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Since February of 1998, tests have been done on a possible treatment for influenza: the inhalent, zanamivir. In December of 1998, an article in Lancet was published that described an investigation done in the Southern Hemisphere. Four hundred fifty-five patients were used in a test for the effectiveness of zanamivir against influenza A and B. It was found that compared to a placebo group, zanamivir did decrease the length of the symptoms, as well as the severity of the symptoms. Because of the small test population, however, the group conducting the test recommended that more tests need to be done to confirm the findings.

"Randomized trial of efficacy and safety of inhaled zanamivir in treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. The MIST (Management of Influenza in the Southern Hemisphere Trialists) Study Group." Lancet. 12 Dec. 1998, 352(9144): 1872-3.

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