Railroad Repeats

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Cut Near New England Mills     39°03'25.5"N, 120°53'29.1"W


New England Mills was four miles south-southwest of Colfax. This was a deep and, from appearances, a quite unstable cut. There is already substatial erosion on the left side of the cut. From a Contemporary Tourist Guide From The Pacific Tourist, 1884: "The next station, 5.1 miles from Colfax, is New England Mills at the west end of a plateau where there is no grade for three miles. Lumbering in the vicinity has declined, and the trains do not stop. The roadway continues on the south side of the divide between the Bear and American rivers, but this has so widened that the cars seem to be winding around among small hills far away from either river. Water taken from Bear River, near Colfax, is quite near the railroad, on the right, for a number of miles, and will be seen crossing over at Clipper Gap. Below New England Mills there is an opening called George's Gap, named from an early resident named George Giesendorfer, and farther west is Star House Gap, called from an old hotel...About half-way between New England Mills and Clipper Gap, there is a side track and day telegraph station called Applegates, for the running of trains and a point for shipping lime; but passenger trains run, without stopping, from Colfax to Clipper Gap"(Shearer, 255). From Crofutt's Transcontinental Tourist's Guide, 1871: "In September, 1850, a miner picked up a piece of gold-bearing quartz on Gold Hill. From this prospecting commenced, and soon several valuable mines were opened. In 1851 the first quartz mill was erected in Boston Ravine, now one of the most populous portions of the town. We can only give the names of a few of the most noted lodes, which have rendered [Grass Valley] the foremost mining town in the State. They are the Allison Ranch vein, Rocky Bar vein, Eureka and the Old Emporer's vein. THe quartz mills are all supplied with all the modern improvements, milling the ore with little loss. There are many of these structures in and around town, thousands of dollars being invested in this property. The custom mills work rock very cheap, affording prospectors the chance to test their discoveries. From our knowledge of Grass Valley and the quartz belt of Nevada county, we would advise prospectors to try their luck in that section, in preference to running after any excitements in other and less favored localities"(Crofutt, 170).


The original vantage point has now vanished. Apparently much of the original cut has been filled.