Double-Helix Point Spread Function,” Proc. SPIE 7571, 75710Z-1-75710Z-13 (2010). DOI

277.   S. J. Lord, H.-L. D. Lee, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Spectroscopy and Imaging of Biomolecules in Living Cells,” Perspective, Anal. Chem. 82, 2192-2203 (2010), published online February 17, 2010. DOI

276.   R. Goldsmith and W. E. Moerner, “Watching Conformational- and Photo-Dynamics of Single Fluorescent Proteins in Solution,” Nature Chemistry 2, 179-186 (2010), published online January 31, 2010. DOI

275.   M. A. Thompson*, M. D. Lew*, M. Badieirostami, and W. E. Moerner, (*equal contributions), “Localizing and Tracking Single Nanoscale Emitters in Three Dimensions with High Spatio-Temporal Resolution Using a Double-Helix Point Spread Function,”  Nano Letters 10, 211 (2010), published online December 15, 2009. DOI

274.   Q. Wang and W. E. Moerner, “Optimal Strategy for Trapping Single Fluorescent Molecules in Solution Using the ABEL Trap,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 23-30 (2010), published online December 12, 2009. DOI

273.   J. S. Biteen and W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule and Superresolution Imaging in Live Bacterial Cells,” in Cell Biology of Bacteria, L. Shapiro and R. Losick, Eds., Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology 2010; 2:a000448 (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2011), first published online February 3, 2010.

272.   S. J. Lord, N. R. Conley, H-L. D. Lee, N. Liu, R. Samuel, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photoactivatable DCDHF Fluorophores for Single-Molecule Imaging,” Proc. SPIE 7190, 719013 (2009). DOI

271.   S. J. Lord, H-L. D. Lee, R. Samuel, R. Weber, N. Liu, N. R. Conley, M. A. Thompson, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Azido Push–Pull Fluorogens Photoactivate to Produce Bright Fluorescent Labels,” J. Phys. Chem. B 114, 14157-14167 (2010), Michael R. Wasielewski  Festschrift, published online October 27, 2009. DOI

270.   M. Orrit and W. E. Moerner, “High Resolution Single-Molecule Spectroscopy in Condensed Matter,” Chapter 12 of Physics and Chemistry at Low Temperatures, L. Khriachtchev, Ed. (Pan Stanford Publishing, Singapore, 2011), pp. 381-417.

269.   K. Rivoire, A. Kinkhabwala, F. Hatami, W. T. Masselink, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, W.E. Moerner, and Jelena Vuckovic, "Lithographic Positioning of Fluorescent Molecules on High-Q Photonic Crystal Cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 123113-1-3 (2009).

268.   A. Kinkhabwala, Z. Yu, S. Fan, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, and W. E. Moerner, “Large Single-Molecule Fluorescence Enhancements Produced by a Bowtie Nanoantenna,” Nature Photonics 3, 654-657 (2009), published online October 18, 2009. DOI

267.   R. Won and W. E. Moerner, “Eyes on Super-resolution,” Nature Photonics 3, 368-369 (2009).

266.   J. K. Lee, F. Jäckel, W. E. Moerner, and Z. Bao, “Micron-sized DNA-Single Fluorophore-DNA Supramolecule: Synthesis and Single-Molecule Characterization,”Small 5, 2418-2423 (2009), published online, June 10, 2009.

265.   S. R. P. Pavani*, M. A. Thompson*, J. S. Biteen, S. J. Lord, N. Liu, R. J. Twieg, R. Piestun, and W. E. Moerner, (*equal contributions), "Three-Dimensional Single-Molecule Fluorescence Imaging Beyond the Diffraction Limit Using a Double-Helix Point Spread Function," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 106, 2995-2999 (2009), published online 11 February 2009.

264.   Z. Lu, N. Liu, S. J. Lord, S. D. Bunge, W. E. Moerner, and R. J. Twieg, “Bright-Red Single-Molecule Emitters: Synthesis and Properties of Environmentally Sensitive Dicyanomethylenedihydrofuran (DCDHF) Fluorophores with Bisaromatic Conjugation,” Chem. Mater. 21, 797-810 (2009).

263.   J. S. Biteen, M. A. Thompson, N. K. Tselentis, G. R.Bowman, L. Shapiro, W. E. Moerner, “Superresolution Imaging in Live Caulobacter Crescentus Cells Using Photoswitchable EYFP,” Nature Meth. 5, 947-949 (2008), published online 15 September 2008. DOI

262.   A. K. Pomerantz, W. E. Moerner, and E. T. Kool, “Visualization of Long Human Telomere Mimics by Single-Molecule Fluorescence Imaging,”  J. Phys. Chem. B Lett. 112, 13184-13187 (2008), published online 26 September 2008.

261.   S. J. Lord, N. R. Conley, H.-L. D. Lee, S. Y. Nishimura, A. K. Pomerantz, K. A. Willets, Z. Lu, H. Wang, N. Liu, R. Samuel, R. Weber, A. Semyonov, M. He, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “DCDHF Fluorophores for Single-Molecule Imaging in Cells,” Chem Phys Chem 10th Anniversary Issue 10, 55-65 (2009).

260.   W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Optical Spectroscopy and Imaging: From Early Steps to Recent Advances,” in Single Molecule Spectroscopy in Chemistry, Physics and Biology: Nobel Symposium 138 Proceedings, Springer Series in Chemical Physics Vol. 96, A. Gräslund, R. Rigler, J. Widengren, Eds. ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2009), pp. 25-60.

259.   Y. Jiang, Q. Wang, A. E. Cohen, N. Douglas, J. Frydman, and W. E. Moerner, “Hardware-based anti-Brownian electrokinetic trap (ABEL trap) for single molecules: Control loop simulations and application to ATP binding stoichiometry in multi-subunit enzymes,” Proc. SPIE 7038, 703807 (2008).

258.   N. R. Conley, J. S. Biteen, and W. E. Moerner, “Cy3-Cy5 Covalent Heterodimers for Single-Molecule Photoswitching,” J. Phys. Chem. B Lett. 112, 11878-11880 (published online, 28 August 2008).

257.   G. R. Bowman, L. R. Comolli, J. Zhu, M. Eckart, M. Koenig, K. H. Downing, W. E. Moerner, T. Earnest, L. Shapiro, “A polymeric protein anchors the chromosomal origin/ParB complex at a bacterial cell pole,” Cell 134, 945-955 (2008).

256.   S. J. Lord, N. R. Conley, H.-L. D. Lee, R. Samuel, Na Liu, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “A Photoactivatable Push-Pull Fluorophore for Single-Molecule Imaging in Live Cells,” J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 130, 9204-9205 (published online, June 24, 2008).

255.   A. E. Cohen and W. E. Moerner, “Controlling Brownian motion of single protein molecules and single fluorophores in aqueous buffer,” Optics Express 16, 6941-6956 (2008).

254.   H-L. Lee, E. A. Dubikovskaya, H. Hwang, A. N. Semyonov, H. Wang, L. R. Jones, R. J. Twieg, W. E. Moerner, and P. A. Wender, “Single-Molecule Motions of Oligoarginine Transporter Conjugates on the Plasma Membrane of CHO Cells,” J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 130, 9364-9370 (published online, June 26, 2008).

253.   J. Hwang and W. E. Moerner, “Interferometry of a Single Nanoparticle Using the Gouy Phase of a Focused Laser Beam,” Opt. Commun. 280, 487-491 (published online, Sept. 4, 2007).

252.   F. Jäckel, A. Kinkhabwala, and W. E. Moerner, “Gold bowtie nanoantennas for surface-enhanced Raman scattering under controlled electrochemical potential,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 446, 339-343 (2007).

251.   S. J. Lord, Z. Lu, H. Wang, K. A. Willets, P. J. Schuck, H. D. Lee, S. Y. Nishimura, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photophysical Properties of Acene DCDHF Fluorophores: Long-Wavelength Single-Molecule Emitters Designed for Cellular Imaging,” J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 8934-8941 (2007).

250.   N. R. Conley, A. Kurtz Pomerantz, H. Wang, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Bulk and Single-Molecule Characterization of an Improved Molecular Beacon Utilizing H-Dimer Excitonic Behavior,” J. Phys. Chem. B Letters 111, 7929-7931 (Web release 21 July 2007).

249.   H. Wang, Z. Lu, S. J. Lord, W. E. Moerner, and R. J. Twieg, “Modifications of DCDHF Single-Molecule Fluorophores to Impart Water Solubility,” Tet. Lett. 48, 3471-3474 (2007).

248.   W. E. Moerner, “New Directions in Single-Molecule Imaging and Analysis,” Invited Perspective, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 104, 12596-12602 (2007).

247.   A. E. Cohen and W. E. Moerner, “Principal-Components Analysis of Shape Fluctuations of Single DNA Molecules,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 104, 12622-12627 (2007).

