Roles People Play in Groups

By Ann Porteus

 

Table of Contents

Task Roles
Initiating
Information of Opinion Seeking
Clarifying
Summarizing
Consensus Testing
 
Maintenance Roles
Encouraging
Harmonizing
Expressing Group Feelings
Gatekeeping
Compromising
Standard Setting and Testing
 
Hindering Roles

Dominating

Withdrawing

Degrading

Uncooperative

Side Conversations

 

 

People play different roles in groups. And people play multiple roles in groups. Task roles, maintenance roles and hindering roles are all important roles for facilitators to be aware of and recognize.


Task Roles

Task roles refer to the actions of individuals that help move the project, decision, task along.

Initiating

Information or Opinion Seeking

Clarifying

Summarizing

Consensus Testing


Maintenance Roles

Maintenance roles refer to the actions of individuals that help preserve the relationships in a group.

Encouraging

Harmonizing

Expressing Group Feelings

Gatekeeping

Compromising

Standard Setting and Testing


Hindering Roles

Hindering roles refer to actions of individuals that hinder the group's process and progress.

Dominating

Withdrawing

Degrading

Uncoooperative

Side Conversations

 

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