Year Of Publication: 2014 Publication Type:
Authors: EP Kanter, G Doumy, AM March, SH Southworth, L Young, JD Bozek, C Bostedt, and M Messerschmidt Publication date 2014/6/3
Journal: Bulletin of the American Physical Society
Volume: 59 | Pagination: | Date Published: Jun | ISSN:
Keywords: | Google Scholar external-link

The concentration of x-ray photons in a focussed radiation pulse at the SLAC Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) exposes atoms to multiple sequential photoabsorption processes [1]. For ∼keV x rays the absorption in neon targets primarily the 1s shell and hollow neon atoms are readily created when the rate of photoabsorption exceeds that of inner-shell decay. With typical LCLS parameters and a ∼1 micron focus, we observed double core-hole states in neon for up to ∼20\% of 1s ionization events. For comparison, electron-electron correlations lead to double-to-single core-hole ratios of just 0.3\% under single photon absorption conditions [2]. Using the high-resolution electron time-of-flight spectrometers of the LCLS AMO Physics end station, we measured the Ne {\em KK-KLL} Auger hypersatellite spectrum and determined the lifetime of the Ne2+(1s−2) doubly core-excited state. The results are compared to theoretical predictions. \\[4pt] [1] L. Young {\em et al.}, Nature {\bf 466}, 56 (2010). \par\noindent [2] S. H. Southworth, {\em et al.} Phys. Rev. A {\bf 67}, 062712 (2003).