246.   A. E. Cohen and W. E. Moerner, “Internal Mechanical Response of a Polymer in Solution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 116001-(1-4) (2007).

245.   Z. Lu, S. J. Lord, H. Wang, W. E. Moerner, and R. J. Twieg, “A Long-Wavelength Analog of PRODAN: Synthesis and Properties of Anthradan, a Fluorophore with a 2,6-Donor-Acceptor Anthracene Structure,” J. Org. Chem. 71, 9651-9657 (2006).

244.   H. Wang, Z. Lu, S. J. Lord, K. A. Willets, J. A. Bertke, S. D. Bunge, W. E. Moerner, R. J. Twieg, “The Influence of Tetrahydroquinoline Rings in Dicyanomethylenedihydrofuran (DCDHF) Single-Molecule Fluorophores,” Tetrahedron 63, 103-114 (2007).

243.   G. T. Gavranovic, S. Csihony, N. B. Bowden, C. J. Hawker, R. M. Waymouth, W. E. Moerner, G. G. Fuller, “Well-Controlled Living Polymerization of Perylene-Labeled Polyisoprenes and Their Use in Single-Molecule Imaging, “ Macromolecules 39, 8121-8127 (2006).

242.  W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Mountains Yield Nanoscale Cell Images,” Nature Methods 3, 781-782 (2006).

241.  C. von Borczyskowski, J. Koehler, W. E. Moerner, M. Orrit, and J. Wrachtrup, “Single-Molecule Electron Spin Resonance,” Appl. Magn. Reson. (special issue honoring George Feher) 31, 665-676 (2007).

240.  W. E. Moerner, P. J.Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Kinkhabwala, S. J. Lord, S. Y. Nishimura, K. A. Willets, A. Sundaramurthy, G. Kino, M. He, Z. Lu, R. J. Twieg, “Nanophotonics and Single Molecules,” Chapter 1 of Single Molecules and Nanotechnology, R. Rigler and H. Vogel, Eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008), pp. 1-24. 

239.  S. Y. Kim, Z. Gitai, A. Kinkhabwala, L. Shapiro, and W. E. Moerner, “Single Molecules of the Bacterial Actin MreB Undergo Directed Treadmilling Motion in Caulobacter crescentus,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 103, 10929-10934 (2006).

238.  M. Vrljic, S. Y. Nishimura, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Tracking,” Chapter 14 in Methods in Molecular Biology,Vol. 398: Lipid Rafts, Thomas. J. McIntosh, Ed. (Humana Press, Totwa, NJ, 2009), pp. 193-219.

237.  C. A. Werley and W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Nanoprobes Explore Defects in Spin-Grown Crystals,” R. J. Silbey Festschrift,  J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 18939- 18944  (2006), web release date 19 April 2006.

236.  S. Y. Nishimura, S. J. Lord, L. O. Klein, K. A. Willets, M. He, Z. Lu, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Diffusion of Lipid-Like Single-Molecule Fluorophores in the Cell Membrane,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 8151-8157 (2006).

235.  A. E. Cohen and W. E. Moerner, “Suppressing Brownian Motion of Individual Biomolecules in Solution,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 103, 4362-4365 (2006).

234.  J. Hwang, M. M. Fejer, and W. E. Moerner, ”Scanning Interferometric Microscopy for the Detection of Ultrasmall Phase Shifts in Condensed Matter,” Phys. Rev. A Rapid Commun. 73, 021802R (2006).

233. A. Sundaramurthy*, P. J. Schuck*, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Toward Nanometer-scale Optical Photolithography:  Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006) (web release 9 Feb 2006) (*equal contributions).

232.  D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Exploring the Chemical Enhancement for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering with Au Bowtie Nanoantennas,” J. Chem. Phys. Commun. 124, 061101 (2006).

231.  A. Sundaramurthy, K. B. Crozier,  G. S. Kino, D. P. Fromm, P. J. Schuck, and W. E. Moerner, “Field enhancement and gap-dependent resonance in a system of two opposing tip-to-tip Au nanotriangles,” Phys. Rev. B 72, 165409-1-6 (2005).

230.  A. E. Cohen and W. E. Moerner, “An All-Glass Microfluidic Cell for the ABEL Trap:  Fabrication and Modeling,” Proc. SPIE 5930, 59300S-1-S-8 (2005).

229. S. Y. Nishimura, M. Vrljic, L. O. Klein, H. M. McConnell, and W. E. Moerner, “Cholesterol depletion induces solid-like regions in the plasma membrane,” Biophys. J. 90, 927-938 (2006).

228.  E. M. Judd, L. R. Comolli, J. C. Chen, K. H. Downing, W. E. Moerner, and H. H. McAdams, “Distinct Constrictive Processes, Separated in Time and Space, Divide  Caulobacter Inner and Outer Membranes,” J. Bacteriol. 187, 6874-6882 (2005).

227.  A. E. Cohen and W. E. Moerner, “The Anti-Brownian ELectrophoretic Trap (ABEL Trap): Fabrication and Software,” Proc. SPIE 5699, 296-305 (2005).

226.  M. Asaro, M. Sheldon, Z. Chen, O. Ostroverkhova, and W. E. Moerner, “Soliton-induced Waveguides in an Organic Photorefractive Glass,” Opt. Lett. 30, 519-521 (2005).

225.  R. Twieg, H. Wang, Z. Lu, S. Y. Kim, S. Lord, S. Nishimura, P. J. Schuck, K. A. Willets, and W. E. Moerner, “Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Dicyanomethylenedihydrofuran (DCDHF) Single-Molecule Fluorophores,” Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics  34, 241-246 (2005).

224.  K. Mauring, J. Deich, F. I. Rosell, T. B. McAnaney, W. E. Moerner, and S. G. Boxer, "Enhancement of the Blue Fluorescent Protein’s Fluorescence by High Pressure or Low  Temperature," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 12976-12981 (2005).

223.   P. J. Schuck, K. A. Willets, D. P. Fromm, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “A Novel Fluorophore for Single-Molecule Two-Photon-Excited Fluorescence,” Chem. Phys. 318, 7-11 (2005).

222.  A. E. Cohen and W. E. Moerner, “A Method for Trapping and Manipulating Nanoscale Objects in Solution,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 093109 (2005).

221.   P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the Mismatch Between Light and Nanoscale Objects with Gold Bowtie Nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).

220.   K. A. Willets, S. Y. Nishimura, P. J. Schuck, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Nonlinear Optical Chromophores as Nanoscale Emitters for Single-Molecule Spectroscopy,” invited review, Accounts Chem. Res. 38, 549-556 (2005) (published online 28 Jan 2005).

219.   S. Y. Kim, A. N. Semyonov, R. J. Twieg, A. L. Horwich, J. Frydman, and W. E. Moerner, “Probing the Sequence of Conformational Changes in the Molecular Chaperonin GroEL with Fluorescence Spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 24517-24525 (2005).

218.   G. S. Kino, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, and W. E. Moerner, “Optical Field Enhancement with Plasmon Resonant Bowtie Nanoantennas,” Chapter 9 of Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics, M. Brongersma and P. Kik, Editors (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, appearing March 2007).

217.   K. A. Willets, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Magic,” OEMagazine 4, 13-15 (2004).

216.   W. E. Moerner, “Single-Photon Sources Based on Single Molecules in Solids,” New Journal of Physics 6, 88-109 (2004).

215.   D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Gap-Dependent Optical Coupling of Single ‘Bowtie’ Nanoantennas Resonant in the Visible,” Nano Lett. 4, 957-961 (2004) (published online March, 2004 nl049951r).

214.   E. Thrush, O. Levi, W. Ha, G. Carey, L. J. Cook, J. Deich, S. J. Smith, W. E. Moerner and  J. S. Harris, Jr., "Laser background rejection optimization in integrated optoelectronic fluorescence sensor,” Proceedings of mTAS 1, 363-366 (2003).

213.   K. A. Willets, P. Callis, and W. E. Moerner, “Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Environmentally Sensitive Single-Molecule Fluorophores,” (G. J. Small Festschrift) J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 10465-10473 (published online 17 April 2004, jp049684d).

212.   M. Vrljic, S. Y. Nishimura, W. E. Moerner, and H. M. McConnell, “Cholesterol depletion suppresses the translational diffusion of class II MHC proteins in the plasma membrane,” Biophys. J. 88, 334-347 (2005).

211.  J. Deich, E. M. Judd, H. H. McAdams, and W. E. Moerner, “Visualization of the Movement of Single Histidine Kinase Molecules in Live Caulobacter cells,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 101, 15921-15926 (2004) (published online Nov. 2, 2004, 10.1073/pnas.0404200101).

