The best way to diagnose whipworm infection is through the identification of characteristic football shaped eggs in stool. However, since egg concentration may be low in light infections, the CDC recommends using a concentration technique to collect eggs.
are not as many treatments available for T. trichiura as there
are for hookworm or other roundworm infections, a study published
in 1999 found that the most effective treatment for whipworm was a
single-dose therapy of albendazole, which produced at 79.3% cure
rate of adult worms and a 93.8% egg-reduction rate. Albendazole
is also used to treat for other nematode infections and works by decreasing
whipworm ATP production, causing energy depletion, immobilization,
and finally death.
Public Health Strategies
Infection is most common in areas with poor sanitation and tropical climates. Improved sanitation is the most effective way to prevent the spread of whipworm infections. Areas where human feces are used to fertilize crops have high rates of transmission and can reduce those rates by using non-human feces or synthetic fertilizers. Also, since T. trichiura eggs are sensitive to heat, cooking fresh produce will reduce the risk of infection.