Mutation of the human neu protein facilitates down-modulation by monoclonal antibodies.
|Title||Mutation of the human neu protein facilitates down-modulation by monoclonal antibodies. |
|Publication Type||Journal Article |
|Year of Publication||1990 |
|Authors||van Leeuwen F, Van de Vijver MJ, Lomans J, van Deemter L, Jenster G, Akiyama T, Yamamoto T, Nusse R |
|Date Published||Apr |
|ISSN||0950-9232 (Print); 0950-9232 (Linking) |
|Abstract||Amplification and overexpression of the neu gene have been found in several human adenocarcinomas. We have obtained monoclonal antibodies to the human neu protein by immunizing a Balb/c mouse with a Balb/c cell line expressing the human neu gene by transfection. The monoclonal antibodies reacted with neu protein on intact cells by immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitated neu in metabolically labeled cells, also in the presence of tunicamycin. We tested possible down-modulating effects of these monoclonal antibodies on SKBR-3 mammary tumor cells, which express high levels of wild-type human neu protein. We also used NIH3T3 cells transfected with either a normal or a mutated human neu gene, encoding a protein with a valine to glutamic acid substitution in the transmembrane domain. Down-modulation of the normal cell-surface neu protein was inefficient. In contrast, the antibodies induced 50-65% down-modulation in NIH3T3 cells expressing the mutated human neu protein and could inhibit these cells to form colonies in soft agar. We propose that these differences are due to changed aggregation properties of the point-mutated protein. |