210.   J. Matteo, D. P. Fromm, Y. Yuen, P. J. Schuck, W. E. Moerner, and L. Hesselink, “Spectral Analysis of Strongly Enhanced Visible Light Transmission Through Single C-Shaped Nano-Apertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 648-650 (2004).

209.   E. Thrush, O. Levi, L. J. Cook, J. Deich, A. Kurtz, S. J. Smith, W. E. Moerner, and J. S. Harris Jr., “Monolithically integrated semiconductor fluorescence sensor for microfluidic applications,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 105, 393-399 (2005).

208.   O. Ostroverkhova and W. E. Moerner, “Organic Photorefractives: Mechanisms, Materials, and Applications,” invited review, Chem. Revs. 104, 3267-3314 (2004).

207.   E. J. G. Peterman, H. Sosa, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Microscopy of Biomolecular Motors,” invited review, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 55, 79-96 (2004).

206.   E. Thrush, O. Levi, W. Ha, G. Carey, L. J. Cook, J. Deich, S. J. Smith, W. E. Moerner, and J. S. Harris, Jr., “Integrated Semiconductor Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers and PIN Photodetectors for Bio-Medical Fluorescence Sensing,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 40, 491-498 (2004).

205.   K. A. Willets, O. Ostroverkhova, S. Hess, M. He, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Novel Fluorophores for Single-Molecule Imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5222, 150-157 (2003).

204.   Ellen M. Judd, Kathleen R. Ryan, W. E. Moerner, Lucy Shapiro, Harley H. McAdams, “Fluorescence bleaching reveals asymmetric compartment formation prior to cell division in Caulobacter,” Proc. Nat. Acad.  Sci. (USA) 100, 8235-8240 (2003).

203.   Z. Chen, M. Asaro, O. Ostroverkhova, W. E. Moerner, M. He, and R. J. Twieg, ”Self-trapping of light in a photorefractive organic glass,” Opt. Lett. 28,1-3 (2003).

202.   W. E. Moerner, ”Optical Measurements of Single Molecules in Cells,” Trends Analyt. Chem. 22, 544-548 (2003).

201.   D. Wright, U. Gubler, W. E. Moerner, M. DeClue, and J. S. Siegel, ”Photorefractive Properties of Poly(siloxane)-triarylamine-Based Composites for High Speed Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 4732-4737 (JP027456i, 2003).

200.   J. Hwang, M. M. Fejer, and W. E. Moerner, ”Exploring Novel Methods of Interferometric Detection of Ultrasmall Phase Shifts,” Proc. SPIE 4962, 110-120 (2003).

199.   O. Ostroverkhova, M. He, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, ”Role of Temperature in Controlling Performance of Organic Photorefractive Glasses,” ChemPhysChem 4, 732-744 (2003).

198.   O. Ostroverkhova, W. E. Moerner, ”High-Performance Photorefractive Organic Glass with Near-Infrared Sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3602-3604 (2003).

197.   K. A. Willets, O. Ostroverkhova, M. He. R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, ”New Fluorophores for Single-Molecule Spectroscopy,” J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 125, 1174-1175 (2003) (10.1021/ja029100q, 11 January 2003).

196.  W. E. Moerner and D. P. Fromm, ”Methods of Single-Molecule Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Microscopy,” invited review, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74,  3597-3619 (2003).

195.   O. Ostroverkhova, M. He, R. J. Twieg, W. E. Moerner, "High Performance Photorefractive Organic Glasses: Understanding Mechanisms and Limitations," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 4802, 21-32 (2002).

194.   M. He, R. J. Twieg, O. Ostroverkhova, U. Gubler, D. Wright, W. E. Moerner, "Dicyanomethylenedihydrofuran photorefractive materials," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 4802, 9-20 (2002).

193.   M. He, R. Twieg, U. Gubler, D. Wright, and W. E. Moerner, "Synthesis and Properties of Glassy Organic Multifunctional Photorefractive Materials," Opt. Mater. 21, 353-357 (2002).

192.   M. He, R. J. Twieg, U. Gubler, D. Wright, and W. E. Moerner, "Synthesis and Photorefractive Properties of Multifunctional Glasses," Chem. Mater. 15, 1156-1164 (2003).

191.   W. E. Moerner, "Single-Molecule Optical Spectroscopy of Autofluorescent Proteins," invited review, J. Chem. Phys. 117, 10925-10937 (2002).

190.   M. Vrljic, S. Y. Nishimura, S. Brasselet, W. E. Moerner, and H. M. McConnell, "Translational Diffusion of Individual Class II MHC Membrane Proteins in Cells,"  Biophys. J. 83, 2681-2692 (2002).

189.   N. B. Bowden, K. A. Willets, W. E. Moerner, and R. M. Waymouth, "Synthesis of Fluorescently-Labeled Polymers and Their Use in Single-Molecule Imaging," Macromolecules 35, 8122-8125 (2002).

188.   O. Ostroverkhova, D. Wright, U. Gubler, W. E. Moerner, M. He, A. Sastre-Santos, R. J. Twieg, "Recent Advances in the Understanding and Development of Photorefractive Polymers and Glasses," Adv. Func. Mater. 12, 621-629 (2002).

187.   M. F. Paige, D. P. Fromm, and W. E. Moerner, "Biomolecular Applications of Single-Molecule Measurements: Kinetics and Dynamics of a Single Enzyme Reaction,"  Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 4634, 92-103 (2002).

186.   U. Gubler, M. He, D. Wright, Y. Roh, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, "Monolithic Photorefractive Organic Glasses with Large Coupling Gain and Strong Beam Fanning," Adv. Mater. 14, 313-317 (2002).

185.   D. Wright, U. Gubler, Y. Roh, W. E. Moerner, M. He, and R. J. Twieg, " A High Performance Photorefractive Polymer Composite with 2-dicyanomethylene-3-cyano-2,5-dihydrofuran Chromophore," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4274-4276 (2001).

184.   U. Gubler, D. Wright, W. E. Moerner, and M. B. Klein, "Photochromic Polymers for the Optical Homodyne Detection of Ultrasonic Surface Displacements," Opt. Lett. 27, 354-356 (2002).

183.   W. E. Moerner, "A Dozen Years of Single-Molecule Spectroscopy in Physics, Chemistry, and Biophysics, (Invited Feature Article), J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 910-927 (2002).

182.   D. Wright, U. Gubler, S. Sadhukhan, W. E. Moerner, M. He, R. J. Twieg, M. DeClue, and J. Siegel, "Organic Photorefractive Material Design Strategies," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 4462, 125-138 (2001).

181.   M. F. Paige, E. J. Bjerneld, and W. E. Moerner, "A Comparison of Through-the-Objective Total Internal Reflection Microscopy and Epi-fluorescence Microscopy for Single-Molecule Fluorescence Imaging," Single Molecules 2, 191-201 (2001).

180.   E. J. G. Peterman, H. Sosa, L. S. B. Goldstein, and W. E. Moerner, "Polarized Fluorescence Microscopy of Individual and Many Kinesin Motors Bound to Microtubules," Biophys. J. 81, 2851-2863 (2001).

179.   M. He, R. J. Twieg, U. Gubler, D. Wright, and W. E. Moerner, "Synthesis and Properties of Some Composite Organic Photorefractive Materials," Polym. Preprints 42, 510-511 (2001).

178.   B. Lounis, J. Deich, F. I. Rosell, S. G. Boxer, and W. E. Moerner, "Photophysics of DsRed, a Red Fluorescent Protein, from the Ensemble to the Single-Molecule Level," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 5048-5054 (2001).

177.   D. Wright, U. Gubler, M. B. Klein, and W. E. Moerner, "Photorefractive Polymers for Laser-Based Ultrasound Detection," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 4104, 110-117 (2000).

176.   H. Sosa, E. J. G. Peterman, W. E. Moerner, and L. S. B. Goldstein, "ADP-Induced Rocking of the Kinesin Motor Domain Revealed by Single-Molecule Fluorescence Polarization Microscopy," Nature Structural Biology 8, 540-544 (2001).

175.   B. Lounis, H. A. Bechtel, D. Gerion, P. Alivisatos, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon Antibunching in Single Quantum Dot Fluorescence," Chem. Phys. Lett. 329, 399-404 (2000).

174.   M. A. Diaz-Garcia, D. Wright, J. D. Casperson, B. Smith, El Glazer, W. E. Moerner, L. I. Sukhomlinova, and R. J. Twieg, "High Speed PVK-Based Photorefractive Polymer Composites," Nonlinear Optics 25, 189-194 (2000).

173.   W. E. Moerner, "Thirteen Years of Single-Molecule Spectroscopy in Physical Chemistry and Biophysics," in Single-Molecule Spectroscopy: Nobel Conference Lectures, R. Rigler, M. Orrit, Th. Basche, Editors, Springer Series in Chemical Physics, Volume 67 (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 2001), pp. 32-61.

