A stable organic free radical in anaerobic benzylsuccinate synthase of Azoarcus sp. strain T.

TitleA stable organic free radical in anaerobic benzylsuccinate synthase of Azoarcus sp. strain T.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsKrieger, CJ, Roseboom W, Albracht SP, Spormann AM
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
Volume276
Issue16
Pagination12924-7
Date Published2001 Apr 20
ISSN0021-9258
KeywordsAcetyltransferases, Anaerobiosis, Azoarcus, Carbon-Carbon Lyases, Chromatography, Chromatography, Gel, Durapatite, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Free Radicals, Glycine, Ribonucleotide Reductases
AbstractThe novel enzyme benzylsuccinate synthase initiates anaerobic toluene metabolism by catalyzing the addition of toluene to fumarate, forming benzylsuccinate. Based primarily on its sequence similarity to the glycyl radical enzymes, pyruvate formate-lyase and anaerobic ribonucleotide reductase, benzylsuccinate synthase was speculated to be a glycyl radical enzyme. In this report we use EPR spectroscopy to demonstrate for the first time that active benzylsuccinate synthase from the denitrifying bacterium Azoarcus sp. strain T harbors an oxygen-sensitive stable organic free radical. The EPR signal of the radical was centered at g = 2.0021 and was characterized by a major 2-fold splitting of about 1.5 millitesla. The strong similarities between the EPR signal of the benzylsuccinate synthase radical and that of the glycyl radicals of pyruvate formate-lyase and anaerobic ribonucleotide reductase provide evidence that the benzylsuccinate synthase radical is located on a glycine residue, presumably glycine 828 in Azoarcus sp. strain T benzylsuccinate synthase.
Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
0 November 24, 2010