Differentiation-dependent expression of provirus-activated int-1 oncogene in clonal cell lines derived from a mouse mammary tumor.
|Title||Differentiation-dependent expression of provirus-activated int-1 oncogene in clonal cell lines derived from a mouse mammary tumor. |
|Publication Type||Journal Article |
|Year of Publication||1990 |
|Authors||Schuuring E, van der Leede BJ, Willems R, Daams H, van der Valk M, van de Vijver M, van Leeuwen F, Sonnenberg A, Nusse R |
|Date Published||Apr |
|ISSN||0950-9232 (Print); 0950-9232 (Linking) |
|Abstract||The int-1 mammary oncogene is frequently activated by proviral insertion in mouse mammary tumors. To characterize the target cell for the oncogenic action of int-1, we have isolated permanent cell lines with distinct morphologies and differentiation characteristics, starting from a tumor with a rearranged int-1 gene. Polygonal cells had retained many differentiation markers of epithelial cells and produced adenocarcinomas upon transplantation in syngenic mice. Sphere-forming-cuboidal cells are poorly differentiated and produced anaplastic tumors. Cuboidal and elongated cells were negative for epithelial markers. Cuboidal cells were poorly tumorigenic, but elongated cells produced highly malignant sarcoma-like tumors. In all lines, the int-1 gene was identically rearranged due to insertion of proviral DNA of the Mouse Mammary Tumor Virus, but the expression of int-1 varied with the state of differentiation of the cells. Polygonal cells contained relatively high levels of int-1 RNA, which were not influenced by steroid hormones. In the sphere-forming-cuboidal cells, expression of int-1 was low but inducible by dexamethasone. In the cuboidal and elongated cells no expression of int-1 was detectable, showing that the continued expression of int-1 was not required for progression to more malignant cells. By immunoprecipitation, two int-1 protein species, of 42 and 40 kD were identified in polygonal and in sphere-forming-cells but not in the culture media. |