172.   B. Lounis and W. E. Moerner, “Single Photons on Demand from a Single Molecule at Room Temperature,” Nature 407, 491-493(2000).

171.   W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractive Polymers,” in Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, Ed. D. D. Nolte; Senior Eds.: K.H. Jürgen Buschow, Robert W. Cahn, Merton C. Flemings, Bernhard Ilschner, Edward J. Kramer,  Subhash Mahajan (Elsevier Science Ltd., Oxford, 2001) pp. 6961-6969.

170.   A. Goonesekera, D. Wright, and W. E. Moerner, “Image Amplification and Novelty Filtering in a Photorefractive Polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3358-3360 (2000).

169.   S. Brasselet and W. E. Moerner, “Fluorescence Behavior of Single-Molecule pH Sensors,” Single Molecules 1, 15-21 (Inaugural issue, 2000).

168.   P. Schwille, S. Kummer, A. A. Heikal, W. E. Moerner, and W. W. Webb, “Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy Reveals Fast Optical Excitation-Driven Intermolecular Dynamics of Yellow Fluorescent Proteins,” Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 97, 151-156 (2000).

167.   S. Brasselet, E. J. G. Peterman, A. Miyawaki, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Fluorescence Resonant Energy Transfer in Calcium-Concentration-Dependent Cameleon,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 3676-3682 (2000).

166.   E. J. G. Peterman, S. Brasselet, and W. E. Moerner, “The Fluorescence Dynamics of Single Molecules of Green Fluorescent Protein,” J. Phys. Chem. A103, 10553-10560 (1999).

165.   R. J. Twieg, M. He, L. Sukhomlinova, F. You, W. E. Moerner, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, D. Wright, J. D. Casperson, R. Wortmann, C. Glania, P. Kraemer, K. Lukaszuk, R. Matschiner, K. D. Singer, V. Ostoverkhov, and R. Petschek, “Design and Optimization of Chromophores for Liquid Crystal and Photorefractive Applications,” Proc. Mater. Res. Soc. 561, 119-130 (1999).

164.   W. E. Moerner, A. Grunnet-Jepsen, D. Wright, J. D. Casperson, M. S. DeClue, J. S. Siegel, and R. J. Twieg, “Understanding Photorefractivity in High-Performance Polymer Composites,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Volume 27,  Advances in Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices, P. E. Andersen, P. M. Johansen, H. C. Pedersen, P. M. Petersen, and M. Saffman, Eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1999), pp. 164-172.

163.   M. A. Díaz-García, D. Wright, J. D. Casperson, B. Smith, E. Glazer, W. E. Moerner, L. I. Sukhomlinova, and R. J. Twieg, “Photorefractive Properties of Poly(N-Vinyl Carbazole)-Based Composites for High Speed Applications,” Chem. Mater. 11, 1784-1791 (1999).

162.   W. E. Moerner and M. Orrit, “Illuminating Single Molecules in Condensed Matter,” Invited Article, Science 283, 1670-1676 (1999).

161.   W. E. Moerner, E. J. G. Peterman, S. Brasselet, S. Kummer, and R. M. Dickson, “Optical Methods for Exploring Dynamics of Single Copies of Green Fluorescent Protein,” Cytometry 36, 232-238 (1999).

160.   M. B. Klein, G. D. Bacher, A. Grunnet-Jepsen, D. Wright, and W. E. Moerner, “Homodyne Detection of Ultrasonic Surface Displacements Using Two-Wave Mixing in Photorefractive Polymers,” Opt. Commun. 162, 79-84 (1999).

159.  D. Wright, A. Grunnet-Jepsen, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, J. D. Casperson, B. Smith,  M. S. Bratcher, M. S. DeClue, J. S. Siegel, W. E. Moerner, and R. J. Twieg, “Trapping Studies on Photorefractive Polymers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 3471, 60-71 (1998).

158.  D. Wright, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, J. D. Casperson, M. DeClue, and W. E. Moerner, ”High Speed Photorefractive Polymer Composites,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1490-1492 (1998).

157.  R. M. Dickson, D. J. Norris, and W. E. Moerner, ”Simultaneous Imaging of Individual Molecules Aligned Both Parallel and Perpendicular to the Optic Axis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5322-5325 (1998).

156.  M. S. Bratcher, M. S. DeClue, A. Grunnet-Jepsen, D. Wright, B. Smith, W. E. Moerner, and J. S. Siegel, ”Synthesis of Fully-Functional Photorefractive Polymers with Net Gain: Design Strategy Amenable to Combinatorial Optimization,” J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 120, 9680-9681 (1998).

155.  W. E. Moerner, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, D. Wright, B. R. Smith, J. Casperson, M. S. Bratcher, M. S. DeClue, J. S. Siegel, and R. J. Twieg, ”Fast and Efficient Photorefractivity in Polymer Composites,” Polym. Preprints 39, 980 (1998).

154.   S. Kummer, R. M. Dickson, and W. E. Moerner, “Probing Single Molecules in Polyacrylamide Gels,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 3273, 165-173 (1998).

153.   A. Grunnet-Jepsen, D. Wright, B. Smith, M. S. Bratcher, M. S. DeClue, J. S. Siegel, and W. E. Moerner, “Spectroscopic Determination of Trap Density in C60-Sensitized Photorefractive Polymers,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 291, 553-561 (1998).

152.   W. E. Moerner, A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, M. S. Bratcher, and R. J. Twieg, ”Recent Advances in Photorefractive Polymer Materials,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 3147, 84-94 (1997).

151.   A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, R. J. Twieg, K. Belfield, M. S. Bratcher, and W. E. Moerner, ”Large Gain Photorefractive Polymers,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 3144, 216-226 (1997).

150.   W. E. Moerner, invited Perspective, ”Those Blinking Single Molecules,” Science 277, 1059 (1997).

149.   D. J. Norris, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and W. E. Moerner, “Excitation of a Single Molecule on the Surface of a Spherical Microcavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 297 (1997).

148.   R. M. Dickson, A. B. Cubitt, R. Y. Tsien, and W. E. Moerner, “On/Off Blinking and Switching Behavior of Single Green Fluorescent Protein Molecules,” Nature 388, 355 (1997).

147.   A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, and W. E. Moerner, “Optical Limiting in a Photorefractive Polymer”, Proc. Materials Research Society, Symposium S, 479, 199 (1997).

146.   A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, and W. E. Moerner, "Gain enhancement by moving gratings in a photorefractive polymer," Opt. Commun. 145, 145-149 (1998).

145.   A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, and W. E. Moerner, "Systematics of two-wave mixing in a photorefractive polymer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 905-913 (1998).

144.   A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, and W. E. Moerner, "Spontaneous oscillation and self-pumped phase conjugation in a photorefractive polymer amplifier," Science 277, 549 (1997).

143.   A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, and W. E. Moerner, “Measurement of Spatial Phase-Shift in High-Gain Photorefractive Materials,” Opt. Lett. 22, 874 (1997).

142.   Th. Basche, W. E. Moerner, M. Orrit, and U. P. Wild, eds., Single-Molecule Optical Detection, Imaging, and Spectroscopy (VCH, Munich, 1997).

141.   W. E. Moerner, R. M. Dickson, and D. J. Norris, “Single-Molecule Spectroscopy and Quantum Optics in Solids,” invited review  Advances in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 38, 193-236 (1997).

140.   A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner,  “High Performance Photorefractive Polymer with Improved Stability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1515 (1997).

139.   W. E. Moerner, A. Grunnet-Jepsen, and C. L. Thompson, “Photorefractive Polymers”, invited review  Annual Review of Materials Science 27, 585-623 (1997).

138.   W. E. Moerner, R. M. Dickson, and D. J. Norris, “Single-Molecule Nanophotonics in Solids,” Matls. Sci. and Engr. B48, 169 (1997).

137.   A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Amplified Scattering in a High Gain Photorefractive Polymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 15, 901 (1998).

136.   R. M. Dickson, D. J. Norris, Y.-L. Tzeng, R. Sakowicz, L. S. B. Goldstein, and W. E. Moerner, “Single Molecules Solvated in Pores of Poly(acrylamide) Gels,”  Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 291, 31 (1996).

135.  W. E. Moerner, A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, and R. J. Twieg, “Mechanisms of Photorefractivity in Polymer Composites,” Proc. SPIE 2850, 2 (1996).

134.  R. M. Dickson, D. J. Norris, Y-L. Tzeng, and W. E. Moerner, “Three-Dimensional Imaging of Single Molecules Solvated in Pores of Poly(acrylamide) Gels,” Science  274, 966 (1996).

133.  A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractive Properties of Low-Glass-Transition-Temperature Polymer Composites,” Proc. Amer. Chem. Soc. Division of Polymeric Materials 75, 175 (1996).

