Transitional Work Programs
Is it cost-effective to reduce poverty through temporary subsidized employment for individuals who lack work experience and training? The simple philosophy behind such programs is that the best way to learn how to work is to be given a chance to work. For some subpopulations, employment opportunities are comparatively limited, and some type of subsidy is useful in opening up access to jobs.
Although most of the available programs concentrate on delivering subsidized employment, some also provide support services (e.g., transportation, child care). Because the available evidence suggests that these programs can deliver lasting improvements, there have been some calls to expand them to other hard-to-employ populations, such as ex-offenders, refugees, and individuals with disabilities. For further information, consult this Mathematica report.