Mammary tumor induction loci in GR and DBAf mice contain one provirus of the mouse mammary tumor virus.
|Title||Mammary tumor induction loci in GR and DBAf mice contain one provirus of the mouse mammary tumor virus. |
|Publication Type||Journal Article |
|Year of Publication||1981 |
|Authors||Michalides R, van Nie R, Nusse R, Hynes NE, Groner B |
|Date Published||Jan |
|ISSN||0092-8674 (Print); 0092-8674 (Linking) |
|Abstract||The mammary tumor induction genes Mtv-1 in mouse strain DBAf and Mtv-2 in strain GR control the complete expression of the endogenous mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV). We have used a combination of genetic, biochemical and molecular biological methods to identify and correlate specific copies of the endogenous MMTV proviral genes with the biological properties of the tumor induction genes Mtv-1 and Mtv-2. These Mtv induction genes contain specific MMTV proviral information, as was concluded from restriction enzyme analysis and molecular hybridization of DNAs of congenic mouse strains and of progenitors of backcross populations. The congenic strains differed from the parental strains GR and 020 only in the Mtv-2 gene, one lacking the Mtv-2 gene (GR/Mtv-2-) and one having obtained this gene (020/Mtv-2+). The gain or loss coincided with two Eco RI cellular DNA fragments containing MMTV DNA information. Since Eco RI cuts the exogenous proviral variant of MMTV DNA once, we assume that these two cellular DNA fragments contain one MMTV provirus. The same cellular DNA fragments containing MMTV DNA information segregated together with MMTV expression in the offspring population of the backcross. In a similar backcross analysis of the induction gene Mtv-1 it was also demonstrated that the Mtv-1 gene comprises one MMTV provirus. These data indicate that Mtv induction genes contain specific but different MMTV proviral genes and that nly a limited number of the MMTV proviruses present in the cellular DNA is associated with the control of proviral expression. |