132.   W. E. Moerner and P. M. Barbara, “Editorial: Single Molecules and Atoms,” Accounts Chem. Res. 29, 561 (1996).

131.  W. E. Moerner, “High-Resolution Optical Spectroscopy of Single Molecules in Solids,” Invited Article for Special Issue on Single-Molecule Detection and Manipulation, Accounts Chem. Res. 29, 563 (1996).

130.  W. E. Moerner, “Physical Principles and Methods of Single-Molecule Spectroscopy in Solids,” Chapter 1 of Single-Molecule Optical Detection, Imaging, and Spectroscopy, Th. Basche, W. E. Moerner, M. Orrit, and U. P. Wild, eds. (VCH, Munich, 1997).

129.  J. L. Skinner and W. E. Moerner, "Structure and Dynamics in Solids as Probed by Optical Spectroscopy," Invited Article for the Physical Chemistry Centennial Issue of J. Phys. Chem. 100, 13251-13262 (1996).

128.  P. M. Lundquist, C. Poga, R. G. DeVoe, Y. Jia, W. E. Moerner, M.-P. Bernal, H. Coufal, R. K. Grygier, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. M. Jefferson, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, and G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic Digital Data Storage in a Photorefractive Polymer," Opt. Lett. 21, 890 (1996).

127.  W. E. Moerner, "Probing Nanoenvironments in Solids and Quantum Optics Using Individual Impurity Molecules," Proceedings of Todai Symposium 1995 on Frontiers in Laser Physics and Spectroscopy, Prog. Crystal Growth and Charact.  33, 11 (1996).

126.  W. E. Moerner, D. M. Burland, C. R. Moylan, and R. J. Twieg, “Mechanisms of Photorefractivity in Polymer Composites,” Polym. Preprints 37, 129 (1996).

125.   C. Poga, D. M. Burland, T. Hanemann, Y. Jia, C. R. Moylan, J. J. Stankus, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, “Photorefractivity in New Organic Polymeric Materials,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 2526, 82 (1995).

124.   W. E. Moerner, "Optical Spectroscopy of Individual Molecules Trapped in Solids," in Atomic Physics 14, AIP Conf. Proc. 323, D. J. Wineland, C. E. Wieman, and S. J. Smith, eds. (AIP Press, New York, 1995), pp. 467-486.

123.   A. B. Myers, P. Tchénio, and W. E. Moerner, "Dynamics and Vibrational Spectra of Individual Molecules in Polymer Glasses," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 2385, 103 (1995).

122.   W. E. Moerner and N. Peyghambarian, "Advances in Photorefractive Polymers: Plastics for Holography and Optical Processing," Opt. Photon. News 6, 24 (March 1995).

121.   S. M. Silence, D. M. Burland, and W. E. Moerner, "Photorefractive Polymers," Chapter 5 of Photorefractive Effects and Materials, David D. Nolte, Ed. (Kluwer Academic, Boston, 1995), pp. 265-309.

120.   W. E. Moerner, "Polymers Scale New Heights," Nature 371, 475 (1994).

119.   J. J. Stankus, S. M. Silence, R. J. Twieg, D. M. Burland, R. D. Miller, J. C. Scott, W. E. Moerner, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Recent Progress in Photorefractive Polymers: Materials and Structures," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 2285, 204 (1994).

118.   D. Y. Kim, W. E. Torruellas, J. Kang, C. Bosshard, G. I. Stegeman, P. Vidakovic, J. Zyss, W. E. Moerner, R. Twieg, and G. Bjorklund, "Second-Order Cascading as the Origin of Large Third-Order Effects in Organic Single-Crystal-Core Fibers," Opt. Lett. 19, 868 (1994).

117.   D. M. Burland, G. C. Bjorklund, W. E. Moerner, S. M. Silence, and J. J. Stankus, "Photorefractive Polymers-A Status Report," Pure & Appl. Chem. 67, 33 (1995).

116.   W. E. Moerner, T. Plakhotnik, T. Irngartinger, U. P. Wild, D. W. Pohl, and B. Hecht, "Near-Field Optical Spectroscopy of Individual Molecules in Solids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2764(1994).

115.   T. Plakhotnik, W. E. Moerner, V. Palm, and U. P. Wild, "Single Molecule Spectroscopy: Maximum Emission Rate and Saturation Intensity," Opt. Commun. 114, 83 (1995).

114.   J. J. Stankus, S. M. Silence, W. E. Moerner, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Electric Field Switchable Stratified Volume Holograms in Photorefractive Polymers," Opt. Lett. 19, 1480(1994).

113.   S. M. Silence, J. C. Scott, J. J. Stankus, W. E. Moerner, C. R. Moylan, G. C. Bjorklund, and R. J. Twieg, "Photorefractive Polymers Based on Dual-Function Dopants," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 4096 (1995).

112.   S. M. Silence, G. C. Bjorklund, and W. E. Moerner, "Optical Trap Activation in a Photorefractive Polymer," Opt. Lett. 19, 1822 (1994).

111.   S. M. Silence, R. J. Twieg, G. C. Bjorklund, and W. E. Moerner, "Quasinondestructive Readout in a Photorefractive Polymer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2047(1994).

110.   A. B. Myers, P. Tchénio, M. Z. Zgierski, and W. E. Moerner, "Vibronic Spectroscopy of Individual Molecules in Solids," (Feature Article) J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10377 (1994).

109.   W. E. Moerner, S. M. Silence, G. C. Bjorklund, D. M. Burland, R. D. Miller, J. J. Stankus, and R. J. Twieg, "Photorefractive Polymers," Polym. Preprints 35, 93 (1994).

108.   W. E. Moerner, "Book Review of Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics by P. Yeh," Phys. Today (January 1994) p. 45.

107.   W. E. Moerner, T. Plakhotnik, T. Irngartinger, M. Croci, V. Palm, and U. P. Wild, "Optical Probing of Single Molecules of Terrylene in a Shpol’skii Matrix: A Two-State Single-Molecule Switch," (R. Kopelman Festschrift) J. Phys. Chem. 98, 7382 (1994).

106.   W. E. Moerner, "Examining Nanoenvironments in Solids on the Scale of a Single, Isolated Impurity Molecule,"(Invited General Article) Science 265, 46 (1994).

105.   T. Plakhotnik, W. E. Moerner, T. Irngartinger, and W. E. Moerner, "Single-Molecule Spectroscopy in Shpol’skii Matrices," Chimia 48, 31 (1994).

104.   G. C. Bjorklund, D. M. Burland, M. C. J. M. Donckers, E. Ginsburg, F. Hache, P. Jenkner, R. D. Miller, W. E. Moerner, J. C. Scott, S. M. Silence, R. J. Twieg, and C. A. Walsh, "Photorefractive Polymers Achieve Net Gain, High Diffraction Efficiency, and High Speed," Optics News in 1993, Opt. and Photon. News 4, 42 (1993).

103.   S. M. Silence, M. C. J. M. Donckers, C. A. Walsh, D. M. Burland, W. E. Moerner, and R. J. Twieg, "Electric-Field Dependent Nonphotorefractive Gratings in a Nonlinear Photoconducting Polymer,"  Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 712 (1994).

102.   W. E. Moerner, "Fundamentals of Single-Molecule Spectroscopy in Solids," J. Lumin. 60&61, 997 (1993).

101.   A. B. Myers, P. Tchénio, and W. E. Moerner, "Vibronic Spectroscopy of Single Molecules: Exploring Electronic-Vibrational Frequency Correlations Within an Inhomogeneous Distribution," J. Lumin. 58, 161 (1994).

100.   W. E. Moerner, "Optical Detection of the Magnetic Resonance of a Single Molecular Spin," Optics News in 1993, Opt. and Photon. News 4, 35(1993).

99.     W. E. Moerner, "Optical Detection of the Magnetic Resonance of a Single Molecular Spin," Physics News in 1993, (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994), p. 28.

98.     P. Tchénio, A. B. Myers, and W. E. Moerner, "Vibrational Analysis of Dispersed Fluorescence from Single Molecules of Terrylene in Polyethylene," Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 325  (1993).

97.     B. A. Smith, M. Jurich, W. E. Moerner, W. Volksen, M. E. Best, J. D. Swalen, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Lightwave Transmission of Multiple Television Signals Using a Polyimide Electro-Optic Phase Modulator," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. NLO VI 2025, 499 (1993).

96.     W. E. Moerner and Scott M. Silence, "Polymeric Photorefractive Materials," Chem. Revs. 94, 127 (1994).

95.     W. E. Moerner, S. M. Silence, F. Hache, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Orientationally Enhanced Photorefractive Effect in Polymers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 320-330 (1993).

