The data presented in this visualization represent the transaction information of 408 slave sales registered in tax records between February 13 and May 13 of 1869. This number represents 53 percent of slave sale records containing location information and 31 percent of the entire run of transaction data available in this archival document, which runs from January 2 through May 15. Rather than a concentrated large-scale process dominated by formal market spaces and professional slave traders, the mature slave market in Rio de Janeiro involved a multitude of individual transactions that encompassed every neighborhood in the city. Mapping the origins and destinations of slaves in this system highlights the ubiquity of slavery in Rio de Janeiro as well as the constant movement of slaves in and out of new environments. Examining the traits of buyers, sellers, and slaves further highlights the significant changes experienced by all parties caught up in the system.
This visualization is associated with: Zephyr Frank and Whitney Berry, "The Slave Market in Rio de Janeiro circa 1869: Context, Movement and Social Experience," Journal of Latin American Geography, 9 (2010): 85-111.Contributors: Tereza Cristina Alves, Luciana Barbeiro (Cecult, UNICAMP), Hannah Gilula (Spatial History Lab), Chester Harvey (Spatial History Lab), and Meredith Williams (Stanford University).
Source: Arquivo Geral da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Recebedoria do Rio de Janeiro, Meia-siza, 1869.
© 2010 Journal of Latin American Geography.