About Ukraine

Fall BeamLine - Special Neutrino Issue Ukraine is located at the south-eastern border of Central Europe and has its own territory, government, national emblem, flag and anthem. It borders on Russia, Belarus, Moldova, Slovakia, Romania, Hungary and Poland on land and Russia, Georgia, Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey on sea.

Fall BeamLine - Special Neutrino Issue The territory of Ukraine is mostly a level, treeless plain, called "steppe". There are the Crimean Mountains in the Crimean peninsula and the Carpathians in the west, but ukrainian mountains are not very high. Mixed forests of pine and fir-trees, beeches, limes, oaks and elms cover the mountains. The thickest woods can still be found in the northern part of the republic, in Volyn. Kiev and Cherkassy lie in the midst of Ukrainian southernmost pine forest. The main Ukrainian river is the Dnieper. Fall BeamLine - Special Neutrino Issue It is one of the longest European rivers and one of the republic's main source of hydroelectric power. The Dnieper and its tributary the Ross have been known as the cradle of the Ukrainian and Russian nations.

The climate of the country is moderate. Winter is rather mild, with no severe frosts but with regular snowfalls everywhere except the south. The rivers and lakes freeze in winter. The average winter temperature varies -20 Centigrade in the north to -3-5 in the south. Summer is quite hot and dry, with occasional showers and thunderstorms. The fertile black soil is well watered in spring and autumn and gets plenty of sunshine in summer.

Fall BeamLine - Special Neutrino Issue Due to favorable climatic conditions, Ukraine is traditionally an agricultural area. It grows wheat, corn, buckwheat and other cereal, red and green vegetables, all kinds of fruit, melons and berries. Ukraine is one of the world's main centers of sugar production. It produces sugar both for her own needs and for export.

Fall BeamLine - Special Neutrino Issue The country is rich in natural resources, such as iron ore, coal, color metal, oil, gas, mineral salts, clay and potential water power. It has developed a varied industry, concentrated mostly in and around big cities, such as Kiev, Zaporozhye, Dnepropetrovsk, Dnyeprodzerzhinsk, Odessa, Kharkov, Lviv, Nickolayev and others. It produces planes and ships, lorries and buses, motorcars and locomotives, computer and electronic equipment, precision instruments and agricultural machines, TV and radioset, chemicals and textiles and various consumer goods. Odessa, Sebastopol, Nikolayev, Kherson and Kerch are main ukrainian ports.

Some links

BRAMA-Gateway To Ukraine

Photos of Ukraine


Tetiana Hryn'ova
Last modified: Thu Feb 28 00:43:57 PST 2002