94.     S. M. Silence, M. C. J. M. Donckers, C. A. Walsh, D. M. Burland, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, "Optical Properties of Poly(N-Vinylcarbazole)-Based Guest-Host Photorefractive Polymer Systems," Appl. Opt. 33, 2218 (1993).

93.     S. M. Silence, J. C. Scott, F. Hache, E. J. Ginsburg, P. K. Jenkner, R. D. Miller, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, "Poly(silane)-Based High Mobility Photorefractive Polymers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B  10, 2306 (1993).

92.     P. Tchénio, A. B. Myers, and W. E. Moerner, "Optical Studies of Single Terrylene Molecules in Polyethylene," J. Lumin. 56, 1  (1993).

91.     S. M. Silence, F. Hache, M. Donckers, C. A. Walsh, D. M. Burland, G. C. Bjorklund, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, "Nonlinear Optical Properties of Photorefractive Polymers", Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 1852, 253 (1993).

90.     J. D. Swalen, G. C. Bjorklund, W. Fleming, R. Hung, M. Jurich, V. Y. Lee, R. D. Miller, W. E. Moerner, D. Y. Morichiere, A. Skumanich, and B. A. Smith, "NLO Polymeric Waveguide Electro-Optic Phase Modulator," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. NLO V 1775, 369 (1992).

89.     J. Köhler, J. A. J. M. Disselhorst, M. C. J. M. Donckers, E. J. J. Groenen, J. Schmidt, and W. E. Moerner, "Magnetic Resonance of a Single Molecular Spin," Nature 363, 242 (1993).

88.     M. C. J. M. Donckers, S. M. Silence, C. A. Walsh, F. Hache, D. M. Burland, W. E. Moerner, and R. J. Twieg, "Net Two-Beam-Coupling Gain in a Polymeric Photorefractive Material," Opt. Lett. 18, 1044 (1993).

87.     P. Tchénio, A. B. Myers, and W. E. Moerner, "Dispersed Fluorescence Spectra of Single Molecules of Pentacene in p-Terphenyl," J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 97, 2491 (1993).

86.     W. E. Moerner and Th. Basché (invited review), "Optical Spectroscopy of Single Impurity Molecules in Solids," Angew. Chem. 105, 537 (1993); Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 32, 457 (1993).

85.     J. D. Swalen, G. C. Bjorklund, W. W. Fleming, M. Jurich, W. E. Moerner, A. Skumanich, B. A. Smith, and J. I. Thackara, "Polymeric Electro-Optic Phase Modulator," Nonl. Opt. 6, 205 (1993).

84.     W. E. Moerner, "Quantum Optics of a Single Molecule in a Solid," Optics News in 1992, Opt. and Photon. News 3, 21 (1992).

83.     S. M. Silence, C. A. Walsh, J. C. Scott, and W. E. Moerner, "C60 Sensitization of a Photorefractive Polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2967 (1992).

82.     Th. Basché, W. E. Moerner, M. Orrit, and H. Talon, "Photon Antibunching in the Fluorescence of a Single Dye Molecule Trapped in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1516 (1992).

81.     J. C. Scott, L. Th. Pautmeier, and W. E. Moerner, "Photoconduction and Photorefraction in Molecularly Doped Polymers," Synth. Met. 54, 9 (1992).

80.     S. M. Silence, C. A. Walsh, J. C. Scott, T. J. Matray, R. J. Twieg, G. C. Bjorklund, F. Hache, and W. E. Moerner, "Sub-Second Grating Growth in a Photorefractive Polymer," Opt. Lett. 17, 1107 (1992).

79.     J. C. Scott, L. Th. Pautmeier, W. E. Moerner, C. A. Walsh, S. M. Silence, T. J. Matray, and R. J. Twieg, "Photoconductivity of Photorefractive Polymers," Proc. Mat. Res. Soc. 277, 135 (1992).

78.     W. E. Moerner, C. A. Walsh, S. M. Silence, R. J. Twieg, T. J. Matray, J. C. Scott, V. Y. Lee, R. D. Miller, F. Hache, D. M. Burland, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Photorefractive Polymers," Proc. Mat. Res. Soc. 277, 121 (1992).

77.     J. C. Scott, L. Pautmeier, and W. E. Moerner, "Photoconductivity Studies of Photorefractive Polymers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 2059 (1992).

76.     J. D. Swalen, G. C. Bjorklund, W. Fleming, S. Herminghaus, D. Jungbauer, M. Jurich, W. E. Moerner, B. Reck, B. A. Smith, R. Twieg, C. G. Willson, and R. Zentel, "Poled Epoxy Polymers for Optoelectronics," in Organic Molecules for Nonlinear Optics and Photonics, J. Messier et al. (eds.) (Kluwer Academic, Amsterdam, 1991) pp. 433-445.

75.     C. A. Walsh and W. E. Moerner, "Two-Beam Coupling Measurements of Grating Phase in a Photorefractive Polymer," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 9, 1642 (1992) (Special Issue on Photorefractive Materials, Effects, and Devices).

74.     Th. Basché, W. P. Ambrose, and W. E. Moerner, "Optical Spectra and Kinetics of Single Impurity Molecules in a Polymer: Spectral Diffusion and Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 9, 829 (1992).

73.     Th. Basché and W. E. Moerner, "Optical Modification of a Single Impurity Molecule in a Solid," Nature 335, 355 (1992).

72.     W. P. Ambrose, Th. Basché, and W. E. Moerner, "Single Molecule Spectral Diffusion in a Solid Detected Via Fluorescence Spectroscopy," J. Lumin. 53, 62 (1992).

71.     W. E. Moerner, C. Walsh, J. C. Scott, S. Ducharme, D. M. Burland, G. C. Bjorklund, and R. J. Twieg, "Photorefractivity in Doped Nonlinear Organic Polymers," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. NLO IV 1560, 278 (1991).

70.     S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, "Reply to ’Comment on Observation of the Photorefractive Effect in a Polymer,’" Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2589 (1991).

69.     J. D. Swalen, W. Fleming, M. Jurich, W. E. Moerner, B. A. Smith, S. Herminghaus, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Optical Waveguiding in Poled NLO Polymers," Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 228, 101 (1992).

68.     J. C. Scott, S. Ducharme, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, "The Photorefractive Effect in Non-Linear Polymers Doped with Charge Transport Agents," Polym. Preprints 32, 107 (1991).

67.     W. P. Ambrose, T. Basché, and W. E. Moerner, "Detection and Spectroscopy of Single Pentacene Molecules in a p-Terphenyl Crystal by Means of Fluorescence Excitation," J. Chem. Phys. 95, 7150 (1991).

66.     W. E. Moerner and W. P. Ambrose, "Finding a Single Molecule in a Haystack: Laser Spectroscopy of Solids from  to N = 1," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 1435, 244 (1991).

65.     S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, "Observation of the Photorefractive Effect in a Polymer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).

64.     W. E. Moerner and W. P. Ambrose, "Comment on 'Single Pentacene Molecules Detected by Fluorescence Excitation in a p-Terphenyl Crystal,'" Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1376 (1991).

63.     W. P. Ambrose and W. E. Moerner, "Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Spectral Diffusion of Single Impurity Molecules in a Crystal," Nature 349, 225-227 (1991).

62.     W. E. Moerner, “Organic Optoelectronic Materials,” in Proceedings of the 23rd IBM Computer Science Symposium, Gotemba, Japan, Challenges to Novel Computing, H. Asio and S. Amari, eds. (Mita, Tokyo, 1990), pp. 153-170.

61.     J. D. Swalen, G. C. Bjorklund, S. Ducharme, W. Fleming, S. Herminghaus, D. Jungbauer, W. E. Moerner, B. A. Smith, R. Twieg, D. Yoon, and G. Willson, "Organic Nonlinear Optical Materials and Their Device Applications for Frequency Doubling, Modulation, and Switching," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. NLO III 1337, 2 (1990).

60.     G. C. Bjorklund, S. Ducharme, W. Fleming, D. Jungbauer, W. E. Moerner, J. D. Swalen, R. Twieg, C. G. Willson, and D. Yoon, "Applications of Organic Second Order Nonlinear Optical Materials," Ch. 13 of  Materials for Nonlinear Optics: Chemical Perspectives, S. R. Marder, J. E. Sohn, and G. D. Stucky, eds. ACS Symposium Series 455, 216 (1991).

59.     G. C. Bjorklund, S. Ducharme, D. Jungbauer, W. E. Moerner, J. D. Swalen, R. Twieg, C. G. Willson, and D. Yoon, "Organic Nonlinear Optical Materials for Frequency Doubling, Modulation, and Switching," in Proceedings of "Symposium on Optics and Electronics for Organic Materials," Annual Meeting of Society of Fiber Science and Technology, Tokyo, Japan, July 11-12, 1990.

