1 Mihály Károlyi and István Bethlen, The Peace Conferences of 1919-1923 and their Aftermath: Hungary (London: Haus Publishing Ltd, 2009), 125.
2 Mark Mazower, Hitler’s Empire: How the Nazis Ruled Europe (New York: Penguin Press, 2008), 6.
3 Károlyi and Bethlen, The Peace Conferences of 1919-1923, 76.
4 Ibid, 111.
5 "The term 'Hungarian' embraces all inhabitants of the Hungarian state....The term 'Magyar' relates to those Hungarians whose first language is Magyar and who think of themselves as descendants, however remote, of the original progenitors of the Hungarian nation." Károlyi and Bethlen, The Peace Conferences of 1919-1923, 6.
6 Ibid, 111.
7 Ibid, 129.
8 Csonka Magyarország, Map, Honvéd Térkepészeti Intézet, 1939.
9 Mazower, Hitler's Empire, 81.
10 Ibid, 327.
11 James E. McSherry, Stalin, Hitler, and Europe: The Imbalance of Power 1939-1941 v. 2 (Cleveland: The World Publishing Company, 1970), 90-92.
12 Mazower, Hitler's Empire, 187.
13 I.C.B Dear, ed., The Oxford Companion to World War II (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), 465.
14 Ibid, 465.
15 Changes in government were reflected in the database attribute scheme. The attribute scheme for countries includes categories for head of state, foreign policy, and government-in-exile. This system allows users to differentiate between sovereign states and occupied states.
16 Pavel Illyin, Speech, Annual Meeting of Association of American Geographers, Boston, 2008.
17 Mazower, Hitler's Empire, 200.
18 Stevan K. Pavlowitch, Hitler's New Disorder: The Second World War in Yugoslavia (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008), 82.
19 Ibid, 83.
20 Alexander Dallin, German Rule in Russia 1941-1945: A Study of Occupation Politics (London: MacMillan Press Ltd, 1981), 90.
21 Dear, ed., The Oxford Companion to World War II, 465.
22 Tony Judt, Postwar: A History of Europe Since 1945 (New York: Penguin Books, 2005), 18.
23 Map of the Boundaries of Lithuania, Map, Arch Slapelio, 1941.
24 Judt, Postwar, 26.
25 Ibid, 25.
26 Ibid, 26.
27 Margaret MacMillan, Peacemakers: The Paris Conference of 1919 and its Attempt to End War (London: John Murray Publishers Ltd, 2001), 497.
28 Judt, Postwar, 29.
29 Joseph Rothschild and Nancy M. Wingfield, Return to Diversity: A Political History of East Central Europe Since World War II, 3rd Ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), 274.
30 Mazower, Hitler's Empire, 33.
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