58.     W. P. Ambrose and W. E. Moerner, "Phase-Sensitive Optical Detection of Ballistic Phonon Heat Pulses Using Frequency-Modulation Spectroscopy and Persistent Spectral Holes," Phys. Rev. B43, 1743 (1990).

57.     W. E. Moerner, "Ultrasensitive Laser Spectroscopy in Solids: Statistical Fine Structure and Single-Molecule Detection," New J. Chem. 15, 199-208 (1991).

56.     S. Ducharme, W. P. Risk, W. E. Moerner, V. Y. Lee, R. J. Twieg, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Intracavity Frequency Doubling of a Nd: YAG Laser with an Organic Nonlinear Optical Crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett.  57, 537 (1990).

55.     W. P. Ambrose and W. E. Moerner, "Temperature Dependence of Photon-Gated Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning for the meso-tetra-p-tolyl-Zn-tetrabenzoporphyrin/Chloroform System in poly(Methylmethacrylate)", Chem. Phys. 144, 71 (1990).

54.     W. E. Moerner, "Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Photon-Gating and Fundamental Statistical Limits," in Polymers for Microelectronics, Science, and Technology, Y. Tabata, I. Mita, and S. Nonogaki, editors (Kodansha Scientific and VCH Publishers, 1990), pp. 465-479.

53.     W. E. Moerner, L. Kador, and W. P. Ambrose, "Ultrasensitive Laser Spectroscopy in Solids: Single-Molecule Detection," Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Unconventional Photoactive Solids, The Almaden Symposium, Molec. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 183, 47 (1990).

52.     W. E. Moerner, L. Kador, and W. P. Ambrose, "Ultrasensitive Laser Spectroscopy in Solids: Optical Detection of a Single Dopant Molecule," Proc. IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, IEEE Cat. No. 89CH2641-9, p. 260 (1989).

51.     W. E. Moerner, "Photon-Gated Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning," Proceedings of the International Symposium on Optical Memory 1989Japan. J. Appl. Phys. 28 (Suppl. 28-3), 221 (1989).

50.     W. E. Moerner and L. Kador, "Finding a Single Molecule in a Haystack: Optical Detection and Spectroscopy of Single Absorbers in Solids," Analyt. Chem. 61, A1217-A1223 (1989).

49.     L. Kador, D. E. Horne, and W. E. Moerner, "Optical Detection and Probing of Single Dopant Molecules of Pentacene in a p-Terphenyl Host Crystal by Means of Absorption Spectroscopy," Feature Article in J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1237 (1990).

48.     W. E. Moerner and L. Kador, "Optical Detection and Spectroscopy of Single Molecules in a Solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2535 (1989).

47.     L. Kador, T. P. Carter, and W. E. Moerner, "FM-Stark Double-Modulation Spectroscopy for the Detection of Weak Spectral Features in Solids," Proc. IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, IEEE Cat. No. 88CH 2683-1, pp. 246-248 (1988).

46.     T. P. Carter, D. E. Horne, and W. E. Moerner, "Pseudo-Stark Effect and FM/Stark Double-Modulation Spectroscopy for the Detection of Statistical Fine Structure in Alexandrite," Chem. Phys. Lett. 151, 102 (1988).

45.     T. P. Carter, M. Manavi, and W. E. Moerner, "Statistical Fine Structure in the Inhomogeneously Broadened Electronic Origin of Pentacene in p-Terphenyl," J. Chem. Phys. 89, 1768 (1988).

44.     W. E. Moerner and T. P. Carter, "Statistical Fine Structure in Inhomogeneously Broadened Absorption Lines in Solids," Advances in Laser Science III, AIP Conference Proceedings 172 (AIP, New York, 1988), p. 419.

43.     W. E. Moerner and T. P. Carter, "Statistical Fine Structure in Inhomogeneously Broadened Absorption Lines," Phys. Rev. Lett., 59, 2705 (1987).

42.     W. E. Moerner, "Introduction to Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications," Chapter 1 of Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, W. E. Moerner, editor, Topics in Current Physics Vol. 44 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1988).

41.     W. E. Moerner, W. Lenth, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Frequency Domain Optical Storage and Other Applications of Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning," Chapter 7 of Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, W. E. Moerner, editor,Topics in Current Physics Vol. 44 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1988).

40.     T. P. Carter, C. Bräuchle, V. Y. Lee, M. Manavi, and W. E. Moerner, "Mechanism of Photon-Gated Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning in Metalloporphyrin/Halomethane Systems: Donor-Acceptor Electron Transfer," J. Phys. Chem. 91, 3998 (1987).

39.     T. P. Carter, C. Bräuchle, V. Y. Lee, M. Manavi, and W. E. Moerner, "Photon-Gated Spectral Hole-Burning Via Donor-Acceptor Electron Transfer," Opt. Lett. 12, 370 (1987).

38.     W. E. Moerner, T. P. Carter, and C. Bräuchle, "Fast Burning of Persistent Spectral Holes in Small Laser Spots Using Photon-Gated Materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 430 (1987).

37.     W. E. Moerner and A. L. Huston, "Phase-sensitive Detection of Persistent Spectral Holes Using Synchronous Ultrasonic Modulation Spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 3, P210 (1986).

36.     A. J. Sievers and W. E. Moerner, "Persistent Infrared Spectral Hole-Burning for Impurity Vibrational Modes in Solids," Chapter 6 of Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, W. E. Moerner, editor, Topics in Current Physics Vol. 44 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1988).

35.     W. Lenth, R. M. Macfarlane, W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, R. M. Shelby, and G. C. Bjorklund, "High-Density Frequency-Domain Optical Recording," Proc. Soc. Photo-opt. Instrum. Engr. 695, 216 (1986).

34.     W. E. Moerner, "Dynamical Hole-Burning Requirements for Frequency Domain Optical Storage," in Unconventional Photoactive Solids, Harvey Scher, editor, (Plenum, New York, 1988), pp. 41-51.

33.     W. Lenth and W. E. Moerner, "Gated Spectral Hole-Burning for Frequency Domain Optical Recording," Optics Commun. 58, 249 (1986).

32.     W. E. Moerner and A. L. Huston, "Phase-Sensitive Ultrasonic Modulation of Persistent Spectral Holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1181 (1986).

31.     W. E. Moerner, P. Pokrowsky, F. M. Schellenberg, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning for R’ Color Centers in LiF Crystals: Statics, Dynamics, and External Field Effects," Phys. Rev. B33, 5702 (1986).

30.     W. E. Moerner, "Molecular Electronics for Frequency Domain Optical Storage: Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning - A Review," J. Molec. Elec. 1, 55 (1985).

29.     W. E. Moerner, R. M. Macfarlane, and R. M. Shelby, "Photon-Gated Spectral Hole-Burning," Physics/Optics News in 1985  Optics News 11 (12), 9 (1985).

28.     W. E. Moerner, "Laser-Light-Induced Physical Processes in Optical Materials: Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engr. 541, 60 (1985).

27.     H. W. H. Lee, M. Gehrtz, E. Marinero, and W. E. Moerner, "Two-Color, Photon-Gated Spectral Hole-Burning in an Organic Material," Chem. Phys. Lett. 118, 611 (1985).

26.     M. Gehrtz, W. E. Moerner, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Shot-Noise Limited Detection in FM Spectroscopy by Optical Nulling of Residual Amplitude Modulation," IBM RJ#4678, 1985.

25.     W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, G. C. Bjorklund, P. Kaipa, and F. Lüty, "High Efficiency Photochemical Hole-Burning for an Infrared Color Center," Phys. Rev. B32, 1270 (1985).

24.     W. E. Moerner and M. D. Levenson, "Can Single-Photon Processes Provide Useful Materials for Frequency Domain Optical Storage?" J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B:  Opt. Phys. 2, 915 (1985).

23.     H. W. H. Lee, A. L. Huston, M. Gehrtz, and W. E. Moerner, "Photochemical Hole-Burning in a Protonated Phthalocyanine with GaAlAs Diode Lasers," Chem. Phys. Lett. 114, 491 (1985).

22.     W. E. Moerner, "The Spectroscopic Search for Single-Photon Materials," Photonics Spectra 19, 59 (February 1985).

21.     W. E. Moerner, M. Gehrtz, and A. L. Huston, "Measurement of Quantum Efficiencies for Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning," J. Phys. Chem. 88, 6459 (1984).

20.     M. Romagnoli, W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, M. D. Levenson, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Beyond the Bottleneck: Submicrosecond Hole-Burning in Phthalocyanine," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 1, 341 (1984).

19.     A. L. Huston and W. E. Moerner, "Detection of Persistent Spectral Holes Using Ultrasonic Modulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B: Opt. Phys. 1, 349 (1984).

18.     W. E. Moerner, A. R. Chraplyvy, and A. J. Sievers, "Anharmonic Vibrational Relaxation Dynamics for a Molecular Impurity Mode in Alkali Halide Crystals," Phys. Rev. B29, 6694 (1984).

17.     W. E. Moerner, "Organic Materials for Frequency Domain Optical Storage," Proc.  Lasers '83, R. C. Powell, editor, (STS Press, McLean, Virginia, 1983), p. 489.

16.     B. H. Schechtman, G. C. Bjorklund, and W. E. Moerner, "A Horse of a Different Color: Frequency Domain Optical Storage," IBM Research Report # RJ4128, 1983.

15.     P. Pokrowsky, W. E. Moerner, F. Chu, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Reading and Writing of Photochemical Holes Using GaAlAs Diode Lasers," Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Engineers 382, 202 (1983).

14.     W. E. Moerner, A. R. Chraplyvy, A. J. Sievers, and R. H. Silsbee, "Persistent Nonphotochemical Spectral Hole Dynamics for an Infrared Vibrational Mode in Alkali Halide Crystals," Phys. Rev. B28, 7244 (1983).

13.     P. Pokrowsky, W. E. Moerner, F. Chu, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Reading and Writing of Photochemical Holes Using GaAlAs Diode Lasers," Opt. Lett. 8, 280 (1983).

12.     M. D. Levenson, W. E. Moerner, and D. E. Horne, "FM Spectroscopy Detection of Stimulated Raman Gain," Opt. Lett. 8, 108 (1983).

11.     W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Photochemical Hole Burning at GaAs Laser Wavelengths," Appl. Phys. B28, 263 (1982).

10.     W. E. Moerner, A. J. Sievers, R. H. Silsbee, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. K. Lambert, "Persistent Holes in the Spectra of Localized Vibrational Modes in Crystalline Solids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 398 (1982).

9.       W. E. Moerner, A. J. Sievers, and A. R. Chraplyvy, "Anharmonic Relaxation Times of Molecular Vibrational Modes in Alkali Halide Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1082 (1981).

8.       A. R. Chraplyvy, W. E. Moerner, and A. J. Sievers, "Infrared Hole Burning Spectroscopy of Matrix-Isolated ReO4- Molecules," Opt. Lett. 6, 431 (1981).

7.       A. R. Chraplyvy, W. E. Moerner, and A. J. Sievers, "High-Resolution Spectroscopy of Matrix-Isolated ReO4- Molecules," Opt. Lett. 6, 254 (1981).

6.       L. H. Greene, R. T. Warner, W. E. Moerner, and A. J. Sievers, "Passive Mode Locking of a TEA CO2 Laser with Matrix Isolated SF6," Eleventh International Quantum Electronics Conference Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Cat. No. PD80CH1561-O, 640 (1980).

5.       V. E. Stubblefield, W. E. Moerner, P. A. Fedders, J. G. Miller, and D. I. Bolef, "Ultrasonic Determination of Magnetoelastic and Anisotropy Constants of Single Crystal Ni," Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, IEEE Cat. No. PD74CH0896-1SU, 474 (1974).

4.       W. E. Moerner and J. G. Miller, "Ultrasonic Dispersion (Dv/v) Determined from Mechanical Resonance Frequency Shifts," Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, IEEE Cat. No. PD74CH0896-1SU, 478 (1974).

3.       H. I. Ringermacher, W. E. Moerner, and J. G. Miller, "Two Transducer Formula for More Precise Determination of Ultrasonic Phase Velocity from Standing Wave Measurements," Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, IEEE Cat. No. PD74CH0896-1SU, 555 (1974).

2.       H. I. Ringermacher, W. E. Moerner, and J. G. Miller, "Improved Transducer Correction for Standing Wave Ultrasonic Velocity Measurements," J. Appl. Phys. 45, 549 (1974).

1.       Richard G. Domey and William E. Moerner, "Cooperative Studies of the Kuroshio and Adjacent Regions, Part I: A Factor Analysis," Indian J. Marine Sciences 2, 69 (1973).


Published Conference Abstracts

16. H.-L. Lee, E. A. Goun, H. Hwang, A. N. Semyonov, H. Wang, L. R. Jones, R. J. Twieg, P. A. Wender, and W. E. Moerner, “Single-Molecule Motions of Oligoarginine Cell-Penetrating Peptides on the Plasma Membrane of CHO Cells Imply Multiple Entry Mechanisms,” 2008 Biophysical Society Meeting Abstracts. Biophysical Journal, Biophysical Journal 94, 2495-Pos (2008).

15. Whitney C. Duim, Jian Cui, Erik J. Miller, So Yeon Kim, Dmitriy Gremyachinskiy, Klaus M. Hahn, Robert J. Twieg,  Judith Frydman, and W. E. Moerner, “Probing TRiC-Mediated Folding of Actin in vitro With Bulk and Single-Molecule Fluorescence Measurements,” 2008 Biophysical Society Meeting Abstracts. Biophysical Journal 94, 2488-Pos (2008).

14. Yasuhiro M. Umemura, Takahiro K. Fujiwara, Kenichi G. N. Suzuki, Marija Vrljic, Stefanie Y. Nishimura, W E. Moerner, and Akihiro Kusumi, “Both MHC class II and its GPI-anchored form undergo hop diffusion as observed by single-molecule tracking,” Biophysical Society, 2515-POS/B730, March, 2007.

13. S. Y. Kim, Z. Gitai, L. Shapiro, and W. E. Moerner, “Motion of Single MreB Proteins in Caulobacter Imply Short, Oriented Filaments,” Biophysical Society 2853-Pos, February, 2006.

12. S. Nishimura, M. Vrljic, H. M. McConnell, and W. E. Moerner, “Evidence for Condensed Complexes in the Plasma Membrane,” Biophysical Society 377-Pos, February, 2005.

11. A. Kurtz, E. T. Kool, and W. E. Moerner, “Real-Time Observations of T7 DNA Polymerase Activity by Single-Molecule Fluorescence Spectroscopy,” Biophysical Society 1757-Pos, February, 2005.

10. M. Vrljic, S. Y. Nishimura, W. E. Moerner, and H. M. McConnell,”The Effect of Varying Cholesterol Concentrations on the Translational Diffusion of Individual Class II MHC Membrane Proteins in Cells,” Biophys. J. 84, 325A-325A (2003).

9.   S. Y. Kim, D. Fromm, S. Hess, R. J. Twieg, G. W. Farr, A. L. Horwich, J. Frydman, and W. E. Moerner, ”Probing Local Polarity Changes in GroEL/ES with Fluorescence Spectroscopy,” Biophys. J. 84, 26A-26A (2003).

8.    M. Vrljic, S. Y. Nishimura, S. Brasselet, W. E. Moerner, H. M. McConnell, "Uncorrelated  Diffusion of MHC Class II Proteins in the Plasma Membrane", Biophys. J. 82, 523A-523A (2002).

7.   J. Deich, K. Mauring, F. I. Rosell, T. B. McAnaney, W. E. Moerner, and S. G. Boxer,           "Enhancement of the Blue Fluorescent Protein’s Fluorescence by High Pressure or Low  Temperature", Biophys. J. 82, 427A-427A (2002).

6.   J. Deich, B. Lounis, F. I. Rosell, S. G. Boxer, and W. E. Moerner, "Photophysics of DsRed,    a Red Fluorescent Protein, from the Ensemble to the Single-Molecule Level", Biophys. J. 82, 46A-47A (2002).

5.   M. F. Paige, E. Bjerneld, and W. E. Moerner, "A Comparison of Through-the-Objective   Total Internal Reflection and Epifluorescence Microscopies for Single-Molecule Fluorescence Experiments", Biophys. J. 82, 45A-46A (2002).

4.   H. J. Sosa, E. J. Peterman, W. E. Moerner, and L. S. B. Goldstein, "Orientation and Dynamics of Kinesin Motors Revealed by Fluorescence Polarization Microscopy of Many and Single Molecules", Biophys. J. 80, 572A-572A (2001).

3.   E. J. Peterman, S. Brasselet, and W. E. Moerner, "The Fluorescence Dyanamics of Single Molecules of Green Fluorescent Protein: Effect of Mutations, pH and Matrix", Biophys. J. 76, A445-A445 (1999).

2.   P. Schwille, S. Kummer, W. E. Moerner, and W. W. Webb, "Fluorescence Correlation              Spectroscopy (FCS) of Different GFP Mutants Reveals Fast Light-Driven Intramolecular Dynamics", Biophys. J. 76, A260-A260 (1999).

1.   W. E. Moerner, E. J. Peterman, H. Sosa, S. Brasselet, R. M. Dickson, S. Kummer, R. Sakowicz, and L. S. B. Goldstein, "Single-Molecule Studies of Fluorescent Proteins and Enzymes," Biophys. J. 76, A20-A20 (1999).